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December 1, 2015

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December 1, 2015

Why Some People Would Pay for a Drug They Probably Won't Ever Need

Dec. 1, 2015 — A sick person is obviously willing to pay for a good medical treatment, but economists have found that healthy people are potentially a much broader, if largely overlooked, market for medical ... read more

Physicians and Burnout: It's Getting Worse

Dec. 1, 2015 — Burnout among US physicians is getting worse. An update from a three-year study evaluating burnout and work-life balance shows that American physicians are worse off today than they were three years ... read more

Higher Cigarette Taxes Linked to Fewer Infant Deaths

Dec. 1, 2015 — Higher taxes and prices for cigarettes are strongly associated with lower infant mortality rates in the United States, according to a new study. The association was stronger for African American ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — The effectiveness of permethrin, an important mosquito-fighting insecticide, may be impaired by global warming, according to a recent study. People involved in mosquito-control efforts should take ... read more

Gender Segregation in Jobs Is Not Rooted in Early Family Planning

Nov. 30, 2015 — Despite decades of efforts to banish the idea of 'jobs for men' -- construction worker, firefighter, mechanic -- and 'jobs for women' -- teacher, flight attendant, registered ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers have been pioneering antenna measurement methods for decades, but a new robot may be the ultimate innovation, extending measurements to higher frequencies while characterizing antennas ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — In hopes of limiting the disastrous environmental effects of massive oil spills, materials scientists have teamed up to manufacture and test a new material, called a boron nitride nanosheet, that can ... read more

Income-Based School Assignment Policy Influences Diversity, Achievement

Nov. 30, 2015 — When public schools in Wake County, North Carolina switched from a school assignment policy based on race to one based on socioeconomic status, schools became slightly more segregated but the ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers have found that many species of tarantulas have independently evolved the ability to grow blue hair using nanostructures in their exoskeletons, rather than pigments. The study is the ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — The levels of black carbon in Arctic rivers has been determined by researchers who found that the input of black carbon to the Arctic Ocean is likely to increase with global ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — When preliminary tests show that a new drug has remarkable effectiveness against a lethal illness, everyone wants to know how it works. A team reports a surprising mechanism through which an ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A method to efficiently turn human stem cells into retinal ganglion cells, the type of nerve cells located within the retina that transmit visual signals from the eye to the brain, has been ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new genetic model has been developed that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. Damage to astrocytes -- star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord -- is ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — For the first time, researchers have attempted to measure all the material leaving and entering a mountain range over more than a million years, and discovered that erosion caused by glaciation ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Farmers who used pesticides that spared bees but sacrificed killed other insects might be ignoring important sources of crop pollination, according to an Australian-led international scientific ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers are tapping information found in the cells of all life on Earth, and using it to trace life's ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Many human gene variants have evolved specifically to protect older adults against neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, thus preserving their contributions to society, report ... read more

Kids from High Socioeconomic Background More Likely to Rely on Parental Help as Adults

Nov. 30, 2015 — More than 40 percent of young adults no longer live with their parents, but still receive at least some financial support from mom and dad -- and this is particularly true for grown children from ... read more

New Phase of Carbon Discovered: Making Diamonds at Room Temperature

Nov. 30, 2015 — Scientists have discovered a new phase of solid carbon, called Q-carbon, which is distinct from the known phases of graphite and diamond. They have also developed a technique for using Q-carbon to ... read more

First Outcomes Report from Novel Heart Surgery Registry Shows Excellent Results for TAVR

Nov. 30, 2015 — Four years after its approval in the United States, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) continues to evolve and demonstrate positive outcomes for patients with aortic stenosis, a common ... read more

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