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Thursday, July 31, 2014

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Deep-Sea Octopus Broods Eggs for Over Four Years -- Longer Than Any Known Animal

July 30, 2014 Researchers have observed a deep-sea octopus brooding its eggs for four-and-a-half years -- longer than any other known animal. Throughout this time, the female kept the eggs clean and guarded them ... full story

Tidal Forces Gave Moon Its Shape Early in Its History, New Analysis Finds

July 30, 2014 The shape of the moon deviates from a simple sphere in ways that scientists have struggled to explain. A new study shows that most of the moon's overall shape can be explained by taking into ... full story

Decades-Old Amber Collection Offers New Views of a Lost World: Tiny Grasshopper Encased in Amber

July 30, 2014 Scientists are searching through a massive collection of 20-million-year-old amber found in the Dominican Republic more than 50 years ago, and the effort is yielding fresh insights into ancient ... full story

Fossils Found in Siberia Suggest All Dinosaurs Could Have Been Feathered

July 30, 2014 The first ever example of a plant-eating dinosaur with feathers and scales has been discovered in Russia. Previously only flesh-eating dinosaurs were known to have had feathers, so this new find ... full story

Weighing the Milky Way: Researchers Devise Precise Method for Calculating the Mass of Galaxies

July 29, 2014 Does the Milky Way look fat in this picture? Has Andromeda been taking skinny selfies? Using a new, more accurate method for measuring the mass of galaxies, and international group of researchers has ... full story

Pesticide DDT Linked to Slow Metabolism, Obesity and Diabetes, Mouse Study Finds

July 30, 2014 A new study in mice is the first to show that developmental exposure to DDT increases the risk of females later developing metabolic syndrome -- a cluster of conditions that include increased body ... full story

Antarctic Ice Sheet Is Result of Carbon Dioxide Decrease, Not Continental Breakup

July 30, 2014 Climate modelers have shown that the most likely explanation for the initiation of Antarctic glaciation during a major climate shift 34 million years ago was decreased carbon dioxide levels. The ... full story

Scientists Reproduce Evolutionary Changes by Manipulating Embryonic Development of Mice

July 30, 2014 By modifying the embryonic development of mice, scientists have reproduced in the laboratory the changes in teeth shape which, in mammals, took millions of years of evolution to take ... full story

Double Star With Weird and Wild Planet-Forming Discs

July 30, 2014 Astronomers have found wildly misaligned planet-forming gas discs around the two young stars in the binary system HK Tauri. These new observations provide the clearest picture ever of protoplanetary ... full story

Finding Quantum 'Lines of Desire': Physicists Track Quantum System's Wanderings Through Quantum State Space

July 30, 2014 What paths do quantum particles, such as atoms or photons, follow through quantum state space? Scientists have used an "artificial atom" to continuously and repeatedly record the paths ... full story

Five Daily Portions of Fruit and Vegetables May Be Enough to Lower Risk of Early Death

July 29, 2014 Eating five daily portions of fruit and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of death from any cause, particularly from cardiovascular disease, but beyond five portions appears to have no ... full story

Exploring 3-D Printing to Make Organs for Transplants

July 30, 2014 Printing whole new organs for transplants sounds like something out of a sci-fi movie, but the real-life budding technology could one day make actual kidneys, livers, hearts and other organs for ... full story

Mercury's Bizzare Magnetic Field Tells Scientists How Its Interior Is Different from Earth's

July 30, 2014 Mercury's interior is different from the Earth's interior in a way that explains Mercury's bizarre magnetic field, planetary physicists report. Measurements from NASA's Messenger ... full story

Climate Extremes Are Here to Stay: Expect More Heat Waves and Cold Snaps

July 30, 2014 Researchers show how they've used advanced computational data science tools to demonstrate that despite global warming, we may still experience severe cold snaps due to increasing variability in ... full story

Chinese Mosquitoes on the Baltic Sea: Ancient Insect Inclusions in East-Asian Amber

July 30, 2014 The analysis of the roughly 3,000 pieces is still in its infant stage. But it is already evident that the results will be of major significance. The Baltic amber comes from the Baltic Sea region, ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Big Waves In Arctic Ocean Threaten Polar Ice

Big Waves In Arctic Ocean Threaten Polar Ice

Newsy (July 30, 2014) Big waves in parts of the Arctic Ocean are unprecedented, mainly because they used to be covered in ice. Video provided by Newsy
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Britain Testing Driverless Cars on Roadways

Britain Testing Driverless Cars on Roadways

AP (July 30, 2014) British officials said on Wednesday that driverless cars will be tested on roads in as many as three cities in a trial program set to begin in January. Officials said the tests will last up to three years. (July 30) Video provided by AP
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Climate Change Could Cost Billions According To White House

Climate Change Could Cost Billions According To White House

Newsy (July 29, 2014) A report from the White House warns not curbing greenhouse gas emissions could cost the U.S. billions. Video provided by Newsy
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Running 5 Minutes A Day Might Add Years To Your Life

Running 5 Minutes A Day Might Add Years To Your Life

Newsy (July 29, 2014) According to a new study, just five minutes of running or jogging a day could add years to your life. Video provided by Newsy
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last updated on 2014-07-31 at 8:13 am EDT

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Otzi Iceman Had Genetic Predisposition for Atherosclerosis: Much the Same in Ancient Peoples as It Is Today

July 30, 2014 While prevalence and types of risk factors for atherosclerosis have varied over time from ancient times to modern society -- such as levels of obesity, physical activity -- genetic ... full story

Mechanism Promoting Multiple DNA Mutations Described by Scientists

July 30, 2014 Recent studies have shown that cancer development frequently involves the formation of multiple mutations that arise simultaneously and in close proximity to each other. These groups of clustered ... full story

Diverticulitis Patients Reveal Psychological, Physical Symptoms Long After Acute Attacks

July 30, 2014 Patients were interviewed by a research team in great detail about the symptoms they experience weeks, months or even years after an acute diverticulitis attack. Their striking findings add to ... full story

New Malaria Vaccine Candidates Identified

July 30, 2014 Researchers have discovered new vaccine targets that could help in the battle against malaria. Taking a new, large-scale approach to this search, researchers tested a library of proteins from the ... full story

Kids With Autism and Sensory Processing Disorders Show Differences in Brain Wiring

July 30, 2014 Researchers have found that children with sensory processing disorders have decreased structural brain connections in specific sensory regions different than those in autism, further establishing SPD ... full story

Scientists Call for New Strategy in Pursuit of HIV-Free Generation

July 30, 2014 In light of the recent news that HIV has been detected in the Mississippi baby previously thought to have been cured of the disease, researchers are assessing how to help those born to HIV-infected ... full story

Birthweight and Breastfeeding Have Implications for Children's Health Decades Later

July 30, 2014 Young adults who were breastfed for three months or more as babies have a significantly lower risk of chronic inflammation associated with cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, according to new ... full story

Dissolvable Fabric Loaded With Medicine Might Offer Faster Protection Against HIV

July 30, 2014 Bioengineers have discovered a potentially faster way to deliver a topical drug that protects women from contracting HIV. Their method spins the drug into silk-like fibers that quickly dissolve when ... full story

Dimly Lit Working Environments: Correcting Body Clock Is Possible

July 30, 2014 Researchers have, for the first time, conducted a study under real conditions on the body clocks of members of an international polar research station. The researchers have shown that a particular ... full story

Naltrexone May Be Effective in Diminishing Impulse Control Disorders in Parkinson's Disease Patients

July 30, 2014 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients may confront a common but largely unrecognized challenge: the occurrence of impulse control disorders (ICDs) such as compulsive gambling, sexual behavior, eating, or ... full story

Fear of Losing Money, Not Spending Habits, Affects Investor Risk Tolerance

July 30, 2014 Scientists analyzed the causes of risk tolerance and found that loss aversion, or the fear of losing money, is the primary factor that explains investors' risk ... full story

Supportive Moms and Sisters Boost Female Baboon's Rank

July 30, 2014 A study of dominance in female baboons suggests that the route to a higher rank is to maintain close ties with mom, and to have lots of supportive ... full story

Many Depressed Preschoolers Still Suffer in Later School Years

July 30, 2014 Children diagnosed with depression as preschoolers are likely to suffer from depression as school-age children and young adolescents, new research shows. The investigators followed 246 children, now ... full story

Sugar Mimics Guide Stem Cells Toward Neural Fate

July 30, 2014 Many growth factors that influence the fate of embryonic stem cells must bind to sugars attached to specific receptors on the surface of the cell to work. Because the sugars are difficult to ... full story

Numerical Learning Disability: Dyscalculia Linked to Difficulties in Reading and Spelling

