Today's Science News

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

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from universities, journals, and other organizations

Neuroscientists Identify Key Role of Language Gene

Sep. 15, 2014 — Neuroscientists have found that a gene mutation that arose more than half a million years ago may be key to humans' unique ability to produce and understand ... full story

Run, Cheetah, Run: New Algorithm Enables Cheetah Robot to Run and Jump, Untethered, Across Grass

Sep. 15, 2014 — Speed and agility are hallmarks of the cheetah: The big predator is the fastest land animal on Earth, able to accelerate to 60 mph in just a few seconds. As it ramps up to top speed, a cheetah pumps ... full story

Martian Meteorite Yields More Evidence of the Possibility of Life on Mars

Sep. 15, 2014 — A tiny fragment of Martian meteorite 1.3 billion years old is helping to make the case for the possibility of life on Mars, say scientists. The finding are of a 'cell-like' structure, ... full story

Cutting the Cord on Soft Robots: Machine Walks Through Snow, Flames and Can Be Run Over by Cars

Sep. 11, 2014 — Engineers have developed the world's first untethered soft robot -- and demonstrated that the quadruped, which can literally stand up and walk away from its designers, can walk through snow, ... full story

Scientists Report First Semiaquatic Dinosaur, Spinosaurus: Massive Predator Was More Than 9 Feet Longer Than Largest T. Rex

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists today unveiled what appears to be the first truly semiaquatic dinosaur, Spinosaurus aegyptiacus. New fossils of the massive Cretaceous-era predator reveal it adapted to life in the water ... full story

'Squid Skin' Metamaterials Project Yields Vivid Color Display

Sep. 15, 2014 — The quest to create artificial 'squid skin' -- camouflaging metamaterials that can 'see' colors and automatically blend into the background -- is one step closer to reality, ... full story

219 Million Stars: Astronomers Release Most Detailed Catalog Ever Made of the Visible Milky Way

Sep. 16, 2014 — A new catalog of the visible part of the northern part of our home Galaxy, the Milky Way, includes no fewer than 219 million stars. From dark sky sites on Earth, the Milky Way appears as a glowing ... full story

Researchers Control Surface Tension to Manipulate Liquid Metals

Sep. 15, 2014 — Researchers have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages, opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits, ... full story

The Science Behind Swimming: From Whales to Larvae, Common Principles at Work in Swimming

Sep. 15, 2014 — Using simple hydrodynamics, a team of researchers was able to show that a handful of principles govern how virtually every animal -- from the tiniest fish to birds to gigantic whales propel ... full story

Early Earth Less 'Hellish' Than Previously Thought

Sep. 15, 2014 — Conditions on Earth during its first 500 million years may have been cool enough to form oceans of water instead of being too hot for life to form. This alternate view of Earth's first geologic ... full story

Fracking: Gas Leaks from Faulty Wells Linked to Contamination in Some Groundwater

Sep. 15, 2014 — A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking-water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing, and it's not the source many people may have ... full story

Schizophrenia Not a Single Disease but Multiple Genetically Distinct Disorders

Sep. 15, 2014 — Schizophrenia isn’t a single disease but a group of eight genetically distinct disorders, each with its own set of symptoms, research shows. The finding could be a first step toward improved ... full story

'Jaws' Lived in Doncaster, England: Archeologists Dig Up Evidence of Sharks and Swamps 310 Million Years Ago

Sep. 15, 2014 — Sharks, swamps and a tropical rainforest teeming with life – it’s not what comes to mind when you think of Yorkshire, England.  But for the first time evidence of Doncaster’s ... full story

Illegal Land Clearing for Commercial Agriculture Responsible for Half of Tropical Deforestation

Sep. 10, 2014 — A comprehensive new analysis says that nearly half of all recent tropical deforestation is the result of illegal clearing for commercial agriculture. The study also finds that the majority of this ... full story

How Evolutionary Principles Could Help Save Our World

Sep. 12, 2014 — The age of the Anthropocene -- the scientific name given to our current geologic age -- is dominated by human impacts on our environment. A warming climate. Increased resistance of pathogens and ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

NASA’s Curiosity Rover Finally Reaches Long-Term Goal

NASA’s Curiosity Rover Finally Reaches Long-Term Goal

Newsy (Sep. 15, 2014) — After more than two years, NASA’s Mars Curiosity Rover reached Mount Sharp, its long-term destination. Video provided by Newsy
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Manufacturer Prints 3-D Car In Record Time

