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July 31, 2015

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July 31, 2015

Affordable Genetic Diagnostic Technique for Target DNA Analysis Developed

July 31, 2015 — A technique to analyze various target DNAs has been developed using an aptamer, a DNA fragment that can recognize and bind to a specific protein or ... read more

Starvation Effects Handed Down for Generations

July 31, 2015 — Starvation early in life can alter an organism for generations to come, according to a new study in nematodes. The epigenetic effects are a 'bet-hedging strategy.' Famine survivors are ... read more

Analysis of Post Deployment Health Assessment Forms Indicates Risks of Alcohol Abuse Among Service Members Returning from Deployment

July 31, 2015 — An analysis of responses to questionnaires administered to U.S. active component service members who had returned from deployment during a 7-year surveillance period found that 3.4 percent and 4.8 ... read more

RNA-Binding Protein Influences Key Mediator of Cellular Inflammation, Stress Responses

July 31, 2015 — RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins. Researchers have now shown that ROQUIN binds several thousand ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Researchers have gained new insight into the phases of breast cancer growth. The ability to visualize and characterize the composition of a tumor in detail during its development can provide valuable ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Researchers used LEDs and a thin film of gold to turbocharge the heating and cooling cycles of the PCR test so results are ready in minutes, not hours. The innovation greatly expands the clinical and ... read more

Exercise During Adolescence Linked to Lowered Risk of Death Later

July 31, 2015 — Women who participated in exercise as adolescents had a reduced risk of death from cancer and all causes in their middle and older ages. After adjusting for socioeconomic factors in adult life, the ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A social skills program for high-functioning young adults with autism spectrum disorder significantly improved the participants' ability to engage with their peers, a new study has ... read more

Gene Drive Research: Safeguarding the Greater Good

July 30, 2015 — Research teams have proactively assembled an international group of 26 experts, including prominent genetic engineers and fruit fly geneticists, to unanimously recommend a series of preemptive ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Follicular helper Tcells (TFH cells), a rare type of immune cell that is essential for inducing a strong and lasting antibody response to viruses and other microbes, have garnered intense interest in ... read more

Cancer Patients Lose Faith in Healthcare System If Referred Late by GP

July 30, 2015 — If it takes more than three trips to the GP to be referred for cancer tests, patients are more likely to be dissatisfied with their overall care, eroding confidence in the doctors and nurses who go ... read more

Get Up for Your Heart Health, Move for Your Waistline

July 30, 2015 — More time spent standing rather than sitting could improve your blood sugar, fats in the blood and cholesterol levels, according to a new study. The study also shows that replacing time spent sitting ... read more

Cell Aging Slowed by Putting Brakes on Noisy Transcription

July 30, 2015 — Working with yeast and worms, researchers found that incorrect gene expression is a hallmark of aged cells and that reducing such “noise” extends lifespan in these ... read more

Study Questions Presence in Blood of Heart-Healthy Molecules from Fish Oil Supplements

July 30, 2015 — The importance of a diet rich in fish oils -- now a billion dollar food-supplement industry -- has been debated for over half a century. A new study questions the relevance of fish oil-derived ... read more

Byproduct of Intestinal Bacteria May Jeopardize Heart Health in Patients With Kidney Disease

July 30, 2015 — Blood levels of TMAO, a byproduct generated from intestinal bacterial as they metabolize dietary nutrients, progressively increase with advancing severity of kidney disease. TMAO levels are ... read more

Depressed Females Have Over-Active Glutamate Receptor Gene

July 30, 2015 — Numerous genes that regulate the activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain have been found to be abundant in brain tissue of depressed females. This could be an underlying cause of the higher ... read more

Cost of Physician Board Recertification Fuels Questions About How Best to Achieve Better Outcomes for Patients

July 30, 2015 — Many American physicians are pushing back against or debating new requirements for maintaining medical board certifications, which affect more than 250,000 physicians ... read more

Texting While Driving Bans Save 19 Lives Per Year

July 30, 2015 — On average, there was a 7 percent reduction in crash-related hospitalizations in states that have enacted bans on texting and driving, researchers say. Hospitalizations were reduced the most -- 9 ... read more

Concussions Most Common During Practice

July 30, 2015 — As high school and college athletes hit the fields and courts in pre-season practice, concussion awareness should be part of their education, experts say, as most concussions happen during practice ... read more

Blocking PHD2 Oxygen Sensor Inhibits Breast Cancer Dissemination

July 30, 2015 — Reducing the expression of the PHD2 oxygen sensor impairs the ability of breast cancers to metastasize (spread) to other parts of the body, scientists have discovered. Breast cancer is the second ... read more

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