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August 28, 2015

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August 28, 2015

Aug. 28, 2015 — A growing, dividing cell uses most of its energy store to make its "protein factories," the ribosomes. An important player in their "assembly" is the exosome, a molecular ... read more

Aug. 28, 2015 — A new device which transforms paralysis victims’ breath into words – believed to be the first invention of its kind – has been ... read more

Aug. 28, 2015 — Researchers have unraveled a role for tumor suppressor genes in restricting the growth of neighboring cell populations. The study might have implications for understanding the early events of ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — The fungus Cryptococcus causes meningitis, a brain disease that kills about 1 million people each year. It's difficult to treat because fungi are genetically quite similar to humans, so ... read more

Humans May Be Harmed by Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Released During Natural Gas Mining

Aug. 27, 2015 — More than 15 million Americans live within one mile of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) operations that combine directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing, or 'fracking,' to release ... read more

Four-Day School Week Can Improve Academic Performance, Study Finds

Aug. 27, 2015 — Shortening the school week to four days has a positive impact on elementary school students' academic performance in mathematics, according to ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have completed a major review of the findings of 100 psychology studies. Less than half could be ... read more

Cervical Pessary Does Not Reduce the Rate of Preterm Births or Neonatal Complications in Twin Gestations

Aug. 27, 2015 — Having twins accounts for only 1.5% of all births but 25% of preterm births, the leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. Successful strategies for reducing singleton preterm births include ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Research may lead to reevaluation of the current understanding of information flow and neural circuit maturation in the visual ... read more

HIV Particles Do Not Cause AIDS, Our Own Immune Cells Do

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. In a new ... read more

Growth Hormone Reduces Risk of Osteoporosis Fractures in Older Women

Aug. 27, 2015 — For years after it was administered, growth hormone continued to reduce the risk of fractures and helped maintain bone density in postmenopausal women who had ... read more

Interrupting Sitting With Walking Breaks Improves Children's Blood Sugar

Aug. 27, 2015 — Taking 3-minute breaks to walk in the middle of a TV marathon or other sedentary activity can improve children's blood sugar compared to continuously sitting, according to a new ... read more

Antibiotic Use Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis

Aug. 27, 2015 — People who developed type 2 diabetes tended to take more antibiotics in the years leading up to the diagnosis than people who did not have the condition, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — RNA can be translated into protein or transformed into gene-regulating molecules. A newly discovered 'reader' protein recognizes a chemical instruction tag affixed to RNA, an important step ... read more

Researchers Thwart Cancer Cells by Triggering 'Virus Alert'

Aug. 27, 2015 — Working with human cancer cell lines and mice, researchers have found a way to trigger a type of immune system 'virus alert' that may one day boost cancer patients' response to ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Neuroscientists have discovered a set of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain that broadcast messages throughout the cerebral cortex, rapidly informing multiple distributed subregions of any ... read more

Circadian Genes Go to Sleep Every Day at the Periphery of the Nucleus

Aug. 27, 2015 — Mobility between different physical environments in the cell nucleus regulates the daily oscillations in the activity of genes that are controlled by the internal biological clock, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Diets rich in fish oil versus diets rich in lard (e.g., bacon) produce very different bacteria in the guts of mice, reports a new study. The researchers transferred these microbes into other mice to ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have uncovered key cellular functions that help regulate inflammation -- a discovery that could have important implications for the treatment of allergies, heart disease, and certain ... read more

Creative and Neurotic: Is Neuroticism Fueled by Overthinking?

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have presented a new theory for why neurotic unhappiness and creativity go hand-in-hand. The authors argue that the part of the brain responsible for self-generated thought is highly ... read more

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