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April 30, 2016

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April 30, 2016

In Older Adults, Frailty and Depression Symptoms Are Linked and Can Affect Spouses

Apr. 29, 2016 — Researchers examined the effects of frailty and depression on married couples. People married to a frail spouse were likely to become frail themselves, and people married to a depressed spouse were ... read more

HPV Infection Can Be Identified in Self-Collected Vaginal Swabs

Apr. 29, 2016 — High risk, potentially cancer causing human papillomavirus infections are common among women in Papua New Guinea. But self sampling with vaginal swabs may provide materials that screen as accurately ... read more

Apr. 29, 2016 — Scientists combined three biopolymers, chitosan and agarose (polysaccharides), and a protein gelatine, as the materials to produce tissue engineering scaffolds and demonstrated the enhancement of ... read more

Apr. 29, 2016 — Engineers are using nanoparticle technology in an effort to meet the ever-increasing demand for food. Their innovative technique boosts the growth of a protein-rich bean by improving the way it ... read more

Detecting Minute Nano Amounts in Environmental Samples

Apr. 29, 2016 — It is still unclear what the impact is on humans, animals and plants of synthetic nanomaterials released into the environment or used in products. It’s very difficult to detect these nanomaterials ... read more

Chances Are You Don’t Remember What You Just Retweeted

Apr. 29, 2016 — Research finds retweeting or otherwise sharing information creates a 'cognitive overload' that interferes with learning and retaining what you've just seen. Worse yet, that overload ... read more

Apr. 29, 2016 — Heat dissipation in electronics and optoelectronics is a severe bottleneck in the further development of systems in these fields. To come to grips with this serious issue, researchers have developed ... read more

More Than Just Eyes and Skin: Vitamin A Affects the Heart

Apr. 28, 2016 — Vitamin A is important for heart development in embryos, but whether it has a role in maintaining heart health is unclear. A new study finds that the heart is able to respond to vitamin A and the ... read more

Apr. 28, 2016 — Researchers have developed a new method to quickly and accurately determine the orientation of phosphorene, a promising material with potential application as a material for semiconducting ... read more

New Gene Testing Technology Finds Cancer Risks 'Hiding in Plain Sight'

Apr. 28, 2016 — A new method for identifying mutations and prioritizing variants in breast and ovarian cancer genes, which will not only reduce the number of possible variants for doctors to investigate, but also ... read more

Apr. 28, 2016 — Firefighters entering burning buildings, athletes competing in the broiling sun and workers in foundries may eventually be able to carry their own, lightweight cooling units with them, thanks to a ... read more

Genetic Risk Factors of Disparate Diseases Share Similar Biological Underpinnings

Apr. 28, 2016 — The discovery of shared biological properties among independent variants of DNA sequences offers the opportunity to broaden understanding of the biological basis of disease and identify new ... read more

Gene Therapy Halts Pulmonary Hypertension Progression in Large Animal Pre-Clinical Study

Apr. 28, 2016 — Scientists have used a novel gene therapy to halt the progression of pulmonary hypertension, a form of high blood pressure in the lung blood vessels that is linked to heart ... read more

Apr. 28, 2016 — New research suggests that the very oldest pieces of rock on Earth -- zircon crystals -- are likely to have formed in the craters left by violent asteroid impacts that peppered our nascent planet, ... read more

HPV Vaccination Expected to Reduce Cancer in All Races, May Not Eliminate All Disparities

Apr. 28, 2016 — Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers occur more frequently among Hispanics, blacks, American-Indians, and Alaska Natives than among whites. A new study finds that HPV vaccination is expected ... read more

Risk Factors Associated With Injurious Falls in the Elderly

Apr. 28, 2016 — Falls are one of the leading causes of injury-related death among elderly people. So finding the risk factors that endanger them is becoming increasingly important, particularly with the projected ... read more

Extreme Heat, Precipitation Linked to More Severe Asthma Requiring Hospitalization

Apr. 28, 2016 — Extreme heat and heavy rainfall are related to increased risk of hospitalization for asthma in Maryland, according to a study. Based on over a decade of asthma hospitalization data (115,923 cases ... read more

Mental Health Evaluations Improved

Apr. 28, 2016 — A new assessment tool has been developed to gauge the risk that someone with a mental illness will commit a crime. It could also speed up long-delayed competency evaluations for people awaiting ... read more

Apr. 28, 2016 — A new study examining wildfires in California found that human activity explains as much about their frequency and location as climate ... read more

Junk-Food Junkies Go Healthy When Rewarded

Apr. 28, 2016 — According to new research, the most effective strategy for influencing such healthy food choices is not calorie counts and reduced prices, but rather more subtle incentives that reward healthy eating ... read more

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