Today's Science News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

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from universities, journals, and other organizations

Solar Energy That Doesn't Block the View

Aug. 19, 2014 Researchers have developed a new type of solar concentrator that when placed over a window creates solar energy while allowing people to actually see through the window. It is called a transparent ... full story

Why Global Warming Is Taking a Break

Aug. 19, 2014 The average temperature on Earth has barely risen over the past 16 years. Researchers in Switzerland have now found out why. And they believe that global warming is likely to continue again ... full story

New 'Invisibility Cloak': Octopus-Inspired Camouflage Systems Automatically Read Surroundings and Mimic Them

Aug. 18, 2014 Researchers have developed a technology that allows a material to automatically read its environment and adapt to mimic its surroundings. Cunjiang Yu, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at ... full story

Children's Drawings Indicate Later Intelligence, Study Shows

Aug. 18, 2014 How 4-year-old children draw pictures of a child is an indicator of intelligence at age 14, according to a new study. The researchers studied 7,752 pairs of identical and non-identical twins and ... full story

More Than Just X and Y: New Genetic Basis for Sex Determination

Aug. 18, 2014 Men and women differ in obvious ways, and scientists have long known that genetic differences buried deep within our DNA underlie these distinctions. In the past, most research has focused on ... full story

Engineering Bone Growth: Coated Tissue Scaffolds Help Body Grow New Bone to Repair Injuries or Congenital Defects

Aug. 19, 2014 Chemical engineers have devised a new implantable tissue scaffold coated with bone growth factors that are released slowly over a few weeks. When applied to bone injuries or defects, this coated ... full story

Neither Too Hot nor Too Cold: Evolution of Marine Crocodilians Constrained by Ocean Temperatures

Aug. 19, 2014 The ancestors of today's crocodiles colonized the seas during warm phases and became extinct during cold phases, according to a new Anglo-French study which establishes a link between marine ... full story

How Worms Crawl: Mathematical Model Challenges Traditional View

Aug. 19, 2014 A new mathematical model for earthworms and insect larvae challenges the traditional view of how these soft bodied animals get around. Researchers say that there is a far greater role for the ... full story

Physically Fit Kids Have Beefier Brain White Matter Than Their Less-Fit Peers

Aug. 19, 2014 A new study of 9- and 10-year-olds finds that those who are more aerobically fit have more fibrous and compact white-matter tracts in the brain than their peers who are less fit. 'White ... full story

Minor Variations in Ice Sheet Size Can Trigger Abrupt Climate Change

Aug. 18, 2014 Small fluctuations in the sizes of ice sheets during the last ice age were enough to trigger abrupt climate change, scientists have found. The team compared simulated model data with that retrieved ... full story

Hospital Superbug Breakthrough: Antibacterial Gel Kills Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Staphylococci and E.coli Using Natural Proteins

Aug. 18, 2014 Scientists have made a breakthrough in the fight against the most resistant hospital superbugs. The team have developed the first innovative antibacterial gel that acts to kill Pseudomonas ... full story

Zombie Ant Fungi Manipulate Hosts to Die on the 'Doorstep' of the Colony

Aug. 18, 2014 A parasitic fungus that must kill its ant hosts outside their nest to reproduce and transmit their infection, manipulates its victims to die in the vicinity of the colony, ensuring a constant supply ... full story

Pygmy Phenotype Developed Many Times, Adaptive to Rainforest

Aug. 18, 2014 The small body size associated with the pygmy phenotype is probably a selective adaptation for rainforest hunter-gatherers, according to an international team of researchers. But all African pygmy ... full story

500-Million-Year Reset for Immune System

Aug. 18, 2014 A single factor can reset the immune system of mice to a state likely similar to what it was 500 million years ago, when the first vertebrates emerged. The model, researchers report, could provide an ... full story

Pigs' Hearts Transplanted Into Baboon Hosts Remain Viable More Than a Year

Aug. 18, 2014 Investigators have successfully transplanted hearts from genetically engineered piglets into baboons' abdomens and had the hearts survive for more than one year, twice as long as previously ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Awesome New Camouflage Sheet Was Inspired By Octopus Skin

Awesome New Camouflage Sheet Was Inspired By Octopus Skin

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Scientists have developed a new device that mimics the way octopuses blend in with their surroundings to hide from dangerous predators. Video provided by Newsy
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Human Activity Blamed For Increase In Melting Glaciers

Human Activity Blamed For Increase In Melting Glaciers

Newsy (Aug. 15, 2014) Researchers found human-made greenhouse gas emissions account for more than two-thirds of glacier melting between 1991 and 2010. Video provided by Newsy
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Could Kilobots Be The Technology Of The Future?

