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'Invulnerable' coatings for cutting tools from gas

Date:
March 16, 2016
Source:
Tomsk Polytechnic University
Summary:
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University create coverings for next generation cutting tools: they will be not only durable, but also suitable for the treatment of most materials. Polytechnicers develop a technology to produce diamond and cubic boron nitride thin films from a gas mixture.
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Diamond coatings due to their hardness have been widely used in the manufacture of cutting tools.
Credit: Image courtesy of Tomsk Polytechnic University

Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) create coverings for next generation cutting tools: they will be not only durable, but also suitable for the treatment of most materials. Polytechnicers develop a technology to produce diamond and cubic boron nitride thin films from a gas mixture.

Diamond coatings due to their hardness have been widely used in the manufacture of cutting tools. They are used for the treatment of some metal alloys, ceramics, carbon composites, but ineffective for the iron and steel: at high temperature carbon interacts with these metals and gradually collapses.

To resolve this problem, TPU scientists proposed to develop a composite coating based on diamond and cubic boron nitride. It is the hardest known material.

Cubic boron nitride is not destroyed by contact with iron and steel, which makes a tool almost "invulnerable."

"Nobody has synthesized cubic boron nitride coatings in the form of polycrystalline carbon yet. We want to use the crystal lattice proximity of the substance and diamond. This similarity allows growing cubic boron nitride crystals on diamond crystals.

Our coating that integrates the properties of diamond and nitride coatings, will be applicable to most metals," explains Stepan Linnik, a research engineer from the laboratory , the TPU Institute of High Technology Physics.

The scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University obtain coverings from gas by means of plasma. The university has already developed a diamond sputtering technology from a mixture of methane and hydrogen. Cubic boron nitride will be also obtained from gas: a source material will serve diborane. Thus, the scientists will be able to cover a carbide tool with thin films, increasing its strength at times.

In 2015, Stepan Linnik's study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR): the polytechnicer won a grant in the amount of 5.1 million rubles for three years. Earlier the scientist was involved in the program "TPU postdoc." It allows young PhD to work on a cutting edge project, which is conducted by an experienced leader. According to Stepan Linnik, this mentor for him was Professor Remnev, and the program provided an opportunity to start his own research, to approach the grant and to attract funding for his projects.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Tomsk Polytechnic University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. S.A. Linnik, A.V. Gaydaychuk, E.Y. Baryshnikov. Deposition of Polycrystalline Diamond Films with a Controlled Grain Size by Periodic Secondary Nucleation. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2016; 3: S138 DOI: 10.1016/j.matpr.2016.02.024

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Tomsk Polytechnic University. "'Invulnerable' coatings for cutting tools from gas." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 March 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160316105541.htm>.
Tomsk Polytechnic University. (2016, March 16). 'Invulnerable' coatings for cutting tools from gas. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 30, 2016 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160316105541.htm
Tomsk Polytechnic University. "'Invulnerable' coatings for cutting tools from gas." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160316105541.htm (accessed September 30, 2016).