Today's Science News

Friday, January 30, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Global Warming Won't Mean More Storms: Big Storms to Get Bigger, Small Storms to Shrink, Experts Predict

Jan. 29, 2015 — Atmospheric physicists predict that global warming will not lead to an overall increasingly stormy atmosphere, a topic debated by scientists for decades. Instead, strong storms will become stronger ... full story

Walking on Ice Takes More Than Brains: 'Mini-Brain' in Spinal Cord Aids in Balance

Jan. 29, 2015 — Scientists have discovered how a "mini-brain" in the spinal cord aids in balance. Much of the balancing act that our bodies perform when faced with a task such as walking on an icy surface ... full story

Functioning Brain Tissue Grown in 3-D Structure

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers have induced human embryonic stem cells to self-organize into a three-dimensional structure similar to the cerebellum, providing tantalizing clues in the quest to recreate neural ... full story

Iceland Rises as Its Glaciers Melt from Climate Change

Jan. 29, 2015 — Earth's crust under Iceland is rebounding as global warming melts the island's great ice caps. In south-central Iceland some sites are moving upward as much as 1.4 inches (35 mm) per year. ... full story

Ancient Skull Shows Modern Humans Colonized Eurasia 60-70,000 Years Ago

Jan. 29, 2015 — A skull provides direct anatomical evidence that fills a problematic time gap of modern human migration into Europe. It is also the first proof that anatomically modern humans existed at the same ... full story

Public and Scientists Express Strikingly Different Views About Science-Related Issues

Jan. 29, 2015 — Despite similar views about the overall place of science in America, the general public and scientists often see science-related issues through a different lens, according to a new pair of ... full story

Privacy Challenges: Just Four Vague Pieces of Info Can Identify You, and Your Credit Card

Jan. 29, 2015 — Just four fairly vague pieces of information -- the dates and locations of four purchases -- are enough to identify 90 percent of the people in a data set recording three months of credit-card ... full story

New Technique for Growing High-Efficiency Perovskite Solar Cells

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers have revealed a new solution-based hot-casting technique that allows growth of highly efficient and reproducible solar cells from large-area perovskite crystals. The researchers ... full story

CAT Scan of Nearby Supernova Remnant Reveals Frothy Interior

Jan. 29, 2015 — Cassiopeia A, or Cas A for short, is one of the most well studied supernova remnants in our galaxy. But it still holds major surprises. Astronomers have now generated a new 3-D map of its interior ... full story

Baleen Whales Hear Through Their Bones

Jan. 29, 2015 — Understanding how baleen whales hear has posed a great mystery to marine mammal researchers. Biologists reveal that the skulls of at least some baleen whales, specifically fin whales in their study, ... full story

Added Fructose Is a Principal Driver of Type 2 Diabetes, Experts Argue

Jan. 29, 2015 — Recent studies have shown that added sugars, particularly those containing fructose, are a principal driver of diabetes and pre-diabetes, even more so than other carbohydrates. Clinical experts ... full story

Infants Create New Knowledge While Sleeping

Jan. 29, 2015 — There is no rest for a baby's brain -- not even in sleep. While infants sleep they are reprocessing what they have learned. Researchers have discovered that babies of the age from nine to 16 ... full story

Ancient 'Genomic Parasites' Spurred Evolution of Pregnancy in Mammals

Jan. 29, 2015 — Large-scale genetic changes that marked the evolution of pregnancy in mammals have been identified by an international team of scientists. They found thousands of genes that evolved to be expressed ... full story

Gully Patterns Document Martian Climate Cycles

Jan. 28, 2015 — Gullies carved into impact craters on Mars provide a window into climate change on the Red Planet. A new analysis suggests Mars has undergone several ice ages in the last several million years. The ... full story

Smothered Oceans: Extreme Oxygen Loss in Oceans Accompanied Past Global Climate Change

Jan. 28, 2015 — From the subarctic Pacific to the Chilean margins, extreme oxygen loss is stretching from the upper ocean to about 3,000 meters deep. In some oceanic regions, such loss occurred within 100 years or ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Scientists Say Earliest Snakes Lived Alongside The Dinosaurs

Scientists Say Earliest Snakes Lived Alongside The Dinosaurs

Newsy (Jan. 28, 2015) — Wrongly categorized as lizard fossils, snake fossils now show the reptile could have developed earlier than we thought — 70 million years earlier. Video provided by Newsy
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Ancient Skull May Mark Where Humans First Met Neanderthals