Could Kilobots Be The Technology Of The Future?

Newsy (Aug. 15, 2014) Harvard scientists have created tiny robots called Kilobots, which come together to form shapes. Video provided by Newsy
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How Yelling At Your Phone Might Eventually Charge It

How Yelling At Your Phone Might Eventually Charge It

Newsy (Aug. 14, 2014) A new device could make charging your cell phone a lot easier. It works by converting sound waves to electricity to charge your phone's battery. Video provided by Newsy
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last updated on 2014-08-20 at 12:58 pm EDT

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Novel Gene Predicts Both Breast Cancer Relapse, Response to Chemotherapy

Aug. 20, 2014 Scientists have made it easier to predict both breast cancer relapses and responses to chemotherapy, through the identification of a unique gene. The newly found marker could help doctors classify ... full story

Gene Therapy Protects Mice from Lethal Heart Condition, Researchers Find

Aug. 20, 2014 A new gene therapy has been shown to protect mice from a life-threatening heart condition caused by muscular dystrophy. About one in 3,500 children, mostly boys, are born with Duchenne muscular ... full story

Coronary Arteries Hold Heart-Regenerating Cells

Aug. 20, 2014 Endothelial cells residing in the coronary arteries can function as cardiac stem cells to produce new heart muscle tissue, investigators have discovered. The heart has long been considered to be an ... full story

Treating Pain by Blocking the 'Chili-Pepper Receptor'

Aug. 20, 2014 Biting into a chili pepper causes a burning spiciness that is irresistible to some, but intolerable to others. Scientists exploring the chili pepper's effect are using their findings to develop a new ... full story

Sunblock Poses Potential Hazard to Sea Life

Aug. 20, 2014 The sweet and salty aroma of sunscreen and seawater signals a relaxing trip to the shore. But scientists are now reporting that the idyllic beach vacation comes with an environmental hitch. When ... full story

Economic Disparities Impact Infant Health, Experts Show

Aug. 20, 2014 Women who are poor experience higher cortisol levels in pregnancy and give birth to infants with elevated levels of the stress hormone, putting them at greater risk for serious disease later in life, ... full story

Is China's 50 Percent Cesarean Section Delivery Rate Too High?

Aug. 20, 2014 Efforts must be made to decrease China's increasing cesarean section rate, suggests a new article. China has one of the highest caesarean delivery rates in the world. Of 16 million babies born in ... full story

Type-1, Type-2 Diabetes Caused by Same Underlying Mechanism

Aug. 20, 2014 New findings provide compelling evidence that juvenile-onset or type-1 diabetes and type-2 diabetes are both caused by the formation of toxic clumps of a hormone called amylin. The results suggest ... full story

Novel Oral Anticoagulant Prescriptions Soar, but at a High Cost

Aug. 20, 2014 Warfarin, the longtime standard treatment for atrial fibrillation, is facing competition from new options in the anticoagulant drug marketplace including dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban. A new ... full story

Why Elderly Are Prone to Sleep Problems

Aug. 20, 2014 A group of inhibitory neurons, whose loss leads to sleep disruption in experimental animals, are substantially diminished among the elderly and individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, researchers ... full story

Growing Up Poor Affects Adults' Sense of Control, Impulsiveness When Faced With Economic Uncertainty

Aug. 20, 2014 Growing up poor can influence people's sense of control and in turn may lead them to more impulsive decision-making and quickly give up on challenging tasks in uncertain situations, according to new ... full story

'Tickling' Your Ear Could Be Good for Your Heart

Aug. 19, 2014 Stimulating nerves in your ear could improve the health of your heart, researchers have discovered. Scientists used a standard TENS machine like those designed to relieve labour pains to apply ... full story

Does Love Make Sex Better for Most Women?

