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Genetics: 'Origins code' for DNA

Date:
November 12, 2015
Source:
CNRS
Summary:
The source of any life involves the duplication (or replication) of DNA, a mechanism that is essential to cell division. A team of biologists has recently performed the most exhaustive analysis to date of thousands of sites (called origins) where this replication of the genome is initiated in multicellular organisms.
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Origins-Mechali: Deciphering the origins code : to initiate its replication, DNA (represented here by a zip) opens up at several sites called replication origins, which exceed 50,000 in the DNA of each cell. These sites are defined by three different code types (featured here in blue, orange and green) that have been deciphered in this study. During replication, each strand of the zip recreates a full zip. The DNA of each cell is thus replicated and shared between two daughter cells.
Credit: © Adrien Méchali

The source of any life involves the duplication (or replication) of DNA, a mechanism that is essential to cell division. A team of biologists has recently performed the most exhaustive analysis to date of thousands of sites (called origins) where this replication of the genome is initiated in multicellular organisms.

They were able to distinguish three principal categories, reflecting the adaptive capacities of cells. Knowledge of this "origins code" should make it possible to determine any alterations in the event of cancer, or even to develop new tools for gene therapy.

These findings, which mainly result from a collaboration between molecular biologists at the Institut de Génétique Humaine (CNRS) and bioinformatics specialists in the Laboratoire Technologie Avancée pour le Génome et la Clinique (TAGC, Inserm/Aix-Marseille Université), are published on 11 November 2015 in Genome Research.


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Materials provided by CNRS. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. C. Cayrou, B. Ballester, I. Peiffer, R. Fenouil, P. Coulombe, J.-C. Andrau, J. van Helden, M. Mechali. The chromatin environment shapes DNA replication origin organization and defines origin classes. Genome Research, 2015; DOI: 10.1101/gr.192799.115

Cite This Page:

CNRS. "Genetics: 'Origins code' for DNA." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 November 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151112091656.htm>.
CNRS. (2015, November 12). Genetics: 'Origins code' for DNA. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 8, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151112091656.htm
CNRS. "Genetics: 'Origins code' for DNA." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151112091656.htm (accessed May 8, 2017).