Manufacturer Prints 3-D Car In Record Time

Newsy (Sep. 15, 2014) — Automobile manufacturer Local Motors created a drivable electric car using a 3-D printer. Printing the body only took 44 hours. Video provided by Newsy
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Respiratory Virus Spreads To Northeast, Now In 21 States

Respiratory Virus Spreads To Northeast, Now In 21 States

Newsy (Sep. 14, 2014) — The respiratory virus Enterovirus D68, which targets children, has spread from the Midwest to 21 states. Video provided by Newsy
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Scientists Have Captured The Sound Of An Atom

Scientists Have Captured The Sound Of An Atom

Newsy (Sep. 12, 2014) — Scientists have captured the sound of a single atom by measuring its vibrations. We can't hear it, but it's reportedly the faintest sound possible. Video provided by Newsy
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last updated on 2014-09-16 at 9:43 am EDT

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Cancer-Fighting Cocktail Demonstrates Promising Results as Treatment for Advanced Cervical Cancer

Sep. 16, 2014 — Combining a standard chemotherapy drug with a second drug that stops cells from dividing improves both the survival and response rates for those with advanced cervical cancer, a new study finds. ... full story

More Cheese, Please! News Study Shows Dairy Is Good for Your Metabolic Health

Sep. 16, 2014 — Researchers studied the dairy-eating habits of healthy French-Canadians' and monitored how dairy consumption may have an effect on their overall metabolic health. It's well known that dairy products ... full story

Burnout Caused by More Than Just Job Stress

Sep. 16, 2014 — Impossible deadlines, demanding bosses, abusive colleagues, unpaid overtime: all factors that can lead to a burnout. But when it comes to mental health in the workplace, the influence of home life ... full story

Poor Body Size Judgement Can Lead to Increased Tolerance of Obesity

Sep. 16, 2014 — Size is relative, especially to people who tend to be on the heavy side. Researchers in the US found that seven in every ten obese adults underestimate how much someone weighs. People of normal ... full story

Smoking, Schizophrenia Linked by Alterations in Brain Nicotine Signals

Sep. 16, 2014 — Schizophrenia is associated with increased rates and intensity of tobacco smoking. A growing body of research suggests that the relationship between schizophrenia and smoking stems, in part, from an ... full story

Brain Scans Used to Forecast Early Reading Difficulties

Sep. 15, 2014 — Researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving clinicians a possible tool to spot children with dyslexia and other reading difficulties before they experience ... full story

EEG Study Findings Reveal How Fear Is Processed in the Brain

Sep. 15, 2014 — New research illustrates how fear arises in the brain when individuals are exposed to threatening images. This novel study is the first to separate emotion from threat by controlling for the ... full story

Researcher Develops, Proves Effectiveness of New Drug for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Sep. 15, 2014 — Approximately one out of every 40 individuals in the United States is a carrier of the gene responsible for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), According to recent studies. This illness is a ... full story

Certain Form of Baldness at Age 45 Linked to Higher Risk for Aggressive Prostate Cancer

Sep. 15, 2014 — A new, large cohort analysis from the prospective Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial, indicates that men who had moderate baldness affecting both the front and the ... full story

Concussions: 'Hidden Injury' in Sports

Sep. 15, 2014 — Two new studies shed light on the most common form of head injury seen in athletes. They suggest that concussions continue to be a 'hidden injury' in sports, even in the face significant increased ... full story

Combining Epilepsy Drug, Morphine Can Result in Less Pain, Lower Opioid Doses

Sep. 15, 2014 — Adding a common epilepsy drug to a morphine regimen can result in better pain control, fewer side effects and reduced morphine dosage, according to research. The result could bring significant relief ... full story

Slow to Mature, Quick to Distract: ADHD Brain Study Finds Slower Development of Key Connections

Sep. 15, 2014 — A peek inside the brains of more than 750 children and teens reveals a key difference in brain architecture between those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and those without. Kids and ... full story

Report Urges Individualized, Cholesterol-Targeted Approach to Heart Disease, Stroke

Sep. 15, 2014 — A recent guideline for using statins to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease has wavered too far from the simple cholesterol goals that have saved thousands of lives in the past decade, and ... full story

Delay in Age of Walking Can Herald Muscular Dystrophy in Boys With Cognitive Delays

Sep. 15, 2014 — The timing of a toddler's first steps is an important developmental milestone, but a slight delay in walking is typically not a cause of concern by itself. Now a duo of researchers has found that ... full story