Aug. 19, 2014 Love and commitment can make sex physically more satisfying for many women, according to a sociologist. The benefits of being in love with a sexual partner are more than just emotional. Most of the ... full story

Zebrafish Help Unravel Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 19, 2014 New fundamental knowledge about the regulation of stem cells in the nerve tissue of zebrafish embryos results in surprising insights into neurodegenerative disease processes in the human brain. A new ... full story

Opioid Users Breathe Easier With Novel Drug to Treat Respiratory Depression

Aug. 19, 2014 People taking prescription opioids to treat moderate to severe pain may be able to breathe a little easier, literally. A study has found that a new therapeutic drug, GAL-021, may reverse or prevent ... full story

Hand Gestures Improve Learning in Both Signers, Speakers

Aug. 19, 2014 Spontaneous gesture can help children learn, whether they use a spoken language or sign language, according to a new report. "Children who can hear use gesture along with speech to communicate as ... full story

Bigger Weddings, Fewer Partners, Less 'Sliding' Linked to Better Marriages

Aug. 19, 2014 The more people who attend your wedding and the fewer relationships you had prior to marriage, the more likely you are to report a high-quality marriage, a study concludes. The study challenges the ... full story

Fish Study Links Brain Size to Parental Duties

Aug. 19, 2014 Male stickleback fish that protect their young have bigger brains than counterparts that don't care for offspring, finds a new study. "This suggests that regular sticklebacks have bigger brains to ... full story

Daughters Provide as Much Elderly Parent Care as They Can, Sons Do as Little as Possible

Aug. 19, 2014 Parents are better off having daughters if they want to be cared for in their old age suggests a new study, which finds that women appear to provide as much elderly parent care as they can, while men ... full story

Neglected Boys May Turn Into Violent Adolescents

Aug. 18, 2014 Parents who physically neglect their boys may increase the risk that they will raise violent adolescents, according to sociologists. Examples of physical neglect include not taking a sick or injured ... full story

Bacteria Detected in Food May Cause Risks to Unborn Children

Aug. 19, 2014 At least 10 percent of the fresh cheese, sausages and meats sold in markets and on the street may be contaminated, Mexican research suggests. Human listeriosis is a disease with a high mortality rate ... full story

Smoking During Pregnancy May Affect Grandchildren's Growth

Aug. 18, 2014 Smoking during pregnancy has discernible effects on the growth of a woman's future grandkids, a new study shows. The "likely transgenerational effects from the grandmothers' smoking in pregnancy need ... full story

Parents' Vaccine Intentions Influenced by How Benefits Are Communicated

Aug. 18, 2014 In a study designed to formally look at the content of parent-targeted communications about the benefits of vaccination for measles, mumps and rubella, investigators report that the framing of these ... full story

Music to Your Ears? Evidence of Damage to Hearing from Music

Aug. 18, 2014 Many people listen to loud music without realizing that this can affect their hearing. This could lead to difficulties in understanding speech during age-related hearing loss which affects up to half ... full story

Disconnect Between Parenting and Certain Jobs a Source of Stress

Aug. 16, 2014 Some working parents are carrying more psychological baggage than others — and the reason has nothing to do with demands on their time and energy. The cause is their ... full story

Visual Exposure Predicts Infants' Ability to Follow Another's Gaze

Aug. 15, 2014 Following another person's gaze can reveal a wealth of information critical to social interactions and also to safety. Gaze following typically emerges in infancy, and new research looking at preterm ... full story

Do Gut Bacteria Rule Our Minds? In an Ecosystem Within Us, Microbes Evolved to Sway Food Choices

Aug. 15, 2014 It sounds like science fiction, but it seems that bacteria within us -- which outnumber our own cells about 100-fold -- may very well be affecting both our cravings and moods to get us to eat what ... full story

Guidelines Can Predict Early Menopause in Child Cancer Survivors, Giving Hope for Fertility

Aug. 15, 2014 Girls with cancer who are most likely to become infertile after treatment can be identified using guidelines developed almost 20 years ago, new research shows. The criteria will help to select which ... full story

Human Milk Fat Improves Growth in Premature Infants

Aug. 15, 2014 For premature infants, adequate growth while in the neonatal intensive care unit is an indicator of better long-term health and developmental outcomes. Researchers have now successfully incorporated ... full story

Vitamin D Deficiency May Reduce Pregnancy Rate in Women Undergoing IVF

Aug. 14, 2014 Women with a vitamin D deficiency were nearly half as likely to conceive through in vitro fertilization (IVF) as women who had sufficient levels of the vitamin, according to a new study. Long known ... full story

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The Power of Salt: Power Generation from Where River Water and Seawater Meet

Aug. 20, 2014 Where the river meets the sea, there is the potential to harness a significant amount of renewable energy, according to a team of mechanical engineers. The researchers evaluated an emerging method of ... full story