Ancient Skull May Mark Where Humans First Met Neanderthals

Newsy (Jan. 28, 2015) — A 55,000-year-old skull fragment found in an Israeli cave might mark one of the first areas where modern humans and Neanderthals met. Video provided by Newsy
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Sugary Drinks May Cause Early Puberty In Girls, Study Says

Sugary Drinks May Cause Early Puberty In Girls, Study Says

Newsy (Jan. 28, 2015) — Harvard researchers found that girls who consumed more than 1.5 sugary drinks a day had their first period earlier than those who drank less. Video provided by Newsy
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Ebola Killing Large Portion Of Ape Population

Ebola Killing Large Portion Of Ape Population

Newsy (Jan. 23, 2015) — Experts estimate Ebola has wiped out one-third of the world's gorillas and chimpanzees. Video provided by Newsy
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last updated on 2015-01-30 at 9:08 am EST

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Totality of Trials Data Confirm Tamiflu Reduces Length of Symptoms, Complications, and Hospital Admissions from Influenza

Jan. 30, 2015 — The most thorough analysis of oseltamivir (marketed as Tamiflu) data to date, including all available published and unpublished randomised treatment trials of adults, suggests that the antiviral drug ... full story

Heavy Drinking in Middle-Age May Increase Stroke Risk More Than Traditional Factors

Jan. 29, 2015 — Drinking more than two alcoholic beverages a day in middle-age raised stroke risks more than traditional factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Heavy drinking in mid-life was linked to ... full story

FDA Approves First-of-Kind Device to Treat Obesity

Jan. 29, 2015 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the Maestro Rechargeable System for certain obese adults, the first weight loss treatment device that targets the nerve pathway between the brain ... full story

Erectile Dysfunction Drugs Could Protect Liver from Sepsis-Induced Damage

Jan. 29, 2015 — Drugs that are on the market to treat erectile dysfunction could have another use: they might be able to protect the liver from damage caused by sepsis, a systemic inflammatory response to infection, ... full story

In a Role Reversal, RNAs Proofread Themselves

Jan. 29, 2015 — Building a protein is a lot like a game of telephone: information is passed along from one messenger to another, creating the potential for errors. Enzymatic machines proofread at each step, and ... full story

First-Ever View of Protein Structure May Lead to Better Anxiety Drugs

Jan. 29, 2015 — When new medicines are invented, the drug may hit the intended target and nullify the symptoms, but nailing a bull's eye -- one that produces zero side effects -- can be quite elusive. New research ... full story

Key Element in Circadian Clock Speed Discovered

Jan. 29, 2015 — In a discovery that may lead to new treatments for sleep disorders, jet lag and other health problems tied to circadian rhythms, researchers have identified a determinant of the circadian clock's ... full story

Texting May Be More Suitable Than Apps in Treatment of Mental Illness

Jan. 29, 2015 — Texting may be a more suitable treatment aid for those with mental illness than mobile applications.This is the key finding of a new study led by researchers from Clemson University in collaboration ... full story

Genetically Engineered Antibody-Based Molecules Show Enhanced Hiv-Fighting Abilities

Jan. 29, 2015 — Capitalizing on a new insight into HIV's strategy for evading antibodies -- proteins produced by the immune system to identify and wipe out invading objects such as viruses -- researchers have ... full story

Common Pesticide May Increase Risk of ADHD

Jan. 29, 2015 — A new study provides strong evidence, using data from animal models and humans, that exposure to a common household pesticide may be a risk factor for ... full story

Complex Environments Push 'Brain' Evolution

Jan. 29, 2015 — Little animations trying to master a computer game are teaching neuroscience researchers how the brain evolves when faced with difficult tasks. Neuroscientists have programmed animated critters that ... full story

New Clues About a Brain Protein With High Affinity for Valium

Jan. 29, 2015 — Valium, one of the best known antianxiety drugs, produces its calming effects by binding with a particular protein in the brain. But the drug has an almost equally strong affinity for a completely ... full story

Parkinson's Gene Linked to Lung Cancer

Jan. 29, 2015 — A gene that is associated with lung cancer has been identified by researchers. Through whole exome sequencing, they identified a link between a mutation in PARK2, a gene associated with early-onset ... full story

New Deep-Brain Imaging Reveals Separate Functions for Nearly Identical Neurons

Jan. 29, 2015 — New deep-brain imaging shows activity of individual, genetically similar neurons to particular behaviors of mice. Scientists watched as one neuron was activated when a mouse searched for food while a ... full story

