Economics News
July 31, 2015

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updated 5:25am EDT

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July 31, 2015

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

Escape Routes from a Low-Diversity Trap in Workforce

July 27, 2015 — The benefits of a diverse workforce are well-recognized, e.g. size of talent pool, return on investment in training, enhanced creativity and problem solving. Yet, in many professions and businesses ... read more

New Study Shows Like-Kind Exchange Tax Provision Benefits U.S. Economy

July 23, 2015 — A groundbreaking new economic study of the U.S. commercial real estate market released last month highlights the critical role the “like-kind exchange” tax provision plays in strengthening our ... read more

Researchers to Map Impact of Infectious Diseases Against Research Spending

July 22, 2015 — Scientists are set to analyze research investments into infectious disease research, particularly pneumonia and maternal and neonatal infections. By studying how research funding is allocated ... read more

Study Delves Into Regulators' Decision-Making in Bank Closures

July 17, 2015 — Commercial bank regulators consider much more than monetary cost when determining whether to close a troubled bank, a new report states. According to the study, regulators show a desire to defer ... read more

Research Shows How to Reduce Cost of Modern Investment Strategies

July 16, 2015 — New research shows how investors can significantly reduce the cost of implementing portfolio strategies – in some cases by more than 90 per cent. The study shows that many modern investment ... read more

Health Researchers Far Behind Industry Using Automation, Leaves Critical Research Unfunded

July 16, 2015 — The National Institutes of Health has experienced funding cuts even as the number of scientists has grown significantly. University laboratories are closing, faculty positions are being cut, less ... read more

Accounting for Short-Lived Forcers in Carbon Budgets

July 15, 2015 — New research shows how measures to reduce emissions of short-lived climate forcers can impact global carbon budgets for limiting climate change to below 2 degrees C over pre-industrial ... read more

Pneumonia Investment Doesn't Match Mortality Burden

July 15, 2015 — UK investment in pneumonia research is lacking when compared to spending on influenza and tuberculosis, according to a new study. By calculating the amount spent on researching respiratory infections ... read more

July 14, 2015 — A new research study reveals some interesting findings about the economic impact of bed bugs on the hotel ... read more

Adverse Effects of Clinical Trial Data Transparency: Should We Worry?

July 13, 2015 — New legislation forces drug developers to disclose most of their clinical trials data when applying for approval of a new drug. Many will probably think that this is a good idea. However, too much ... read more

Researchers Call for Support for Data in the Cloud to Facilitate Genomics Research

July 9, 2015 — Prominent researchers from Canada, Europe and the US have made a powerful call to major funding agencies, asking them to commit to establishing a global genomic data commons in the cloud that could ... read more

Why Organizations Fight Data Breaches Differently

July 9, 2015 — In the wake of recent high-profile security breaches at retail stores such as Target and Neiman Marcus, a new study determines why differences exist in the level of information security control ... read more

Invest ~3.5 Percent GDP in Science, Technology, Innovation for Sustainable Development, Experts Say

July 9, 2015 — Investing up to 3.5 percent of a nation's GDP in science, technology and innovation -- including basic science and education -- is a key benchmark for advancing sustainable development ... read more

Out-of-Pocket Health Costs Tied to Antimicrobial Resistance, Study Finds

July 8, 2015 — Many government-run public health systems in developing countries have instituted copayments for visits to clinics and prescription drugs. However, the study's authors found evidence to suggest ... read more

Impact of Smoking on California's Economy in Decline at $18.1 Billion Per Year

July 8, 2015 — Results of a study on the cost of smoking in California, one of the first US states to implement a comprehensive tobacco control program, have been released. Researchers estimated expenditures for ... read more

'Beyond Aid' in Health Care: Is It Time for Scrutiny?

July 7, 2015 — The UK government's investments in private hospital chains in developing countries, in the form of 'beyond aid' approaches, could actually be hindering inclusive development and need ... read more

Customer Commitment Has Many Faces, Differs Globally

July 7, 2015 — Companies that want to increase customers' loyalty and get their repeat business would do well to understand the nuanced ways in which and reasons why a customer is committed to that company, ... read more

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