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September 1, 2015

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September 1, 2015

Central Sleep Apnea Device Increases Mortality in Heart Failure

Sep. 1, 2015 — Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy increases mortality and should not be used to treat central sleep apnea in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction, the SERVE-HF trial ... read more

Lupus: A Disease With Many Faces

Sep. 1, 2015 — Lupus is an autoimmune disease with so many different symptoms that it is often difficult to diagnose and to treat. Despite huge medical advances over the last few years, lupus is incurable. Modern, ... read more

How Does an Insecticide Treated Bed Net Actually Work?

Sep. 1, 2015 — Scientists developed infrared video tracking technology that follows individual mosquitoes in flight as they try to reach a human sleeper inside a bed ... read more

Why Do Certain Hormonal Contraceptives Increase the Risk of HIV?

Sep. 1, 2015 — In recent years, evidence has been building that injectable contraceptive depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera or DMPA) is associated with an increased risk of HIV infection. Now a study ... read more

Treatment With Life-Saving Drugs Increases but Still Suboptimal in Ischemic Heart Disease

Sep. 1, 2015 — Treatment with life-saving medications has increased over the past 10 years in ischemic heart disease but levels are still suboptimal, according to the first results a new study. Statin prescriptions ... read more

Reading Emotions in a Second Language

Sep. 1, 2015 — If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in ... read more

Which Blood Thinner Works Better During Stent Placement? It's Still a Toss-Up

Sep. 1, 2015 — A large, ambitious contrast of blood-thinning medications used during cardiac stent placement suggests that a very expensive drug offers no clear safety benefits over a much more affordable option, ... read more

Redefining Pediatric Malnutrition to Improve Treatment

Sep. 1, 2015 — The new definition of pediatric malnutrition has been reviewed by experts, identifying populations where the new guidelines can be problematic in clinical practice. The review also describes the ... read more

Full-Time Professional to Full-Time Mother: A Choice Laden With Cost

Sep. 1, 2015 — Women leaving work to raise children have to redefine who they are, a study finds. After exiting professional and managerial occupations, mothers are engaged in an ongoing mother/professional ... read more

Modified CAR T Cells Can Preferentially Target Cancer Cells, Spare Normal Cells

Sep. 1, 2015 — Engineering chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells to lower their affinity for the protein epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) made the cells preferentially recognize and eliminate tumor cells ... read more

Newly Engineered CAR T Cells Can Better Discriminate Between Cancer and Normal Cells

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new development in engineering chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, called affinity tuning, can make the CAR T cells spare normal cells and better recognize and attack cancer cells, which may ... read more

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Is Safe, Effective for Very Elderly Patients

Sep. 1, 2015 — Select patients age 90 years and older with aortic stenosis (AS) can benefit from a relatively new, minimally invasive surgery for aortic valve replacement, new research ... read more

Statistical Model May Identify Patients Most Likely to Benefit from Surgery for Mesothelioma

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new statistical model may help predict which patients are most likely to receive life-extending benefits from surgical treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma, scientists ... read more

Injection Drug Use Limits Benefits of Surgery for Treatment of Heart Lining Infection

Sep. 1, 2015 — Injection drug users who undergo surgery for infective endocarditis (IE) have a significantly higher risk of reoperation or death between 3 and 6 months after surgery compared to patients who develop ... read more

Patient Perception a Key Element in Preventing Falls in Hospitals

Sep. 1, 2015 — Hospitalized patients deemed at risk for falls may not follow prevention strategies depending on their perceptions of personal risk, according to a study. An inpatient survey about fall-related ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new study has found that the occurrence of advanced forms of a diabetic eye disease remains low among children living with diabetes, regardless of how long they have had the disease or their ... read more

Parents' Views on Justice Affect Babies' Moral Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — Babies' neural responses to morally charged scenarios are influenced by their parents' attitudes toward justice, new research shows. The developmental neuroscientists found that strong ... read more

Possible New Weapon Against PTSD

Sep. 1, 2015 — Animals who underwent chronic stress prior to a traumatic experience engaged a distinctive brain pathway that encodes traumatic memories more strongly than in unstressed animals, new research ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — A bacterium engineered to produce different pigments in response to varying levels of a micronutrient in blood samples could give health officials an inexpensive way to detect nutritional ... read more

With Tobacco, What You Don't Know Can Kill You Sooner

Aug. 31, 2015 — The public shows “considerable lack of knowledge” about the risk associated with different types of tobacco products, researchers say. What people can benefit from is knowing the varying levels ... read more

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