Turning Waste from Rice, Parsley and Other Foods Into Biodegradable Plastic

Aug. 20, 2014 Your chairs, synthetic rugs and plastic bags could one day be made out of cocoa, rice and vegetable waste rather than petroleum, scientists are now reporting. The novel process they developed and ... full story

Seeing a Molecule Breathe Through Scattering of Light Pulses

Aug. 20, 2014 For the first time, chemists have succeeded in measuring vibrational motion of a single molecule with a femtosecond time resolution. The study reveals how vibration of a single molecule differs from ... full story

Paving the Way for Cyborg Moth 'Biobots'

Aug. 20, 2014 Researchers have developed methods for electronically manipulating the flight muscles of moths and for monitoring the electrical signals moths use to control those muscles. The work opens the door to ... full story

A Semi-Artificial Leaf Faster Than 'Natural' Photosynthesis

Aug. 20, 2014 A cooperation between chemists and biologists has resulted in a new method for the very efficient integration of photosynthetic proteins in photovoltaics. Their research offers a new immobilization ... full story

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Experiments Using Earth's Magnetic Field

Aug. 19, 2014 Earth's magnetic field, a familiar directional indicator over long distances, is routinely probed in applications ranging from geology to archaeology. Now it has provided the basis for a technique ... full story

Bubbling Down: Discovery Suggests Surprising Uses for Common Bubbles

Aug. 19, 2014 In a finding with scientific and industrial applications, researchers find that bursting bubbles can push tiny particles down into a liquid as well as up into the ... full story

Major Step Toward Optical Computing: Non-Metallic Metamaterial Used to 'Compress' and Contain Light

Aug. 19, 2014 Engineering researchers are designing nano-optical cables small enough to replace the copper wiring on computer chips. The advance could result in radical increases in computing speeds and reduced ... full story

Сalculations With Nanoscale Smart Particles: Important Step Towards Creating Medical Nanorobots

Aug. 19, 2014 Researchers in Russia have made an important step towards creating medical nanorobots, discovering a way of enabling them to produce logical calculations using a variety of biochemical ... full story

First Indirect Evidence of So-Far Undetected Strange Baryons

Aug. 19, 2014 New supercomputing calculations provide the first evidence that particles predicted by the theory of quark-gluon interactions but never before observed are being produced in heavy-ion collisions at ... full story

First LOFAR Observations of the “Whirlpool Galaxy”

Aug. 20, 2014 Using a radio telescope with frequencies just above those of commercial FM radio stations, a European team of astronomers has obtained the most sensitive image of a galaxy below 1 ... full story

A Spectacular Landscape of Star Formation

Aug. 20, 2014 A new image shows two dramatic star formation regions in the southern Milky Way. The first is of these, on the left, is dominated by the star cluster NGC 3603, located 20,000 light-years away, in the ... full story

Martian Meteorite: Implications of a Newly Discovered Mineral-Rich Structure

Aug. 19, 2014 A new ovoid structure discovered in the Nakhla Martian meteorite is made of nanocrystalline iron-rich clay, contains a variety of minerals, and shows evidence of undergoing a past shock event from ... full story

What Are Stars Made Of? Determining Stellar Compositions Made Easier With New Catalog

Aug. 19, 2014 An astronomer has devised the largest catalog ever produced for stellar compositions. The work is critical to understanding the properties of stars, how they form, and possible connections with ... full story

Immune System Is Dazed and Confused During Spaceflight, Study Reveals

Aug. 18, 2014 Research indicates that crew members aboard the International Space Station have changes in blood cytokines that persist during ... full story

Sun's Activity Influences Natural Climate Change, Ice Age Study Shows

Aug. 18, 2014 A new study has, for the first time, reconstructed solar activity during the last ice age. The study shows that the regional climate is influenced by the sun and offers opportunities to better ... full story

Fascinating Rhythm: Light Pulses Illuminate a Rare Black Hole

Aug. 17, 2014 Astronomers have accurately measured -- and thus confirmed the existence of -- a rare intermediate-mass black hole about 400 times the mass of our sun in a galaxy 12 million light years from the ... full story

Hubble Stirs Up Galactic Soup

Aug. 16, 2014 A new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image shows a whole host of colorful and differently shaped galaxies; some bright and nearby, some fuzzy, and some so far from us they appear as small specks in ... full story

Curiosity Mars Rover Prepares for Fourth Rock Drilling

Aug. 16, 2014 The team operating NASA's Curiosity Mars rover has chosen a rock that looks like a pale paving stone as the mission's fourth drilling target, if it passes engineers' evaluation. They call it "Bonanza ... full story

