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October 9, 2015

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October 9, 2015

Oct. 8, 2015 — The first color images of Pluto's atmospheric hazes, returned by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft last week, reveal that the hazes are ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Striga, also known as witchweed, is a parasitic plant that affects 100 million people in sub-Saharan Africa. Researchers have made a discovery that could lead to more effective ways to protect ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Most materials swell when warm, and shrink when cool. But some weird materials do the opposite. Although thermal expansion, and the cracking and warping that often result, occurs everyday -- in ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol use cause epigenetic changes to DNA that reflect accelerated biological aging in distinct, measurable ways, according to research. The researchers estimated ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — While the cleaning of car exhausts is among the best known applications of catalytic processes, it is only the tip of the iceberg. Practically the entire chemical industry relies on catalytic ... read more

Menopause Diminishes Impact of Good Cholesterol

Oct. 8, 2015 — What has previously been known as good cholesterol -- high density lipoprotein -- has now been shown to be not so good in protecting women against atherosclerosis while they are transitioning through ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — New discoveries at the cellular and molecular levels have been made about how the eye processes light. The findings improve the scientific understanding of the signaling cascade necessary for ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Use of an iPad app that fosters parent-child interactions around math markedly increases children's math achievement across the school year, especially for children with parents who are ... read more

Epidural, Spinal Anesthesia Safe for Cesarean Deliveries, Study Finds

Oct. 8, 2015 — New research could ease the minds of expectant mothers who may be nervous about epidurals or spinal anesthesia for childbirth. According to ASA practice guidelines, spinal or epidural anesthesia is ... read more

Breast Cancer Genomic Analysis Reveals Invasive Lobular Carcinoma Subtypes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers analyzed hundreds of breast cancer samples to reveal genetic drivers of invasive lobular carcinoma, the second most commonly diagnosed invasive form of breast cancer. The work, the ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new technique allows scientists to study diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's using cells from human patients. Historically, animal models -- from fruit flies to mice -- have been ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Antioxidants can double the rate of melanoma metastasis in mice, new research shows. The results reinforce previous findings that antioxidants hasten the progression of lung cancer. People with ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — The cognitive skills used to learn how to ride a bike may be the key to a more accurate understanding of developmental dyslexia. And, they may lead to improved interventions. Scientists investigated ... read more

Study Examines Cancer-Care Outcomes Among American Hospitals

Oct. 8, 2015 — Efforts to rank hospitals by long-term survival rates have been hindered by the readily available administrative data derived from Medicare claims, which lacks information about cancer stage. A new ... read more

Affordable Care Act Helps Virginia Improve HIV Outcomes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Low-income HIV patients enrolled in Affordable Care Act health-care plans achieved better outcomes and the resulting cost savings allowed the state of Virginia to support care for more patients, ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study could explain why elephants rarely get cancer. The results show that elephants have extra copies of a gene encoding a tumor suppressor, p53. Further, elephants may have a more robust ... read more

Fracking Industry Wells Associated With Premature Birth

Oct. 8, 2015 — Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, ... read more

Preventing Memory Loss Before Symptoms Appear

Oct. 8, 2015 — A clinical trial is looking at removing a key protein from the brain to prevent memory loss at least a decade before symptoms are noticed in healthy older adults. The trial is focused on an ... read more

Waste Water Treatment Plants Fail to Completely Eliminate New Chemical Compounds

Oct. 8, 2015 — Fish caught near waste water plants display a higher rate of endocrine disruptors, researchers have found. Deformities, feminization and fall in reproductive capacity are some of the effects that ... read more

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