Today's Science News

Monday, December 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New Species Found in the Deepest Trench on Earth

Dec. 20, 2014 Researchers have returned from the first detailed study of the Mariana Trench aboard Schmidt Ocean Institute's research vessel Falkor. The expedition set many new records, including the deepest ... full story

Neuroscientists Identify Brain Mechanisms That Predict Generosity in Children

Dec. 19, 2014 Developmental neuroscientists have found specific brain markers that predict generosity in children. Those neural markers appear to be linked to both social and moral evaluation processes. Although ... full story

A Clear, Molecular View of How Human Color Vision Evolved

Dec. 18, 2014 Many genetic mutations in visual pigments, spread over millions of years, were required for humans to evolve from a primitive mammal with a dim, shadowy view of the world into a greater ape able to ... full story

New, Tighter Timeline Confirms Ancient Volcanism Aligned With Dinosaurs' Extinction

Dec. 18, 2014 A definitive geological timeline shows that a series of massive volcanic explosions 66 million years ago played a role in the extinction event that claimed Earth's non-avian dinosaurs, and ... full story

No 'Bird Brains'? Crows Exhibit Advanced Relational Thinking, Study Suggests

Dec. 18, 2014 Crows have the brain power to solve higher-order, relational-matching tasks, and they can do so spontaneously, according to new research. That means crows join humans, apes and monkeys in exhibiting ... full story

Lost Memories Might Be Able to Be Restored, Suggests Research Into Marine Snail

Dec. 20, 2014 New research indicates that lost memories can be restored, according to new research into a type of marine snail called Aplysia. The findings offer some hope for patients in the early stages of ... full story

550-Million-Year-Old Fossils Provide New Clues About Fossil Formation

Dec. 18, 2014 A new study is challenging accepted ideas about how ancient soft-bodied organisms become part of the fossil record. Findings suggest that bacteria involved in the decay of those organisms play an ... full story

Atom-Thick CCD Could Capture Images

Dec. 19, 2014 An atomically thin material may lead to the thinnest-ever imaging platform. Synthetic two-dimensional materials based on metal chalcogenide compounds could be the basis for superthin ... full story

Early Exposure to Antidepressants Affects Adult Anxiety, Serotonin Transmission

Dec. 19, 2014 Early developmental exposure to two different antidepressants, Prozac and Lexapro, has been studied by researchers in a mouse model that mimics human third trimester medication exposure. They found ... full story

Europe Shows That Humans and Large Predators Can Share the Same Landscape

Dec. 19, 2014 The recovery of large carnivores in Europe is a great success for nature conservation. At one third of mainland Europe, at least one species of large carnivore is present, according to a new article. ... full story

'Tipping Points' for Sea Level Rise-Related Flooding Determined

Dec. 18, 2014 By 2050, a majority of US coastal areas are likely to be threatened by 30 or more days of flooding each year due to dramatically accelerating impacts from sea level rise, according to a new ... full story

In One Aspect of Vision, Computers Catch Up to Primate Brain

Dec. 18, 2014 For decades, neuroscientists have been trying to design computer networks that can mimic visual skills such as recognizing objects, which the human brain does very accurately and quickly. Until now, ... full story

Ibuprofen Use Leads to Extended Lifespan in Several Species, Study Shows

Dec. 18, 2014 A common over-the-counter drug that tackles pain and fever may also hold keys to a longer, healthier life, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientist. Regular doses of ibuprofen ... full story

Origin of Long-Standing Space Mystery Revealed: Origin of the 'Theta Aurora'

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists have solved a long-standing space mystery -- the origin of the 'theta aurora'. Auroras are the most visible manifestation of the Sun's effect on Earth. They are seen as ... full story

Choreography of an Electron Pair

Dec. 18, 2014 The motion of the two electrons in the helium atom can be imaged and controlled with attosecond-timed laser ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Touch-Free Smart Phone Empowers Mobility-Impaired

Touch-Free Smart Phone Empowers Mobility-Impaired

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 21, 2014) A touch-free phone developed in Israel enables the mobility-impaired to operate smart phones with just a movement of the head. Suzannah Butcher reports. Video provided by Reuters
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Birds Might Be Better Meteorologists Than Us

Birds Might Be Better Meteorologists Than Us

Newsy (Dec. 19, 2014) A new study suggests a certain type of bird was able to sense a tornado outbreak that moved through the U.S. a day before it hit. Video provided by Newsy
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Double-Amputee Becomes First To Move Two Prosthetic Arms With His Mind