Obesity, Diabetes Symptoms in Mice Improved by Reversing Brain Inflammation

Jan. 29, 2015 — Using an antioxidant to reverse inflammation in the brain caused by a high-fat diet greatly improves symptoms related to obesity and type 2 diabetes, a new study suggests. The research suggests that ... full story

Diet, Nutrition Essential for Mental Health

Jan. 29, 2015 — Evidence is rapidly growing showing vital relationships between both diet quality and potential nutritional deficiencies and mental health, a new international collaborative study has ... full story

How Poverty May Affect Memory

Jan. 29, 2015 — Investigators have studied whether working memory of children living in rural poverty is distinct from the working memory profiles of children in urban poverty. The results clearly suggest that ... full story

Novel Eye-Tracking Technology Detects Concussions, Head Injury Severity

Jan. 29, 2015 — New research could move the medical community one step closer toward effectively detecting concussion and quantifying its severity. Neuroscientists and concussion experts present a unique, simple and ... full story

Feelings of Loneliness, Depression Linked to Binge-Watching Television

Jan. 29, 2015 — It seems harmless: getting settled in for a night of marathon session for a favorite TV show, like House of Cards. But why do we binge-watch TV, and can it really be harmless? A recent study has ... full story

Can Synesthesia Be Taught? Colored Letters, Tasty Sounds?

Jan. 29, 2015 — Can synesthesia have cognitive benefits and can it be taught? There are over 60 known types of synesthesia, a condition in which stimulation of one sense, such as taste, leads to automatic, ... full story

Cancer Fear Can Impact Screening Uptake

Jan. 29, 2015 — People who worry about cancer are more likely to want to get screened for colon cancer, but feeling uncomfortable at the thought of cancer makes them less likely to actually go for the test, finds ... full story

New Research Recommends Treating Elevated Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

Jan. 29, 2015 — Treating a woman's elevated blood pressure during pregnancy is safer for her and safe for the baby, a new study shows. The study addresses an age-old belief that reducing elevated blood pressure ... full story

Love and Intimacy in Later Life: Active Sex Lives Common in the Over 70s

Jan. 29, 2015 — Older people are continuing to enjoy active sex lives well into their seventies and eighties, according to new research. More than half (54%) of men and almost a third (31%) of women over the age of ... full story

Gender Roles: Men and Women Are Not So Different After All

Jan. 29, 2015 — Gender is a large part of our identity that is often defined by our psychological differences as men and women. But a researcher says in reality men and women are more alike than we may ... full story

Concentrating on Word Sounds Helps Reading Instruction and Intervention

Jan. 28, 2015 — A neuroimaging study by psychologist suggests that phonics shouldn't be overlooked in favor of a whole-language technique, a finding that could help improve treatment and diagnosis of common reading ... full story

Playing With Puzzles, Blocks May Build Children's Spatial Skills

Jan. 28, 2015 — Play may seem like fun and games, but new research shows that specific kinds of play are actually associated with development of particular cognitive skills. Data from an American nationally ... full story

Beer Compound Could Help Fend Off Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases

Jan. 28, 2015 — The health-promoting perks of wine have attracted the spotlight recently, leaving beer in the shadows. But scientists are discovering new ways in which the latter could be a more healthful beverage ... full story

Hygiene Practices Affect Contact Lens Case Contamination

Jan. 28, 2015 — Contact lens wearers who don't follow certain hygiene habits have increased bacterial contamination of their contact lens cases, reports a new study. Washing hands with soap and water, allowing cases ... full story

Children Feel Most Positively About Mothers Who Respect Their Autonomy

Jan. 28, 2015 — Mothers who support their children's need for autonomy as the children grow tend to be viewed more positively by their children. The study included more than 2,000 mothers and their children. It ... full story

Dutch Babies Trump US Peers in Laughing, Smiling, Cuddling

Jan. 28, 2015 — Dutch babies laugh, smile and like to cuddle more than their American counterparts. A new study examining temperamental differences between US and Dutch babies found infants born in the Netherlands ... full story

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Updating Satellite Data on Seas Could Dramatically Reduce Search and Rescue Times for Lost Planes, Ships

Jan. 30, 2015 — A new satellite imaging concept could significantly reduce search areas for missing boats and planes. Researchers have been trialling a concept for using satellite imagery to significantly improve ... full story

Water Purification: Running Fuel Cells on Bacteria

Jan. 30, 2015 — Researchers in Norway have succeeded in getting bacteria to power a fuel cell. The "fuel" used is wastewater, and the products of the process are purified water droplets and electricity. This is an ... full story

