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November 26, 2015

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November 26, 2015

Nov. 26, 2015 — It could never be found until recently, in a fish tank a few floors below a university microbiology department: one single organism able to perform the complete process of nitrification. ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — A new technique for growing human hepatocytes in the laboratory has now been described by a team of researchers. This groundbreaking development could help advance a variety of liver-related research ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — Explaining the complex structure of tropical forests is one of the great challenges in ecology. An issue of special interest is the distribution of different sizes of trees, something which is of ... read more

Remote Lakes Are Affected by Warming Climate, Research Shows

Nov. 26, 2015 — The rate of carbon burial in remote lakes has doubled over the last 100 years, researchers say, suggesting even isolated ecosystems are feeling the effects of our changing ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — A robot in the “Spencer” project is now all set to face the real world at the major international airport Schiphol in Amsterdam. Its mission: to help passengers find their way around the ... read more

Rice Basket Study Rethinks Roots of Human Culture

Nov. 26, 2015 — Although teaching is useful, it is not essential for cultural progress because people can use reasoning and reverse engineering of existing items to work out how to make tools, suggests a new ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — A particular location in DNA, called the Dlk1-Gtl2 locus, plays a critical role in protecting hematopoietic, or blood-forming, stem cells -- a discovery revealing a critical role of metabolic control ... read more

New Gene Map Reveals Cancer's Achilles Heel

Nov. 25, 2015 — Scientists have mapped out the genes that keep our cells alive, creating a long-awaited foothold for understanding how our genome works and which genes are crucial in disease like ... read more

Closing the Loop on an HIV Escape Mechanism

Nov. 25, 2015 — The motion of a specific protein in a human cell regulates whether HIV will infect other cells, a collaborative six-university research team has found. The finding may lead to promising new ways to ... read more

Researchers Assess Use of Drug-Susceptible Parasites to Fight Drug Resistance

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new model for evaluating a potential new strategy in the fight against drug-resistant diseases has been developed by experts. The strategy would take advantage of parasite refugia--host populations ... read more

Heart Disease Patients Who Sit a Lot Have Worse Health Even If They Exercise

Nov. 25, 2015 — Patients with heart disease who sit a lot have worse health even if they exercise, reveals research. Patients in the study wore an activity monitor during their waking hours for nine days. The ... read more

No Benefit Found for Use of Probiotic Bifidobacterium Breve in Preemies

Nov. 25, 2015 — Despite being safe to administer, there is no benefit in using the probiotic Bifidobacterium breve (BBG-001) to prevent late-onset sepsis or necrotising enterocolitis in very preterm children, the ... read more

Progesterone Supplements Do Not Improve Outcomes for Recurrent Miscarriages, Study Shows

Nov. 25, 2015 — Progesterone supplements in the first trimester of pregnancy do not improve outcomes in women with a history of unexplained recurrent miscarriages, new research shows. The findings mark the end of a ... read more

Antibody-Drug Compounds and Immunotherapy to Treat Breast Cancer

Nov. 25, 2015 — To more efficiently treat breast cancer, scientists have been researching molecules that selectively bind to cancer cells and deliver a substance that can kill the tumor cells, for several years. ... read more

New Technology Promises Fast, Accurate Stroke Diagnosis

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new approach to identifying biomarkers in blood has proven successful in helping diagnose stroke, and the technology could be expanded to diagnose such conditions as concussion, some forms of ... read more

Overweight, Obesity Early in Life Increase Risk of Cardiac Death

Nov. 25, 2015 — Overweight and obesity throughout adulthood, and especially elevated weight in early adulthood, were associated with increased risk of sudden cardiac death in a 32-year study of more than 72,000 ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Urban environments struggle with contaminated water running off, causing pollution and algal blooms. In response, cities often use natural landscapes of soil, grasses, and trees. These biofiltration ... read more

Anticancer Agent FL118 More Potent Than Its Analogs, Not Prone to Typical Channels of Resistance

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new synthetic form of camptothecin appears to have greater potency, longer efficacy and fewer adverse side effects than irinotecan and topotecan, report ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Fruit fly windpipes are much more like human blood vessels than the entryway to human lungs. To create that intricate network, fly embryonic cells must sprout "fingers" and crawl into ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Atom by atom, researchers reveal the structure of CAP-Gly, a protein that binds to the latticework of microtubules in our cells. When mutations occur in CAP-Gly, neurological diseases and disorders ... read more

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