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Steroid drugs used for HRT can combat E. coli and MRSA

Date:
March 13, 2024
Source:
University of Kent
Summary:
Researchers have combined computational and microbiology laboratory approaches to identify existing drugs that can be repurposed to combat antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. This research has revealed that a class of steroid drugs currently used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can also stop the growth of antibiotic-resistant E. coli and effectively kill MRSA.
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FULL STORY

The emergence of drug-resistant bacteria is a global threat to human health, and the development of new antibiotics from scratch is an extremely expensive and time-consuming process. To address this urgent issue, researchers from the University of Kent's School of Biosciences have combined computational and microbiology laboratory approaches to identify existing drugs that can be repurposed to combat antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections.

This research, which has been published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, revealed that a class of steroid drugs currently used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can also stop the growth of antibiotic-resistant E. coli and effectively kill MRSA. These drugs are particularly good at binding to a protein complex, cytochrome bd, which is important for the growth and survival of a range of disease-causing bacterial species. It is expected that steroids may provide an alternative to conventional antibiotics that are becoming increasingly ineffective.

Dr Mark Shepherd, Reader in Microbial Biochemistry at Kent and the corresponding author on the paper, said: 'These exciting developments will help to advance research into new antimicrobials, and we are enthusiastic to use our powerful experimental approach to discover drugs that can target other bacterial proteins and combat a wide range of antibiotic-resistant infections.'

The article 'Steroid Drugs Inhibit Bacterial Respiratory Oxidases and Are Lethal Toward Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus' is published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases (University of Kent: Samantha A. Henry, Calum M. Webster, Mark N. Wass, Gary K. Robinson and Mark Shepherd).


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Kent. Original written by Olivia Miller. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Samantha A Henry, Calum M Webster, Lindsey N Shaw, Nathanial J Torres, Mary-Elizabeth Jobson, Brendan C Totzke, Jessica K Jackson, Jake E McGreig, Mark N Wass, Gary K Robinson, Mark Shepherd. Steroid Drugs Inhibit Bacterial Respiratory Oxidases and Are Lethal Toward Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2024; DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiad540

Cite This Page:

University of Kent. "Steroid drugs used for HRT can combat E. coli and MRSA." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 March 2024. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240313135520.htm>.
University of Kent. (2024, March 13). Steroid drugs used for HRT can combat E. coli and MRSA. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240313135520.htm
University of Kent. "Steroid drugs used for HRT can combat E. coli and MRSA." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240313135520.htm (accessed July 24, 2024).

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