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August 30, 2016

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August 30, 2016

Ethical Concerns Tied to Research on Human-Animal Embryos

Aug. 30, 2016 — Scientists have developed a new bioethical framework for addressing concerns surrounding potentially revolutionary research on human-animal ... read more

Written 'Report Card' Decreases Dentists' Antibiotic Prescriptions

Aug. 30, 2016 — Dentists are less likely to prescribe antibiotics after they receive a personalized report detailing their past prescription rates, according to a randomized controlled trial of UK ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Bipolar Adolescents Continue to Have Elevated Substance Use Disorder Risk as Young Adults

Aug. 30, 2016 — A follow up to a previous study finding an association between adolescent bipolar disorder and the incidence of cigarette smoking and substance use disorder finds that risk was even greater five ... read more

Defend or Grow? These Plants Do Both

Aug. 30, 2016 — From natural ecosystems to farmers' fields, plants face a dilemma of energy use: outgrow and out-compete their neighbors for light, or defend themselves against insects and disease. But what if ... read more

Having Children at Home Did Not Prompt Parents to Test for Radon, Secondhand Smoke

Aug. 30, 2016 — New findings show the presence of children in the home did not motivate parents to test and mitigate for radon and secondhand tobacco smoke, both of which cause lung ... read more

Diamonds and Quantum Information Processing on the Nano Scale

Aug. 30, 2016 — Physicists have successfully demonstrated charge transport between Nitrogen-Vacancy color centers in ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Astronomers have charted the rise and fall of galaxies over 90 percent of cosmic history. The FourStar Galaxy Evolution Survey has built a multicolored photo album of galaxies as they grow from their ... read more

'Morning People' Self-Sabotage Less at Night, Night Owls' Less at Sunrise

Aug. 30, 2016 — A study by psychological researchers shows that people are more likely to undermine their performance at stressful tasks when they're operating at 'peak capacity' based on their ... read more

Children With Asthma Attacks Triggered by Colds Less Responsive to Standard Treatment

Aug. 30, 2016 — A study confirms that respiratory viral detection, not child's age, explains the high rate of hospitalization for asthma attacks in children under ... read more

Affordable Care Act Has Improved Access to Health Care, but Disparities Persist

Aug. 30, 2016 — The Affordable Care Act has substantially decreased the number of uninsured Americans and improved access to health care, though insurance affordability and disparities by geography, race/ethnicity, ... read more

Friends Are No Better Than Strangers in Accurately Identifying Emotion in Emails

Aug. 30, 2016 — Friends are no better at interpreting correct emotional intent in emails than complete strangers, new research indicates. The researchers found that writers are more confident their friends can ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new study has found that plants regulate their leaf temperature with some independence from the surrounding air temperature, a trait that increases carbon uptake through ... read more

Peers, Public Perception Influence Firefighters Against Safety Equipment

Aug. 30, 2016 — Interviews conducted across the country found that firefighters are often influenced by both colleagues and the public's perception of them as risk-takers when choosing whether or not to use ... read more

Retinoic Acid Suppresses Colorectal Cancer Development, Study Finds

Aug. 30, 2016 — Levels of retinoic acid, a vitamin A metabolite, are low in mice and humans with colorectal cancer, according to new research. People with high levels of an enzyme that degrades retinoic acid have a ... read more

Cannabinoid Receptor Activates Spermatozoa

Aug. 30, 2016 — Biologists have detected a cannabinoid receptor in spermatozoa. Endogenous cannabinoids that occur in both the male and the female genital tract activate the spermatozoa: they trigger the so-called ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — By using a clever combination of two inexpensive additives to the spray, researchers found they can drastically cut down on the amount of liquid that bounces off ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Although genetic variants are scattered throughout the human genome, scientists have largely ignored the stretches of repetitive genetic code known as 'junk' DNA in their search for ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — A research team has identified the pain transmission mechanism at the molecular level and presented new solutions for the understanding of pain signals and the development of pain ... read more

Pets and Children Are a Potential Source of C. Difficile in the Community

Aug. 30, 2016 — Household transmission of Clostridium difficile to pets and children may be a source of community-associated C. difficile infections according to findings from a new study. The study found that ... read more

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