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October 9, 2015

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October 9, 2015

Researchers Gauge Heritability of Childhood-Onset Autoimmune Diseases

Oct. 9, 2015 — Scientists have calculated more precise measurements of heritability -- the influence of underlying genes -- in nine autoimmune diseases that begin in childhood. The research may strengthen ... read more

Immune Gene Prevents Parkinson's Disease, Dementia

Oct. 9, 2015 — An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease (PD). More than half of PD patients develop progressive disease showing signs of dementia similar to ... read more

Dying at Home Leads to More Peace, Less Grief, but Requires Wider Support

Oct. 9, 2015 — Dying at home could be beneficial for terminally ill cancer patients and their relatives, according to research. The study shows that, according to questionnaires completed by their relatives, those ... read more

Low Awareness of DVLA Safe Driving Guidelines Among Hospital Doctors

Oct. 8, 2015 — New research concludes that medically disqualified patients may wrongly assume themselves fit to drive on discharge from hospital because of inadequate knowledge among doctors of DVLA guidelines ... read more

Common Gene Variant Linked to Chromosome Errors, Early Pregnancy Loss

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers have identified a common genetic variant strongly associated with chromosome gains and losses during the early stages of human embryonic development. These errors in cell division, which ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Use of an iPad app that fosters parent-child interactions around math markedly increases children's math achievement across the school year, especially for children with parents who are ... read more

Epidural, Spinal Anesthesia Safe for Cesarean Deliveries, Study Finds

Oct. 8, 2015 — New research could ease the minds of expectant mothers who may be nervous about epidurals or spinal anesthesia for childbirth. According to ASA practice guidelines, spinal or epidural anesthesia is ... read more

Breast Cancer Genomic Analysis Reveals Invasive Lobular Carcinoma Subtypes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers analyzed hundreds of breast cancer samples to reveal genetic drivers of invasive lobular carcinoma, the second most commonly diagnosed invasive form of breast cancer. The work, the ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new technique allows scientists to study diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's using cells from human patients. Historically, animal models -- from fruit flies to mice -- have been ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Antioxidants can double the rate of melanoma metastasis in mice, new research shows. The results reinforce previous findings that antioxidants hasten the progression of lung cancer. People with ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — The cognitive skills used to learn how to ride a bike may be the key to a more accurate understanding of developmental dyslexia. And, they may lead to improved interventions. Scientists investigated ... read more

Study Examines Cancer-Care Outcomes Among American Hospitals

Oct. 8, 2015 — Efforts to rank hospitals by long-term survival rates have been hindered by the readily available administrative data derived from Medicare claims, which lacks information about cancer stage. A new ... read more

Affordable Care Act Helps Virginia Improve HIV Outcomes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Low-income HIV patients enrolled in Affordable Care Act health-care plans achieved better outcomes and the resulting cost savings allowed the state of Virginia to support care for more patients, ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study could explain why elephants rarely get cancer. The results show that elephants have extra copies of a gene encoding a tumor suppressor, p53. Further, elephants may have a more robust ... read more

Fracking Industry Wells Associated With Premature Birth

Oct. 8, 2015 — Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, ... read more

Preventing Memory Loss Before Symptoms Appear

Oct. 8, 2015 — A clinical trial is looking at removing a key protein from the brain to prevent memory loss at least a decade before symptoms are noticed in healthy older adults. The trial is focused on an ... read more

Sex Change Hormonal Treatments Alter Brain Chemistry

Oct. 8, 2015 — Hormonal treatments administered as part of the procedures for sex reassignment have well-known and well-documented effects on the secondary sexual characteristics of the adult body, shifting a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Compared with direct gene injection, cell-mediated GDNF gene delivery led to considerably more pronounced preservation of myelinated fibers in the remote segments of the spinal cord (5 vs 3 mm from ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — The organization of DNA packaged in chromosomes during cell division has been very difficult to study experimentally. Researchers have found that the structure of translocations in cancer cells shows ... read more

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