Like My Body Odor, Like My Politics: People Are Attracted to the Body Odor of Others With Similar Political Beliefs

Sep. 15, 2014 — A new study reveals that people find the smell of others with similar political opinions to be attractive, suggesting that one of the reasons why so many spouses share similar political views is ... full story

Largest Ever Study of Awareness During General Anesthesia Identifies Risk Factors and Consequences

Sep. 15, 2014 — Accidental awareness is one of the most feared complications of general anesthesia for both patients and anesthetists. Patients report this failure of general anesthesia in approximately 1 in every ... full story

This Is Your Brain on Snacks: Brain Stimulation Affects Craving, Consumption

Sep. 15, 2014 — Magnetic stimulation of a brain area involved in "executive function" affects cravings for and consumption of calorie-dense snack foods, reports a study. After stimulation of the dorsolateral ... full story

Everyday Discrimination Impacts Mental Health

Sep. 15, 2014 — Researchers have determined that African Americans and Caribbean blacks who experience discrimination of multiple types are at substantially greater risk for a variety of mental disorders including ... full story

One in Five Men Reports Violence Toward Intimate Partners

Sep. 15, 2014 — Intimate partner violence is more prevalent than diabetes, research shows. One in five men in the U.S. reports violence towards their spouse or significant other, says a new nationally-representative ... full story

To Curb Violent Tendencies, Start Young

Sep. 15, 2014 — Aggressive children are less likely to become violent criminals or psychiatrically troubled adults if they receive intensive early intervention, says a new study based on more than two decades of ... full story

Vitamin E Intake Critical During 'the First 1,000 Days'

Sep. 15, 2014 — Amid conflicting reports about the need for vitamin E and how much is enough, a new analysis published today suggests that adequate levels of this essential micronutrient are especially critical for ... full story

A Wife's Happiness Is More Crucial Than Her Husband's in Keeping Marriage on Track

Sep. 12, 2014 — When it comes to a happy marriage, a new study finds that the more content the wife is with the long-term union, the happier the husband is with his life no matter how he feels about the ... full story

Gray Matter Matters When Measuring Risk Tolerance: May Explain Why Risk Tolerance Decreases With Age

Sep. 12, 2014 — The gray matter volume of a region in the right posterior parietal cortex is significantly predictive of individual risk attitudes, new research has found. Using a whole-brain analysis, scientists ... full story

Potential Link Between Assisted Reproduction, Autism: No Link Found

Sep. 12, 2014 — Over the past five years, several studies have focused on infertility treatment, partly because of the coincidental rise in both the diagnosis of autism and the use of assisted reproduction. A recent ... full story

Meditation May Mitigate Migraine Misery

Sep. 11, 2014 — Meditation might be a path to migraine relief, according to a new study. "For the approximate 36 million Americans who suffer from migraines, there is big need for non-pharmaceutical treatment ... full story

High Protein Diets Lead to Lower Blood Pressure, Study Finds

Sep. 11, 2014 — Adults who consume a high-protein diet may be at a lower risk for developing high blood pressure, concludes a study that found participants consuming the highest amount of protein -- an average of ... full story

Increased Access to Nature Trails Could Decrease Youth Obesity Rates, Study Finds

Sep. 11, 2014 — Local governments can help reduce youth obesity levels by increasing the amount and type of public lands available for recreation, researchers say. "More non-motorized nature trails available for use ... full story

Brain Differences: Sometimes, Adolescents Just Can't Resist

Sep. 11, 2014 — A new study finds teenagers are far more sensitive than adults to the immediate effect or reward of their behaviors. Even when a behavior is no longer in a teenager’s best interest to continue, ... full story

Breast Milk Reveals a Correlation Between Dietary Fats and Academic Success

Sep. 11, 2014 — You are what you eat, the saying goes, and now a study suggests that the oft-repeated adage applies not just to physical health, but to brain power as well. Researchers compared the fatty acid ... full story

High Levels of Physical Activity Linked to Better Academic Performance in Boys

Sep. 11, 2014 — Higher levels of physical activity are related to better academic achievement during the first three school years, particularly in boys, research shows. For instance, boys with higher levels of ... full story

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3-D Printing of Rocks and Fossils

Sep. 15, 2014 — Geologists are using 3-D printing to study the pores within limestone reservoir rocks. A better understanding of the pore networks within the rocks could help industry get at more ... full story

New Halogenation Enzyme Found: Discovery to Impact Pharmaceutical and Agricultural Industries