NASA's Chandra Observatory Searches for Trigger of Nearby Supernova

Aug. 16, 2014 New data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory offer a glimpse into the environment of a star before it exploded earlier this year, and insight into what triggered one of the closest supernovas ... full story

A New Wireless Energy Transfer Device Can Charge Any Device Without Using Cables

Aug. 19, 2014 Researchers have designed a new device for wireless energy transfer that will, for example, charge mobile phones or laptops without needing ... full story

Most Complete Antarctic Map for Climate Research Made Public

Aug. 18, 2014 A new satellite image of Antarctica has been made available to the public, and the imagery will help scientists all over the world gain new insight into the effects of climate change. Using Synthetic ... full story

Research Improves Temperature Modeling Across Mountainous Landscapes

Aug. 18, 2014 New research provides improved computer models for estimating temperature across mountainous landscapes. Accurate, spatially based estimates of historical air temperature within mountainous areas are ... full story

New Tool Makes Online Personal Data More Transparent

Aug. 18, 2014 XRay is a new tool that reveals which data in a web account, such as emails, searches, or viewed products, are being used to target which outputs, such as ads, recommended products, or prices. ... full story

How Children's Brains Memorize Math Facts

Aug. 17, 2014 As children learn basic arithmetic, they gradually switch from solving problems by counting on their fingers to pulling facts from memory. The shift comes more easily for some kids than for others, ... full story

'Cavity Protection Effect' Helps to Conserve Quantum Information

Aug. 17, 2014 Two different quantum systems are being coupled by researchers to create a powerful hybrid quantum system. Using a strong coupling effect, the coherence time could now be considerably ... full story

#FeelingSick: Can Twitter Help Better Identify Foodborne Illness Cases?

Aug. 15, 2014 An estimated 55 million to 105 million people in the United States suffer from foodborne illnesses each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), resulting in costs of ... full story

Laser Makes Microscopes Way Cooler, Incredibly Sensitive

Aug. 15, 2014 Laser physicists have found a way to make atomic-force microscope probes 20 times more sensitive and capable of detecting forces as small as the weight of an individual virus. The technique hinges on ... full story

Researchers Develop Defense Against Cyberattacks

Aug. 15, 2014 A group of journalists has reported the existence of the 'Hacienda' spy program. According to this report, five western intelligence agencies are using the Hacienda software to identify vulnerable ... full story

Wireless Sensors and Flying Robots: A Way to Monitor Deteriorating Bridges

Aug. 15, 2014 As a report from the Obama administration warns that one in four bridges in the United States needs significant repair or cannot handle automobile traffic, engineers are employing wireless sensors ... full story

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Seafood Substitutions Can Expose Consumers to Unexpectedly High Mercury

Aug. 19, 2014 New measurements from fish purchased at retail seafood counters in 10 different states show the extent to which mislabeling can expose consumers to unexpectedly high levels of mercury, a harmful ... full story

Philippine Tarsier: Genetic Proof of a New Variety

Aug. 19, 2014 The tarsier is the 'flagship' iconic species for promoting environmental stewardship and ecotourism in the Philippines, a nation suffering from large-scale destruction of natural ... full story

Hope for Healthy Hearts Revealed in Naked Mole Rat Studies

Aug. 19, 2014 The naked mole rat, the longest lived of rodents, shows superior cardiovascular function to old age in two studies. Cardiovascular disease is the greatest killer of humans the world over, presenting ... full story

The Mystery of Cell Proliferation: Matching Histone to DNA

Aug. 19, 2014 Before cells divide, they create so much genetic material that it must be wound onto spools before the two new cells can split apart. These spools are actually proteins called histones, and they must ... full story

Surviving Attack of Killer Microbes

Aug. 19, 2014 The ability to find food and avoid predation dictates whether most organisms live to spread their genes to the next generation or die trying. But for some species of microbe, a unique virus changes ... full story

Bionic Liquids from Lignin: New Results Pave the Way for Closed Loop Biofuel Refineries

Aug. 18, 2014 Bionic liquids -- solvents made from lignin and hemicellulose, two by-products of biofuel production -- show great promise for liberating fermentable sugars from lignocellulose and improving the ... full story

Worm Virus Details Come to Light

Aug. 18, 2014 The structure of the first virus known to naturally infect nematodes has been described by researchers. The research will help scientists study how viruses interact with their nematode hosts. It may ... full story

