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October 27, 2016

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October 27, 2016

Threatened by Diversity?

Oct. 26, 2016 — In this election year of unprecedented acrimony, one of the most polarizing issues of all is rooted in what's typically considered a national strength: diversity. But as it turns out, not all ... read more

New Evidence That Politics, Not Economics, Drives Inequality

Oct. 26, 2016 — One of the biggest surprises about rising income inequality in the United States may be that economic factors aren't the biggest cause, a new study ... read more

Importance of Universal Sanitation Underestimated in Efforts to Reduce Child Mortality

Oct. 26, 2016 — The value of sanitation at reducing child mortality in many low income countries has been substantially underestimated, according to recent ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — Mature fat cells produce a hormone that regulates the differentiation of nearby stem cells in response to glucocorticoid hormones and high-fat diets, researchers have ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — A protein known for guarding against viral infections leads a double life, new research shows, and can interfere with cell growth and the defense against parasites. In a new paper, researchers ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — More than 40 million people worldwide are blind, and many of them reach this condition after many years of slow and progressive retinal degeneration. The development of sophisticated prostheses or ... read more

Iron Supplements in the Fight Against Lead

Oct. 26, 2016 — Lead is a toxic heavy metal that was added to gasoline for use in cars until as recently as 25 years ago. It is particularly harmful to the developing brains of infants, children and teenagers, and ... read more

College Students: Reading the Right Sexual Cues?

Oct. 26, 2016 — Both college men and women focus primarily on a photographed woman's nonverbal emotional cues when making snap decisions about whether she is expressing sexual interest at a particular moment in ... read more

School Principals Shape Students' Values Via School Climate

Oct. 26, 2016 — Over time, students' personal values become more similar to those of their school principal, according to new research. The findings indicate that principals' values are linked with aspects ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — Although the universe started out with a bang it quickly evolved to a relatively cool, dark place. After a few hundred thousand years the lights came back on and scientists are still trying to figure ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — Grasping a cup or brushing hair or cooking a meal requires feedback that has been lost in amputees and individuals with paralysis -- a sense of touch. Researchers have now used direct stimulation of ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — A new immunotherapy technique has been developed that nearly eliminates the allergic response to peanut and egg white proteins in food-allergic mice, reducing the anaphylactic response by up to 90 ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — For the first time, astronomers have seen a dusty disk of material around a young star fragmenting into a multiple-star system. Scientists had suspected such a process, caused by gravitational ... read more

Saving Sight in Glaucoma: Why the Brain May Hold the Key

Oct. 26, 2016 — What causes vision loss in glaucoma? There are two common answers that at first may seem disparate: the first is pressure, as in elevated ocular pressure, and the second is damage to the optic nerve, ... read more

Researchers Slow Glioblastoma by Inhibiting Tumor's PPARa Receptor

Oct. 26, 2016 — One of the most remarkable features of glioblastoma is the metabolic reprogramming of cancerous cells, resulting in uncontrolled cell proliferation, hypoxic conditions and angiogenesis. Metabolic ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — Researchers have demonstrated how deregulation of an epigenetic mechanism that is active only in the early phases of neurogenesis triggers the subsequent death of neural ... read more

Easing Labor Pain May Help Reduce Postpartum Depression in Some Women

Oct. 26, 2016 — Epidural anesthesia may do more than relieve pain during labor; in some women it may decrease the likelihood of postpartum depression, suggests a preliminary ... read more

Bilingual Brains Activate Different Networks When Reading Opaque, Transparent Languages

Oct. 26, 2016 — Bilinguals use different neural networks to read languages that are pronounced as they are written – such as the Basque language – from those in which this correspondence does not exist, like ... read more

Oct. 26, 2016 — Physicists have produced near-perfect clones of quantum information using a new method to surpass previous cloning ... read more

Will Pedestrians Walk Freely in a World of Self-Driving Cars?

Oct. 26, 2016 — Imagine an urban neighborhood where most of the cars are self-driving. What would it be like to be a pedestrian? Self-driving cars are programmed to obey the rules of the road, including waiting for ... read more

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