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August 31, 2015

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August 31, 2015

Five-Colour Nutritional Labelling System Is the Most Effective for Consumers

Aug. 31, 2015 — The 5-colour nutrition label (5-CNL) is the most effective nutritional information system for allowing consumers to recognize and compare the nutritional quality of foods, a group of researchers ... read more

'Eat Me' Signal Whets Appetites for Tumor-Devouring Dendritic Cells

Aug. 31, 2015 — The therapeutic effect of CD47 blockade as a cancer treatment relies more on dendritic cells than macrophages, scientists report. Anti-CD47-mediated tumor rejection will require both innate and ... read more

Exclusive Breastfeeding and the Effect on Postpartum Multiple Sclerosis Relapses

Aug. 31, 2015 — Women with multiple sclerosis who intended to breastfeed their infants exclusively for two months had a lower risk of relapse during the first six months after giving birth compared with women who ... read more

Religion, Physicians and Surrogate Decision-Makers in the Intensive Care Unit

Aug. 31, 2015 — Religious or spiritual considerations were discussed in 16 percent of family meetings in intensive care units and health care professionals only rarely explored the patient's or family's ... read more

Examining Service Delivery, Patient Outcomes in Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program

Aug. 31, 2015 — Outpatient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) health care facilities funded by the federal Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program were more likely to provide case management, mental health, substance abuse and ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — In animals, numerous behaviors are governed by the olfactory perception of their surrounding world. Whether originating in the nose of a mammal or the antennas of an insect, perception results from ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — A group in Japan has developed tissue adhesive porous films that promote angiogenesis without using growth factors. This new technology may contribute to medical cost reduction making expensive ... read more

Fatal Bleeding Rare With Extended Dual Antiplatelet Therapy

Aug. 31, 2015 — Fatal bleeding is rare with extended dual antiplatelet therapy, according to a secondary analysis of the DAPT Study. Bleeding-related mortality accounted for a minority of deaths in patients treated ... read more

Prasugrel Associated With Increased Major Bleeding in High-Risk Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease

Aug. 31, 2015 — Prasugrel-based dual antiplatelet therapy is associated with increased major bleeding after stent implantation for high-risk patients with stable coronary artery disease, according to a secondary ... read more

Ticagrelor Administered in the Ambulance Reduces Ischaemic Events 24 Hours After PCI

Aug. 31, 2015 — Ticagrelor administered in the ambulance reduces ischaemic events 24 hours after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to new ... read more

Depressed Patients Have More Frequent Chest Pain Even in the Absence of Coronary Artery Disease

Aug. 31, 2015 — Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease, according to results. The findings suggest that pain and depression may share a common neurochemical ... read more

Cardiologists Fail to Identify Basic and Advanced Murmurs

Aug. 31, 2015 — Cardiologists failed to identify more than half of basic and about 35 percent of advanced pre-recorded murmurs, but skills improved after a 90 minute training session, according to new ... read more

Gene Associated With Sudden Cardiac Death Identified by ICD Monitoring

Aug. 31, 2015 — A gene associated with sudden cardiac death in the general population has been identified using implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) monitoring in new research. The research included patients ... read more

Research Team Creates Model to Predict Cellular Evolution

Aug. 31, 2015 — Scientists have not been able to understand and predict how cells evolve in our bodies, and this process is important because evolving cell populations are at the core of drug-resistant infections ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Scientists have discovered what may well be the oldest known case of leukemia. By means of high-resolution computer tomography, they were able to detect indications of the cancer in an approximately ... read more

Half-Dose Combo of Common Diuretics a 'Win-Win' for Hypertension

Aug. 31, 2015 — The combination of two commonly used diuretics, each at half dose, can significantly reduce blood pressure without the side-effects caused by full doses of either alone, researchers have ... read more

Spironolactone 'a Clear Winner' for Resistant Hypertension

Aug. 31, 2015 — In patients with poor blood pressure control despite treatment with a combination of three drugs (‘resistant hypertension’), addition of the diuretic spironolactone was significantly more ... read more

Lcz696 Targets Blood Pressure and Arterial Stiffness

Aug. 31, 2015 — The combination drug valsartan/sacubitril known as LCZ696 significantly reduced aortic systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure compared to the standard angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) ... read more

New Analysis Adds Heart Failure Data for Sitagliptin

Aug. 31, 2015 — Patients with type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease can safely take the antihyperglycemic drug sitagliptin without an increased risk of cardiovascular complications - even if they have a history ... read more

Study Quells Concerns About NAID Safety

Aug. 31, 2015 — In older patients with arthritis and no history of cardiovascular disease, chronic use of any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug appears safe from a cardiovascular and gastrointestinal stand-point, ... read more

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