Earth & Climate News
July 2, 2015

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July 2, 2015

Research Redefines the Properties of Faults When Rock Melts

June 30, 2015 — A new discovery in the study of fault slip seeks to redefine our understanding of how melt-bearing faults behave, say scientists. Fault slip occurs in many natural environments -- including during ... read more

June 30, 2015 — From the founding of America, the Fourth of July has been synonymous with fireworks. A new study quantifies the surge in fine particulate matter -- particles that are two and one half microns in ... read more

June 30, 2015 — The amount of water required to hydraulically fracture oil and gas wells varies widely across the country, according to the first national-scale analysis and map of hydraulic fracturing water usage ... read more

June 30, 2015 — The number of plant species growing just next to restored streams can take up to 25 years to increase above those channelized during the timber floating era, research ... read more

New Study Re-Writes the Rules of Carbon Analysis

June 30, 2015 — Analyses of carbon emissions may be misleading as they failed to include the impacts of policies such as trading schemes, emission caps or quotas, experts say in a new ... read more

June 30, 2015 — 20,000 Sounds under the Sea is a project that aims to study ocean sounds. The Swiss ship Fleur de Passion will go around the world in four years with the aim of measuring human impact on oceans and ... read more

Bioenergy in the Upper Rhine Area: Potential for Improvement

June 30, 2015 — Scientists have analyzed the potentials of sustainable use of biomass on the Upper Rhine. The conclusion drawn by the researchers: Further increase in biomass production is limited, as this would ... read more

June 30, 2015 — Rocks store information about the temperatures that they have experienced. Now, for the first time, researchers have developed a method that reveals low-temperature information (from 35 °C and ... read more

Monitoring Volcanoes With Ground-Based Atomic Clocks

June 30, 2015 — High-precision atomic clocks can be used to monitor volcanoes and potentially improve predictions of future eruptions, researchers report. In addition, a ground-based network of atomic clocks could ... read more

Nation's Weather Radar Network Used to Track Bird Migration at Night

June 30, 2015 — Using the nation's weather radar network, two doctoral students have developed a technique for forecasting something other than the weather: the orientation behavior of birds as they migrate ... read more

June 30, 2015 — A pair of paleobiologists have determined that the world's most numerous and diverse vertebrates -- ray-finned fishes -- began their ecological dominance of the oceans 66 million years ago, ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Researchers used satellite images to map abandoned shore lines around Palaeolake Mega-Chad, and analyzed sediments to calculate the age of these shore lines, producing a lake level history spanning ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Geologists have found evidence of helium leakage from Earth's mantle along a 30-mile stretch of the Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone in the Los Angeles Basin. Using samples of casing gas from two ... read more

June 29, 2015 — It's been difficult to explain patterns of toxic mercury in some parts of the world, such as why there's so much of the toxin deposited into ecosystems from the air in the southeastern ... read more

June 29, 2015 — A study using a 600-year-old ice core shows that global mercury pollution increased dramatically during the 20th century, but that mercury concentrations in the atmosphere decreased faster than ... read more

Soil Water, Microbes Influence Carbon in World's Coldest Desert, Study Finds

June 29, 2015 — Soil water and microbes' respiration contribute to fluctuations of carbon dioxide in the world's coldest desert, where climate change is expected to increase underground moisture and ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Tiny microscopic animals called zooplankton are ingesting plastic particles at an alarming rate, according to a new study. That could not only pose a risk to salmon but also spell trouble for the ... read more

Up, Up and Away, in the Name of Science Education

June 29, 2015 — The virtues of high-altitude balloons for science education in a new research paper have been outlined in a new research paper. High altitude balloons are ripe for exploitation in science education ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Engineers have developed a nanogenerator that harvests energy from a car's rolling tire ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Small-scale livestock farming in the tropics can become more intensive yet sustainable if more and better forage is used to feed the animals being reared. This could benefit farming endeavors in ... read more

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