Targeted Brain Stimulation Aids Stroke Recovery in Mice, Scientists Find

Aug. 18, 2014 When investigators applied light-driven stimulation to nerve cells in the brains of mice that had suffered strokes several days earlier, the mice showed significantly greater recovery in motor ... full story

New Species of Endemic Treefrog from Madagascar

Aug. 18, 2014 A new species of the Boophis rappiodes group is described from Madagascar. This green with bright red speckling treefrog is so far only known from the hidden streams of Ankarafa Forest in ... full story

New Mouse Model Points to Therapy for Liver Disease

Aug. 18, 2014 A novel mouse model that closely resembles human NASH has been described by researchers. They use it to demonstrate that interference with a key inflammatory protein inhibits both the development of ... full story

Exporting U.S. Coal to Asia Could Drop Emissions 21 Percent

Aug. 19, 2014 Under the right scenario, exporting U.S. coal to power plants in South Korea could lead to a 21 percent drop in greenhouse gas emissions compared to burning it at less energy-efficient U.S. plants. ... full story

Study at Deepwater Horizon Spill Site Finds Key to Tracking Pollutants

Aug. 19, 2014 A new study of the ocean circulation patterns at the site of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill reveals the significant role small-scale ocean currents play in the spread of pollutants. The findings ... full story

Study of African Dust Transport to South America Reveals Air Quality Impacts

Aug. 19, 2014 A new study that analyzed concentrations of African dust transported to South America shows large seasonal peaks in winter and spring. These research findings offer new insight on the overall human ... full story

Economists: Shale Oil 'Dividend' Could Pay for Smaller Carbon Footprint

Aug. 19, 2014 Unanticipated economic benefits from the shale oil and gas boom could help offset the costs of substantially reducing the US's carbon footprint, agricultural economists say. Using an economic model, ... full story

NOAA Analysis Reveals Significant Land Cover Changes in U.S. Coastal Regions

Aug. 18, 2014 A new NOAA nationwide analysis shows that between 1996 and 2011, 64,975 square miles in coastal regions -- an area larger than the state of Wisconsin -- experienced changes in land cover, including a ... full story

Recycling Old Car Batteries Into Solar Cells: Environmental Twofer Could Recycle Lead Batteries to Make Solar Cells

Aug. 18, 2014 This could be a classic win-win solution: A system proposed by researchers recycles materials from discarded car batteries -- a potential source of lead pollution -- into new, long-lasting solar ... full story

Ocean Warming Could Drive Heavy Rain Bands Toward Poles

Aug. 18, 2014 In a world warmed by rising atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, precipitation patterns are going to change because of two factors: one, warmer air can hold more water; and two, changing ... full story

Ebola Has Profound Effects on Wildlife Population Dynamics

Aug. 18, 2014 New research in gorillas that were affected by an Ebola virus outbreak shows that disease can influence reproductive potential, immigration and social dynamics, and it highlights the need to develop ... full story

Butterflies' Evolutionary Responses to Warmer Temperatures May Compromise Their Ability to Adapt to Future Climate Change

Aug. 18, 2014 Members of the brown argus butterfly species that moved north in response to recent climate change have evolved a narrower diet dependent on wild Geranium plants, researchers report. However, ... full story

Did an Exceptional Iceberg Sink the Titanic?

Aug. 18, 2014 While the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 is typically blamed on human, design and construction errors, a new paper points to two other unfavorable factors outside human control: there were a greater ... full story

Toothless 'Dragon' Pterosaurs Dominated the Late Cretaceous Skies

Aug. 18, 2014 A new study provides an exciting insight into the diversity and distribution of pterosaurs from the Azhdarchidae family. Dominating the Late Cretaceous skies this group of toothless flying 'dragons' ... full story

Evolutionary Misfit: Misunderstood Worm-Like Fossil Finds Its Place in the Tree of Life

Aug. 17, 2014 One of the most bizarre-looking fossils ever found -- a worm-like creature with legs, spikes and a head difficult to distinguish from its tail -- has found its place in the evolutionary tree of life, ... full story

Bone Chemistry Reveals Royal Lifestyle of Richard III

Aug. 16, 2014 A recent study has delved into the bone and tooth chemistry of King Richard III and uncovered fascinating new details about the life and diet of Britain's last Plantagenet king. The study indicates a ... full story

New Species of Flying Pterosaur: Bones from Nearly 50 Ancient Flying Reptiles Discovered

Aug. 13, 2014 Scientists discovered the bones of nearly 50 winged reptiles from a new species, Caiuajara dobruskii, that lived during the Cretaceous in southern ... full story

