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October 5, 2015

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October 5, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have calculated that millions of tons of hydrocarbons are produced annually by photosynthetic bacteria in the world's ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Using data from both humans and nonhuman primates, neuroscientists have found that neuron firing patterns in the IT cortex correlate strongly with success in object-recognition ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — In 1986, after a fire and explosion at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant released radioactive particles into the air, thousands of people left the area, never to return. Now, researchers have found ... read more

Phone App Allows Researchers to Conduct Concealed Food Safety Observations

Oct. 5, 2015 — Smartphones are so ubiquitous, and text messaging and social media activities so common in public places, that no one questions what anyone does with their phone. That pervasiveness allows a phone ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Studying the 'gut-brain axis,' researchers find evidence of an association between the gut microbiota and the eating disorder anorexia ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have used a transmission electron microscope to record almost 3500 images in 3.5 seconds for the reconstruction of a 3D electron tomogram. Previously, 10 to 60 minutes and a ten-fold ... read more

Ethnic, Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities in Retinoblastoma in Children

Oct. 5, 2015 — Ethnic, racial and socioeconomic disparities appear to exist among children with retinoblastoma, a once uniformly fatal but now treatable eye cancer, and those disparities are associated with greater ... read more

Disparities in Time Spent Seeking Medical Care in the United States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Racial/ethnic minorities and unemployed individuals had a longer total time burden (time spent traveling to, waiting for and receiving ambulatory medical care) in a nationally representative study, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The most common lab animals, rats and mice, can't tell scientists much about speech disorders. However, a new study shows how songbirds, specifically zebra finches, may be able to aid research ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have determined the structure of a key part of the enzyme telomerase, which is active in most cancers and enables cancer cells to proliferate indefinitely. The new findings reveal how the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The whimsically named sonic hedgehog gene, best known for controlling embryonic development, also maintains the normal physiological state and repair process of an adult healthy lung, if damaged, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — When pathologists perform autopsies on smokers who died with severe emphysema, they find that lungs are black in appearance. Until recently, researchers and physicians could only guess at the ... read more

Study Examines Antibullying Policies, Bullying in 25 States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Students who lived in states with an antibullying law that includes at least one US Department of Education-recommended legislative component had lower odds of reporting bullying and cyberbullying ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A model microscopic system to demonstrate the transmission of torque in the presence of thermal fluctuations -- necessary for the creation of a tiny 'clutch' operating at the nanoscale -- ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has decided to award the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with one half jointly to William C. Campbell and Satoshi ?mura for their discoveries ... read more

Compulsive Texting Associated With Poorer School Performance Among Adolescent Girls, Study Finds

Oct. 5, 2015 — Teenage girls who compulsively text are more likely than their male counterparts to do worse academically, according to ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Three new species of trombiculid mites, also known as 'chiggers,' have been discovered in Taiwan, according to a new paper. Chiggers are tiny mites that feed on skin in the larval stage. ... read more

Gastric Bypass Surgery Improves Blood Sugar Handling and Insulin Sensitivity, Study Finds

Oct. 5, 2015 — Gastric bypass surgery can lead to remission of type 2 diabetes along with weight loss. A new study examines why, finding that insulin sensitivity of the body's main glucose (sugar) storage ... read more

Molecular Nanoribbons as Electronic Highways

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicists have developed a method to synthesize a unique and novel type of material which resembles a graphene nanoribbon but in molecular form. This material could be important for the further ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Many of you will remember them from your physics lessons at school: often represented as colourful clouds or balloons, electron orbitals provide information on the whereabouts of the electrons in ... read more

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