July 30, 2014 Between three and six percent of schoolchildren suffer from an arithmetic-related learning disability. Researchers now show that these children are also more likely to exhibit deficits in reading and ... full story

Brain Response to Appetizing Food Cues Varies Among Obese People

July 30, 2014 People who have the most common genetic mutation linked to obesity respond differently to pictures of appetizing foods than overweight or obese people who do not have the genetic mutation, according ... full story

Teen Insomnia Linked With Depression, Anxiety

July 30, 2014 A study of high school students has shed new light on the links between insomnia-related mental health conditions among teens. "People with insomnia find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep ... full story

A Blood Test for Suicide Risk? Alterations to a Single Gene Could Predict Risk of Suicide Attempt

July 30, 2014 Researchers say they have discovered a chemical alteration in a single human gene linked to stress reactions that, if confirmed in larger studies, could give doctors a simple blood test to reliably ... full story

Problem Drinking in Midlife Doubles Chance of Memory Problems in Later Life

July 29, 2014 Middle-aged adults with a history of problem drinking are more than twice as likely to suffer from severe memory impairment in later life, research shows. The study highlights the hitherto largely ... full story

Striatal Dopamine Transporter Binding Correlates With Body Composition and Visual Attention Bias for Food Cues in Healthy Young Men

July 29, 2014 Scientists have described a way that brain chemistry may make some people notice food more easily, which can tempt overeating even in people who are not ... full story

Soy May Help Women's Hearts If They Start Early

July 30, 2014 A diet rich in soy may help feminine hearts, but timing matters, finds a new study. "This study underscores how important it is for women to get into the best cardiovascular shape they can before ... full story

Acupuncture Provides Significant Quality of Life Improvements Among Breast Cancer Patients Taking Drugs to Prevent Recurrence, Study Shows

July 30, 2014 Use of electroacupuncture (EA) – a form of acupuncture where a small electric current is passed between pairs of acupuncture needles – produces significant improvements in fatigue, anxiety and ... full story

Why We Should Vaccinate Boys Against HPV as Well as Girls

July 29, 2014 An expert in chronic illnesses says that boys should be vaccinated against the HPV virus, as well as girls, to cut incidence of genital warts and several ... full story

Dieting Young May Lead to Poor Health Outcomes Later: Trends in Dieting Strategies in Young Adult Women from 1982 to 2012

July 29, 2014 The younger a woman is when she goes on her first diet, the more likely she is to experience several negative health outcomes later in ... full story

Drinking Sugar-Sweetened Beverages During Adolescence Impairs Memory, Animal Study Suggests

July 29, 2014 Daily consumption of beverages sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup or sucrose can impair the ability to learn and remember information, particularly when consumption occurs during adolescence, a ... full story

Maternal Obesity Modulates Offspring Microflora Composition and Gastrointestinal Functions, Animal Study Shows

July 29, 2014 Maternal obesity leads to marked changes in the offspring's gastrointestinal microflora composition and gastrointestinal function. This study suggests there are non-genetic factors that could be ... full story

Vision-Correcting Display Makes Reading Glasses So Yesterday

July 29, 2014 Researchers are developing vision-correcting displays that can compensate for a viewer's visual impairments to create sharp images without the need for glasses or contact lenses. The technology could ... full story

Brainwaves Can Predict Audience Reaction of Television Programming

July 29, 2014 By analyzing the brainwaves of 16 individuals as they watched mainstream television content, researchers were able to accurately predict the preferences of large TV audiences, up to 90 percent in the ... full story

Brand-Specific Television Alcohol Ads a Significant Predictor of Brand Consumption Among Underage Youth

July 29, 2014 Underage drinkers are three times more likely to drink alcohol brands that advertise on television programs they watch compared to other alcohol brands, providing new and compelling evidence of a ... full story

Menu Secrets That Can Make You Slim by Design

July 29, 2014 If you've ever ordered the wrong food at a restaurant, don't blame yourself; blame the menu. What you order may have less to do with what you want and more to do with a menu's layout and ... full story

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Barnacles: Marine 'Pest' Provides Advances in Maritime Anti-Fouling and Biomedicine

July 30, 2014 Biologists performed cutting-edge research on a marine pest that will pave the way for novel anti-fouling paint for ships and boats and also improve bio-adhesives for medical and industrial ... full story

Nature Inspires a Greener Way to Make Colorful Plastics

July 30, 2014 Long before humans figured out how to create colors, nature had already perfected the process -- think stunning, bright butterfly wings of many different hues, for example. Now scientists are tapping ... full story

