Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Most Science And Engineering Degree Holders Employed In Non-S&E Occupations

Date:
October 7, 1998
Source:
National Science Foundation
Summary:
Nearly twice as many people with degrees in science and engineering (S&E) fields were employed in non-S&E occupations as were employed in S&E jobs in 1995, according to data collected by the National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS).

Nearly twice as many people with degrees in science and engineering (S&E) fields were employed in non-S&E occupations as were employed in S&E jobs in 1995, according to data collected by the National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS).

A new NSF Data Brief shows that the S&E workforce reached nearly 3.2 million in 1995 - of which 83 percent, or 2.6 million people, had received their highest degrees in an S&E field. At the same time, however, about 4.7 million people whose highest degrees were in S&E fields were working in non-S&E occupations.

This is one of the first opportunities we have had to examine occupations as they relate to the field in which job holders were educated," said the author, R. Keith Wilkinson. The information came from the NSF's Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT), a unified database recording employment, education and other characteristics of the nation's scientists and engineers. The data are collected from three component surveys sponsored by the NSF and conducted every two years.

Engineers accounted for 42 percent (1.34 million) of the total S&E workforce. Computer and mathematical scientists made up 30 percent (950,000); followed by social scientists (317,500), life scientists (305,300) and physical scientists (274,300). More than half the S&E degree holders employed in non-S&E occupations were in fields such as management/administration, sales and marketing, and non-S&E-related teaching.

Of this group, about two thirds - 80 percent of those holding doctorates and master's degrees and 60 percent of those holding bachelor's degrees - said that their work was at least somewhat related to their degree.

Nearly three fifths (58 percent) of those who were working in S&E fields said their highest degree was a bachelor's, while 28 percent listed a master's and 13 percent reported a doctorate. Most bachelor's and masters degree holders had jobs as either engineers (49 and 40 percent, respectively) or computer and mathematical scientists (34 and 30 percent, respectively). Doctorate holders were employed primarily as social scientists (27 percent), life scientists (25 percent), and physical scientists (19 percent).

The data also showed:

-- The unemployment rate for S&E degree-holders was less than half the overall national average - 2.2 percent for those working in S&E, and 2.8 percent for S&E degreeholders in non-S&E occupations, versus 5.6 percent for the U.S. labor force as a whole in 1995.

-- The private sector is by far the largest employer of S&E workers - 72 percent for those with bachelor's degrees, 59 percent for those with master's degrees. The academic sector is the largest employer of those with doctorates (43 percent).

-- Educational institutions employed the largest proportion of life scientists (49 percent) and social scientists (44 percent).

-- Bachelor's degree-holders working full-time in S&E occupations had an average annual salary of $48,000; master's recipients made $53,000 and doctorate holders made $58,000. Engineers earned the highest salaries at each degree level, followed by computer and mathematical scientists at the bachelor's and master's level, and physical scientists at the doctoral level.

Editors: For the complete Data Brief, see: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/databrf/sdb/98325.htm


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by National Science Foundation. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Share This




More Science News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

AFP (Aug. 19, 2014) Residents of Sierra Leone's capital voice their fears as the Ebola virus sweeps through west Africa. Duration: 00:56 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Herman Goldman has worked at the same lighting store for almost 75 years. Find out his secrets to a happy, productive life. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Awesome New Camouflage Sheet Was Inspired By Octopus Skin

Awesome New Camouflage Sheet Was Inspired By Octopus Skin

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Scientists have developed a new device that mimics the way octopuses blend in with their surroundings to hide from dangerous predators. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

AP (Aug. 19, 2014) Four Texas high school football programs are trying out an experimental system designed to diagnose concussions on the field. The technology is in response to growing concern over head trauma in America's most watched sport. (Aug. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins