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August 31, 2015

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August 31, 2015

Older People Getting Smarter, but Not Fitter

Aug. 31, 2015 — Older populations are scoring better on cognitive tests than people of the same age did in the past -- a trend that could be linked to higher education rates and increased use of technology in our ... read more

Forget Cash: Plastic Is the New Sign of Criminal Activity

Aug. 31, 2015 — The ERAD Prepaid Card Reader is a small, handheld device that uses wireless connectivity to allow law enforcement officers in the field to check the balance of ... read more

Dialect Influences Appalachian Students' Experiences in College

Aug. 31, 2015 — Language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus, a linguist writes in a new article, callomg dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun ... read more

Endangered Animals Can Be Identified by Rate of Genetic Diversity Loss

Aug. 31, 2015 — A new study presents a novel approach for identifying vertebrate populations at risk of extinction by estimating the rate of genetic diversity loss, a measurement that could help researchers and ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Hard, complex materials with many components are used to fabricate some of today's most advanced technology tools. However, little is still known about how the properties of these materials ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Among birds, the line between species is often blurry. Some closely related species interbreed where their ranges overlap, producing hybrid offspring. In the coastal marshes of New England, this has ... read more

Raising Pay Can Reduce Smoking Rates

Aug. 31, 2015 — In addition to restricting when and where tobacco is used at work, research shows that employers can do something else to reduce smoking: raise ... read more

Lyme Disease Testing: Canadians May Receive False-Positives from Some US Labs

Aug. 31, 2015 — Lyme disease is becoming increasingly common in Canada, and Canadians with Lyme disease symptoms may seek diagnoses from laboratories in the United States, although many of the results will be ... read more

Heart Rate, Heart Rate Variability in Older Adults Linked to Poorer Function

Aug. 31, 2015 — A higher resting heart rate and lower heart rate variability in older adults at high risk of heart disease are associated with poorer ability to function in daily life as well as future decline, ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — When physicians prepare for patient visits, one of their first steps is to review clinic notes or health records that recap their patients’ medical history. Since the Health Information Technology ... read more

Preventive Medicine Experts Speak out About Reducing Firearm Violence

Aug. 31, 2015 — A wide range of critical topics related to firearm violence, from the interaction of alcohol abuse with gun violence, effects of changes to gun laws in various states, how criminals obtain guns in a ... read more

Five-Color Nutritional Labelling System Is the Most Effective for Consumers

Aug. 31, 2015 — The 5-colour nutrition label (5-CNL) is the most effective nutritional information system for allowing consumers to recognize and compare the nutritional quality of foods, a group of researchers ... read more

Religion, Physicians and Surrogate Decision-Makers in the Intensive Care Unit

Aug. 31, 2015 — Religious or spiritual considerations were discussed in 16 percent of family meetings in intensive care units and health care professionals only rarely explored the patient's or family's ... read more

Examining Service Delivery, Patient Outcomes in Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program

Aug. 31, 2015 — Outpatient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) health care facilities funded by the federal Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program were more likely to provide case management, mental health, substance abuse and ... read more

Vitamin D May Play Key Role in Preventing Macular Degeneration

Aug. 31, 2015 — Women who are deficient in vitamin D and have a specific high-risk genotype are 6.7 times more likely to develop AMD than women with sufficient vitamin D status and no high risk genotype, scientists ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Researchers have developed a technique to build tiny models of human tissues using a process that turns human cells into a biological equivalent of LEGO bricks. These mini-tissues in a dish can be ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Scientists have developed a novel approach to control the activity of enzymes through the use of synthetic, antibody-like proteins known as monobodies. The findings have widespread implications for a ... read more

'Happy Meals' Bill Could Improve Healthfulness of Fast Food Meals for Kids in New York City

Aug. 31, 2015 — A bill to improve the nutritional value of fast food restaurant meals marketed to children could have a wide enough impact to reduce calories, fat, and sodium, according to a new ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease: Overlooked for 30 Years, There Is a New Kid on the Block

Aug. 31, 2015 — Alzheimer's disease is associated with the appearance of characteristic neurotoxic protein aggregates in various regions in the brain. Chemical analysis of these insoluble deposits reveals that ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — For more than a hundred years, people have known that dendritic arbors -- the projections that neurons use to receive information from other neurons -- differ in size and shape depending on neuron ... read more

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