Sep. 15, 2014 — One of the Holy Grails in chemical science has been to find the late-stage, site-specific incorporation of a halogen atom into a complex natural product by replacing an sp³ C-H bond -- one of the ... full story

X-Rays Unlock a Protein's SWEET Side

Sep. 15, 2014 — Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and an increase in the amount of fruits and vegetables farmers are able to ... full story

Elusive Quantum Transformations Found Near Absolute Zero

Sep. 15, 2014 — To isolate quantum fluctuations that define the properties of a metallic material, scientists probed it at temperatures colder than interstellar space. The research provides new methods to identify ... full story

Novel Method for Working With Nanotubes

Sep. 15, 2014 — Researchers have developed a novel method for controllably constructing precise inter-nanotube junctions and a variety of nanocarbon structures in carbon nanotube arrays. The researchers were able to ... full story

Scientists Come Closer to the Industrial Synthesis of a Material Harder Than Diamond

Sep. 15, 2014 — Researchers have developed a new method for the synthesis of an ultrahard material that exceeds diamond in hardness. The material is an ultrahard fullerite, a polymer composed of fullerenes, or ... full story

Rolling 'Neat' Nanotube Fibers: Acid-Free Approach Leads to Strong Conductive Carbon Threads

Sep. 15, 2014 — The very idea of fibers made of carbon nanotubes is neat, but scientists are making them neat -- literally. The single-walled carbon nanotubes in new fibers line up like a fistful of uncooked ... full story

Study Sheds New Light on Why Batteries Go Bad

Sep. 14, 2014 — A comprehensive look at how tiny particles in a lithium ion battery electrode behave shows that rapid-charging the battery and using it to do high-power, rapidly draining work may not be as damaging ... full story

Three's a Charm: Detectors Reveal Entangled Photon Triplets

Sep. 14, 2014 — Researchers have directly entangled three photons in the most technologically useful state for the first time, thanks in part to superfast, super-efficient single-photon ... full story

Boosting Armor for Nuclear-Waste Eating Microbes

Sep. 12, 2014 — A microbe developed to clean up nuclear waste has just been improved. In earlier research, Gemma Reguera, a microbiologist identified that Geobacter bacteria's tiny conductive hair-like appendages, ... full story

Clues to How Giant Elliptical Galaxies Move

Sep. 12, 2014 — New clues to how giant elliptical galaxies move have been discovered by an international team of astronomers. Elliptical galaxies have long been considered as essentially being made up of old stars ... full story

NASA's Mars Curiosity Rover Arrives at Martian Mountain

Sep. 11, 2014 — NASA's Mars Curiosity rover has reached the Red Planet's Mount Sharp, a Mount-Rainier-size mountain at the center of the vast Gale Crater and the rover mission's long-term prime ... full story

First Map of Rosetta's Comet

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists have found that the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko -- the target of study for the European Space Agency's Rosetta mission -- can be divided into several regions, each ... full story

Unraveling Mysteries of the Venusian Atmosphere

Sep. 11, 2014 — Underscoring the vast differences between Earth and its neighbor Venus, new research shows a glimpse of giant holes in the electrically charged layer of the Venusian atmosphere, called the ... full story

Alien Life Search: Spotting Atmospheric Chemistry of Alien Worlds Devoid of Life

Sep. 11, 2014 — Astronomers searching the atmospheres of alien worlds for gases that might be produced by life can't rely on the detection of just one type, such as oxygen, ozone, or methane, because in some cases ... full story

'Hot Jupiters' Provoke Their Own Host Suns to Wobble

Sep. 11, 2014 — Blame the 'hot Jupiters.' These large, gaseous exoplanets can make their suns wobble when they wend their way through their own solar systems to snuggle up against their suns, according to new ... full story

Lurking Bright Blue Star Caught: The Last Piece of a Supernova Puzzle

Sep. 11, 2014 — Astronomers have found evidence of a hot binary companion star to a yellow supergiant star, which had become a bright supernova. Its existence had been predicted by the team. This finding provides ... full story

Astronomers Pinpoint 'Venus Zone' Around Stars

Sep. 10, 2014 — Astronomers have defined the 'Venus Zone,' the area around a star in which a planet is likely to exhibit the unlivable conditions found on the planet Venus. The research will aid Kepler astronomers ... full story

Mysterious Quasar Sequence Explained

Sep. 10, 2014 — Quasars are supermassive black holes that live at the center of distant massive galaxies. They shine as the most luminous beacons in the sky by rapidly accelerating matter into their gravitationally ... full story

