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August 5, 2015

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August 5, 2015

Sequential Voting in Presidential Primaries Best System to Winnow Candidates

Aug. 4, 2015 — The sequential election format of the US presidential primary is the best mechanism to select a candidate who would prevail in a head-to-head election against any one of the other candidates, says a ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Toxic is bad. Or is it? New studies of seagrasses reveal that they are surprisingly good at detoxifying themselves when growing in toxic seabed. But if seagrasses are stressed by their environment, ... read more

New Medicaid Health Care Program for Disabled Adults Improves Aspects of Patients' Care, Report Says

Aug. 4, 2015 — Care linked to heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, among disabled adults covered by Medicaid has improved with the expansion of a new health care program in Texas over ... read more

From Pluripotency to Totipotency

Aug. 4, 2015 — While it is already possible to obtain in vitro pluripotent cells (i.e., cells capable of generating all tissues of an embryo) from any cell type, researchers have pushed the limits of science even ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted ... read more

Parents' Preconception Exposure to Environmental Stressors Can Disrupt Early Development

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even before a child is conceived, the parents' exposure to environmental stressors can alter the way genes are expressed and ultimately harm the child's health when those genes are passed ... read more

Intervention to Screen Women for Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health Outcomes

Aug. 4, 2015 — Screening women for partner violence and providing a resource list did not influence the number of hospitalizations, emergency department, or outpatient care visits compared with women only receiving ... read more

Emergency Department Intervention Does Not Reduce Heavy Drinking or Partner Violence

Aug. 4, 2015 — A brief motivational intervention delivered during an emergency department visit did not improve outcomes for women with heavy drinking involved in abusive relationships, according to a ... read more

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy Decreases PTSD Symptom Severity Among Veterans

Aug. 4, 2015 — In a randomized trial that included veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), those who received mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy showed greater improvement in self-reported PTSD ... read more

Researcher Calls for Improved Firearm Safety Counseling by Physicians

Aug. 4, 2015 — Physicians should improve the way they discuss firearm safety with patients by showing more respect for the viewpoints of gun owners, according to a new ... read more

Cures for PTSD Often Remain Elusive for War Veterans

Aug. 4, 2015 — Our nation's veterans continue to suffer emotional and psychological effects of war -- some for decades. And while there has been greater attention directed recently toward post-traumatic stress ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Two types of bariatric surgeries, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty, result in similar microbiome remodeling changes that are maintained a decade later in a group of women, a ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Researchers analyzed circadian rhythms in abundance and type of microbiota in the gut and feces of mice using genetic sequencing. They found that the absolute abundance of a large group of rod-shaped ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Diagnosis of deadly brain conditions could be helped by new research that shows how infectious proteins that cause the disease spread. Research reveals how the proteins -- called prions -- spread ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — The dangers of relying on climate-based projections of future crop pest distributions have been highlighted by a new paper that suggests that rapid evolution can confound model ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Researchers have clearly identified, for the first time, the specific parts of the brain involved in decisions that call for delayed gratification. They demonstrated that the hippocampus (associated ... read more

Novel Fatigue Syndrome in Feedlot Cattle Discovered

Aug. 4, 2015 — A novel fatigue syndrome affecting feedlot cattle has been discovered by researchers. The syndrome is similar to one affecting the swine industry. The study concludes it would be imperative for the ... read more

How New Moms Assess Their Partners' Ability to Parent

Aug. 4, 2015 — New mothers take a close look at their personal relationship with their husband or partner when deciding how much they want him involved in parenting, new research ... read more

Striking a Gender Balance Among Speakers at Scientific Conferences

Aug. 4, 2015 — Increasing the number of female speakers at a scientific conference can be done relatively quickly by calling attention to gender disparities common to such meetings and getting more women involved ... read more

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