Solar Energy: Dyes Help Harvest Light

July 30, 2014 A new dye-sensitized solar cell absorbs a broad range of visible and infrared wavelengths. Dye-sensitized solar cells rely on dyes that absorb light to mobilize a current of electrons and are a ... full story

Heat-Responsive Polymers That Do Not Breakdown in Water May Lead to New Antifouling Coatings and Enhanced Oil Recovery

July 30, 2014 Heat-responsive polymers that do not breakdown in water may lead to new antifouling coatings and enhanced oil ... full story

Toward a Home Test for Detecting Potentially Dangerous Levels of Caffeine

July 30, 2014 The shocking news of an Ohio teen who died of a caffeine overdose in May highlighted the potential dangers of the normally well-tolerated and mass-consumed substance. To help prevent serious health ... full story

Spin-Based Electronics: New Material Successfully Tested

July 30, 2014 Spintronics is a new field of electronics, using electron spin rather than motion. This technology requires insulating components that can control this quantum property. Scientists have shown ... full story

New Catalyst Converts Carbon Dioxide to Fuel

July 30, 2014 Scientists have synthesized a catalyst that improves their system for converting waste carbon dioxide into syngas, a precursor of gasoline and other energy-rich products, bringing the process closer ... full story

Superman's Solar-Powered Feats Break a Fundamental Law of Physics

July 30, 2014 It goes without saying that Superman can accomplish some pretty spectacular feats. But according to students, the Man of Steel actually achieves the impossible--by breaking the fundamental physics ... full story

All-in-One Energy System Offers Greener Power for Off–grid Homes, Farms and Businesses

July 30, 2014 An innovative ‘trigeneration’ system fuelled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid ... full story

Good News for Couch Potatoes: 3-D TV May Be the Victim of Negative Preconceptions

July 30, 2014 An academic led a lab-based research, involving 433 viewers of ages from 4 to 82 years, in which participants were asked to watch Toy Story in either 2-D or 3-D (S3D) and report on their viewing ... full story

Revolutionary Microshutter Technology Hurdles Significant Challenges

July 29, 2014 NASA technologists have hurdled a number of significant technological challenges in their quest to improve an already revolutionary observing technology originally created for the James Webb Space ... full story

NASA-Funded X-Ray Instrument Settles Interstellar Debate

July 29, 2014 New findings from a NASA-funded instrument have resolved a decades-old puzzle about a fog of low-energy X-rays observed over the entire sky. Thanks to refurbished detectors first flown on a NASA ... full story

Mysterious Molecules in Space: Silicon-Capped Hydrocarbons May Be Source of 'Diffuse Interstellar Bands'

July 29, 2014 New research has offered a tantalizing new possibility in the realm of interstellar molecules and diffuse interstellar bands: these mysterious molecules may be silicon-capped hydrocarbons like SiC3H, ... full story

The Quantum Cheshire Cat: Can Neutrons Be Located at a Different Place Than Their Own Spin?

July 29, 2014 Can neutrons be located at a different place than their own spin? A quantum experiment demonstrates a new kind of quantum paradox. The Cheshire Cat featured in Lewis Caroll's novel "Alice in ... full story

NASA Long-Lived Mars Opportunity Rover Passes 25 Miles of Driving

July 28, 2014 NASA's Opportunity Mars rover, which landed on the Red Planet in 2004, now holds the off-Earth roving distance record after accruing 25 miles (40 kilometers) of driving. The previous record was held ... full story

Printing the Metals of the Future

July 28, 2014 3-D printers can create all kinds of things, from eyeglasses to implantable medical devices, straight from a computer model and without the need for molds. But for making spacecraft, engineers ... full story

Cassini Spacecraft Reveals 101 Geysers and More on Icy Saturn Moon

July 28, 2014 Scientists using mission data from NASA's Cassini spacecraft have identified 101 distinct geysers erupting on Saturn's icy moon Enceladus. Their analysis suggests it is possible for liquid water to ... full story

Cool-Burning Flames in Space, Could Lead to Better Engines on Earth

July 28, 2014 Scientists have discovered a new type of cool burning flames that could lead to cleaner, more efficient engines for cars. The discovery was made during a series of experiments on the International ... full story

Glow in Space Is Evidence of a Hot Bubble in Our Galaxy

July 28, 2014 A recent study shows that the emission is dominated by the local hot bubble of gas -- 1 million degrees -- with, at most, 40 percent of emission originating within the solar system. The findings ... full story

Building 'Invisible' Materials With Light

July 28, 2014 A new technique which uses light like a needle to thread long chains of particles could help bring sci-fi concepts such as cloaking devices one step closer to ... full story

Optimum Inertial Self-Propulsion Design for Snowman-Like Nanorobot

July 29, 2014 A new study investigates the effects of small but finite inertia on the propulsion of micro and nano-scale swimming machines. Scale plays a major role in locomotion. Swimming microorganisms, such as ... full story

Kill Switch in Cell Phones Could Save Consumers More Than $3.4 Billion Annually

July 29, 2014 A new study shows consumer savings from the Kill Switch legislation exceed initial projections and now points to well over $3 billion. This savings to consumers comes at the expense of insurance and ... full story

Using TV, Videos or a Computer Game as a Stress Reducer After a Tough Day at Work Can Lead to Feelings of Guilt and Failure

July 29, 2014 It seems common practice: After a long day at work, most people sometimes just want to turn on the TV or play a video or computer game to calm down and relax. However, in a new study researchers ... full story

Google Searches May Hold Key to Future Market Crashes, Researchers Find

July 28, 2014 A team of researchers has developed a method to automatically identify topics that people search for on Google before subsequent stock market ... full story

A Transistor-Like Amplifier for Single Photons

July 28, 2014 Scientists have achieved a twentyfold amplification of single-photon signals with the help of an ultracold quantum ... full story

New Tools Help Neuroscientists Analyze 'Big Data'

July 27, 2014 New technologies for monitoring brain activity are generating unprecedented quantities of information. That data may hold new insights into how the brain works -- but only if researchers can ... full story

Primary Texting Bans Associated With Lower Traffic Fatalities, Study Finds

July 25, 2014 States that allow officers to pull over a driver for texting while driving saw fewer deaths than those that use secondary enforcement of texting bans. Some states have banned all drivers from texting ... full story

Collecting Just the Right Data: Algorithm Helps Identify Which Data to Target

July 25, 2014 Much artificial-intelligence research addresses the problem of making predictions based on large data sets. An obvious example is the recommendation engines at retail sites like Amazon and Netflix. ... full story

Smartphone Experiment Tracks Whether Our Life Story Is Written in Our Gut Bacteria

July 25, 2014 Life events such as visiting another country or contracting a disease cause a significant shift in the make-up of the gut microbiota -- the community of bacteria living in the digestive system, ... full story

New Characteristics of Complex Oxide Surfaces Revealed

July 24, 2014 A combination of microscopy and data processing has given researchers an unprecedented look at the surface of a material known for its unusual physical and electrochemical ... full story

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Vocal Variety in African Penguins: Four Basic Vocalizations Used for Adult Communication, Two More for the Young

July 30, 2014 Adult African penguins communicate using four different vocalizations and juveniles and chicks use two begging calls to request ... full story

Saving Seeds the Right Way Can Save the World's Plants

July 30, 2014 Exotic pests, shrinking ranges and a changing climate threaten some of the world's most rare and ecologically important plants, and so conservationists establish seed collections to save the seeds in ... full story

Peru's Carbon Quantified: Economic and Conservation Boon

July 30, 2014 Today scientists unveiled the first high-resolution map of the carbon stocks stored on land throughout the entire country of Peru. The new and improved methodology used to make the map marks a sea ... full story

Prehistoric Dairy Farming at the Extremes

July 29, 2014 Finland's love of milk has been traced back to 2500 BC, thanks to high-tech techniques to analyze residues preserved in fragments of ancient ... full story

Eating Tree Nuts Results in 'Modest Decreases' in Blood Fats and Sugars, Survey Finds

July 29, 2014 Eating tree nuts appears to help reduce two of the five markers for metabolic syndrome, a group of factors that raise the risk for heart disease and other health problems such as diabetes and ... full story

Vaccine Against Tick-Transmitted Disease Under Development

July 29, 2014 An important advancement toward developing a vaccine against the debilitating and potentially deadly tick-transmitted disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis has been made by scientists. Successful ... full story

Underwater Elephants: Mixed Impacts of the World's Largest -- And Threatened -- Parrotfish

July 29, 2014 Scientists recently got back to basics in order to discover the positive and negative effects that bumphead parrotfish exert on coral reef ecosystems. Using direct observation, animal tracking and ... full story

