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How depression can muddle thinking

Date:
February 15, 2017
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Depression is associated with sadness, fatigue and a lack of motivation. But people with depression can also have trouble processing information and solving problems. Now scientists studying a rat model for depression are identifying on a molecular level how the condition could affect thinking. The findings could lead to the development of new depression treatments that would address associated cognitive problems.
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Depression is associated with sadness, fatigue and a lack of motivation. But people with depression can also have trouble processing information and solving problems. Now scientists studying a rat model for depression are identifying on a molecular level how the condition could affect thinking. The findings, published in the journal ACS Chemical Neuroscience, could lead to the development of new depression treatments that would address associated cognitive problems.

The World Health Organization estimates that globally, 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression. Among the mix of symptoms that characterize the condition are cognitive dysfunctions -- difficulty concentrating, remembering details and making decisions. These symptoms tend to linger even as other symptoms fade, which can seriously hamper a person's ability to work or study. Marco A. Riva and colleagues wanted to determine how depression might affect the brain on a molecular level.

The researchers found that certain proteins were expressed in higher amounts in a control group of rats in response to a standard cognitive test -- novel object recognition -- than in rats with symptoms characteristic of human depression. Other recent studies have suggested that these proteins, including oligophrenin-1 and Bmal1, play a role in cognitive processes. The researchers say that their findings could help inform future searches for treatments for major depression and stress-related disorders.


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Materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Francesca Calabrese, Paola Brivio, Piotr Gruca, Magdalena Lason-Tyburkiewicz, Mariusz Papp, Marco A. Riva. Chronic Mild Stress-Induced Alterations of Local Protein Synthesis: A Role for Cognitive Impairment. ACS Chemical Neuroscience, 2017; DOI: 10.1021/acschemneuro.6b00392

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American Chemical Society. "How depression can muddle thinking." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 February 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170215101447.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2017, February 15). How depression can muddle thinking. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170215101447.htm
American Chemical Society. "How depression can muddle thinking." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170215101447.htm (accessed March 23, 2017).