Where to Grab Space Debris: Algorithm Analyzes the Rotation of Objects in Space

Sep. 10, 2014 — Objects in space tend to spin -- and spin in a way that's totally different from the way they spin on earth. Understanding how objects are spinning, where their centers of mass are, and how their ... full story

New Math and Quantum Mechanics: Fluid Mechanics Suggests Alternative to Quantum Orthodoxy

Sep. 12, 2014 — The central mystery of quantum mechanics is that small chunks of matter sometimes seem to behave like particles, sometimes like waves. For most of the past century, the prevailing explanation of this ... full story

Moving Silicon Atoms in Graphene With Atomic Precision

Sep. 12, 2014 — In recent years, it has become possible to see directly individual atoms using electron microscopy -- especially in graphene, the one-atom-thick sheet of carbon. Scientists have now shown how an ... full story

Scientists Fabricate Single-Photon Sources in Solid Matter

Sep. 11, 2014 — A breakthrough in quantum information processing was achieved using state-of-the-art diamond growth technology. A research group has successfully fabricated for the first time in the world ... full story

New Species of Electrons Can Lead to Better Computing

Sep. 11, 2014 — Electrons that break the rules and move perpendicular to the applied electric field could be the key to delivering next generation, low-energy ... full story

The Quantum Revolution Is a Step Closer: New Way to Run a Quantum Algorithm

Sep. 11, 2014 — A new way to run a quantum algorithm using much simpler methods than previously thought has been discovered. These findings could dramatically bring forward the development of a 'quantum computer' ... full story

World's Largest DNA Origami Created

Sep. 11, 2014 — Researchers have created the world's largest DNA origami, which are nanoscale constructions with applications ranging from biomedical research to nanoelectronics. DNA origami are self-assembling ... full story

Electronics That Need Very Little Energy? Nanotechnology Used to Help Cool Electrons With No External Sources

Sep. 10, 2014 — A team of researchers has discovered a way to cool electrons to minus 228 degrees Celsius without external means and at room temperature, an advancement that could enable electronic devices to ... full story

Algorithms Reveal Forecasting Power of Tweets, Predicts Individual's Behavior

Sep. 10, 2014 — Researchers used 500 million tweets to develop algorithms that not only paint a picture of everyday human dynamics, but can predict an individual's behavior hours in ... full story

First Graphene-Based Flexible Display Produced

Sep. 10, 2014 — A flexible display incorporating graphene in its pixels’ electronics has been successfully demonstrated, the first time graphene has been used in a transistor-based flexible ... full story

New Method to Detect Prize Particle for Future Quantum Computing

Sep. 10, 2014 — Scientists have uncovered a new method to detect Majorana particles, a key element for a next-generation quantum computing platform. Quantum computing relies on the laws of quantum mechanics to ... full story

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What's for Dinner? Rapidly Identifying Undescribed Species in a Commercial Fungi Packet

Sep. 16, 2014 — For lovers of wild foods, autumn harks a season of bounty. Fungi of dizzying variety erupt from wood and soil, luring intrepid collectors to woodlands in search of elusive but delectable wild ... full story

Tropical Tree Microbiome Discovered in Panama

Sep. 15, 2014 — Despite the fact that tropical forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems on the planet, more is known about belly-button bacteria than bacteria on trees in the tropics. Scientists ... full story

New Producer of Crucial Vitamin B12 Discovered

Sep. 15, 2014 — A single group of microorganisms may be responsible for much of the world's vitamin B12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change, researchers have ... full story

'Femme Fatale' Emerald Ash Borer Decoy Lures, Kills Males

Sep. 15, 2014 — An international team of researchers has designed decoys that mimic female emerald ash borer beetles and successfully entice male emerald ash borers to land on them in an attempt to mate, only to be ... full story

Decoding Virus-Host Interactions in the Oxygen-Starved Ocean

Sep. 15, 2014 — In certain coastal areas, severe reductions in oxygen levels in the water destroy food web structure. Over the past 50 years, such oxygen minimum zones have expanded due to climate change and ... full story

Small Algae With Great Potential

Sep. 15, 2014 — The single most important calcifying algae of the world's oceans is able to simultaneously adapt to rising water temperatures and ocean acidification through evolution. A unique long-term experiment ... full story

Strategic Self-Sabotage? MRSA Inhibits Its Own Growth

Sep. 15, 2014 — A bacterial mystery has finally been uncovered. Against all logic, the most predominant strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in North American produces an enzyme that degrades ... full story

If Hippopotamuses Can't Swim, How Can Some Be Living on Islands?

