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July 28, 2015

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July 28, 2015

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

Anti-Inflammatory Drug Acts Against Ovarian Cancer, Scientists Find

July 28, 2015 — A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) called ketorolac helped women with ovarian cancer to survive longer, researchers report. Ketorolac, marketed as Toradol®, is approved for clinical use ... read more

Neurology Researchers Evaluate Evidence Base for Tests for Clinical Cognitive Assessment

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have been conducting evidence-based reviews of testing used for five domains -- attention, language, memory, spatial cognition, and executive function. New recommendations for improving ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

New Eye-Tracker Method Shows 'Preferred Retinal Location' in Both Eyes

July 28, 2015 — Eyes with central vision loss adapt by developing a new fixation point in a different part of the retina, called the preferred retinal location (PRL). Now for the first time, a new method makes it ... read more

July 28, 2015 — While the stature of pygmies is well-suited to tropical rainforests, the mechanisms underlying their growth remain poorly understood. In order to decipher these mechanisms, a team of scientists ... read more

National Study of Deep Brain Stimulation for Depression Fails to Demonstrate Efficacy

July 28, 2015 — Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and treatment-resistant symptoms of depression have a terrible personal and societal cost. They can devastate lives, careers, and families. Some ... read more

July 28, 2015 — How do you get to Carnegie Hall? New research on the brain's capacity to learn suggests there's more to it than the adage that 'practice makes perfect.' A music-training study has ... read more

Doctor Warns About Lead Poisoning Risk from Recycling Older Electronic Equipment

July 28, 2015 — The disposal and recycling of electronic devices has increased exposure to lead and other toxicants and created 'an emerging health concern,' according to a pediatrician who has expertise ... read more

July 28, 2015 — People with a common form of hearing loss not helped by hearing aids achieved significant and sometimes profound improvements in their hearing and understanding of speech with hybrid cochlear implant ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

Diabetics Who Skip Breakfast Provoke Hazardous Blood Sugar Spikes

July 28, 2015 — A new study reveals how skipping breakfast affects people with type-2 diabetes. According to the researchers, pancreatic beta cells which produce insulin lose their "memory" due to the ... read more

Marked Improvement in Health, Healthcare for Medicare Patients

July 28, 2015 — In a 15-year study of older Medicare patients, researchers saw an estimated 20 percent drop in mortality, about 30 percent fewer hospitalizations, and 40 percent reduction in deaths after ... read more

July 28, 2015 — A two-step regimen of experimental vaccines against MERS prompted immune responses in mice and rhesus macaques. Vaccinated mice produced broadly neutralizing antibodies against multiple strains of ... read more

Cancer Healthcare Disparities Exist in LGBTQ Community, Say Researchers

July 28, 2015 — The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) community is a growing and medically-underserved minority population in the United States, with 3 to 12 percent of the ... read more

Two New Tests May Make Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes Easier and More Affordable

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have successfully tested two new potential methods for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes in its standard and gestational forms. These findings may lead to easier, timelier, and more ... read more

Hair Samples May Offer New Insights Into the Relationship Between Asthma, Cortisol, and Complications in Pregnancy

July 28, 2015 — Hair samples can be used to measure the effects of asthma on the cortisol levels of women during pregnancy, according to new research. This research also shows that levels of cortisol, a ... read more

Hormones Influence Unethical Behavior, Experts Say

July 28, 2015 — Hormones play a two-part role in encouraging and reinforcing cheating and other unethical behavior, according to new research. With cheating scandals a persistent threat on college campuses and ... read more

Lobster-Eye Imager Detects Soft X-Ray Emissions

July 28, 2015 — A group of scientists have described developing and launching their imager, which centers on "Lobster-Eye optics," as well as its capabilities and future applications in space ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have come up with a new definition of chaos that applies more broadly than Lyapunov exponents and other previous definitions of chaos. The new definition fits on a few lines, can be ... read more

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