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July 31, 2015

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July 31, 2015

July 31, 2015 — As the demand grows for ever smaller, smarter electronics, so does the demand for understanding materials’ behavior at ever smaller scales. Physicists are building a unique optical magnetometer to ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A device to mix liquids utilizing ultrasonics is the first and most difficult component in a miniaturized system for low-cost analysis of sputum from patients with pulmonary diseases such as ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A transparent electrode with high electrical conductivity has been developed for solar cells and other optoelectronic components -- that uses minimal amounts of material. It consists of a random ... read more

Shaping the Hilly Landscapes of a Semi-Conductor Nanoworld

July 31, 2015 — Nanoscale worlds sometimes resemble macroscale roller-coaster style hills, placed at the tip of a series of hexagons. Surprisingly, these nanohills stem from the self-organization of particles -- the ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a way to tweak design recipes for a special class of materials. The discovery has significant technological implications in manufacturing new functional materials, they ... read more

Gold-Diamond Nanodevice for Hyperlocalized Cancer Therapy

July 31, 2015 — Precise targeting biological molecules, such as cancer cells, for treatment is a challenge, due to their sheer size. Now, scientists have proposed an advanced solution that can potentially be applied ... read more

Protein Machines Make Fluctuating Flows Unconsciously

July 31, 2015 — Protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell, an ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Brain-controlled prostheses sample a few hundred neurons to estimate motor commands that involve millions of neurons. Sampling errors can reduce the precision and speed of thought-controlled keypads. ... read more

Research Explores Future Energy Security of China

July 30, 2015 — China needs to reduce its dependence on coal and improve the range of fuels it uses if it is to have long term energy security, according to new research. The study looks at the future of electricity ... read more

July 30, 2015 — New findings have implications for questions regarding how animals and plants grow minerals into shapes that have no relation to their original crystal symmetry, and why some contaminants are ... read more

Computer Model Forecasts Flu Outbreaks in a Subtropical Climate

July 30, 2015 — It is possible to predict the timing and intensity of influenza outbreaks in subtropical climates like Hong Kong where flu seasons can occur at different times and more than once during a year, ... read more

Cheaper, High-Performance Prosthetic Knee

July 30, 2015 — Researchers report that they have designed a cheap prosthetic knee that mimics normal walking motion. The team reports that it has calculated the ideal torque that a prosthetic knee should produce, ... read more

July 30, 2015 — A physics-based model can explain how ants cooperate in steering food to their nest. To lug a large object, a number of ants surround it -- the back ones lift, those on the leading edge pull. How do ... read more

Research Could Play Major Role in Curbing Illegal Ivory Sales

July 30, 2015 — A new automated data mining system could lead to a dramatic increase in the detection of potentially illegal online sales of elephant ivory through eBay. Law enforcement agencies and conservationist ... read more

Sugar in Your Cuppa Not Just About a Sweet Tooth

July 30, 2015 — New research has given tea and coffee drinkers new information about why their favorite drinks taste as they do. The study shows that sugar has an important effect in reducing the bitterness of tea ... read more

First Reports of Robotic Surgery for Advanced Vena Cava Tumor Thrombus Due to Kidney Cancer

July 30, 2015 — Surgery is required when cancer of the kidney causes a Level III thrombus, or clot, to develop in the major vein leading back to the heart. Traditionally this complicated procedure, inferior vena ... read more

Reproducible Research for Biofuels, Biogas

July 30, 2015 — New research presents a virtual package of data for the production of biogas, which is promising for use in biofuels. Biogas is the production of methane through the anaerobic digestion ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have created the world's highest-performance single-molecule diode. Development of a functional single-molecule diode is a major pursuit of the electronics ... read more

New Computer-Based Technology May Lead to Improvements in Facial Transplantation

July 29, 2015 — Following several years of research and collaboration, physicians and engineers say they have developed a computer platform that provides rapid, real-time feedback before and during facial transplant ... read more

July 29, 2015 — In a proof-of-concept study, researchers have shown that results of common and routine blood tests are not affected by up to 40 minutes of travel on hobby-sized ... read more

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