Cancer News
October 13, 2015

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October 13, 2015

Turncoat Protein Regulates Sensitivity of Breast Cancer Cells to Drug

Oct. 12, 2015 — A surprising, paradoxical relationship between a tumor suppressor molecule and an oncogene may be the key to explaining and working around how breast cancer tumor cells become desensitized to a ... read more

New Study Provides Key Insights Into Aspirin's Disease-Fighting Abilities

Oct. 9, 2015 — A new explanation has been found for how aspirin works in the body to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers. Aspirin's active form, salicylic acid, blocks a protein called HMGB1, ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Treatment patterns for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have shifted since the 1990s, with more U.S. women opting for lumpectomy in combination with radiation rather than single-breast mastectomy, ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Physicists have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumors before they become life threatening. Their findings reveal how a nanoscale, synthetic version of the precious gem can light ... read more

Adoption of Streamlined Breast Cancer Treatment Has Stagnated, Study Finds

Oct. 9, 2015 — It was hoped that the development of accelerated partial breast irradiation would increase the number of early-stage breast cancer patients getting radiation treatment. A new study, however, has ... read more

A Convergence of Deadly Signals

Oct. 8, 2015 — A team of Ludwig Cancer Research scientists has mapped out how a mutant version of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) known as EGFRvIII specifically drives critical processes that alter the ... read more

Surgical Resection Prolongs Survival for Patients Whose Melanoma Has Spread to the Abdomen

Oct. 8, 2015 — Surgical removal of melanoma that has metastasized, or spread, to the abdomen appears to help patients live more than twice as long as those who receive only medical therapy, according to study ... read more

Breast Cancer Genomic Analysis Reveals Invasive Lobular Carcinoma Subtypes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers analyzed hundreds of breast cancer samples to reveal genetic drivers of invasive lobular carcinoma, the second most commonly diagnosed invasive form of breast cancer. The work, the ... read more

Study Examines Cancer-Care Outcomes Among American Hospitals

Oct. 8, 2015 — Efforts to rank hospitals by long-term survival rates have been hindered by the readily available administrative data derived from Medicare claims, which lacks information about cancer stage. A new ... read more

Examining Contemporary Occupational Carcinogen Exposure, Bladder Cancer

Oct. 8, 2015 — Despite manufacturing and legislative changes to improve workplace hygiene, the risk of occupational bladder cancer appears to be on the rise in some industries, although the profile of at-risk ... read more

Researchers Discover New Information on the Spread of Cancer

Oct. 8, 2015 — Intracellular receptor signalling sustains cancer cells that have detached from the surrounding tissue, new research shows. When the signalling is prevented, the cells cannot spread to other parts of ... read more

Protein Research Uncovers Potential New Diagnosis, Therapy for Breast Cancer

Oct. 8, 2015 — Scientists, using clinical specimens from charity Breast Cancer Now's Tissue Bank, have conducted new research into a specific sodium channel that indicates the presence of cancer cells and ... read more

Total Thyroidectomy Complication Rates and Costs Are Lower If Surgeon Performs 25 or More Cases Yearly

Oct. 7, 2015 — Patients undergoing a total thyroidectomy are 34 percent less likely to experience complications if their surgeon performs at least 25 cases per year of this operation to remove the entire thyroid ... read more

Researchers Isolate Novel Urinary Biomarkers That May Indicate Adrenal Cancer

Oct. 7, 2015 — A global analysis of metabolites and small molecules in urine samples from patients with adrenal cancer has identified four biochemicals that, when measured together, can distinguish malignant from ... read more

Two-Hit Therapy for Breast Tumors Using Approved Drugs Looks Promising in Animal Study

Oct. 7, 2015 — Disabling a cancer-causing pathway and administering an immune-molecule-based mop-up therapy eradicated a specific type of breast tumor in mice, report investigators. This therapy, when translated ... read more

Experts Recommend Assessing Individual Benefits, Risks of Menopausal Therapies

Oct. 7, 2015 — A Clinical Practice Guideline has been released on identifying women who are candidates for treatment of menopausal symptoms and selecting the best treatment options for each ... read more

Online Advertising Can Deliver Targeted Cancer Prevention Messages

Oct. 7, 2015 — Online advertising based on Google search terms is a potentially effective way to deliver targeted cancer prevention education, according to a new ... read more

Advanced Device Improves Health, Saves Costs for Patients With Lymphedema

Oct. 7, 2015 — Lymphedema patients saw a nearly 80 percent reduction in their cellulitis episodes just by using an advanced pneumatic compression device at home, according to a new ... read more

Researchers Develop Classification Model for Cancers Caused by Most Frequently Mutated Cancer Gene

Oct. 7, 2015 — Researchers have developed a classification for cancers caused by KRAS, the most frequently mutated gene in cancer, that could eventually help oncologists choose more effective, customized cancer ... read more

New Player Found in Tumor Suppression, Aging

Oct. 7, 2015 — The protective role played by a little-known protein complex, SMC 5/6, in cancer and aging has been revealed by new research. These results emphasize, once more, the relationship between these two ... read more

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