Sep. 15, 2014 — There is no published account where hippopotamuses are demonstrably shown swimming or floating at the surface of any body of water. But if they can't swim, how did they reach and colonize ... full story

Protein Secrets of Ebola Virus

Sep. 15, 2014 — The current Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, which has claimed more than 2000 lives, has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of the molecular biology of the virus that could be ... full story

Zebrafish Genes Linked to Human Respiratory Diseases

Sep. 15, 2014 — Hundreds of novel genes in the zebrafish have been identified that could be functionally identical to the human genes required for forming motile cilia, hair-like structures on the surface of airway ... full story

Wastewater Injection Is Culprit for Most Earthquakes in Southern Colorado and Northern New Mexico, Study Finds

Sep. 15, 2014 — The deep injection of wastewater underground is responsible for the dramatic rise in the number of earthquakes in Colorado and New Mexico since 2001, according to a new study. The Raton Basin, which ... full story

Mega-Quake Possible for Subduction Zones Along 'Ring of Fire,' New Study Suggests

Sep. 15, 2014 — The magnitude of the 2011 Tohoku quake (M 9.0) caught many seismologists by surprise, prompting some to revisit the question of calculating the maximum magnitude earthquake possible for a particular ... full story

New Way to Predict Hurricane Strength, Destruction

Sep. 15, 2014 — A new study demonstrates a different way of projecting a hurricane’s strength and intensity that could give the public a better idea of a storm’s potential for ... full story

Moss Plants Brought Back to Life After Having Been Frozen in Antarctic Ice for 1,500 Years

Sep. 15, 2014 — Mosses have existed on Earth for more than 400 million years. During this period they survived many climate catastrophes that wiped out more robust organisms such as, for example, dinosaurs. ... full story

Technological Leap in Treating PCB Contamination in the Environment: Three New Bacteria Could Break Down PCB

Sep. 15, 2014 — Scientists have developed a novel approach that could greatly enhance the effectiveness of destroying polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the environment. They discovered three powerful bacteria that ... full story

Glaciers in Northern Antarctic Peninsula Melting Faster Than Ever Despite Increased Snowfall

Sep. 14, 2014 — Increased snowfall will not prevent the continued melting of glaciers in the northern Antarctic Peninsula, according to new research. Scientists have discovered that small glaciers that end on land ... full story

Rules of Thumb for Climate Change Turned Upside Down: Wet and Dry Regions Recalculated

Sep. 14, 2014 — With a new analysis of land regions, climate researchers are challenging the general climate change paradigm that dry regions are getting drier and wet regions are getting wetter. In some regions ... full story

Extreme Insect: Genetic Analysis of a Species of African Midge That Can Survive Harsh Conditions

Sep. 13, 2014 — Scientists have completed the genetic analysis on a species of African midge, which can survive a wide array of extreme conditions including large variations in temperature, extreme drought and even ... full story

Environmental Costs, Health Risks, and Benefits of Fracking Examined

Sep. 12, 2014 — Rising supplies of natural gas could benefit the environment by replacing coal as a fuel for electricity, but hydraulic fracturing poses dangers for people living near the wells, a new analysis ... full story

Volunteer 'Eyes on the Skies' Track Peregrine Falcon Recovery in California

Sep. 11, 2014 — Datasets from long-running volunteer survey programs, calibrated with data from sporadic intensive monitoring efforts, have allowed ecologists to track the recovery of peregrine falcons in California ... full story

Hitting the Jackpot on a Dig in Gernsheim: Long Lost Roman Fort Discovered

Sep. 15, 2014 — In the course of an educational dig in Gernsheim in the Hessian Ried, archaeologists have discovered a long lost Roman fort: A troop unit made up out of approximately 500 soldiers (known as a ... full story

How an Ancient Vertebrate Uses Familiar Tools to Build a Strange-Looking Head

Sep. 14, 2014 — New research reveals that the sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus, a survivor of ancient jawless vertebrates, exhibits a pattern of gene expression that is reminiscent of its jawed cousins, which evolved ... full story

How Salt Causes Buildings to Crumble

Sep. 11, 2014 — Salt crystals are often responsible when buildings start to show signs of aging. Researchers have studied salt damage in greater depth and can now predict weathering processes more ... full story

Groundwater Tied to Human Evolution

Sep. 10, 2014 — Our ancient ancestors' ability to move around and find new sources of groundwater during extremely dry periods in Africa millions of years ago may have been key to their survival and the evolution of ... full story