'Killer Sperm' Prevents Mating Between Worm Species

July 29, 2014 Most cross-species mating is merely unsuccessful in producing offspring. However, when researchers mated Caenorhabditis worms of different species, they found that the lifespan of the female worms ... full story

Diet Affects Males' and Females' Gut Microbes Differently

July 29, 2014 The microbes living in the guts of males and females react differently to diet, even when the diets are identical, according to a new study. These results suggest that therapies designed to improve ... full story

Algae-Eating Native Freshwater Snails: 'Little Janitor' Merits Attention in Florida Springs Health Debate

July 29, 2014 For decades, crystal-clear water bubbling from the ground has driven Florida tourism, via scuba divers, canoeists, boaters and swimmers, but today, many of those springs aren't healthy. Although the ... full story

Scientists Caution Against Exploitation of Deep Ocean

July 30, 2014 The world's oceans are vast and deep, yet rapidly advancing technology and the quest for extracting resources from previously unreachable depths is beginning to put the deep seas on the cusp of ... full story

Huge Waves Measured for First Time in Arctic Ocean

July 29, 2014 The first measurements of waves in the middle of the Arctic Ocean recorded house-sized waves during a September 2012 storm. More sensors are going out this summer to study waves in newly ice-free ... full story

Famine in the Horn of Africa (1984) Was Caused by El Nino and Currents in the Indian Ocean

July 29, 2014 Oceanic patterns are important drivers of climatic variability. There is a clear link between periods of drought in the North Ethiopian Highlands and oceanic phases of El Nino, the Indian Ocean ... full story

From Finding Nemo to Minerals: What Riches Lie in the Deep Sea?

July 29, 2014 As fishing and the harvesting of metals, gas and oil have expanded deeper and deeper into the ocean, scientists are drawing attention to the services provided by the deep sea, the world’s largest ... full story

Evolution in Rainforest Flies Points to Climate Change Survival

July 29, 2014 Scientists believe some tropical species may be able to evolve and adapt to the effects of climate change. The new findings suggests some sensitive rainforest-restricted species may survive climate ... full story

Worldwide Water Shortage by 2040

July 29, 2014 Water is used around the world for the production of electricity, but new research results show that there will not be enough water in the world to meet demand by 2040 if the energy and power ... full story

New Gadget Helps Vision-Impaired to Read Graphs

July 29, 2014 People who are blind can now read more than just words, such as graphs and graphics, following the development of an affordable digital reading system by ... full story

Gasses from Kilauea Volcano Affected Tropical Storm Flossie Formation

July 29, 2014 One might assume that a tropical storm moving through volcanic smog would sweep up the tainted air and march on, unchanged. However, a recent study from atmospheric scientists revealed that, though ... full story

Mortality Rates Increase Due to Extreme Heat and Cold

July 29, 2014 When temperatures are extremely high or low, there is a significant increase in the number of deaths caused by heart failure or stroke. This has been confirmed by epidemiological ... full story

Generating a Genome to Feed the World: African Rice Sequenced

July 28, 2014 An international team of scientists has sequenced the genome of African rice. The new information will enable scientists and agriculturalists to develop varieties of rice that can survive in a ... full story

Ice Age Lion Figurine: Ancient Fragment of Ivory Belonging to 40,000 Year Old Animal Figurine Unearthed

July 30, 2014 Archaeologists have found an ancient fragment of ivory belonging to a 40,000 year old animal figurine. Both pieces were found in the Vogelherd Cave in southwestern Germany, which has yielded a number ... full story

Violent Aftermath for the Warriors at Alken Enge

July 29, 2014 Denmark attracted international attention in 2012 when archaeological excavations revealed the bones of an entire army, whose warriors had been thrown into the bogs near the Alken Enge wetlands in ... full story

Dinosaurs Fell Victim to Perfect Storm of Events, Study Shows

July 28, 2014 Dinosaurs might have survived the asteroid strike that wiped them out if it had taken place slightly earlier or later in history, scientists say. They found that in the few million years before a ... full story

Fire Ecology Manipulation by California Native Cultures

July 26, 2014 Before the colonial era, 100,000s of people lived on the land now called California, and many of their cultures manipulated fire to control the availability of plants they used for food, fuel, tools, ... full story