Double-Amputee Becomes First To Move Two Prosthetic Arms With His Mind

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) A double-amputee makes history by becoming the first person to wear and operate two prosthetic arms using only his mind. Jen Markham has the story. Video provided by Buzz60
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Arctic Warming Twice As Fast As Rest Of Planet

Arctic Warming Twice As Fast As Rest Of Planet

Newsy (Dec. 18, 2014) The Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet, thanks in part to something called feedback. Video provided by Newsy
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last updated on 2014-12-22 at 12:08 am EST

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First Successful Vaccination Against 'Mad Cow'-Like Wasting Disease in Deer

Dec. 21, 2014 Researchers say that a vaccination they have developed to fight a brain-based, wasting syndrome among deer and other animals may hold promise on two additional fronts: protecting US livestock from ... full story

Researchers Move Closer to New Range of Biosensors

Dec. 20, 2014 Researchers have found a way of binding peptides to the surface of gallium nitride in a way that keeps the peptides stable even when exposed to water and radiation. The discovery moves researchers ... full story

Televised Medical Talk Shows: Health Education or Entertainment?

Dec. 20, 2014 Millions of viewers around the world watch the televised medical talk programs 'The Dr. Oz Show' and 'The Doctors' for medical advice, but how valuable are the recommendations they receive? In a ... full story

Polymorphism, Bacteria Inside Us Help Dictate Inflammation, Antitumor Activity

Dec. 20, 2014 A common polymorphism can lead to a chain of events that dictates how a tumor will progress in certain types of cancer, including a form of breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer, according to new ... full story

Reducing Emergency Surgery Cuts Health Care Costs

Dec. 19, 2014 Researchers have determined the hospital costs and risk of death for emergency surgery and compared it to the same operation when performed in a planned, elective manner for three common surgical ... full story

Family Criticizing Your Weight? You Might Add More Pounds

Dec. 19, 2014 Women whose loved ones are critical of their weight tend to put on even more pounds, says a new study on the way people's comments affect our health. "When we feel bad about our bodies, we often turn ... full story

Vaccine Therapy for Prostate Cancer Patients With Rising PSA Examined

Dec. 19, 2014 Aiming to increase treatment options for prostate cancer patients who have an early relapse, investigators from a multi-institutional cooperative group have demonstrated that a vaccine therapy that ... full story

The Dementia That Is Not Alzheimer's Disease

Dec. 19, 2014 The term Alzheimer's is frequently used to describe all dementias even though there are many different causes for dementia. Lewy body dementia affects 1.4 million American and is frequently ... full story

Gene Critical for Proper Brain Development Discovered

Dec. 19, 2014 A genetic pathway has been found that accounts for the extraordinary size of the human brain. The research team has identified a gene, KATNB1, as an essential component in a genetic pathway ... full story

Helping Parents Understand Infant Sleep Patterns

Dec. 19, 2014 Most parents are not surprised by the irregularity of a newborn infant's sleep patterns, but by six months or so many parents wonder if something is wrong with their baby or their sleeping ... full story

OCD Patients' Brains Light Up to Reveal How Compulsive Habits Develop

Dec. 19, 2014 Misfiring of the brain's control system might underpin compulsions in obsessive-compulsive disorder, according to ... full story

Being Humble: Research Shows E.B. White Was Right in Charlotte's Web

Dec. 18, 2014 Psychologists conducted a bottom-up exploration of what it really means to be humble. They found that people see a unique dimension of humility akin to a love of ... full story

High Socioeconomic Status Increases Discrimination, Depression Risk in Black Young Adults

Dec. 18, 2014 An investigation into factors related to disparities of depression in young adults has found that higher parental education -- which has a protective effect for white youth -- can also increase the ... full story

Tooth Loss Linked to Slowing Mind, Body

Dec. 18, 2014 The memory and walking speeds of adults who have lost all of their teeth decline more rapidly than in those who still have some of their own teeth, finds new research. The association between total ... full story

Less Than Half of UK Prescriptions for Antipsychotics Issued for Main Licensed Conditions

Dec. 18, 2014 Less than half of UK prescriptions for antipsychotic drugs are being issued to treat the serious mental illnesses for which they are mainly licensed, reveals research. Instead, they may often be ... full story

Ability to Balance on One Leg May Reflect Brain Health, Stroke Risk

Dec. 18, 2014 Struggling to stand on one leg for less than 20 seconds was linked to an increased risk for stroke, small blood vessel damage in the brain, and reduced cognitive function in otherwise healthy people, ... full story

Parkinson's Disease Reverted at Experimental Stage

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists demonstrated experimentally, with adult rats, that mobility can be restored in patients with Parkinson's disease, the major degenerative disease of the motor system worldwide. The ... full story

'Deep Learning' Finds Autism, Cancer Mutations in Unexplored Regions of Genome

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists have built a computer model that has uncovered disease-causing mutations in large regions of the genome that previously could not be explored. Their method seeks out mutations that cause ... full story

Neuro-Oncologists Discover Cancer Cells Can Burn Acetate for Fuel

Dec. 18, 2014 Brain tumors are capable of burning acetate for fuel, providing a new potential target for halting tumor growth, researchers report. Researchers have been struggling with what fuels cancer cell ... full story

Of Bugs and Brains: Striking Similarities in Brain Structures Across Invertebrates

Dec. 18, 2014 The fundamental structures underlying learning and memory in the brains of invertebrates as different as a fruit fly and an earthworm are remarkably similar, according to neuroscientists. It turns ... full story

Parents' BMI Decreases With Child Involved in School-Based, Community Obesity Intervention

Dec. 19, 2014 Parents of children involved in an elementary school-based community intervention to prevent obesity appear to share in its health benefits. A new analysis shows an association between being exposed ... full story

Latest Evidence on Using Hormone Replacement Therapy for Treating Menopausal Symptoms

Dec. 18, 2014 Hormone replacement therapy is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, in particular for younger women at the onset of the menopause, suggests a new review, which highlights that ... full story

Don't Be Tempted to Buy Your Teen a Cheap (Old) Car, Parents Warned

Dec. 18, 2014 Almost half of teen drivers killed on US roads in the past few years were driving vehicles that were 11 or more years old, and often lacking key safety features, reveals research. Parents, who are ... full story

Genetic Ancestry of Different Ethnic Groups Varies Across the United States

Dec. 18, 2014 The United States is a melting pot of different racial and ethnic groups, but it has not been clear how the genetic ancestry of these populations varies across different geographic regions. In a ... full story

Expectant Fathers Experience Prenatal Hormone Changes

Dec. 18, 2014 Impending fatherhood can lower two hormones -- testosterone and estradiol -- for men, even before their babies are born, a new study found. This is the first study to show that the decline may begin ... full story

Early Caregiving Experiences Have Long-Term Effects on Social Relationships, Achievement

Dec. 18, 2014 A new study has found that sensitive caregiving in the first three years of life predicts an individual's social competence and academic achievement, not only during childhood and adolescence, but ... full story

Moms of Food-Allergic Kids Need Dietician's Support

Dec. 18, 2014 Discovering your child has a severe food allergy can be a terrible shock. Even more stressful can be determining what foods your child can and cannot eat, and constructing a new diet which might ... full story

Wild Blueberries (Bilberries) Can Help Tackle Adverse Effects of High-Fat Diet

Dec. 18, 2014 Eating bilberries diminishes the adverse effects of a high-fat diet, according to a recent study. For the first time, bilberries were shown to have beneficial effects on both blood pressure and ... full story

Why Do Parents Who Usually Vaccinate Their Children Hesitate or Refuse?

Dec. 18, 2014 Even parents who are not "vaccine refusers" and who usually comply with the routine vaccination programs may hesitate or refuse to vaccinate their children based on poor communication from the ... full story

Why Are UK Teenagers Skipping School?

Dec. 18, 2014 Analysis of the results of a large-scale survey reveals the extent of truancy in English secondary schools and sheds light on the mental health of the country’s ... full story

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First Direct Evidence That a Mysterious Phase of Matter Competes With High-Temperature Superconductivity

Dec. 20, 2014 Scientists have found the first direct evidence that a mysterious phase of matter known as the "pseudogap" competes with high-temperature superconductivity, robbing it of electrons that otherwise ... full story

Cheaper 3-D Virtual Reality System: Powerful Enough for a Gamer, Made for an Engineer

Dec. 19, 2014 It's like a scene from a gamer's wildest dreams: 12 high-definition, 55-inch 3-D televisions all connected to a computer capable of supporting high-end, graphics-intensive gaming. On the massive ... full story

Breakthrough in Optical Fiber Communications

Dec. 19, 2014 Researchers from the University of Southampton have revealed a breakthrough in optical fiber communications. They developed an approach that enables direct modulation of laser currents to be used to ... full story

Yellowstone's Thermal Springs: Their Colors Unveiled

Dec. 19, 2014 Researchers have created a simple mathematical model based on optical measurements that explains the stunning colors of Yellowstone National Park’s hot springs and can visually recreate how they ... full story

A 'GPS' for Molecules

Dec. 19, 2014 In everyday life, the global positioning system can be employed to reliably determine the momentary location of one en route to the desired destination. Scientists have now developed a molecular ... full story

Quantum World Without Queues Could Lead to Better Solar Cells

Dec. 19, 2014 Scientists have used new technology to study extremely fast processes in solar cells. The research results form a concrete step towards more efficient solar ... full story

Quantum Physics Just Got Less Complicated: Wave-Particle Duality and Quantum Uncertainty Are Same Thing

Dec. 19, 2014 Here's a nice surprise: quantum physics is less complicated than we thought. An international team of researchers has demonstrated that two peculiar features of the quantum world previously ... full story

Improving Rechargeable Batteries by Focusing on Graphene Oxide Paper

Dec. 18, 2014 An engineering team has discovered some of graphene oxide's important properties that can improve sodium- and lithium-ion flexible ... full story

Glimpsing Pathway of Sunlight to Electricity

Dec. 18, 2014 Four pulses of laser light on nanoparticle photocells in a spectroscopy experiment has opened a window on how captured sunlight can be converted into electricity. The work, which potentially could ... full story

Physicists Characterize Electronic, Magnetic Structure in Transition Metal Oxides

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists have characterized the electronic and magnetic structure in artificially synthesized materials called transition metal ... full story

Signs of Europa Plumes Remain Elusive in Search of Cassini Data

Dec. 18, 2014 A fresh look at data collected by NASA's Cassini spacecraft during its 2001 flyby of Jupiter shows that Europa's tenuous atmosphere is even thinner than previously thought and also suggests that the ... full story

NASA's Kepler Reborn, Makes First Exoplanet Find of New Mission

Dec. 18, 2014 NASA's planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft makes a comeback with the discovery of the first exoplanet found using its new mission -- K2. The discovery was made when astronomers and engineers devised an ... full story

Dust Devil and the Details: Spinning Up a Storm on Mars

Dec. 18, 2014 Spinning up a dust devil in the thin air of Mars requires a stronger updraft than is needed to create a similar vortex on Earth, researchers show. “To start a dust devil on Mars you need ... full story

Kepler Proves It Can Still Find Planets

Dec. 18, 2014 To paraphrase Mark Twain, the report of the Kepler spacecraft's death was greatly exaggerated. Despite a malfunction that ended its primary mission in May 2013, Kepler is still alive and working. The ... full story

Satellite Sees Holiday Lights Brighten Cities

Dec. 17, 2014 Even from space, holidays shine bright. With a new look at daily data scientists have identified how patterns in nighttime light intensity change during major holiday seasons -- Christmas and New ... full story

Surprising Theorists, Stars Within Middle-Aged Clusters Are of Similar Age

Dec. 17, 2014 An examination of middle-aged star clusters reveals an unexpectedly narrow age range among their stars, suggesting that large groups of stars evolve differently than previously ... full story

'Perfect Storm' Quenching Star Formation Around a Supermassive Black Hole

Dec. 17, 2014 Astronomers have discovered that modest black holes can shut down star formation by producing turbulence. High-energy jets powered by supermassive black holes can blast away a galaxy's star-forming ... full story

The Hot Blue Stars of Messier 47

Dec. 17, 2014 Messier 47 is located approximately 1600 light-years from Earth, in the constellation of Puppis (the poop deck of the mythological ship Argo). It was first noticed some time before 1654 by Italian ... full story

MESSENGER Data Suggest Recurring Meteor Shower on Mercury

Dec. 16, 2014 The closest planet to the sun appears to get hit by a periodic meteor shower, possibly associated with a comet that produces multiple events annually on Earth. The clues pointing to Mercury's shower ... full story

NASA Goddard Instrument Makes First Detection of Organic Matter on Mars

Dec. 16, 2014 Scientists have made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars. The surface of Mars is currently inhospitable to life as we know it, but there is evidence that the Red Planet once ... full story

Instant-Start Computers Possible With New Breakthrough

Dec. 18, 2014 If data could be encoded without current, it would require much less energy and make things like low-power, instant-on computing a ubiquitous reality. Scientists have made a breakthrough in that ... full story

The Right Route to Disaster Relief: Algorithm Automatically Finds Quickest Way to Calamity-Affected Sites

Dec. 18, 2014 A new mapping tool makes preparing for natural disasters and responding to their aftermath easier than ever. Researchers have developed a computer model that analyzes networks of interconnected roads ... full story

Getting Bot Responders Into Shape

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists are tackling one of the biggest barriers to the use of robots in emergency response: energy efficiency. They are developing technology that will dramatically improve the endurance of ... full story

Electron Spin Could Be the Key to High-Temperature Superconductivity

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists have taken a significant step in our understanding of superconductivity by studying the strange quantum events in a unique superconducting ... full story

Spider's Web Weaves Way to Advanced Networks and Displays

Dec. 17, 2014 Searching for new ways to develop efficient, flexible networks, physicists discovered the designs of spider webs and leaf venation, refined across thousands of years of evolution, are worthy models ... full story

Switching to Spintronics: Electric Field Switching of Ferromagnetism at Room Temperature

Dec. 17, 2014 Researchers have used an electric field to reverse the magnetization direction in a multiferroic spintronic device at room temperature, a demonstration that points a new way towards spintronics and ... full story

Lens-Free Microscope Can Detect Cancer at Cellular Level

Dec. 17, 2014 A lens-free microscope that can be used to detect the presence of cancer or other cell-level abnormalities with the same accuracy as larger and more expensive optical microscopes, has been developed ... full story

Amputee Makes History Controlling Two Modular Prosthetic Limbs

Dec. 17, 2014 A Colorado man made history this summer when he became the first bilateral shoulder-level amputee to wear and simultaneously control two modular prosthetic limbs. Most importantly, the patient, who ... full story

Novel Insights Into Pathogen Behavior

Dec. 17, 2014 New insights into the behavior of an important bacterial pathogen have been provided by researchers. The researchers investigated, using combination of experiments and computational modeling, how ... full story

Combining Social Media, Behavioral Psychology Could Lead to More HIV Testing

Dec. 17, 2014 Social media such as Twitter and Facebook, combined with behavioral psychology, could be a valuable tool in the fight against AIDS by prompting high-risk individuals to be tested, research shows. ... full story

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Alaska Fish Adjust to Climate Change by Following the Food

Dec. 20, 2014 Not all species may suffer from climate change. A new analysis shows that Dolly Varden, a species of char common in southeast Alaska, adjust their migrations so they can keep feasting on a key food ... full story

Trade Winds Ventilate the Tropical Oceans: Explanation for Increasing Oxygen Deficiency

Dec. 20, 2014 Long-term observations indicate that the oxygen minimum zones in the tropical oceans have expanded in recent decades. The reason is still unknown. Now scientists have found an explanation with the ... full story

Microplastics in the Ocean: Biologists Study Effects on Marine Animals

Dec. 20, 2014 Ingestion of microplastic particles does not mechanically affect marine isopods, according to new research. The study marks the launch of a series of investigations aimed at forming a risk matrix on ... full story

Hermit Creepy Crawlies: Two New Taxa of Wood-Feeding Cockroach from China

Dec. 19, 2014 Scientists have found a new species and a new subspecies of cockroach. What makes these creepy crawlies distinctive from the cockroaches most of us know is that they don't infest houses, on the ... full story

New Challenges for Ocean Acidification Research

Dec. 19, 2014 To continue its striking development, ocean acidification research needs to bridge between its diverging branches towards an integrated assessment. Experts reflect on the lessons learned from ocean ... full story

A Vegetarian Carnivorous Plant

Dec. 19, 2014 Carnivorous plants catch and digest tiny animals in order and derive benefits for their nutrition. Interestingly the trend towards vegetarianism seems to overcome carnivorous plants as well. The ... full story

Doctor Who Survived Ebola Received Experimental Drug Treatment

Dec. 18, 2014 On 28 September, 2014, the 38-year old doctor, who was in charge of an Ebola virus treatment unit in Lakka, Sierra Leone, developed a fever and diarrhea. He tested positive for the virus on the same ... full story

Study on World's Biggest Animal Finds More Than One Population in the Southeastern Pacific

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists are examining molecular clues to answer a big question: how many types of blue whales exist in the waters of the southeastern ... full story

Cell-Associated HIV Mucosal Transmission: The Neglected Pathway

Dec. 18, 2014 Scientists are challenging dogma about the transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Most research has focused on infection by free viral particles, while this group of ... full story

How Llamas' Unusual Antibodies Might Help in the Fight Against HIV/AIDS

Dec. 18, 2014 Most vaccines work by inducing an immune response characterized by neutralizing antibodies against the respective pathogen. An effective HIV vaccine has remained elusive so far, but researchers have ... full story

A Gold Catalyst for Clear Water: Mixed Nanoparticle Systems May Help Purify Water and Generate Hydrogen

Dec. 18, 2014 A new catalyst could have dramatic environmental benefits if it can live up to its potential, suggests research from Singapore. Researchers have produced a catalyst with gold-nanoparticle antennas ... full story

Study Fuels Hope for Natural Gas Cars: Metal Organic Framework Candidates for Methane Storage Identified

Dec. 18, 2014 Cars that run on natural gas are touted as efficient and environmentally friendly, but getting enough gas onboard to make them practical is a hurdle. A new study promises to help. Researchers have ... full story

How Will Climate Change Transform Agriculture?

Dec. 18, 2014 Climate change impacts will require major but very uncertain transformations of global agriculture systems by mid-century, according to new ... full story

Birds Sensed Severe Storms and Fled Before Tornado Outbreak

Dec. 18, 2014 Golden-winged warblers apparently knew in advance that a storm that would spawn 84 confirmed tornadoes and kill at least 35 people last spring was coming, according to a new report. The birds left ... full story

The Tsunami-Early Warning System for the Indian Ocean: Ten Years After

Dec. 18, 2014 The day after Christmas this year will mark the 10 anniversary of the tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean. On 26 December 2004, a quarter of a million people lost their lives, five million required ... full story

The Greenland Ice Sheet: Now in HD

Dec. 18, 2014 The highest-resolution maps of the Greenland Ice Sheet are debuting. Starting with Worldview satellite imagery, The maps are already revealing previously unknown features on the ice ... full story

Fine Particulate Air Pollution Linked With Increased Autism Risk

Dec. 18, 2014 Women exposed to high levels of fine particulate matter specifically during pregnancy -- particularly during the third trimester -- may face up to twice the risk of having a child with autism than ... full story

Pilot Plant for Removal of Extreme Gas Charges from Deep Waters Installed

Dec. 18, 2014 Being part of the mining area Herrerias in Andalusia, deep waters of Pit Lake Guadiana show extremely high concentration of dissolved carbon dioxide. In the case of a spontaneous ebullition, human ... full story

Deforestation Threatens Species Richness in Streams

Dec. 18, 2014 With a population of 1.3 billion, China is under immense pressure to convert suitable areas into arable land in order to ensure a continued food supply for its people. Accordingly, China is among the ... full story

Clearing Tropical Rainforests Distorts Earth's Wind and Water Systems, Packs Climate Wallop Beyond Carbon

Dec. 18, 2014 A new study released today presents powerful evidence that clearing trees not only spews carbon into the atmosphere, but also triggers major shifts in rainfall and increased temperatures worldwide ... full story

Archaeologists Unearth Royal Entry Complex at Herodian Hilltop Palace

Dec. 18, 2014 Archaeologists have unearthed a unique royal entryway to the Herodian Hilltop Palace. The main feature is a 20-meter-high corridor with a complex system of arches, allowing the King and his entourage ... full story

Using Power of Computers to Harness Human Genome May Provide Clues Into Ebola Virus

Dec. 18, 2014 New work is blending the power of computers with biology to use the human genome to remove much of the guesswork involved in discovering cures for diseases. A corresponding article describes how key ... full story

Short-Necked Triassic Marine Reptile Discovered in China

Dec. 17, 2014 A new species of short-necked marine reptile from the Triassic period has been discovered in ... full story

Ancient, Hydrogen-Rich Waters Deep Underground Around the World: Waters Could Support Isolated Life

Dec. 17, 2014 A team of scientists has mapped the location of hydrogen-rich waters found trapped kilometers beneath Earth's surface in rock fractures in Canada, South Africa and Scandinavia. Common in Precambrian ... full story

Asteroid That Wiped out Dinosaurs May Have Nearly Knocked Off Mammals, Too

Dec. 17, 2014 The classic story is that mammals rose to dominance after the dinosaurs went extinct, but a new study shows that some of the most common mammals living alongside dinosaurs, the metatherians, extinct ... full story

Ancient Earth May Have Made Its Own Water: Rock Circulating in Mantle Feeds World's Oceans Even Today, Evidence Suggests

Dec. 17, 2014 In a finding that meshes well with recent discoveries from the Rosetta mission, researchers have discovered a geochemical pathway by which Earth makes it own water through plate tectonics. This ... full story

North Atlantic Signaled Ice Age Thaw 1,000 Years Before It Happened, Reveals New Research

Dec. 17, 2014 The Atlantic Ocean at mid-depths may have given out early warning signals – 1,000 years in advance - that the last Ice Age was going to end, scientists ... full story

Gothic Cathedrals Blend Iron and Stone

Dec. 17, 2014 Using radiocarbon dating on metal found in Gothic cathedrals, an interdisciplinary team has shown, for the first time through absolute dating, that iron was used to reinforce stone from the ... full story

Research Shows Jaws Didn't Kill His Cousin

Dec. 16, 2014 Our jawed ancestors weren't responsible for the demise of their jawless cousins as had been assumed. Instead, researchers believe that rising sea levels are more likely to blame. "When our jawed ... full story

Big-Data Analysis Reveals Gene Sharing in Mice

Dec. 16, 2014 Scientists have detected at least three potential hybridization events that likely shaped the evolutionary paths of 'old world' mice, two in recent times and one in the ancient past. The researchers ... full story

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Local Enforcement of Federal Immigration Laws Affects Immigrant Hispanics' Healthcare

Dec. 18, 2014 State and local enforcement of federal immigration laws can have an adverse impact on the use of health care services by immigrant Hispanics, according to a new study, which analyzed both birth ... full story

Bacterial Infections Differ Based on Geography, Healthcare Spending

Dec. 18, 2014 Bacterial infections differ based on distance from the equator and spending on health care, researchers have discovered. In their study, 23 health centers on six continents participated in study of ... full story

High-Dose Flu Vaccine Superior for Frail Elderly Living in Long-Term Care Facilities

Dec. 18, 2014 The high-dose flu vaccine is significantly better than the regular flu shot at boosting the immune response to the flu virus in frail, older residents of long-term care facilities, according to the ... full story

Life Expectancy Increases Globally as Death Toll Falls from Major Diseases

Dec. 17, 2014 People are living much longer worldwide than they were two decades ago, as death rates from infectious diseases and cardiovascular disease have fallen, according to a new, first-ever journal ... full story

Great Lakes Pollution No Longer Driven by Airborne Sources; Land, Rivers Now Bigger Factors

Dec. 17, 2014 A researcher who measured organic pollutants in the air and water around Lake Erie and Lake Ontario has found that airborne emissions are no longer the primary cause of the lakes’ contamination. ... full story

Personality Outsmarts Intelligence at School: Conscientiousness and Openness Key to Learning

Dec. 17, 2014 Recent research has found that personality is more important than intelligence when it comes to success in education and this needs to take this into account when guiding students and teachers. ... full story

Firearm Violence Trends in the 21st Century

Dec. 17, 2014 While the overall death rate from firearm violence has remained unchanged for more than a decade, the patterns for suicide and homicide have changed dramatically, a study on the epidemiology of gun ... full story

Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions Increase to New All-Time Record, but Growth Is Slowing Down

Dec. 17, 2014 2013 saw global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use and cement production reach a new all-time high. This was mainly due to the continuing steady increase in energy use in emerging economies over the ... full story

Herd Mentality: Are We Programmed to Make Bad Decisions?

Dec. 16, 2014 A natural desire to be part of the 'in crowd' could damage our ability to make the right decisions, a new study has shown. Research has shown that individuals have evolved to be overly influenced by ... full story

Kids' Cartoon Characters Twice as Likely to Die as Counterparts in Films for Adults: Content on a Par With 'Rampant Horrors' of Popular Films

Dec. 16, 2014 Principal cartoon characters are more than twice as likely to be killed off as their counterparts in films for adults released in the same year, reveals new research. On-screen death and violence can ... full story

How Information Moves Between Cultures

Dec. 16, 2014 Networks that map strength of connections between languages predict global influence of their speakers. By analyzing data on multilingual Twitter users and Wikipedia editors and on 30 years' worth of ... full story

Introverts Could Shape Extroverted Co-Workers' Career Success, Study Shows

Dec. 16, 2014 Introverted employees are more likely to give low evaluations of job performance to extroverted co-workers, giving introverts a powerful role in workplaces, new research shows. Introverts ... full story

Fraud-Proof Credit Cards Possible With Quantum Physics

Dec. 15, 2014 Though corporations and individuals work to improve safeguards, it has become increasingly difficult to protect financial data and personal information from criminal activity. Fortunately, new ... full story

Many U.S. Workers Are Sacrificing Sleep for Work

Dec. 11, 2014 An analysis of 124,000 responses to a survey shows that paid work time is the primary waking activity exchanged for sleep. The study also suggests that chronic sleep loss potentially could be ... full story

Limiting Internet Congestion a Key Factor in Net Neutrality Debate

Dec. 10, 2014 If Internet Service Providers known as ISPs initiate price discrimination in their pricing, a “recongestion effect” will occur. In other words, online delivery channels that are less congested at ... full story

Wealth, Power or Lack Thereof at Heart of Many Mental Disorders

Dec. 9, 2014 Donald Trump's ego may be the size of his financial empire, but that doesn't mean he's the picture of mental health. The same can be said about the self-esteem of people who are living from paycheck ... full story

Maintaining a Reliable Value of the Cost of Climate Change

Dec. 4, 2014 The Social Cost of Carbon puts a dollar value on the climate damages per ton of CO2 released, and is used by -- among others -- policymakers to help determine the costs and benefits of climate ... full story

Occupational Sitting Among Women Linked to Obesity

Dec. 1, 2014 You might want to stand up for this. Occupational sitting is associated with an increased likelihood of obesity, especially among black women, independent of occupational and leisure time physical ... full story

Bitcoin, Virtual Money: User's Identity Can Be Revealed Much Easier Than Thought

Nov. 25, 2014 Bitcoin is the new money: minted and exchanged on the Internet. Faster and cheaper than a bank, the service is attracting attention from all over the world. But a big question remains: are the ... full story

Entrepreneurs Are Not Corporate Rebels: High Performers More Likely to Set Off on Own Without Path

Nov. 24, 2014 Considering leaving the 9-to-5 world of corporate life behind to strike out on your own? When we think of entrepreneurship, we typically imagine a life of untold riches and the satisfaction of being ... full story

Current Practices in Reporting on Behavioural Genetics Can Mislead the Public

Dec. 12, 2014 “Media reports about behavioural genetics unintentionally induce unfounded beliefs, therefore going against the educational purpose of scientific reporting,” writes a researcher following his ... full story

Cognitive Training Can Improve Brain Performance of Students in Poverty

Dec. 10, 2014 The cognitive effects of poverty can be mitigated during middle school with a targeted intervention, according to researchers who, for the first time, examined the efficacy of cognitive training in a ... full story

Distraction, If Consistent, Does Not Hinder Learning

Dec. 9, 2014 A new study challenges the idea that distraction is necessarily a problem for learning. Researchers found that if attention was as divided during recall of a motor task as it was during learning the ... full story

Ideals May Play Role in Knowledge Formation, Professor's Research Says

Dec. 2, 2014 Research by a professor of philosophy indicates that having an ideal can play a role in acquiring new information that makes our beliefs ... full story

Heavier Newborns Show Academic Edge in School

Dec. 2, 2014 Birth weight makes a difference to a child's future academic performance, according to new research that found heavier newborns do better in elementary and middle school than infants with lower birth ... full story

It's Mean Boys, Not Mean Girls, Who Rule at School, Study Shows

Dec. 1, 2014 Debunking the myth of the 'mean girl,' new research has found that boys use relational aggression -- malicious rumors, social exclusion and rejection -- to harm or manipulate others more often than ... full story

Education Is Key to Climate Adaptation

Nov. 27, 2014 According to new research, education makes people less vulnerable to natural disasters such as floods, landslides, and storms that are expected to intensify with climate ... full story

Elderly Brains Learn, but Maybe Too Much

Nov. 26, 2014 Learning requires both mental flexibility, or 'plasticity,' and stability. A new study finds that in learning a visual task, older people exhibited a surprising degree of plasticity, but had trouble ... full story

Two Studies, 2 Editorials Put Focus on School Breakfasts, Lunches

Nov. 24, 2014 Schools offering Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC) had higher participation in the national school breakfast program and attendance, but math and reading achievement did not differ between schools ... full story

Education Empowers Canadians, but Raises Risks of Overwork, Work-Family Stress

Nov. 20, 2014 The higher your level of education, the greater your earnings and your sense of “personal mastery” or being in control of your fate, researchers say. But wait: there’s a downside. A new study ... full story

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