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Family Quarrels Can Promote Headaches In Children, Study Finds

Date:
August 21, 2009
Source:
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International
Summary:
Family quarrels and a lack of free time can promote headaches in children, according to researchers in Germany.

Family quarrels and a lack of free time can promote headaches in children. This is what Jennifer Gassmann and her coauthors concluded in their study on risk factors, which appears in the current issue of the Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.

This investigation was a component of a large-scale study entitled "Children, Adolescents, and Headache" (Kinder, Jugendliche und Kopfschmerz—KiJuKo), in which data were collected in four annual "waves" from 2003 to 2006. Out of a multitude of variables tested in the larger study, the authors chose to look at the ones that concerned the children's family and leisure time. Up to 30% of all children around the world complain of headache symptoms arising at least once per week.

Boys who experienced more than one family quarrel per week had a 1.8 times higher risk of developing headaches. The amount of free time available to them seemed to be even more important: boys who only sometimes had time to themselves had a 2.1 times higher risk of developing headaches.

Parents' behavior when their child complains of headache also seemed to play a major role. Either positive or negative reinforcement from the parents teaches the child that he or she can gain certain advantages from headache symptoms. The parents' responses had a particularly strong effect on the frequency of symptoms in girls: reinforcing parental responses raised their risk of recurrent headaches by 25%.

The sexes also differed with respect to the frequency of headache. Twice as many girls as boys had their symptoms at least once a week. The children's age, however, seemed to have no more than a minor effect on headache manifestations.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jennifer Gaßmann, Nuria Vath, Hester van Gessel, Birgit Kröner-Herwig. Risk Factors for Headache in Children. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 2009; 106 (31-32): 509-16

Cite This Page:

Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. "Family Quarrels Can Promote Headaches In Children, Study Finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 August 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090817142737.htm>.
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. (2009, August 21). Family Quarrels Can Promote Headaches In Children, Study Finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090817142737.htm
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. "Family Quarrels Can Promote Headaches In Children, Study Finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090817142737.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

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