Earlier Stone Age Artifacts Found in Northern Cape of South Africa

July 24, 2014 Excavations at an archaeological site at Kathu in the Northern Cape province of South Africa have produced tens of thousands of Earlier Stone Age artifacts, including hand axes and other ... full story

Biologist Warn of Early Stages of Earth's Sixth Mass Extinction Event

July 24, 2014 The planet's current biodiversity, the product of 3.5 billion years of evolutionary trial and error, is the highest in the history of life. But it may be reaching a tipping point. Scientists caution ... full story

Synchronization of North Atlantic, North Pacific Preceded Abrupt Warming, End of Ice Age

July 24, 2014 Scientists have long been concerned that global warming may push Earth's climate system across a 'tipping point,' where rapid melting of ice and further warming may become irreversible -- a hotly ... full story

Leaf-Mining Insects Destroyed With the Dinosaurs, Others Quickly Appeared

July 24, 2014 After the asteroid impact at the end of the Cretaceous period that triggered the dinosaurs' extinction and ushered in the Paleocene, leaf-mining insects in the western United States completely ... full story

Four-Billion-Year-Old Chemistry in Cells Today

July 24, 2014 Parts of the primordial soup in which life arose have been maintained in our cells today according to scientists. Research has revealed how cells in plants, yeast and very likely also in animals ... full story

Dog Jealousy: Study Suggests Primordial Origins for the 'Green-Eyed Monster'

July 23, 2014 Dogs exhibit jealous behaviors. The first experimental test of jealousy in dogs supports the view that there may be a more basic form of jealousy, which evolved to protect social bonds from ... full story

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Urbanization of Rural Africa Associated With Increased Risk of Heart Disease and Diabetes

July 29, 2014 The increasing urbanization of rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa could lead to an explosion in incidences of heart disease and diabetes, according to a new study carried out in Uganda that found that ... full story

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Coral Is Deeper and Broader Than Predicted

July 28, 2014 A new discovery of two additional coral communities showing signs of damage from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill expands the impact footprint of the 2010 spill in the Gulf of ... full story

'Nuisance Flooding' an Increasing Problem as Coastal Sea Levels Rise

July 28, 2014 Eight of the top 10 US cities that have seen an increase in so-called 'nuisance flooding' -- which causes such public inconveniences as frequent road closures, overwhelmed storm drains and ... full story

Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 Most Prevalent Worldwide

July 28, 2014 In one of the largest prevalence studies to date, researchers from the UK provide national, regional, and global genotype prevalence estimates for the hepatitis C virus. Findings indicate that ... full story

Climate Change and Air Pollution Will Combine to Curb Food Supplies

July 27, 2014 Many studies have shown the potential for global climate change to cut food supplies. But these studies have, for the most part, ignored the interactions between increasing temperature and air ... full story

Experiences at Every Stage of Life Contribute to Cognitive Abilities in Old Age

July 25, 2014 Early life experiences, such as childhood socioeconomic status and literacy, may have greater influence on the risk of cognitive impairment late in life than such demographic characteristics as race ... full story

'Light Pollution' May Affect Love Lives of Birds in the Viennese Forests

July 25, 2014 Artificial light in cities exerts negative effects on humans, animals, and their environment. In an ongoing research project, behavioral biologists are investigating how blue tits in the Viennese ... full story

Shift Work Linked to Heightened Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

July 24, 2014 Shift work is linked to a heightened risk of developing type 2 diabetes, with the risk seemingly greatest among men and those working rotating shift patterns, indicates an analysis of the available ... full story

Parched West Is Using Up Underground Water: Study Points to Grave Implications for Western U.S. Water Supply

July 24, 2014 A new study finds more than 75 percent of the water loss in the drought-stricken Colorado River Basin since late 2004 came from underground resources. The extent of groundwater loss may pose a ... full story

Humans Share Fairness Concerns With Other Species

July 24, 2014 Humans aren’t the only species to react strongly to actions they consider unfair. A similar drive for fairness in monkeys and some dogs may offer insight into people’s desire for equity, ... full story

It Takes More Than Practice to Excel

July 28, 2014 Psychologists have overturned a 20-year-old theory that people who excel in their fields are those who practiced the ... full story

Powerful New Source of Up-to-Date Information on Economic Activity

July 10, 2014 Researchers have developed a new data infrastructure for measuring economic activity. The infrastructure uses aggregated and de-identified data on transactions and account balances from Check, a ... full story

