Earth & Climate News
May 5, 2015

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May 5, 2015

Simulating Seasons: Researchers Use Supercomputing to Assess Impact of Climate Change on Malawi's Growing Season

May 5, 2015 — Malawi, a small landlocked country in southeast Africa, is home to 13 million people and is one of the least-developed countries in the world. Its security is highly dependent on rain-fed ... read more

May 4, 2015 — As with rivers, civilizations across the world rise and fall. Sometimes, the rise and fall of rivers has something to do with it. At Cahokia, the largest prehistoric settlement in the Americas north ... read more

May 4, 2015 — As greater atmospheric carbon dioxide boosts sea temperatures, tropical corals face a bleak future. New climate model projections show that conditions are likely to increase the frequency and ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Scientists have addressed the 'uncomfortably close' occurrence of the Chicxulub impact in the Yucatan and the most voluminous phase of the Deccan Traps flood basalt eruptions in India. ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Computer scientists have combined sophisticated computer vision algorithms and a brain-computer interface to find mines in sonar images of the ocean floor. The study shows that the new method speeds ... read more

May 4, 2015 — While fjords are celebrated for their beauty, these ecosystems are also major carbon sinks that likely play an important role in the regulation of the planet's climate, new research ... read more

May 4, 2015 — In the history of continental drift, India has been a mysterious record-holder. More than 140 million years ago, India was part of an immense supercontinent called Gondwana, which covered much of the ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Considering geological time scales, the occurrence of biogenic shale gas in Sweden´s crust is relatively young. Geoscientists found that biogenic methane in the Alum Shale in South Sweden formed due ... read more

May 4, 2015 — The main job of pollen is to help seed the next generation of trees and plants, but a new study shows that the grains might also seed ... read more

Lab Test Commonly Used to Assess Water Toxicity May Not Predict Effects on Field Populations

May 4, 2015 — Hyalella azteca are invertebrates that are widely used for sediment and water toxicity studies. Investigators have found that H. azteca collected from sites influenced by agricultural/urban runoff ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Bacteria that feed on methane can control its concentration once it is released from the ocean floor. This can potentially stop the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere. But ocean currents can ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Ocean hotspots that caused the record heat during the Dust Bowl years may help long range forecasters predict the likelihood of extremely hot summers in Central US months ahead, scientists ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Axial Seamount, an active underwater volcano located about 300 miles off the coast of Oregon and Washington, appears to be erupting -- after two scientists had forecast that such an event would take ... read more

Exposure to Air Pollution in the First Year of Life Increases Risk for Allergies

May 4, 2015 — Exposure to outdoor air pollution during the first year of life increases the risk of developing allergies to food, mould, pets and pests, new research concludes. The study showed that the ... read more

Space Technology 'Could Reduce Cost of Renewable Energy'

May 4, 2015 — Space-based radar technology could be harnessed by the renewable energy sector to drive down costs, according to ... read more

May 3, 2015 — The resilience of U.S. coastal communities to storms, flooding, erosion and other threats can be strengthened when they are protected by natural infrastructure such as marshes, reefs, and beaches, or ... read more

May 1, 2015 — If a volcano erupts at the bottom of the sea, does anybody see it? If that volcano is Axial Seamount, about 300 miles offshore and 1 mile deep, the answer is now: ... read more

Ocean Fronts Improve Climate and Fishery Production, Study Finds

May 1, 2015 — Ocean fronts -- separate regions of warm and cool water as well as salt and fresh water -- act to increase production in the ocean, research has found. This research showed how fronts can be ... read more

May 1, 2015 — Synthetic microscopic beads sense changes in their environment and self-propel to migrate upstream, a step toward the realization of biomimetic microsystems with the ability to sense and respond to ... read more

May 1, 2015 — Runoff from pavement with coal-tar-based sealant is toxic to aquatic life, damages DNA, and impairs DNA repair, according to new research. Rainwater runoff collected as long as three months after ... read more

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