Embalming Study 'Rewrites' Key Chapter in Egyptian History

Aug. 13, 2014 Researchers have discovered new evidence to suggest that the origins of mummification started in ancient Egypt 1,500 years earlier than previously ... full story

From Eons to Seconds, Proteins Exploit the Same Forces

Aug. 13, 2014 Nature's artistic and engineering skills are evident in proteins, life's robust molecular machines. Scientists have now employed their unique theories to show how the interplay between evolution and ... full story

Our Ancestor's 'Leaky' Membrane Answers Big Questions in Biology

Aug. 12, 2014 All life on Earth came from one common ancestor -- a single-celled organism -- but what it looked like, how it lived and how it evolved into today’s modern cells is a four billion year old mystery ... full story

Reconstructions Show How Some of the Earliest Animals Lived -- And Died

Aug. 11, 2014 A bizarre group of uniquely shaped organisms known as rangeomorphs may have been some of the earliest animals to appear on Earth, uniquely suited to ocean conditions 575 million years ago. A new ... full story

A Global Temperature Conundrum: Cooling or Warming Climate?

Aug. 11, 2014 When the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently requested a figure on global temperature trends for its annual report, some scientists knew that was going to be a problem. They describe a ... full story

Climate Change and Drought in Ancient Times

Aug. 11, 2014 The influence of climate on agriculture is believed to be a key factor in the rise and fall of societies in the Ancient Near East. An investigation into archaeological finds of grain has taken place ... full story

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Electronic 'Noses' to Detect Chemical Warfare Gases

Aug. 19, 2014 Researchers have developed a prototype of electronic "nose" for the detection of chemical warfare gases, fundamentally nerve gases (Sarin, Soman and ... full story

In an Already Stressful Workplace, Great Recession's Health Effects Hard to Find

Aug. 19, 2014 The Great Recession of 2007-2009 had little direct effect on the health of workers who survived the waves of job cuts that took place during that period, according to a new ... full story

Quasi-Legal Drug 15 Times Stronger Than Heroin Hides in Plain Sight

Aug. 18, 2014 Emergency physicians should expect 'an upswing in what on the surface appear to be heroin overdoses,' but are actually overdoses tied to acetyl fentanyl, an opiate that is mixed into street drugs ... full story

International Scientific Team Criticizes Adoption of 'Novel Ecosystems' by Policymakers

Aug. 18, 2014 Novel ecosystems arise when human activities transform biological communities through species invasions and environmental change. They are seemingly ubiquitous, and thus many policymakers and ... full story

Peers, but Not Peer Pressure, Key to Prescription Drug Misuse Among Young Adults

Aug. 16, 2014 Current efforts to prevent prescription drug misuse among young adults need to consider peers — but not peer pressure — according to a new ... full story

Experts Close to Perfect in Determining Truth in Interrogations Using Active Question Methods

Aug. 15, 2014 Determining deception is a tool of the trade for law enforcement. But prior research has shown that lie detecting is a 50/50 shot for experts and non-experts alike. So what exactly can we do to find ... full story

9/11 Dust Cloud May Have Caused Widespread Pregnancy Issues

Aug. 14, 2014 Pregnant women living near the World Trade Center during the 9/11 attacks experienced negative birth outcomes, according to a new paper. These mothers were more likely to give birth prematurely and ... full story

Strong State Alcohol Policies Reduce Likelihood of Binge Drinking

Aug. 14, 2014 People living in states with stronger alcohol policy environments have a substantially lower likelihood of any binge drinking, frequent binge drinking, and high-intensity binge drinking, according to ... full story

Human Contribution to Glacier Mass Loss Increasing

Aug. 14, 2014 By combining climate and glacier models, scientists have found unambiguous evidence for anthropogenic glacier mass loss in recent decades. The researchers report that about one quarter of the global ... full story

Food Allergies More Widespread Among Inner-City Children

Aug. 14, 2014 Already known for their higher-than-usual risk of asthma and environmental allergies, young inner-city children appear to suffer disproportionately from food allergies as well, according to results ... full story

Shift Workers: Evidence for Sleep-Inducing and Alertness Drugs Is Weak

Aug. 12, 2014 Shift workers are taking drugs to help them stay awake or get to sleep despite weak evidence for their benefit, according to a new review. The authors of the review found only small numbers of trials ... full story

