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October 6, 2015

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October 6, 2015

Oct. 6, 2015 — Kids who are taught to reason about the mental states of others are more likely to use deception to win a reward, according to new ... read more

American Placebo: New Analysis of Chronic Pain Drug Trials Shows Increasing Placebo Responses Over Time, in the US Only

Oct. 6, 2015 — Rising placebo responses may play a part in the increasingly high failure rate for clinical trials of drugs designed to control chronic pain caused by nerve damage, suggests a new report. ... read more

Virus-Drug Combination Shows Improved Effectiveness Against Brain Tumor Cells

Oct. 6, 2015 — A rabbit virus currently being developed for cancer therapy can be paired with one of several existing drugs to deliver a more potent punch to a deadly type of brain tumor cell, researchers have ... read more

How, Mathematically, to Make Something Go Viral on Facebook

Oct. 6, 2015 — Researchers have proposed a strategic approach for information spreading via Facebook using cancer screenings as a health intervention. They use Facebook to identify social clusters and opinion ... read more

How Dominant Parents Affect Kids' Self-Worth

Oct. 6, 2015 — Children's self-esteem is linked to the behavior of who is considered the most powerful parent within the household, new research ... read more

Vaginal Microbes Influence Whether Mucus Can Trap HIV

Oct. 6, 2015 — HIV particles are effectively trapped by the cervicovaginal mucus from women who harbor a particular vaginal bacteria species, Lactobacillus crispatus. The findings could lead to new ways to reduce ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — How long do neutrons live? The answer could change how we think everything from the cosmos to coffee cups. Yet, scientists don’t agree on the neutron longevity. The disagreement is fanned by the ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — In 2014, the Majorana Demonstrator started its search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Observation of this decay would have profound implications for our understanding of physics, including ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — By providing a novel taxonomic 'cybercatalog' of the southern African flower-loving (apiocerid) flies, the authors demonstrate how the network of taxonomic knowledge can be made available ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — Normal T-cell development requires Notch signaling but hyperactivity can lead to cancer. Drugs that inhibit Notch, such as gamma-secretase inhibitors, are currently being tested in different cancer ... read more

Protein Reactions Identified With Subatomic Resolution

Oct. 6, 2015 — Using subatomic resolution, researchers have gained insights into the dynamic modus operandi of two switch proteins which are responsible for the import of compounds into the nucleus and for cell ... read more

Scientists Identify How Normally Protective Immune Responses Kill Neurons

Oct. 6, 2015 — Scientists have discovered why certain immune responses, which typically help cells recognize and fight viral and bacterial infections, can sometimes be harmful to the brain. Many brain disorders ... read more

Routine Use of Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer Still to Be Established

Oct. 6, 2015 — A comparison of the surgical removal of rectal tumors by a laparoscopically assisted procedure and open surgery reveals that the case for routine use of laparoscopic procedures has not yet been ... read more

Study Questions Benefit of Exercise Program Following Immobilization of Ankle Fracture

Oct. 6, 2015 — A supervised exercise program and self-management advice, like those commonly given with physical therapy, did not improve activity limitation or quality of life compared with advice alone after ... read more

Simulation Training Saves Precious Minutes in Speeding Treatment of Trauma Patients

Oct. 6, 2015 — To help trauma teams optimize a limited window of time after an emergency, trauma surgeons have developed a simulation training program that cuts precious minutes off evaluation times and gets trauma ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — A single-electron transistor is an electrical device that takes advantage of a strange quantum phenomenon called tunneling to transport single electrons across a thin insulator. The device serves as ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — X-ray crystallography reveals the three-dimensional structure of a molecule, especially for therapeutic or biotechnological purposes. For the first time, a study has shown that residual movements ... read more

The Science of Retweets

Oct. 6, 2015 — What's the best time to tweet, to ensure maximum audience engagement? Researchers have demonstrated that an algorithm that takes into account the past activity of each of your followers -- and ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — New fossils from the Aleutian Islands intensify the mystery surrounding a toothy, hippopotamus-sized mammal unique to the North Pacific. The oddball creature suction-fed shoreline vegetation, say ... read more

Male Suicide on Rise as Result of Austerity, Report Suggests

Oct. 6, 2015 — Young males between the ages of 10 and 24 have committed suicide in growing numbers as a direct result of austerity measures brought in across Europe following the 2009 recession, a new report ... read more

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