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August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Intervention to Screen Women for Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health Outcomes

Aug. 4, 2015 — Screening women for partner violence and providing a resource list did not influence the number of hospitalizations, emergency department, or outpatient care visits compared with women only receiving ... read more

Emergency Department Intervention Does Not Reduce Heavy Drinking or Partner Violence

Aug. 4, 2015 — A brief motivational intervention delivered during an emergency department visit did not improve outcomes for women with heavy drinking involved in abusive relationships, according to a ... read more

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Researcher Calls for Improved Firearm Safety Counseling by Physicians

Aug. 4, 2015 — Physicians should improve the way they discuss firearm safety with patients by showing more respect for the viewpoints of gun owners, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Diagnosis of deadly brain conditions could be helped by new research that shows how infectious proteins that cause the disease spread. Research reveals how the proteins -- called prions -- spread ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Researchers have clearly identified, for the first time, the specific parts of the brain involved in decisions that call for delayed gratification. They demonstrated that the hippocampus (associated ... read more

Novel Fatigue Syndrome in Feedlot Cattle Discovered

Aug. 4, 2015 — A novel fatigue syndrome affecting feedlot cattle has been discovered by researchers. The syndrome is similar to one affecting the swine industry. The study concludes it would be imperative for the ... read more

How New Moms Assess Their Partners' Ability to Parent

Aug. 4, 2015 — New mothers take a close look at their personal relationship with their husband or partner when deciding how much they want him involved in parenting, new research ... read more

Striking a Gender Balance Among Speakers at Scientific Conferences

Aug. 4, 2015 — Increasing the number of female speakers at a scientific conference can be done relatively quickly by calling attention to gender disparities common to such meetings and getting more women involved ... read more

Trachoma Risk Tied to Sleeping Near Cooking Fires, Lack of Ventilation

Aug. 4, 2015 — Children who sleep in unventilated rooms with cooking fires are at greater risk for severe trachoma, a leading cause of preventable blindness in developing countries, according to the findings of a ... read more

Mandatory Life Jackets Could Cut Odds of Recreational Boating Deaths 80 Percent, Experts Say

Aug. 4, 2015 — Increasing life jacket wear by only 20 percent would have saved 1,721 out of 3,047 boaters involved in accidents between 2008 and 2011, scientists say, a finding that could be used to argue for ... read more

Social Factors Linked to Heart Disease for All

Aug. 4, 2015 — The social determinants of health are multi-dimensional and multi-level, yet we have few studies that examine the social determinants in large, diverse populations. More extensive research and new ... read more

Understanding Molecular Mechanism Leading to Addiction in Humans

Aug. 4, 2015 — A new study opens the field to new understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying addiction in humans. The team found that humans with mutation of a key gene for this co-transmission were 10 ... read more

New Biosensors for Managing Microbial 'Workers'

Aug. 4, 2015 — New biosensors have been developed that could improve control and complexity of metabolically engineered microbes, bringing us one step closer to a future in which genetically engineered bacteria can ... read more

Researchers Use Wastewater Treatment to Capture Carbon Dioxide, Produce Energy

Aug. 4, 2015 — Cleaning up municipal and industrial wastewater can be dirty business, but engineers have developed an innovative wastewater treatment process that not only mitigates carbon dioxide emissions, but ... read more

Teen Marijuana Use Not Linked to Later Depression, Lung Cancer, Other Health Problems, Study Finds

Aug. 4, 2015 — Chronic marijuana use by teenage boys does not appear to be linked to later physical or mental health issues such as depression, psychotic symptoms or asthma, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — African fish called mormyrids communicate by means of electric signals. Fish in one group can glean detailed information from a signal's waveform, but fish in another group are insensitive to ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Scientists have shed new light on how humans process color -- revealing that we see things differently in winter compared with summer. The researchers examined how our color perception changes ... read more

How Does Being 'on-Call' Impact Employee Fatigue?

Aug. 4, 2015 — With the growing demands of consumerism and the need to assist customers on the clock, today’s employees are working anything but nine to five. One in five EU employees are working on-call, but how ... read more

Profit, People and Planet: Balancing Revenue Vs. Responsibility in Fashion

Aug. 4, 2015 — Businesses within the fashion industry face many ethical decisions over the importance of profit vs. social responsibility. Exploitation is rife in developing countries where cheap, unregulated labor ... read more

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