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July 29, 2015

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July 29, 2015

Probiotics Improve Behavioral Symptoms of Chronic Inflammatory Diseases in Mice

July 28, 2015 — Probiotics may improve the behavioral symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases by altering communication between the immune system and the brain, according to an animal ... read more

Switching Off Street Lights at Night Does Not Increase Car Crashes, Crime

July 28, 2015 — Reduced street lighting in England and Wales is not associated with road traffic collisions or crime, according to research. The study suggests that local authorities can safely reduce street ... read more

Tailored Mobile Health Technologies May Help Patients Take Their Medications Appropriately

July 28, 2015 — There was only a 5 percent error rate when patients with chronic kidney disease used mobile health technologies designed to help them use medications ... read more

Big Data Gives New Insight Into Blood Pressure Reduction Role of Commonly Prescribed Drug

July 28, 2015 — A drug commonly prescribed to conserve potassium in the blood also significantly lowers blood pressure when taken in conjunction with a diuretic frequently prescribed to patients with hypertension, a ... read more

When Being an Immigrant Makes It More–not Less–likely to Have a Job

July 28, 2015 — Race and education shape employment outcomes for U.S.- and foreign-born blacks in surprising ways. This is the first time researchers have examined how the interactions between race and nativity ... read more

More Secondary Schools Serve Healthier Lunches

July 28, 2015 — Secondary students found healthier foods on more lunch menus in 2013 than in 2011, resulting in fewer nutrition disparities for small schools or those with racially diverse student ... read more

Parents' Health Literacy Affects Child Weight-Loss Tactics, Study Finds

July 28, 2015 — Parents who are less health literate may choose weight-loss strategies for their children that are unhealthy or not recommended. Governmental weight-control info may not be reaching families who need ... read more

Past and Present Sea Levels in the Chesapeake Bay Region, USA

July 28, 2015 — Scientists write that sea-level rise (3.4 mm/yr) is faster in the Chesapeake Bay region than any other location on the Atlantic coast of North America, and twice the global average (1.7 mm/yr). They ... read more

How to Digitally Stoke That Old-Time Auction Fever

July 28, 2015 — The authors explore the impact of time pressure and social competition on bidders in online auctions and how those factors influence auction results and users' ... read more

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

Majority Rule: Why Conformity Can Actually Be a Good Thing

July 28, 2015 — Like to go your own way? Most of us actually prefer to follow the pack, according to research. That's one of the outcomes from a study that examines how mathematical models predict human ... read more

Anti-Inflammatory Drug Acts Against Ovarian Cancer, Scientists Find

July 28, 2015 — A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) called ketorolac helped women with ovarian cancer to survive longer, researchers report. Ketorolac, marketed as Toradol®, is approved for clinical use ... read more

Neurology Researchers Evaluate Evidence Base for Tests for Clinical Cognitive Assessment

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have been conducting evidence-based reviews of testing used for five domains -- attention, language, memory, spatial cognition, and executive function. New recommendations for improving ... read more

How Age, Other Factors Influence Online Health Information Searches

July 28, 2015 — A new study aims to evaluate the types of search strategies that Internet users adopt when trying to solve a complicated health ... read more

July 28, 2015 — A research team discovered how to turn an ordinary air-gapped computer into a cellular transmitting antenna using software that modifies the CPU firmware. GSMem malicious software uses the ... read more

Immune Cells in the Skin Remember, Defend Against Parasites

July 28, 2015 — For the first time, researchers have found resident T cells in a tissue in response to a parasite infection. The finding could help inform efforts to develop an effective vaccine for leishmaniasis, ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

July 28, 2015 — US farmers have long hoped to extend sugarcane's growing range northward from the Gulf coast, substantially increasing the land available for sugar and biofuels. Several hybrid canes developed ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Researchers are looking for biomarkers that might serve as an early warning system for Alzheimer's disease. The process is not without complications, but these scientists possess a collective ... read more

New Eye-Tracker Method Shows 'Preferred Retinal Location' in Both Eyes

July 28, 2015 — Eyes with central vision loss adapt by developing a new fixation point in a different part of the retina, called the preferred retinal location (PRL). Now for the first time, a new method makes it ... read more

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