Computer Security: 'Melbourne Shuffle' Secures Data in the Cloud

July 10, 2014 Encryption might not be enough for all that data stored in the cloud. Usage patterns -- which files are accessed and when -- can give away secrets as well. Computer scientists have developed an ... full story

Neuroeconomists Confirm Warren Buffett's Wisdom: Brain Research Suggests an Early Warning Signal Tips Off Smart Traders

July 7, 2014 Investment magnate Warren Buffett has famously suggested that investors should try to 'be fearful when others are greedy and be greedy only when others are fearful.' That turns out to be excellent ... full story

Putting a Price Tag on the 2 Degree Celsius Climate Target

July 2, 2014 Addressing climate change will require substantial new investment in low-carbon energy and energy efficiency -- but no more than what is currently spent on today's fossil-dominated energy system, ... full story

Oil Palm Plantations Threaten Water Quality, Scientists Say

June 30, 2014 Indonesia pays a price for a lucrative crop used in many household products. Palm plantations damage freshwater streams that supply drinking water to millions of people. Found in thousands of ... full story

Are You Seen as a Jerk at Work? Many People Are Oblivious to How They Come Across to Counterparts and Colleagues

June 30, 2014 New research shows that many people seen by others as under-assertive or over-assertive think they're appropriately assertive. The study also reveals that people seen as getting assertiveness right ... full story

Back Away, Please: Humans Tend to Fear Things Approaching, Even If Non-Threatening

June 23, 2014 We still have negative feelings about things that approach us -- even if they objectively are not threatening, according to new research. Though we modern humans don't really consider such fear, it ... full story

New Research Proves Gender Bias Extraordinarily Prevalent in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Fields

June 23, 2014 With everyone from the federal government to corporate America working to encourage more women to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering and math fields, you would think the doors would ... full story

Android Security Weaknesses Caused by Performance Design Identified

June 19, 2014 Researchers have identified a weakness in one of Android’s security features. The research identifies an Android performance feature that weakens a software protection called Address Space Layout ... full story

Social Origins of Intelligence in the Brain

July 29, 2014 By studying the injuries and aptitudes of Vietnam War veterans who suffered penetrating head wounds during the war, scientists are tackling -- and beginning to answer -- longstanding questions about ... full story

Community Service Programs That Include Reflection Found to Be More Beneficial to Youth

July 24, 2014 Using meta-analysis to asses 49 studies from around the world, researchers have found that community service that includes reflection is more beneficial for adolescents than community service that ... full story

Stronger Early Reading Skills Predict Higher Intelligence Later

July 24, 2014 A study of 1,890 identical twins has found that strong early reading skill might positively affect later intelligence. The twins, who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study in the United Kingdom, ... full story

Essays in English Yield Information About Other Languages

July 23, 2014 Grammatical habits in written English reveal linguistic features of non-native speakers' languages, researchers report. The work could enable computers chewing through relatively accessible documents ... full story

Natural-Terrain Schoolyards Reduce Children's Stress, Says Study

July 22, 2014 Playing in schoolyards that feature natural habitats and trees and not just asphalt and recreation equipment reduces children's stress and inattention, according to a ... full story

Try, Try Again? Study Says No: Trying Harder Makes It More Difficult to Learn Some Aspects of Language, Neuroscientists Find

July 21, 2014 Neuroscientists find that trying harder makes it more difficult to learn some aspects of language. When it comes to learning languages, adults and children have different strengths. Adults excel at ... full story

Philosopher Uses Game Theory to Understand How Words, Actions Acquire Meaning

July 21, 2014 Why does the word "dog" have meaning? If you say "dog" to a friend, why does your friend understand you? A philosopher aims to address these types of questions in his latest research, which focuses ... full story

Brain Waves Show Learning to Read Does Not End in 4th Grade, Contrary to Popular Theory

July 21, 2014 Teachers-in-training have long been taught that fourth grade is when students stop learning to read and start reading to learn. But a new study tested the theory by analyzing brain waves and found ... full story

Large Twin Study Suggests That Language Delay Due More to Nature Than Nurture

July 21, 2014 A study of 473 sets of twins followed since birth found twins have twice the rate of language delay as do single-born children. Moreover, identical twins have greater rates of language delay than do ... full story

Months Before Their First Words, Babies' Brains Rehearse Speech Mechanics

July 14, 2014 New research in 7- and 11-month-old infants shows that speech sounds stimulate areas of the brain that coordinate and plan motor movements for speech. The study suggests that baby brains start laying ... full story

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