Three Extinct Squirrel-Like Species Discovered: Mammals May Have Originated Much Earlier Than Thought

Sep. 10, 2014 — Paleontologists have described three new small squirrel-like species that place a poorly understood Mesozoic group of animals firmly in the mammal family tree. The study supports the idea that ... full story

Ancient Swamp Creature Had Lips Like Mick Jagger

Sep. 10, 2014 — A swamp-dwelling, plant-munching creature that lived 19 million years ago in Africa has been named after Rolling Stones lead singer Sir Mick Jagger, because of its big, sensitive lips and snout. The ... full story

Non-Dominant Hand Vital to the Evolution of the Thumb

Sep. 10, 2014 — New research from biological anthropologists has shown that the use of the non-dominant hand was likely to have played a vital role in the evolution of modern human hand morphology: the production of ... full story

New Study Reconstructs Mega-Earthquakes Timeline in Indian Ocean

Sep. 10, 2014 — A new study on the frequency of past giant earthquakes in the Indian Ocean region shows that Sri Lanka, and much of the Indian Ocean, is affected by large tsunamis at highly variable intervals, from ... full story

Sloths Are No Slouches When It Comes to Evolution

Sep. 10, 2014 — Today's sloths might be known as slow, small animals, but their ancestors developed large body sizes at an amazing rate, according to an evolutionary reconstruction. The fast rate of change suggests ... full story

New Digital Map Reveals Stunning Hidden Archaeology of Stonehenge

Sep. 9, 2014 — A host of previously unknown archaeological monuments have been discovered around Stonehenge as part of an unprecedented digital mapping project that will transform our knowledge of this iconic ... full story

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Long-Term Effects of Childhood Asthma Influenced by Socioeconomic Status

Sep. 15, 2014 — Asthma is associated with attention and behavioral issues in children, yet little existing research examines how socioeconomic status may influence the ultimate effects of these difficulties. Now, a ... full story

Skin Cancer Risks Higher for Soldiers Serving Abroad

Sep. 15, 2014 — Soldiers deployed to tropical and sunny climates are coming home with increased risk factors for a threat far from the battlefield: skin cancer. "This study demonstrates room for improvement for skin ... full story

Experts Call for Massive Global Response to Tackle Ebola

Sep. 12, 2014 — The current Ebola outbreak now requires a 'rapid response at a massive global scale,' according to experts. The outbreak which began in December 2013 now spans five countries in West Africa and has ... full story

15 Years of Carbon Dioxide Emissions on Earth Mapped

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists have developed a new approach to estimate carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels -- one that provides crucial information to policymakers. Called the 'Fossil Fuel Data ... full story

Ebola Paper Demonstrates Disease Transmission Rate

Sep. 11, 2014 — Transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra ... full story

Atmosphere in Northern Hemisphere Has Lower Self-Cleaning Capacity Than Previously Thought

Sep. 11, 2014 — Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed. An international research team established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl ... full story

Psychological Study of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 Conspiracy Theories

Sep. 10, 2014 — Conspiracy theories flourish even when there is no official explanation to react against, finds a psychologist who has examined reactions to the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 -- the ... full story

PTSD, Respiratory Illness: A Signature Long-Term Problem of 9/11 Responders

Sep. 10, 2014 — As many as 60 percent of 9/11 World Trade Center responders continue to experience clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and lower respiratory illness, according to ... full story

Impact of Violent Media on the Brain: Depends on Each Individual's Brain Circuitry, Study Finds

Sep. 10, 2014 — With the longstanding debate over whether violent movies cause real world violence as a backstop, a study has found that each person's reaction to violent images depends on that individual's brain ... full story

A Novel Method for Portable Detection of Potent Drugs Known as 'Bath Salts'

Sep. 10, 2014 — Despite being outlawed in 2012 in the US, the synthetic drugs known as 'bath salts' -- which really aren't meant for your daily bath -- are still readily available in some retail shops, on the ... full story

Working During Depression Can Offer Health Benefits to Employees

Sep. 10, 2014 — Attending work while suffering a depressive illness could help employees better manage their depression more than taking a sickness absence from work, a new study has found. The study is the first ... full story

There Could Be Increased Numbers of Psychopaths in Senior Managerial Positions, High Levels of Business, Research Shows

Sep. 8, 2014 — For the first time, it has been demonstrated that people with psychopathic tendencies who have high IQs can mask their symptoms by manipulating tests designed to reveal their personalities. It raises ... full story

