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May 6, 2016

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May 6, 2016

Physics: From the Atomic to the Nuclear Clock

May 6, 2016 — Measuring time using oscillations of atomic nuclei might significantly improve precision beyond that of current atomic clocks. Physicists have now taken an important step toward this ... read more

May 6, 2016 — Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) affects hundreds of thousands of people each year, many of them children. Now, a recent study investigates the effects of a new steroid treatment on ... read more

May 6, 2016 — New research has used bacteria to show that acquiring duplicate copies of genes can provide a 'template' allowing organisms to evolve novel traits from redundant copies of existing ... read more

Seismic Response of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Coupled Walls

May 6, 2016 — Use of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete in construction will allow for the use of less and simpler steel reinforcement while maintaining good structural behavior and potentially reducing the amount of ... read more

Moderate Sedation More Effective Than General Anesthesia for TAVR Patients

May 6, 2016 — Researchers conducted the largest observational study of minimally invasive transfemoral—entry through the groin—TAVR to find whether the use of moderate sedation is associated with improved ... read more

May 6, 2016 — Understanding how small water droplets behave improves our ability to describe evaporation and condensation of water at widely different scales, which has implications for everything from ... read more

Experts Decipher Disease Behind One of the World's Most Famous Paintings

May 6, 2016 — It is one of the most famous paintings in American history: Christina's World, by Andrew Wyeth. The subject in the painting suffered from a mysterious disorder, which has never been diagnosed. ... read more

Mothers' Excess Pregnancy Weight Gain, Elevated Blood Sugar 'Imprint' Obesity in Children

May 6, 2016 — Children whose mothers gain excess weight or have elevated blood sugar during their pregnancies are more likely to become overweight or obese during their first decade of life, according to a new ... read more

Gene Linked to Alzheimer's Disease Impairs Memory by Disrupting Brain's 'Playback System'

May 6, 2016 — Scientists have discovered how the major genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease causes memory impairment. A specific type of brain activity important for memory replay is disrupted in mice ... read more

Fastest-Ever Molecular Imaging Reveals Reaction Crucial for Vision

May 5, 2016 — Every process that sustains life is carried out by proteins, but understanding how these complex molecules do their jobs depends on learning the arrangement of their atoms -- and how this structure ... read more

Researchers Track Critical Development in the Young Brain

May 5, 2016 — A recent study combined two related but different imaging techniques to non-invasively track the rate at which nerve fibers in children's brains become wrapped in myelin. The work could lead to ... read more

May 5, 2016 — An international team has uncovered the regulation of a system that allows a globally abundant bacterium to efficiently capture sunlight and perform ... read more

Immunization Rates Climb When Pediatricians Have Easy Access to Vaccination Records

May 5, 2016 — Exchange of immunization data between a centralized city immunization registry and provider electronic health records led to significant improvements in pediatric immunization coverage, a reduction ... read more

May 5, 2016 — The primary threat to vultures is the presence of toxins in the carrion they consume. Losses of vultures can allow other scavengers to flourish, and proliferation of such scavengers could bring ... read more

May 5, 2016 — Chemists provide the first direct evidence that a T cell gives precise mechanical tugs to other cells, and demonstrate that these tugs are central to a T cell's process of deciding whether to ... read more

May 5, 2016 — A team of scientists has discovered a key mechanism that drives a bacteria that kills male insects, a development that could potentially be exploited to control insect pest species in the ... read more

May 5, 2016 — Scientists at the University of Sheffield have created a computer model of how bees avoid hitting walls -- which could be a breakthrough in the development of autonomous ... read more

Sex Difference in Sports Interest: What Does Evolution Say?

May 5, 2016 — Sports are enormously popular, and one striking pattern is that boys and men are typically much more involved than are girls and women. This sex difference has policy implications, and it raises ... read more

May 5, 2016 — Biochemists have made a live-cell movie of RNA translation, the fundamental cellular process by which a ribosome decodes a protein. Sixty years after Francis Crick first described it, these ... read more

May 5, 2016 — An unprecedented number of juvenile sea stars have been observed off the Oregon coast over the past several months -- just two years after one of the most severe marine ecosystem epidemics in ... read more

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