Pinholes Are Pitfalls for High Performance Solar Cells

Jan. 30, 2015 — The most popular next-generation solar cells under development may have a problem – the top layer is full of tiny pinholes, researchers have ... full story

Building Trustworthy Big Data Algorithms

Jan. 29, 2015 — Much of our reams of data sit in large databases of unstructured text. Finding insights among emails, text documents, and websites is extremely difficult unless we can search, characterize, and ... full story

Crystal Light: New Family of Light-Converting Materials Points to Cheaper, More Efficient Solar Power and LEDs

Jan. 29, 2015 — Engineers have shone new light on an emerging family of solar-absorbing materials that could clear the way for cheaper and more efficient solar panels and LEDs. The materials, called perovskites, are ... full story

Generating Mobius Strips of Light

Jan. 29, 2015 — Physicists have experimentally produced Möbius strips from the polarization of light, confirming a theoretical prediction that it is possible for light's electromagnetic field to assume this ... full story

Where Did the Missing Oil Go? New Study Says Some Is Sitting on the Gulf Floor

Jan. 29, 2015 — Some 6 million to 10 million gallons of oil from the BP oil spill are buried in the sediment on the Gulf floor, about 62 miles southeast of the Mississippi Delta, researchers have ... full story

Rapid Test Kit Detects Dengue Antibodies from Saliva

Jan. 29, 2015 — Finding out whether you have been infected with dengue may soon be as easy as spitting into a rapid test kit. Researchers have developed a paper-based disposable device that will allow ... full story

Vehicle Body Made from Cotton, Hemp, and Wood

Jan. 29, 2015 — Carbon and glass fibers reinforce synthetics so that they can be used for vehicle body construction. But in this regard, there is an abundance of potential found in natural fibers -- obtained from ... full story

Ultrasound Technology Made to Measure

Jan. 29, 2015 — The range of uses for ultrasound is gigantic; the applied technologies are just as diverse. Researchers are now covering a wide range of applications with a new modular system: From sonar systems to ... full story

The Tell-Tale Signs of a Galactic Merger

Jan. 29, 2015 — Astronomers have captured a striking view of spiral galaxy NGC 7714. This galaxy has drifted too close to another nearby galaxy and the dramatic interaction has twisted its spiral arms out of shape, ... full story

Could a New Proposed Particle Help to Detect Dark Matter?

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers have proposed a new fundamental particle which could explain why no one has managed to detect 'Dark Matter', the elusive missing 85 per cent of the Universe's mass. Dark Matter is thought ... full story

Astronomers Gain a New View of Galaxy M 82

Jan. 29, 2015 — Astronomers have used the giant radio telescope Lofar to create the sharpest astronomical image ever taken at very long radio wavelengths. A new image shows the glowing center of the galaxy Messier ... full story

Cassini Catches Saturn's Moon Titan Naked in the Solar Wind

Jan. 28, 2015 — Researchers studying data from NASA's Cassini mission have observed that Saturn's largest moon, Titan, behaves much like Venus, Mars or a comet when exposed to the raw power of the solar wind. The ... full story

Some Potentially Habitable Planets Began as Gaseous, Neptune-Like Worlds

Jan. 28, 2015 — Two phenomena known to inhibit the potential habitability of planets -- tidal forces and vigorous stellar activity -- might instead help chances for life on certain planets orbiting low-mass stars, ... full story

Engineer Advances New Daytime Star Tracker

Jan. 28, 2015 — NASA is developing a precision attitude sensor or star tracker that would be able to locate points of reference, or in other words, stars, during daylight ... full story

Quantum Computer as Detector Shows Space Is Not Squeezed

Jan. 28, 2015 — Ever since Einstein proposed his special theory of relativity in 1905, physics and cosmology have been based on the assumption that space looks the same in all directions -- that it's not squeezed in ... full story

The Two Faces of Mars: Moon-Sized Celestial Object Crashed Into South Pole

Jan. 28, 2015 — The two hemispheres of Mars are more different from any other planet in our solar system. Non-volcanic, flat lowlands characterize the northern hemisphere, while highlands punctuated by countless ... full story

New Instrument to Study the Extreme Universe -- The X-Ray Polarimeter X-Calibur

Jan. 28, 2015 — X-ray polarimetry promises to give qualitatively new information about high-energy astrophysical sources, such as black hole systems, the bright and active centers of galaxies, compact neutron stars, ... full story

Ballooning Offers Platform for Performing Research in a Space-Like Environment

Jan. 28, 2015 — A high-altitude (>20 km) balloon platform is nearly ideal for carrying out scientific observations in a space-like environment, flight qualifying instrumentation, and transporting humans to the edge ... full story

Forecasting the Flu Better

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers say they can predict the spread of flu a week into the future with as much accuracy as Google Flu Trends can display levels of infection right now. The study uses social network analysis ... full story

3D Printing Makes Heart Surgery Safer for Children

Jan. 29, 2015 — A cardiac surgeon in the United States recently used a 3D printed heart as a model to plan a life-saving procedure for his young patient. The 3D printed heart was used as a model to plan a ... full story

Pacemakers With Internet Connection, a Not-So-Distant Goal

Jan. 28, 2015 — An efficient security protocol has been designed to protect the information provided by pacemakers and similar medical devices connected to the Internet. Thanks to the latest advances in ... full story

A Robot to Help Improve Agriculture and Wine Production

Jan. 28, 2015 — Agricultural researchers and computer scientists are working on the development of an unmanned robot, equipped with non-invasive advanced sensors and artificial intelligence systems, which will help ... full story

Researchers Use Sound to Slow Down, Speed Up, and Block Light

Jan. 28, 2015 — How do you make an optical fiber transmit light only one way? Researchers have experimentally demonstrated, for the first time, the phenomenon of Brillouin Scattering Induced Transparency (BSIT), ... full story

Game Theory Explains Social Interactions of Cancer Cells

Jan. 28, 2015 — The interactions of cancer cells may be explained by using game theory. The Public Goods Game is part of game theory and is used in economics as a model to analyze the provision of common goods. ... full story

Nanoscale Mirrored Cavities Amplify, Connect Quantum Memories

Jan. 28, 2015 — Constructing tiny "mirrors" to trap light increases the efficiency with which photons can pick up and transmit information about electronic spin states -- which is essential for scaling up quantum ... full story

New Pathway to Valleytronics: Femtosecond Laser Used to Manipulate Valley Excitons

Jan. 27, 2015 — Researchers have uncovered a promising new pathway to valleytronics, a potential quantum computing technology in which information is coded based on the wavelike motion of electrons moving through ... full story

New Search Engine Lets Users Look for Relevant Results Faster

Jan. 27, 2015 — Researchers have developed a new search engine that outperforms current ones, and helps people to do searches more ... full story

Bad Weather Warnings Most Effective If Probability Included, New Research Suggests

Jan. 27, 2015 — Risk researchers find that the public may respond best to severe weather warnings if they include a probability estimate, an important finding not only for the present but also for the longer-term ... full story

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Scientists Investigate Link Between Skyrocketing Sea Slug Populations, Warming Seas

Jan. 29, 2015 — A team of California scientists believes a far-flung Okenia rosacea bloom -- along with a slew of other marine species spotted north of their typical ranges -- may signal a much larger shift in ocean ... full story

Structure of World's Largest Single Cell Is Reflected at the Molecular Level

Jan. 29, 2015 — Biologists used the world’s largest single-celled organism, an aquatic alga called Caulerpa taxifolia, to study the nature of structure and form in plants. It is a single cell that can grow to a ... full story

Research About Unique Cardinal Revealed

Jan. 29, 2015 — A biological sciences professor is receiving attention for his research and publication on a bilateral gynandromorph bird found in the wild. More specifically, the bird has the brownish-gray ... full story

Gobal Patterns of Specialized Feeding in Insect Herbivores Revealed

Jan. 29, 2015 — After decades of field work from dozens of sites around the world, and after two years of combing through and analyzing data, researchers have reported on global patterns in the diets of insect ... full story

Bird Watchers Help Federal Agencies Pinpoint Conservation Priorities

Jan. 29, 2015 — Migratory birds are a little like college students moving from home to school and back over the year. With each move they switch landlords, encountering new rules and different living conditions. ... full story

Canceled Flights: For Monarch Butterflies, Loss of Migration Means More Disease

Jan. 29, 2015 — Ecologists have found that sedentary winter-breeding monarch butterflies are at increased risk of disease, a discovery that could apply to other migratory species as well. But, for the monarchs, ... full story

Among Gut Microbes, Strains, Not Just Species, Matter

Jan. 29, 2015 — Sophisticated genomic techniques now allow scientists to estimate the strains, not just the species, in samples of the human gut's microbe collection. Differences in the strains of microorganisms ... full story

Invasive Species in the Great Lakes by 2063

Jan. 29, 2015 — The vulnerability of the basin to future invaders has been demonstrated by a new study that calls for regulations to mitigate this threat. The Great Lakes have been invaded by more non-native species ... full story

Researchers Produce Two Bio-Fuels from a Single Algae

Jan. 28, 2015 — A common algae commercially grown to make fish food holds promise as a source for both biodiesel and jet fuel, according to a new ... full story

Long-Necked 'Dragon' Discovered in China: Dinosaur's Lightweight Neck Spanned Half the Length of Its Body

Jan. 28, 2015 — Paleontologists have discovered a new species of a long-necked dinosaur from a skeleton found in China. The new species belongs to a group of dinosaurs called mamenchisaurids, known for their ... full story

Solar Chip Monitors Windows

Jan. 29, 2015 — A new kind of radio chip is intended to warn when windows are left open. This way, you can avoid having the heat go out the window on cold days. The sensor also detects break-in attempts early on. ... full story

Building a Better Weather Forecast? SMAP May Help

Jan. 28, 2015 — If you were trying to forecast tomorrow's weather, you would probably look up at the sky rather than down at the ground. But if you live in the U.S. Midwest or someplace with a similar climate, one ... full story

Erratic as Normal: Arctic Sea Ice Loss Expected to Be Bumpy in the Short Term

Jan. 28, 2015 — Arctic sea ice extent plunged precipitously from 2001 to 2007, then barely budged between 2007 and 2013. Even in a warming world, researchers should expect such unusual periods of no change -- and ... full story

Missing Link in Metal Physics Explains Earth's Magnetic Field

Jan. 28, 2015 — Earth's magnetic field shields the life on our planet's surface from cosmic rays. It is generated by turbulent motions of liquid iron in Earth's core. Iron is a metal, which means it can easily ... full story

Earlier Menopause Linked to Everyday Chemical Exposures

Jan. 28, 2015 — Women whose bodies have high levels of chemicals found in plastics, personal-care products, common household items and the environment experience menopause two to four years earlier than women with ... full story

Slope on Ocean Surface Lowers Sea Level in Europe

Jan. 28, 2015 — A ‘slope’ on the ocean surface in the Strait of Gibraltar is lowering the sea level in Europe by 7cm, researchers have discovered. This research will help to more accurately predict future sea ... full story

Satellite Study Identifies Water Bodies Important for Biodiversity Conservation

Jan. 28, 2015 — Using satellite images to study changing patterns of surface water is a powerful tool for identifying conservationally important 'stepping stone' water bodies that could help aquatic species survive ... full story

Into the Dark: Two New Encrusting Anemones Found in Coral Reef Caves

Jan. 28, 2015 — Three marine biologists from Japan have discovered two new and unusually unique species of encrusting anemone. Unlike almost all known species within their genus, these two new species do not have ... full story

Ocean Acidification Changes Balance of Biofouling Communities

Jan. 28, 2015 — A new study of marine organisms that make up the 'biofouling community' -- tiny creatures that attach themselves to ships' hulls and rocks in the ocean around the world -- shows how they adapt to ... full story

Early Mesoamericans Affected by Climate Change

Jan. 27, 2015 — Scientists have reconstructed the past climate for the region around Cantona, a large fortified city in highland Mexico, and found the population drastically declined in the past, at least in part ... full story

Did Genetic Links to Modern Maladies Provide Ancient Benefits?

Jan. 28, 2015 — Genetic variations associated with some modern maladies are extremely old, scientists have discovered, predating the evolution of Neanderthals, Denisovans (another ancient hominin) and contemporary ... full story

Easter Island Mystery: Why Did the Native Culture Die Out?

Jan. 27, 2015 — Long before the Europeans arrived on Easter Island in 1722, the native Polynesian culture known as Rapa Nui showed signs of demographic decline. However, the catalyst has long been debated in the ... full story

The World's Oldest Known Snake Fossils: Rolling Back the Clock by Nearly 70 Million Years

Jan. 27, 2015 — Fossilized remains of four ancient snakes have been dated between 140 and 167 million years old -- nearly 70 million years older than the previous record of ancient snake fossils -- and are changing ... full story

The Origin of Life: Labyrinths as Crucibles of Life

Jan. 27, 2015 — Water-filled micropores in hot rock may have acted as the nurseries in which life on Earth began. A team has now shown that temperature gradients in pore systems promote the cyclical replication and ... full story

New Tattoos Discovered on Iceman Oetzi: All of the Skin Marks on the Mummy Mapped

Jan. 27, 2015 — With the aid of a non-invasive photographic technique, researchers at the EURAC-Institute for Mummies and the Iceman have been able to show up all the tattoos on the man who was found preserved in a ... full story

Climate Affects Development of Human Speech

Jan. 23, 2015 — A correlation between climate and the evolution of language has been uncovered by researchers. To find a relationship between the climate and the evolution of language, one needs to discover an ... full story

Early Human Ancestors Used Their Hands Like Modern Humans

Jan. 22, 2015 — New research suggests pre-Homo human ancestral species, such as Australopithecus africanus, used human-like hand postures much earlier than was previously thought. The distinctly human ability for ... full story

Major Breakthrough in Reading Ancient Scrolls

Jan. 22, 2015 — Revolutionary software is making a breakthrough in reading 2,000-year old Herculaneum scrolls, computer scientists report. After working for more than 10 years on unlocking an ancient piece of ... full story

Doubt Cast on Global Firestorm Generated by Dino-Killing Asteroid

Jan. 22, 2015 — Pioneering new research has debunked the theory that the asteroid that is thought to have led to the extinction of dinosaurs also caused vast global firestorms that ravaged planet Earth. Scientists ... full story

Fossils Survive Volcanic Eruption to Tell Us About the Origin of the Canary Islands

Jan. 22, 2015 — The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands -- at El Hierro in 2011 -- produced spectacularly enigmatic white "floating rocks" that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock ... full story

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Child Maltreatment Not a Clear Path to Adult Crime

Jan. 29, 2015 — Research has long made a connection between childhood abuse and neglect and crime in adulthood. But a new study found that when other life factors are considered, that link all but ... full story

To Reassure Electric Car Buyers, Combine Battery Leasing With Better Charging

Jan. 28, 2015 — A proper choice of business model plays a critical role in electric vehicle industry where many consumers are subject to range and resale anxieties. In particular, a combination of owning or leasing ... full story

Detecting Chemical Weapons Quickly With a Color-Changing Film

Jan. 28, 2015 — In today's world, in which the threat of terrorism looms, there is an urgent need for fast, reliable tools to detect the release of deadly chemical warfare agents (CWAs). Scientists are reporting new ... full story

Urban Sprawl Promotes Worm Exchange Across Species

Jan. 28, 2015 — The complex exchange of parasitic worms between wildlife, rats and humans is a little more clear, thanks to new research. “We developed a model concept that allows us to link the probability of ... full story

Research Projects Contribute to Shaping EU Regulation to Control Invasive Species

Jan. 28, 2015 — A new regulation governing the control of invasive alien species became effective in all EU states on 1 January 2015. The European Union hopes that it will actively combat one of the greatest threats ... full story

Crude Oil Conspiracy Theories Could Be Right: Oil Is Often the Reason for Interfering in Another Country's War

Jan. 27, 2015 — Researchers have for the first time provided strong evidence for what conspiracy theorists have long thought -- oil is often the reason for interfering in another country's ... full story

Psychopathic Violent Offenders’ Brains Can’t Understand Punishment

Jan. 27, 2015 — Psychopathic violent offenders have abnormalities in the parts of the brain related to learning from punishment, according to an MRI ... full story

How Creative Are You? Depends Where You're from

Jan. 27, 2015 — With the 'creative class' on the rise, many businesses are trying to capitalize on imagination and innovation. But when it comes to creative juices, some societies have a faster flow than others. ... full story

Achieving a World Without AIDS: Scale Must Give Way to Focus, Details

Jan. 27, 2015 — The global AIDS community has its sights set on three new goals, known as the '90-90-90' targets. That is, by 2020, 90 percent of people living with HIV should know their HIV status, 90 percent of ... full story

Age Concern in Largest Ever Study of Heroin User Deaths

Jan. 27, 2015 — Older users of opioids such as heroin are 27 times more likely to become a victim of homicide than the general population, a study of almost 200,000 users has found. The study is the first to record ... full story

Ads Effective Even in the Midst of Multitasking, Studies Find

Jan. 26, 2015 — Those video ads playing in the corner of your computer screen, in the midst of multitasking, may have more impact than you realize. They may be as effective as ads you're really watching, says one ... full story

Would You Tell Your Manager You Had a Mental Health Problem?

