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October 5, 2015

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October 5, 2015

Simpler Way to Estimate Feedback Between Permafrost Carbon, Climate

Oct. 5, 2015 — A simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations has been developed by a team of scientists. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are ... read more

Patients With Flu-Associated Pneumonia Less Likely to Have Received Flu Vaccine

Oct. 5, 2015 — Among children and adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia, those with influenza-associated pneumonia, compared with those with pneumonia not associated with influenza, had lower odds ... read more

The Warmer the Higher: Sea-Level Rise from Filchner-Ronne Ice in Antarctica

Oct. 5, 2015 — The more ice is melted of the Antarctic Filchner-Ronne shelf, the more ice flows into the ocean, and the more the region contributes to global sea-level rise. Unlike some some other parts of ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A team of engineers has built a quantum logic gate in silicon for the first time, making calculations between two qubits of information possible -- and thereby clearing the final hurdle to making ... read more

Ethnic, Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities in Retinoblastoma in Children

Oct. 5, 2015 — Ethnic, racial and socioeconomic disparities appear to exist among children with retinoblastoma, a once uniformly fatal but now treatable eye cancer, and those disparities are associated with greater ... read more

Antihypertensive Beta-Blockers May Increase Cardiovascular Risks in Surgical Patients

Oct. 5, 2015 — A two-drug antihypertensive treatment that included a beta-blocker was associated with increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events and death in a study of patients who underwent noncardiac ... read more

Disparities in Time Spent Seeking Medical Care in the United States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Racial/ethnic minorities and unemployed individuals had a longer total time burden (time spent traveling to, waiting for and receiving ambulatory medical care) in a nationally representative study, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The most common lab animals, rats and mice, can't tell scientists much about speech disorders. However, a new study shows how songbirds, specifically zebra finches, may be able to aid research ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have determined the structure of a key part of the enzyme telomerase, which is active in most cancers and enables cancer cells to proliferate indefinitely. The new findings reveal how the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The whimsically named sonic hedgehog gene, best known for controlling embryonic development, also maintains the normal physiological state and repair process of an adult healthy lung, if damaged, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — When pathologists perform autopsies on smokers who died with severe emphysema, they find that lungs are black in appearance. Until recently, researchers and physicians could only guess at the ... read more

Study Examines Antibullying Policies, Bullying in 25 States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Students who lived in states with an antibullying law that includes at least one US Department of Education-recommended legislative component had lower odds of reporting bullying and cyberbullying ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A model microscopic system to demonstrate the transmission of torque in the presence of thermal fluctuations -- necessary for the creation of a tiny 'clutch' operating at the nanoscale -- ... read more

Molecular Nanoribbons as Electronic Highways

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicists have developed a method to synthesize a unique and novel type of material which resembles a graphene nanoribbon but in molecular form. This material could be important for the further ... read more

New Way to Weigh a Star

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have developed a new method for measuring the mass of pulsars - highly magnetized rotating neutron stars formed from the remains of massive stars after they explode into supernovae. Until ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — "An astounding knowledge gap" is how one historian refers to the missing knowledge regarding the Mediterranean region in the years 1933 to 1945. German reports about that region hardly ever ... read more

Depression Can Lead to Work Disability

Oct. 5, 2015 — In Norway, men suffering from depression are three times more likely to become work disabled than non-sufferers. This risk is only twice as great for women. Now researchers have carried out a study ... read more

Green Walls: Red Card for Office Worker Health?

Oct. 5, 2015 — Living ‘green’ walls may have adverse health effects on office workers living in hot, polluted climates, new research suggests. Investigating levels of air pollutants in modern office buildings, ... read more

Fraudulent Views of Videos Impact Advertising Industry and Society Widely

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have reached striking results in their recently published paper Understanding the detection of fake view fraud in Video Content Portals. For the first time, it has been demonstrated that ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The targets for lower emissions of carbon dioxide from Europe's basic industries are out of reach, without urgent introduction of innovative carbon dioxide mitigation technologies, say ... read more

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