Today's Science News

Saturday, January 31, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Global Warming Won't Mean More Storms: Big Storms to Get Bigger, Small Storms to Shrink, Experts Predict

Jan. 29, 2015 — Atmospheric physicists predict that global warming will not lead to an overall increasingly stormy atmosphere, a topic debated by scientists for decades. Instead, strong storms will become stronger ... full story

Walking on Ice Takes More Than Brains: 'Mini-Brain' in Spinal Cord Aids in Balance

Jan. 29, 2015 — Scientists have discovered how a "mini-brain" in the spinal cord aids in balance. Much of the balancing act that our bodies perform when faced with a task such as walking on an icy surface ... full story

Functioning Brain Tissue Grown in 3-D Structure

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers have induced human embryonic stem cells to self-organize into a three-dimensional structure similar to the cerebellum, providing tantalizing clues in the quest to recreate neural ... full story

Iceland Rises as Its Glaciers Melt from Climate Change

Jan. 29, 2015 — Earth's crust under Iceland is rebounding as global warming melts the island's great ice caps. In south-central Iceland some sites are moving upward as much as 1.4 inches (35 mm) per year. ... full story

Ancient Skull Shows Modern Humans Colonized Eurasia 60-70,000 Years Ago

Jan. 29, 2015 — A skull provides direct anatomical evidence that fills a problematic time gap of modern human migration into Europe. It is also the first proof that anatomically modern humans existed at the same ... full story

Meteorite May Represent 'Bulk Background' of Mars' Battered Crust

Jan. 30, 2015 — NWA 7034, a meteorite found a few years ago in the Moroccan desert, is like no other rock ever found on Earth. It's been shown to be a 4.4 billion-year-old chunk of the Martian crust, and ... full story

Heat Waves Becoming More Prominent in Urban Areas, Research Reveals

Jan. 30, 2015 — The world's urban areas have experienced significant increases in heat waves over the past 40 years, according to new research. These prolonged periods of extreme hot days have significantly ... full story

Why Do Zebras Have Stripes? Temperature Counts

Jan. 30, 2015 — One of nature's fascinating questions is how zebras got their stripes. A team of life scientists has found at least part of the answer: The amount and intensity of striping can be best predicted ... full story

Crystal Light: New Family of Light-Converting Materials Points to Cheaper, More Efficient Solar Power and LEDs

Jan. 29, 2015 — Engineers have shone new light on an emerging family of solar-absorbing materials that could clear the way for cheaper and more efficient solar panels and LEDs. The materials, called perovskites, are ... full story

Where Did the Missing Oil Go? New Study Says Some Is Sitting on the Gulf Floor

Jan. 29, 2015 — Some 6 million to 10 million gallons of oil from the BP oil spill are buried in the sediment on the Gulf floor, about 62 miles southeast of the Mississippi Delta, researchers have ... full story

Public and Scientists Express Strikingly Different Views About Science-Related Issues

Jan. 29, 2015 — Despite similar views about the overall place of science in America, the general public and scientists often see science-related issues through a different lens, according to a new pair of ... full story

Privacy Challenges: Just Four Vague Pieces of Info Can Identify You, and Your Credit Card

Jan. 29, 2015 — Just four fairly vague pieces of information -- the dates and locations of four purchases -- are enough to identify 90 percent of the people in a data set recording three months of credit-card ... full story

New Technique for Growing High-Efficiency Perovskite Solar Cells

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers have revealed a new solution-based hot-casting technique that allows growth of highly efficient and reproducible solar cells from large-area perovskite crystals. The researchers ... full story

CAT Scan of Nearby Supernova Remnant Reveals Frothy Interior

Jan. 29, 2015 — Cassiopeia A, or Cas A for short, is one of the most well studied supernova remnants in our galaxy. But it still holds major surprises. Astronomers have now generated a new 3-D map of its interior ... full story

Baleen Whales Hear Through Their Bones

Jan. 29, 2015 — Understanding how baleen whales hear has posed a great mystery to marine mammal researchers. Biologists reveal that the skulls of at least some baleen whales, specifically fin whales in their study, ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Discovery Of 'Dragon' Dinosaur In China Could Explain Myths

Discovery Of 'Dragon' Dinosaur In China Could Explain Myths

Newsy (Jan. 30, 2015) — A long-necked dinosaur from the Jurassic Period was discovered in China. Researchers think it could answer mythology questions. Video provided by Newsy
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Scientists Say Earliest Snakes Lived Alongside The Dinosaurs

Scientists Say Earliest Snakes Lived Alongside The Dinosaurs

Newsy (Jan. 28, 2015) — Wrongly categorized as lizard fossils, snake fossils now show the reptile could have developed earlier than we thought — 70 million years earlier. Video provided by Newsy
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Ancient Skull May Mark Where Humans First Met Neanderthals

Ancient Skull May Mark Where Humans First Met Neanderthals

Newsy (Jan. 28, 2015) — A 55,000-year-old skull fragment found in an Israeli cave might mark one of the first areas where modern humans and Neanderthals met. Video provided by Newsy
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Sugary Drinks May Cause Early Puberty In Girls, Study Says

Sugary Drinks May Cause Early Puberty In Girls, Study Says

Newsy (Jan. 28, 2015) — Harvard researchers found that girls who consumed more than 1.5 sugary drinks a day had their first period earlier than those who drank less. Video provided by Newsy
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last updated on 2015-01-31 at 12:43 pm EST

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Latent HIV May Lurk in 'Quiet' Immune Cells, Research Suggests

Jan. 30, 2015 — HIV can lie dormant in infected cells for years, even decades. Scientists think unlocking the secrets of this viral reservoir may make it possible to cure, not just treat, HIV. Researchers have ... full story

Stress Shared by Same-Sex Couples Can Have Unique Health Impacts

Jan. 30, 2015 — Minority stress -- which results from being stigmatized and disadvantaged in society -- affects same-sex couples' stress levels and overall health, research indicates. Authors of a new study state ... full story

Research Uncovers Connection Between Craigslist Personals, HIV Trends

Jan. 30, 2015 — Craigslist's entry into a market results in a 15.9 percent increase in reported HIV cases, according to research. When mapped at the national level, more than 6,000 HIV cases annually and treatment ... full story

Study Links Deficiency of Cellular Housekeeping Gene With Aggressive Forms of Breast Cancer

Jan. 30, 2015 — A strong link between the most aggressive type of breast cancer and a gene that regulates the body's natural cellular recycling process, called autophagy, has been uncovered by ... full story

Fluorescent Dyes 'Light Up' Brain Cancer Cells

Jan. 30, 2015 — Two new fluorescent dyes attracted to cancer cells may help neurosurgeons more accurately localize and completely resect brain tumors, suggests a new study. Removing all visible areas of cancer ... full story

Older Adults: Double Your Protein to Build More Muscle

Jan. 30, 2015 — Older adults may need to double up on the recommended daily allowance of protein to efficiently maintain and build muscle. Current US recommendations for daily dietary protein intake are 0.8 ... full story

Mobile and Interactive Media Use by Young Children: The Good, the Bad and the Unknown

Jan. 30, 2015 — Mobile devices are everywhere and children are using them more frequently at young ages. The impact these mobile devices are having on the development and behavior of children is still relatively ... full story

Biomaterial Coating Raises Prospect of More Successful Medical Implants

Jan. 30, 2015 — A novel, bacteria-repelling coating material that could increase the success of medical implants has been created. The material helps healthy cells 'win the race' to the medical implant, beating off ... full story

Altered Dopamine Signaling a Clue to Autism

Jan. 30, 2015 — Newly discovered genetic variations linked to autism spectrum disorder disrupt the function of the dopamine transporter, suggesting that altered dopamine signaling contributes to this common ... full story

Scientists Home in on Reasons Behind Cancer Drug Trial Disappointment

Jan. 30, 2015 — Scientists have discovered a 'hidden' mechanism which could explain why some cancer therapies which aim to block tumor blood vessel growth are failing cancer trials. The same mechanism could play the ... full story

Treating Cerebral Malaria: New Molecular Target Identified

Jan. 30, 2015 — A drug already approved for treating other diseases may be useful as a treatment for cerebral malaria, according to researchers who discovered a novel link between food intake during the early stages ... full story

New Technologies to Help Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Jan. 30, 2015 — New wearable sensor networks and mobile phone applications are being tested for their potential to monitor and manage patients with Parkinson’s disease. The research aim is the usage of low-cost ... full story

Heavy Drinking in Middle-Age May Increase Stroke Risk More Than Traditional Factors

Jan. 29, 2015 — Drinking more than two alcoholic beverages a day in middle-age raised stroke risks more than traditional factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Heavy drinking in mid-life was linked to ... full story

FDA Approves First-of-Kind Device to Treat Obesity

Jan. 29, 2015 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the Maestro Rechargeable System for certain obese adults, the first weight loss treatment device that targets the nerve pathway between the brain ... full story

