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October 5, 2015

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October 5, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — Astronomers have created a way to compare and rank exoplanets to help prioritize which of the thousands discovered warrant close inspection in the search for life beyond ... read more

Packaged Food Purchases at Non-Grocery Stores Are Up but Nutritional Quality Is Down

Oct. 5, 2015 — Consumers are increasingly buying food from mass merchandisers, warehouse clubs, and convenience stores, but are selecting foods with poor nutritional profiles, according to new ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A team of scientists has solved a long-running mystery about the first stages of plant life on ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have created tiny pores in single sheets of graphene that have an array of preferences and characteristics similar to those of ion channels in living ... read more

Happy Head, Happy Heart: Positive Emotions May Promote Heart-Healthy Behaviors

Oct. 5, 2015 — People with heart disease may benefit from maintaining positive emotions, according to health researchers. The researchers assessed psychological well-being of participants at baseline and again at a ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The part of the brain responsible for seeing is more powerful than previously believed. In fact, the visual cortex can essentially make decisions just like the brain's traditional 'higher ... read more

Phone App Allows Researchers to Conduct Concealed Food Safety Observations

Oct. 5, 2015 — Smartphones are so ubiquitous, and text messaging and social media activities so common in public places, that no one questions what anyone does with their phone. That pervasiveness allows a phone ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Studying the 'gut-brain axis,' researchers find evidence of an association between the gut microbiota and the eating disorder anorexia ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have used a transmission electron microscope to record almost 3500 images in 3.5 seconds for the reconstruction of a 3D electron tomogram. Previously, 10 to 60 minutes and a ten-fold ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A team of engineers has built a quantum logic gate in silicon for the first time, making calculations between two qubits of information possible -- and thereby clearing the final hurdle to making ... read more

Ethnic, Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities in Retinoblastoma in Children

Oct. 5, 2015 — Ethnic, racial and socioeconomic disparities appear to exist among children with retinoblastoma, a once uniformly fatal but now treatable eye cancer, and those disparities are associated with greater ... read more

Antihypertensive Beta-Blockers May Increase Cardiovascular Risks in Surgical Patients

Oct. 5, 2015 — A two-drug antihypertensive treatment that included a beta-blocker was associated with increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events and death in a study of patients who underwent noncardiac ... read more

Disparities in Time Spent Seeking Medical Care in the United States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Racial/ethnic minorities and unemployed individuals had a longer total time burden (time spent traveling to, waiting for and receiving ambulatory medical care) in a nationally representative study, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The most common lab animals, rats and mice, can't tell scientists much about speech disorders. However, a new study shows how songbirds, specifically zebra finches, may be able to aid research ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have determined the structure of a key part of the enzyme telomerase, which is active in most cancers and enables cancer cells to proliferate indefinitely. The new findings reveal how the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The whimsically named sonic hedgehog gene, best known for controlling embryonic development, also maintains the normal physiological state and repair process of an adult healthy lung, if damaged, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — When pathologists perform autopsies on smokers who died with severe emphysema, they find that lungs are black in appearance. Until recently, researchers and physicians could only guess at the ... read more

Study Examines Antibullying Policies, Bullying in 25 States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Students who lived in states with an antibullying law that includes at least one US Department of Education-recommended legislative component had lower odds of reporting bullying and cyberbullying ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A model microscopic system to demonstrate the transmission of torque in the presence of thermal fluctuations -- necessary for the creation of a tiny 'clutch' operating at the nanoscale -- ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has decided to award the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with one half jointly to William C. Campbell and Satoshi ?mura for their discoveries ... read more

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