Jan. 26, 2015 — Although nearly four in 10 workers wouldn't tell their manager if they had a mental health problem, half said that if they knew about a coworker's illness, they would desire to help, a new survey ... full story

Stock Market Changes: Patents Provide Insight Into Wall Street 'Technology Arms Race'

Jan. 26, 2015 — A new study has used US patent data to shed light on the technological roots behind Wall Street's ongoing 'technology arms race.' The way financial assets are traded, and the nature of the markets ... full story

Reducing Work-Family Conflicts in the Workplace Helps People to Sleep Better

Jan. 26, 2015 — Workers who participated in an intervention aimed at reducing conflict between work and familial responsibilities slept an hour more each week and reported greater sleep sufficiency than those who ... full story

Heightened Scents: Do Ambient Fragrances Make Consumers Purchase More?

Jan. 21, 2015 — Do consumers make different choices based on the fragrance surrounding them? A new study shows for the first time that the “temperature” of scents in a store atmosphere may have a powerful effect ... full story

New Research Reveals the Power of Hierarchy in High-Pressure Situations

Jan. 20, 2015 — Researchers analyzed more than 30,000 Himalayan climbers and 5,000 expeditions over the past 100 years to assess the impact that hierarchical cultures can have in high-pressure group situations. The ... full story

Hostile Boss? Study Finds Advantages to Giving It Right Back

Jan. 20, 2015 — In a result that surprised researchers, a new study found that employees who had hostile bosses were better off on several measures if they returned the hostility. "Before we did this study, I ... full story

Inventors Choose to Reveal Their Secret Sauce Before Patent Approval

Jan. 15, 2015 — Common wisdom and prior economic research suggest that an inventor filing a patent would want to keep the technical know-how secret as long as possible. But a new study of nearly 2 million patents in ... full story

In the Mood to Trade? Weather May Influence Institutional Investors' Stock Decisions

Jan. 15, 2015 — Weather changes may affect how institutional investors decide on stock plays, according to a new study. Their findings suggest sunny skies put professional investors more in a mood to buy, while ... full story

Huge 3-D Displays Without 3-D Glasses

Jan. 15, 2015 — A new kind of display uses laser beams to send out different pictures into different directions. Each pixel contains lasers and a moving mirror, which directs the laser light. Different pictures can ... full story

Students Master Math Through Movement Using Kinect for Windows

Jan. 26, 2015 — Significant gains in the understanding of angles and angle measurements by elementary school students are seen in those who performed body-based tasks while interacting with a Kinect for Windows ... full story

Girls Lead Boys in Academic Achievement Globally

Jan. 26, 2015 — Considerable attention has been paid to how boys' educational achievements in science and math compare to girls' accomplishments in those areas, often leading to the assumption that boys outperform ... full story

Mindfulness-Based Program in Schools Making a Positive Impact, Study Shows

Jan. 26, 2015 — A social and emotional learning program started by Academy Award winning actress Goldie Hawn to help school children improve their learning abilities, be more caring, and less stressed is now backed ... full story

For University Students, Walking Beats Sitting

Jan. 26, 2015 — Walking classrooms are better for not only for students' physical health, but classroom engagement, a study shows. What began in a response to a physical activity challenge for the computer science ... full story

How Are Student Loans Affecting the Well-Being of Young Adults?

Jan. 22, 2015 — Young adults who accumulated higher amounts of debt incurred from student loans reported higher levels of depressive symptoms, even with adjustments for parental wealth, childhood socioeconomic ... full story

Rescuing Memories of Past Events: How the Mundane Can Be Meaningful -- And Remembered

Jan. 21, 2015 — It's not surprising that our memories of highly emotional events, such as 9/11 or the birth of a child, are quite strong. But can these events change our memories of the past? Researchers report that ... full story

Facebook Not to Blame for Negative Impact on Grades, Professor Says

Jan. 20, 2015 — The more time college students, particularly freshman, spend on Facebook, the more their grades suffer. But a professor says the problem is not Facebook -- it's an issue of ... full story

Practice Really Does Make Perfect

Jan. 8, 2015 — New research into the way in which we learn new skills finds that a single skill can be learned faster if its follow-through motion is consistent, but multiple skills can be learned simultaneously if ... full story

All in a Good Night's Sleep: How Quality of Sleep Impacts Academic Performance in Children

Jan. 8, 2015 — A good night's sleep is linked to better performance by schoolchildren in math and languages -- subjects that are powerful predictors of later learning and academic success, according to a study. The ... full story

Marine Litter Education Boosts Children's Understanding, Actions

Jan. 6, 2015 — Children could play an important role in solutions to reduce marine litter with some already helping to educate parents and peers about the scale of the issue, experts ... full story

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