Self-Deceived Individuals Deceive Others Better

Aug. 27, 2014 — Over-confident people can fool others into believing they are more talented than they actually are, a study has found. These 'self-deceived' individuals could be more likely to get promotions and ... full story

Feeling Bad at Work Can Be a Good Thing (and Vice Versa)

Aug. 21, 2014 — Contrary to popular opinion, it can be good to feel bad at work, whilst feeling good in the workplace can also lead to negative outcomes, researchers say. The commonly-held assumption that positivity ... full story

Sleepy College Students Stressed by Jobs

Aug. 20, 2014 — College students are typically more sleep deprived than the rest of us and often ignore the health benefits of adequate slumber, said a researcher who studies the topic. "Sleep is extremely important ... full story

In an Already Stressful Workplace, Great Recession's Health Effects Hard to Find

Aug. 19, 2014 — The Great Recession of 2007-2009 had little direct effect on the health of workers who survived the waves of job cuts that took place during that period, according to a new ... full story

Disconnect Between Parenting and Certain Jobs a Source of Stress

Aug. 16, 2014 — Some working parents are carrying more psychological baggage than others — and the reason has nothing to do with demands on their time and energy. The cause is their ... full story

Shift Workers: Evidence for Sleep-Inducing and Alertness Drugs Is Weak

Aug. 12, 2014 — Shift workers are taking drugs to help them stay awake or get to sleep despite weak evidence for their benefit, according to a new review. The authors of the review found only small numbers of trials ... full story

Study Measures Steep Coastal Costs of China's GDP Growth

Aug. 8, 2014 — Economic reforms declared in 1978 led to a surge of growth in China, but resulting increases in human impact activities are seriously degrading the nation's coastal ecosystems, according to a newly ... full story

Geography Matters: Model Predicts How Local 'Shocks' Influence U.S. Economy

Aug. 6, 2014 — Hurricanes. Foreclosures. Factory shutdowns. How do these local industry 'shocks' influence the country as a whole? A new model measures the power of industry dips and boosts nationwide. Overall, ... full story

Binge Drinking in Pregnancy Can Affect Child's Mental Health, School Results

Sep. 10, 2014 — Binge drinking during pregnancy can increase the risk of mental health problems (particularly hyperactivity and inattention) in children aged 11 and can have a negative effect on their school ... full story

Cellphone Addiction Harming Academic Performance Is 'an Increasingly Realistic Possibility'

Aug. 28, 2014 — Women college students spend an average of 10 hours a day on their cellphones, with men college students spending nearly eight hours, according to a study on cellphone activity. "As cellphone ... full story

Readers With Dyslexia Have Disrupted Network Connections in the Brain, Map the Circuitry of Dyslexia Shows

Aug. 28, 2014 — Dyslexia, the most commonly diagnosed learning disability in the United States, is a neurological reading disability that occurs when the regions of the brain that process written language don't ... full story

Social Class Makes a Difference in How Children Tackle Classroom Problems

Aug. 27, 2014 — Social class can account for differences in how parents coach their children to manage classroom challenges, a study shows. Such differences can affect a child's education by reproducing inequalities ... full story

Combining Math and Music to Open New Possibilities

Aug. 25, 2014 — The power of mathematics to open new possibilities in music has been demonstrated by scientists for years. Modern experiments with computer music are just the most recent ... full story

ADHD Children Make Poor Decisions Due to Less Differentiated Learning Processes

Aug. 21, 2014 — Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among school children. Pupils with ADHD often make poorer decisions than their unaffected classmates. ... full story

Children's Drawings Indicate Later Intelligence, Study Shows

Aug. 18, 2014 — How 4-year-old children draw pictures of a child is an indicator of intelligence at age 14, according to a new study. The researchers studied 7,752 pairs of identical and non-identical twins and ... full story

How Children's Brains Memorize Math Facts

Aug. 17, 2014 — As children learn basic arithmetic, they gradually switch from solving problems by counting on their fingers to pulling facts from memory. The shift comes more easily for some kids than for others, ... full story

Expecting to Teach Enhances Learning, Recall

Aug. 8, 2014 — People learn better and recall more when given the impression that they will soon have to teach newly acquired material to someone else, suggests new research. Findings of the study suggest that ... full story

Musical Training Offsets Some Academic Achievement Gaps, Research Says

Aug. 8, 2014 — Learning to play a musical instrument or to sing can help disadvantaged children strengthen their reading and language skills, according to research. The findings, which involved hundreds of kids ... full story

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