Complex Environments Push 'Brain' Evolution

Jan. 29, 2015 — Little animations trying to master a computer game are teaching neuroscience researchers how the brain evolves when faced with difficult tasks. Neuroscientists have programmed animated critters that ... full story

First-Ever View of Protein Structure May Lead to Better Anxiety Drugs

Jan. 29, 2015 — When new medicines are invented, the drug may hit the intended target and nullify the symptoms, but nailing a bull's eye -- one that produces zero side effects -- can be quite elusive. New research ... full story

New Clues About a Brain Protein With High Affinity for Valium

Jan. 29, 2015 — Valium, one of the best known antianxiety drugs, produces its calming effects by binding with a particular protein in the brain. But the drug has an almost equally strong affinity for a completely ... full story

Texting May Be More Suitable Than Apps in Treatment of Mental Illness

Jan. 29, 2015 — Texting may be a more suitable treatment aid for those with mental illness than mobile applications.This is the key finding of a new study led by researchers from Clemson University in collaboration ... full story

Transgender Kids Show Consistent Gender Identity Across Measures

Jan. 29, 2015 — A study with 32 transgender children, ages 5 to 12, indicates that the gender identity of these children is deeply held and is not the result of confusion about gender identity or pretense. The study ... full story

Common Pesticide May Increase Risk of ADHD

Jan. 29, 2015 — A new study provides strong evidence, using data from animal models and humans, that exposure to a common household pesticide may be a risk factor for ... full story

Skip the Dip! Super Bowl Team Cities See Spike in Flu Deaths

Jan. 30, 2015 — Having a team in the Super Bowl correlated to an average 18 percent increase in flu deaths among those over 65 years old, according to a study of health data covering 35 years of championship ... full story

Added Fructose Is a Principal Driver of Type 2 Diabetes, Experts Argue

Jan. 29, 2015 — Recent studies have shown that added sugars, particularly those containing fructose, are a principal driver of diabetes and pre-diabetes, even more so than other carbohydrates. Clinical experts ... full story

Infants Create New Knowledge While Sleeping

Jan. 29, 2015 — There is no rest for a baby's brain -- not even in sleep. While infants sleep they are reprocessing what they have learned. Researchers have discovered that babies of the age from nine to 16 months ... full story

Cancer Fear Can Impact Screening Uptake

Jan. 29, 2015 — People who worry about cancer are more likely to want to get screened for colon cancer, but feeling uncomfortable at the thought of cancer makes them less likely to actually go for the test, finds ... full story

New Research Recommends Treating Elevated Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

Jan. 29, 2015 — Treating a woman's elevated blood pressure during pregnancy is safer for her and safe for the baby, a new study shows. The study addresses an age-old belief that reducing elevated blood pressure ... full story

Feelings of Loneliness, Depression Linked to Binge-Watching Television

Jan. 29, 2015 — It seems harmless: getting settled in for a night of marathon session for a favorite TV show, like House of Cards. But why do we binge-watch TV, and can it really be harmless? A recent study has ... full story

Love and Intimacy in Later Life: Active Sex Lives Common in the Over 70s

Jan. 29, 2015 — Older people are continuing to enjoy active sex lives well into their seventies and eighties, according to new research. More than half (54%) of men and almost a third (31%) of women over the age of ... full story

Gender Roles: Men and Women Are Not So Different After All

Jan. 29, 2015 — Gender is a large part of our identity that is often defined by our psychological differences as men and women. But a researcher says in reality men and women are more alike than we may ... full story

Concentrating on Word Sounds Helps Reading Instruction and Intervention

Jan. 28, 2015 — A neuroimaging study by psychologist suggests that phonics shouldn't be overlooked in favor of a whole-language technique, a finding that could help improve treatment and diagnosis of common reading ... full story

Playing With Puzzles, Blocks May Build Children's Spatial Skills

Jan. 28, 2015 — Play may seem like fun and games, but new research shows that specific kinds of play are actually associated with development of particular cognitive skills. Data from an American nationally ... full story

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Hydrogen Production in Extreme Bacterium

Jan. 31, 2015 — Scientists have discovered a bacterium that can produce hydrogen, an element that one day could lessen the world’s dependence on ... full story

Evidence Mounts for Quantum Criticality Theory

Jan. 30, 2015 — A new study adds to the growing evidence supporting a theory that strange electronic behaviors -- including high-temperature superconductivity and heavy fermion physics -- arise from quantum ... full story

New Method Allows for Greater Variation in Band Gap Tunability

Jan. 30, 2015 — If you can't find the ideal material, then design a new one. By manipulating the ordered arrangement of atoms in layered complex oxide materials, scientists have found a way to control their ... full story

Updating Satellite Data on Seas Could Dramatically Reduce Search and Rescue Times for Lost Planes, Ships

Jan. 30, 2015 — A new satellite imaging concept could significantly reduce search areas for missing boats and planes. Researchers have been trialling a concept for using satellite imagery to significantly improve ... full story

Water Purification: Running Fuel Cells on Bacteria

Jan. 30, 2015 — Researchers in Norway have succeeded in getting bacteria to power a fuel cell. The "fuel" used is wastewater, and the products of the process are purified water droplets and electricity. This is an ... full story

Pinholes Are Pitfalls for High Performance Solar Cells

Jan. 30, 2015 — The most popular next-generation solar cells under development may have a problem – the top layer is full of tiny pinholes, researchers have ... full story

Building Trustworthy Big Data Algorithms

Jan. 29, 2015 — Much of our reams of data sit in large databases of unstructured text. Finding insights among emails, text documents, and websites is extremely difficult unless we can search, characterize, and ... full story

Generating Mobius Strips of Light

Jan. 29, 2015 — Physicists have experimentally produced Möbius strips from the polarization of light, confirming a theoretical prediction that it is possible for light's electromagnetic field to assume this ... full story

Future of Oil and Gas Development in the Western Amazon

Jan. 29, 2015 — The western Amazon -- a vast region encompassing the Amazonian portions of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and western Brazil -- is one of the world's last high-biodiversity wilderness landscapes. ... full story

Rapid Test Kit Detects Dengue Antibodies from Saliva

Jan. 29, 2015 — Finding out whether you have been infected with dengue may soon be as easy as spitting into a rapid test kit. Researchers have developed a paper-based disposable device that will allow ... full story

Gravitational Waves from Early Universe Remain Elusive

Jan. 31, 2015 — A joint analysis of data from the Planck space mission and the ground-based experiment BICEP2 has found no conclusive evidence of gravitational waves from the birth of our universe, despite earlier ... full story

Radar Images of Near-Earth Asteroid

Jan. 30, 2015 — A team of astronomers has made the most detailed radar images yet of asteroid 2004 BL86. The images, which were taken early in the morning on Jan. 27, 2014, reveal the asteroid's surface features in ... full story

The Tell-Tale Signs of a Galactic Merger

Jan. 29, 2015 — Astronomers have captured a striking view of spiral galaxy NGC 7714. This galaxy has drifted too close to another nearby galaxy and the dramatic interaction has twisted its spiral arms out of shape, ... full story

Could a New Proposed Particle Help to Detect Dark Matter?

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers have proposed a new fundamental particle which could explain why no one has managed to detect 'Dark Matter', the elusive missing 85 per cent of the Universe's mass. Dark Matter is thought ... full story

Astronomers Gain a New View of Galaxy M 82

Jan. 29, 2015 — Astronomers have used the giant radio telescope Lofar to create the sharpest astronomical image ever taken at very long radio wavelengths. A new image shows the glowing center of the galaxy Messier ... full story

Cassini Catches Saturn's Moon Titan Naked in the Solar Wind

Jan. 28, 2015 — Researchers studying data from NASA's Cassini mission have observed that Saturn's largest moon, Titan, behaves much like Venus, Mars or a comet when exposed to the raw power of the solar wind. The ... full story

Some Potentially Habitable Planets Began as Gaseous, Neptune-Like Worlds

Jan. 28, 2015 — Two phenomena known to inhibit the potential habitability of planets -- tidal forces and vigorous stellar activity -- might instead help chances for life on certain planets orbiting low-mass stars, ... full story

Engineer Advances New Daytime Star Tracker

Jan. 28, 2015 — NASA is developing a precision attitude sensor or star tracker that would be able to locate points of reference, or in other words, stars, during daylight ... full story

Gully Patterns Document Martian Climate Cycles

Jan. 28, 2015 — Gullies carved into impact craters on Mars provide a window into climate change on the Red Planet. A new analysis suggests Mars has undergone several ice ages in the last several million years. The ... full story

Quantum Computer as Detector Shows Space Is Not Squeezed

Jan. 28, 2015 — Ever since Einstein proposed his special theory of relativity in 1905, physics and cosmology have been based on the assumption that space looks the same in all directions -- that it's not squeezed in ... full story

Computing: Common 'Data Structure' Revamped to Work With Multicore Chips

Jan. 30, 2015 — Every undergraduate computer-science major takes a course on data structures, which describes different ways of organizing data in a computer's memory. Every data structure has its own advantages: ... full story

Forecasting the Flu Better

Jan. 29, 2015 — Researchers say they can predict the spread of flu a week into the future with as much accuracy as Google Flu Trends can display levels of infection right now. The study uses social network analysis ... full story

3D Printing Makes Heart Surgery Safer for Children

Jan. 29, 2015 — A cardiac surgeon in the United States recently used a 3D printed heart as a model to plan a life-saving procedure for his young patient. The 3D printed heart was used as a model to plan a ... full story

Mobile Teledermoscopy for Short-Term Monitoring of Atypical Moles

Jan. 28, 2015 — Allowing patients to use mobile devices to capture skin images appears to be a feasible and effective method for short-term monitoring of atypical nevi (moles), according to an ... full story

Results of Sun-Safety Mobile App Released

Jan. 28, 2015 — A smartphone mobile app that can provide personalized, real-time sun protection advice improved some sun protection behavior, according to an ... full story

Pacemakers With Internet Connection, a Not-So-Distant Goal

Jan. 28, 2015 — An efficient security protocol has been designed to protect the information provided by pacemakers and similar medical devices connected to the Internet. Thanks to the latest advances in ... full story

A Robot to Help Improve Agriculture and Wine Production

Jan. 28, 2015 — Agricultural researchers and computer scientists are working on the development of an unmanned robot, equipped with non-invasive advanced sensors and artificial intelligence systems, which will help ... full story

Researchers Use Sound to Slow Down, Speed Up, and Block Light

Jan. 28, 2015 — How do you make an optical fiber transmit light only one way? Researchers have experimentally demonstrated, for the first time, the phenomenon of Brillouin Scattering Induced Transparency (BSIT), ... full story

Game Theory Explains Social Interactions of Cancer Cells

Jan. 28, 2015 — The interactions of cancer cells may be explained by using game theory. The Public Goods Game is part of game theory and is used in economics as a model to analyze the provision of common goods. ... full story

Nanoscale Mirrored Cavities Amplify, Connect Quantum Memories

Jan. 28, 2015 — Constructing tiny "mirrors" to trap light increases the efficiency with which photons can pick up and transmit information about electronic spin states -- which is essential for scaling up quantum ... full story

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Population Genomics Unveil Seahorse Domain

Jan. 30, 2015 — In a finding vital to effective species management, a team of biologists has determined that the lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus) is more a permanent resident of the western mid-Atlantic Ocean ... full story

Blue Mussels Not Yet the Bellwether of NE Coastal Environment

Jan. 30, 2015 — Mussels could be the perfect 'sentinel' species to signal the health of coastal ecosystems. But a new study of blue mussels in estuary ecosystems along 600 kilometers of coastline in the Northeast ... full story

Scientists Investigate Link Between Skyrocketing Sea Slug Populations, Warming Seas

Jan. 29, 2015 — A team of California scientists believes a far-flung Okenia rosacea bloom -- along with a slew of other marine species spotted north of their typical ranges -- may signal a much larger shift in ocean ... full story

Structure of World's Largest Single Cell Is Reflected at the Molecular Level

Jan. 29, 2015 — Biologists used the world’s largest single-celled organism, an aquatic alga called Caulerpa taxifolia, to study the nature of structure and form in plants. It is a single cell that can grow to a ... full story

In a Role Reversal, RNAs Proofread Themselves

Jan. 29, 2015 — Building a protein is a lot like a game of telephone: information is passed along from one messenger to another, creating the potential for errors. Enzymatic machines proofread at each step, and ... full story

Research About Unique Cardinal Revealed

Jan. 29, 2015 — A biological sciences professor is receiving attention for his research and publication on a bilateral gynandromorph bird found in the wild. More specifically, the bird has the brownish-gray ... full story

Global Patterns of Specialized Feeding in Insect Herbivores Revealed

Jan. 29, 2015 — After decades of field work from dozens of sites around the world, and after two years of combing through and analyzing data, researchers have reported on global patterns in the diets of insect ... full story

Bird Watchers Help Federal Agencies Pinpoint Conservation Priorities

Jan. 29, 2015 — Migratory birds are a little like college students moving from home to school and back over the year. With each move they switch landlords, encountering new rules and different living conditions. ... full story

Canceled Flights: For Monarch Butterflies, Loss of Migration Means More Disease

Jan. 29, 2015 — Ecologists have found that sedentary winter-breeding monarch butterflies are at increased risk of disease, a discovery that could apply to other migratory species as well. But, for the monarchs, ... full story

Among Gut Microbes, Strains, Not Just Species, Matter

Jan. 29, 2015 — Sophisticated genomic techniques now allow scientists to estimate the strains, not just the species, in samples of the human gut's microbe collection. Differences in the strains of microorganisms ... full story

NASA Launches Groundbreaking Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Observatory

Jan. 31, 2015 — NASA successfully launched its first Earth satellite designed to collect global observations of the vital soil moisture hidden just beneath our feet. The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) ... full story

Invasive Species in the Great Lakes by 2063

Jan. 29, 2015 — The vulnerability of the basin to future invaders has been demonstrated by a new study that calls for regulations to mitigate this threat. The Great Lakes have been invaded by more non-native species ... full story

Solar Chip Monitors Windows

Jan. 29, 2015 — A new kind of radio chip is intended to warn when windows are left open. This way, you can avoid having the heat go out the window on cold days. The sensor also detects break-in attempts early on. ... full story

Building a Better Weather Forecast? SMAP May Help

Jan. 28, 2015 — If you were trying to forecast tomorrow's weather, you would probably look up at the sky rather than down at the ground. But if you live in the U.S. Midwest or someplace with a similar climate, one ... full story

Researchers Produce Two Bio-Fuels from a Single Algae

Jan. 28, 2015 — A common algae commercially grown to make fish food holds promise as a source for both biodiesel and jet fuel, according to a new ... full story

Erratic as Normal: Arctic Sea Ice Loss Expected to Be Bumpy in the Short Term

Jan. 28, 2015 — Arctic sea ice extent plunged precipitously from 2001 to 2007, then barely budged between 2007 and 2013. Even in a warming world, researchers should expect such unusual periods of no change -- and ... full story

Smothered Oceans: Extreme Oxygen Loss in Oceans Accompanied Past Global Climate Change

Jan. 28, 2015 — From the subarctic Pacific to the Chilean margins, extreme oxygen loss is stretching from the upper ocean to about 3,000 meters deep. In some oceanic regions, such loss occurred within 100 years or ... full story

Missing Link in Metal Physics Explains Earth's Magnetic Field

Jan. 28, 2015 — Earth's magnetic field shields the life on our planet's surface from cosmic rays. It is generated by turbulent motions of liquid iron in Earth's core. Iron is a metal, which means it can easily ... full story

Earlier Menopause Linked to Everyday Chemical Exposures

Jan. 28, 2015 — Women whose bodies have high levels of chemicals found in plastics, personal-care products, common household items and the environment experience menopause two to four years earlier than women with ... full story

Slope on Ocean Surface Lowers Sea Level in Europe

Jan. 28, 2015 — A ‘slope’ on the ocean surface in the Strait of Gibraltar is lowering the sea level in Europe by 7cm, researchers have discovered. This research will help to more accurately predict future sea ... full story

Ancient 'Genomic Parasites' Spurred Evolution of Pregnancy in Mammals

Jan. 29, 2015 — Large-scale genetic changes that marked the evolution of pregnancy in mammals have been identified by an international team of scientists. They found thousands of genes that evolved to be expressed ... full story

Long-Necked 'Dragon' Discovered in China: Dinosaur's Lightweight Neck Spanned Half the Length of Its Body

Jan. 28, 2015 — Paleontologists have discovered a new species of a long-necked dinosaur from a skeleton found in China. The new species belongs to a group of dinosaurs called mamenchisaurids, known for their ... full story

Did Genetic Links to Modern Maladies Provide Ancient Benefits?

Jan. 28, 2015 — Genetic variations associated with some modern maladies are extremely old, scientists have discovered, predating the evolution of Neanderthals, Denisovans (another ancient hominin) and contemporary ... full story

Early Mesoamericans Affected by Climate Change

Jan. 27, 2015 — Scientists have reconstructed the past climate for the region around Cantona, a large fortified city in highland Mexico, and found the population drastically declined in the past, at least in part ... full story

Easter Island Mystery: Why Did the Native Culture Die Out?

Jan. 27, 2015 — Long before the Europeans arrived on Easter Island in 1722, the native Polynesian culture known as Rapa Nui showed signs of demographic decline. However, the catalyst has long been debated in the ... full story

The World's Oldest Known Snake Fossils: Rolling Back the Clock by Nearly 70 Million Years

Jan. 27, 2015 — Fossilized remains of four ancient snakes have been dated between 140 and 167 million years old -- nearly 70 million years older than the previous record of ancient snake fossils -- and are changing ... full story

Tracking DNA Helps Scientists Trace Origins of Genetic Errors

Jan. 27, 2015 — Scientists have shed light on how naturally occurring mutations can be introduced into our DNA. The study, which focuses on how DNA replicates every time a cell divides, helps to make clear ... full story

The Origin of Life: Labyrinths as Crucibles of Life

Jan. 27, 2015 — Water-filled micropores in hot rock may have acted as the nurseries in which life on Earth began. A team has now shown that temperature gradients in pore systems promote the cyclical replication and ... full story

New Tattoos Discovered on Iceman Oetzi: All of the Skin Marks on the Mummy Mapped

Jan. 27, 2015 — With the aid of a non-invasive photographic technique, researchers at the EURAC-Institute for Mummies and the Iceman have been able to show up all the tattoos on the man who was found preserved in a ... full story

Climate Affects Development of Human Speech

Jan. 23, 2015 — A correlation between climate and the evolution of language has been uncovered by researchers. To find a relationship between the climate and the evolution of language, one needs to discover an ... full story

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How Poverty May Affect Memory

Jan. 29, 2015 — Investigators have studied whether working memory of children living in rural poverty is distinct from the working memory profiles of children in urban poverty. The results clearly suggest that ... full story

Child Maltreatment Not a Clear Path to Adult Crime

Jan. 29, 2015 — Research has long made a connection between childhood abuse and neglect and crime in adulthood. But a new study found that when other life factors are considered, that link all but ... full story

To Reassure Electric Car Buyers, Combine Battery Leasing With Better Charging

Jan. 28, 2015 — A proper choice of business model plays a critical role in electric vehicle industry where many consumers are subject to range and resale anxieties. In particular, a combination of owning or leasing ... full story

Detecting Chemical Weapons Quickly With a Color-Changing Film

Jan. 28, 2015 — In today's world, in which the threat of terrorism looms, there is an urgent need for fast, reliable tools to detect the release of deadly chemical warfare agents (CWAs). Scientists are reporting new ... full story

Satellite Study Identifies Water Bodies Important for Biodiversity Conservation

Jan. 28, 2015 — Using satellite images to study changing patterns of surface water is a powerful tool for identifying conservationally important 'stepping stone' water bodies that could help aquatic species survive ... full story

Urban Sprawl Promotes Worm Exchange Across Species

Jan. 28, 2015 — The complex exchange of parasitic worms between wildlife, rats and humans is a little more clear, thanks to new research. “We developed a model concept that allows us to link the probability of ... full story

Research Projects Contribute to Shaping EU Regulation to Control Invasive Species

Jan. 28, 2015 — A new regulation governing the control of invasive alien species became effective in all EU states on 1 January 2015. The European Union hopes that it will actively combat one of the greatest threats ... full story

Crude Oil Conspiracy Theories Could Be Right: Oil Is Often the Reason for Interfering in Another Country's War

Jan. 27, 2015 — Researchers have for the first time provided strong evidence for what conspiracy theorists have long thought -- oil is often the reason for interfering in another country's ... full story

Psychopathic Violent Offenders’ Brains Can’t Understand Punishment

Jan. 27, 2015 — Psychopathic violent offenders have abnormalities in the parts of the brain related to learning from punishment, according to an MRI ... full story

Low Influenza Vaccination Rates Among Nursing Home Employees Put Residents at Risk, Study Finds

Jan. 27, 2015 — Influenza is associated with as many as 7,300 deaths annually in nursing home residents, but the vaccination rate for nursing home staff is only 54 percent in the United States, according to a ... full story

Ads Effective Even in the Midst of Multitasking, Studies Find

Jan. 26, 2015 — Those video ads playing in the corner of your computer screen, in the midst of multitasking, may have more impact than you realize. They may be as effective as ads you're really watching, says one ... full story

Would You Tell Your Manager You Had a Mental Health Problem?

Jan. 26, 2015 — Although nearly four in 10 workers wouldn't tell their manager if they had a mental health problem, half said that if they knew about a coworker's illness, they would desire to help, a new survey ... full story

Stock Market Changes: Patents Provide Insight Into Wall Street 'Technology Arms Race'

Jan. 26, 2015 — A new study has used US patent data to shed light on the technological roots behind Wall Street's ongoing 'technology arms race.' The way financial assets are traded, and the nature of the markets ... full story

Reducing Work-Family Conflicts in the Workplace Helps People to Sleep Better

Jan. 26, 2015 — Workers who participated in an intervention aimed at reducing conflict between work and familial responsibilities slept an hour more each week and reported greater sleep sufficiency than those who ... full story

Heightened Scents: Do Ambient Fragrances Make Consumers Purchase More?

Jan. 21, 2015 — Do consumers make different choices based on the fragrance surrounding them? A new study shows for the first time that the “temperature” of scents in a store atmosphere may have a powerful effect ... full story

New Research Reveals the Power of Hierarchy in High-Pressure Situations

Jan. 20, 2015 — Researchers analyzed more than 30,000 Himalayan climbers and 5,000 expeditions over the past 100 years to assess the impact that hierarchical cultures can have in high-pressure group situations. The ... full story

Hostile Boss? Study Finds Advantages to Giving It Right Back

Jan. 20, 2015 — In a result that surprised researchers, a new study found that employees who had hostile bosses were better off on several measures if they returned the hostility. "Before we did this study, I ... full story

Inventors Choose to Reveal Their Secret Sauce Before Patent Approval

Jan. 15, 2015 — Common wisdom and prior economic research suggest that an inventor filing a patent would want to keep the technical know-how secret as long as possible. But a new study of nearly 2 million patents in ... full story

In the Mood to Trade? Weather May Influence Institutional Investors' Stock Decisions

Jan. 15, 2015 — Weather changes may affect how institutional investors decide on stock plays, according to a new study. Their findings suggest sunny skies put professional investors more in a mood to buy, while ... full story

Huge 3-D Displays Without 3-D Glasses

Jan. 15, 2015 — A new kind of display uses laser beams to send out different pictures into different directions. Each pixel contains lasers and a moving mirror, which directs the laser light. Different pictures can ... full story

Can Synesthesia Be Taught? Colored Letters, Tasty Sounds?

Jan. 29, 2015 — Can synesthesia have cognitive benefits and can it be taught? There are over 60 known types of synesthesia, a condition in which stimulation of one sense, such as taste, leads to automatic, ... full story

Students Master Math Through Movement Using Kinect for Windows

Jan. 26, 2015 — Significant gains in the understanding of angles and angle measurements by elementary school students are seen in those who performed body-based tasks while interacting with a Kinect for Windows ... full story

Girls Lead Boys in Academic Achievement Globally

Jan. 26, 2015 — Considerable attention has been paid to how boys' educational achievements in science and math compare to girls' accomplishments in those areas, often leading to the assumption that boys outperform ... full story

Mindfulness-Based Program in Schools Making a Positive Impact, Study Shows

Jan. 26, 2015 — A social and emotional learning program started by Academy Award winning actress Goldie Hawn to help school children improve their learning abilities, be more caring, and less stressed is now backed ... full story

For University Students, Walking Beats Sitting

Jan. 26, 2015 — Walking classrooms are better for not only for students' physical health, but classroom engagement, a study shows. What began in a response to a physical activity challenge for the computer science ... full story

How Are Student Loans Affecting the Well-Being of Young Adults?

Jan. 22, 2015 — Young adults who accumulated higher amounts of debt incurred from student loans reported higher levels of depressive symptoms, even with adjustments for parental wealth, childhood socioeconomic ... full story

Rescuing Memories of Past Events: How the Mundane Can Be Meaningful -- And Remembered

Jan. 21, 2015 — It's not surprising that our memories of highly emotional events, such as 9/11 or the birth of a child, are quite strong. But can these events change our memories of the past? Researchers report that ... full story

Facebook Not to Blame for Negative Impact on Grades, Professor Says

Jan. 20, 2015 — The more time college students, particularly freshman, spend on Facebook, the more their grades suffer. But a professor says the problem is not Facebook -- it's an issue of ... full story

Practice Really Does Make Perfect

Jan. 8, 2015 — New research into the way in which we learn new skills finds that a single skill can be learned faster if its follow-through motion is consistent, but multiple skills can be learned simultaneously if ... full story

All in a Good Night's Sleep: How Quality of Sleep Impacts Academic Performance in Children

Jan. 8, 2015 — A good night's sleep is linked to better performance by schoolchildren in math and languages -- subjects that are powerful predictors of later learning and academic success, according to a study. The ... full story

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