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September 1, 2015

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September 1, 2015

Smaller Cities in Developing World Often Unprepared for Disaster

Sep. 1, 2015 — While many planners focus on the threat of natural disasters to major metropolises around the world, a new study shows smaller cities are often even less equipped to handle such ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — The unique properties found in the stunning iridescent wings of a tropical blue butterfly could hold the key to developing new highly selective gas detection ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — The careful examination of fossil fragments from Panama has led Smithsonian scientists and colleagues to the discovery of a new genus and species of river dolphin that has been long extinct. The team ... read more

Full-Time Professional to Full-Time Mother: A Choice Laden With Cost

Sep. 1, 2015 — Women leaving work to raise children have to redefine who they are, a study finds. After exiting professional and managerial occupations, mothers are engaged in an ongoing mother/professional ... read more

Large Parks Key to City Success, Research Shows

Sep. 1, 2015 — Cities should feature compact development alongside large, contiguous green spaces to maximize benefits of urban ecosystems to humans, research has ... read more

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Is Safe, Effective for Very Elderly Patients

Sep. 1, 2015 — Select patients age 90 years and older with aortic stenosis (AS) can benefit from a relatively new, minimally invasive surgery for aortic valve replacement, new research ... read more

Statistical Model May Identify Patients Most Likely to Benefit from Surgery for Mesothelioma

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new statistical model may help predict which patients are most likely to receive life-extending benefits from surgical treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma, scientists ... read more

Injection Drug Use Limits Benefits of Surgery for Treatment of Heart Lining Infection

Sep. 1, 2015 — Injection drug users who undergo surgery for infective endocarditis (IE) have a significantly higher risk of reoperation or death between 3 and 6 months after surgery compared to patients who develop ... read more

Patient Perception a Key Element in Preventing Falls in Hospitals

Sep. 1, 2015 — Hospitalized patients deemed at risk for falls may not follow prevention strategies depending on their perceptions of personal risk, according to a study. An inpatient survey about fall-related ... read more

Big Data Battles Small Insect: Terabytes of Mosquito Pictures Help Enhance Mosquito Netting

Sep. 1, 2015 — Researchers are using imaging technologies, that are normally applied to automotive engines and sprays, to image thousands of mosquitoes to help develop better netting and physical protection against ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new study has found that the occurrence of advanced forms of a diabetic eye disease remains low among children living with diabetes, regardless of how long they have had the disease or their ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — A bacterium engineered to produce different pigments in response to varying levels of a micronutrient in blood samples could give health officials an inexpensive way to detect nutritional ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Childhood memories of sticky hands from melting ice cream cones could soon become obsolete, thanks to a new food ... read more

With Tobacco, What You Don't Know Can Kill You Sooner

Aug. 31, 2015 — The public shows “considerable lack of knowledge” about the risk associated with different types of tobacco products, researchers say. What people can benefit from is knowing the varying levels ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — A researcher is working to make everyday objects easier to maintain so they last longer and don’t end up in a landfill. His first such creation is an easy-to-clean ... read more

New Approach to Modeling Amazon Seasonal Cycles Developed

Aug. 31, 2015 — Engineers have developed a new approach, opposite to climate models, to correct inaccuracies using a high-resolution atmospheric model that more precisely resolves clouds and convection and ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Men who buy sex have less empathy for women in prostitution than men who don't buy sex and are more likely to report having committed rape and other acts of sexual aggression, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Physicists have used an X-ray free-electron laser -- one of two in the world -- to induce two X-ray photons to simultaneously collide with an atom, converting them into a single, higher-energy ... read more

Organized Self-Management Support Eases Chronic Depression

Aug. 31, 2015 — In a randomized trial, people with chronic or recurrent depression benefited from self-management support that included regular outreach care management and a self-care group with a combined ... read more

Single Mothers Much More Likely to Live in Poverty Than Single Fathers, Study Finds

Aug. 31, 2015 — Single mothers earn significantly less than single fathers, and they are penalized for each additional child they have even though the income of single fathers remains the same or increases with each ... read more

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