Study Measures Steep Coastal Costs of China's GDP Growth

Aug. 8, 2014 Economic reforms declared in 1978 led to a surge of growth in China, but resulting increases in human impact activities are seriously degrading the nation's coastal ecosystems, according to a newly ... full story

Geography Matters: Model Predicts How Local 'Shocks' Influence U.S. Economy

Aug. 6, 2014 Hurricanes. Foreclosures. Factory shutdowns. How do these local industry 'shocks' influence the country as a whole? A new model measures the power of industry dips and boosts nationwide. Overall, ... full story

All-in-One Energy System Offers Greener Power for Off–grid Homes, Farms and Businesses

July 30, 2014 An innovative ‘trigeneration’ system fuelled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid ... full story

Kill Switch in Cell Phones Could Save Consumers More Than $3.4 Billion Annually

July 29, 2014 A new study shows consumer savings from the Kill Switch legislation exceed initial projections and now points to well over $3 billion. This savings to consumers comes at the expense of insurance and ... full story

Google Searches May Hold Key to Future Market Crashes, Researchers Find

July 28, 2014 A team of researchers has developed a method to automatically identify topics that people search for on Google before subsequent stock market ... full story

It Takes More Than Practice to Excel

July 28, 2014 Psychologists have overturned a 20-year-old theory that people who excel in their fields are those who practiced the ... full story

Shift Work Linked to Heightened Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

July 24, 2014 Shift work is linked to a heightened risk of developing type 2 diabetes, with the risk seemingly greatest among men and those working rotating shift patterns, indicates an analysis of the available ... full story

Powerful New Source of Up-to-Date Information on Economic Activity

July 10, 2014 Researchers have developed a new data infrastructure for measuring economic activity. The infrastructure uses aggregated and de-identified data on transactions and account balances from Check, a ... full story

Computer Security: 'Melbourne Shuffle' Secures Data in the Cloud

July 10, 2014 Encryption might not be enough for all that data stored in the cloud. Usage patterns -- which files are accessed and when -- can give away secrets as well. Computer scientists have developed an ... full story

Expecting to Teach Enhances Learning, Recall

Aug. 8, 2014 People learn better and recall more when given the impression that they will soon have to teach newly acquired material to someone else, suggests new research. Findings of the study suggest that ... full story

Musical Training Offsets Some Academic Achievement Gaps, Research Says

Aug. 8, 2014 Learning to play a musical instrument or to sing can help disadvantaged children strengthen their reading and language skills, according to research. The findings, which involved hundreds of kids ... full story

New Insights Into How Young and Developing Readers Make Sense of Words

Aug. 7, 2014 Skilled readers are often able to make sense of words suffering from 'typos' and jumbled up letter orders as long as the beginning and end letters of the words are ... full story

Video-Game Playing for Less Than an Hour a Day Is Linked With Better-Adjusted Children, Study Finds

Aug. 4, 2014 A new study suggests video game-playing for less than an hour a day is linked with better-adjusted children and teenagers. The research found that young people who indulged in a little video ... full story

Removing Vending Machines from Schools Is Not Enough to Reduce Soda Consumption

Aug. 1, 2014 Banning vending machines from schools can actually increase soda and fast food consumption among students if it’s the only school food policy change implemented, according to new ... full story

Preterm Children Do Not Have an Increased Risk for Dyscalculia, New Research Suggests

Aug. 1, 2014 Preterm children do not suffer from dyscalculia more often than healthy full-term children, experts say, contrary to previous studies. Unlike most other studies, the researchers took the children’s ... full story

Numerical Learning Disability: Dyscalculia Linked to Difficulties in Reading and Spelling

July 30, 2014 Between three and six percent of schoolchildren suffer from an arithmetic-related learning disability. Researchers now show that these children are also more likely to exhibit deficits in reading and ... full story

Social Origins of Intelligence in the Brain

July 29, 2014 By studying the injuries and aptitudes of Vietnam War veterans who suffered penetrating head wounds during the war, scientists are tackling -- and beginning to answer -- longstanding questions about ... full story

First Grade Reading Suffers in Segregated Schools

July 29, 2014 A groundbreaking study has found that African-American students in first grade experience smaller gains in reading when they attend segregated schools -- but the students' backgrounds likely are not ... full story

Reinventing Biology Labs by Turning Smartphones Into Microscopes

July 29, 2014 With nothing more than a smartphone and less than $10 of trinkets and hardware supplies, students can build their own microscopes. The DIY microscopes can magnify samples up to 175 times with a ... full story

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