Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Escaping poor neighborhoods can change a parent's expectations

Date:
March 18, 2014
Source:
Johns Hopkins University
Summary:
Despite evidence that people don’t leave impoverished, segregated areas even when offered large housing subsidies, a well-structured voucher program can help inner city residents feel comfortable enough in a more affluent area to want to stay, researchers found.

Despite evidence that people don't leave impoverished, segregated areas even when offered large housing subsidies, a well-structured voucher program can help inner city residents feel comfortable enough in a more affluent area to want to stay, researchers found.

Related Articles


In a report published this month in the Journal of Public Policy Analysis and Management, sociologist Stefanie DeLuca of the Johns Hopkins University said the Baltimore Mobility Program succeeded while so many others failed because it gave families not only the financial support to move, but the chance to experience life in a safe, quiet, diverse place with good schools and quality homes.

What typically happens with housing vouchers, DeLuca said, is that a family chooses a neighborhood essentially like the old one -- not getting far enough away to experience real change. The Baltimore Mobility Program gave families support and encouragement to do just that -- and to experience a new way of living.

"They didn't know life could be like this. In some cases, all they've known exists within few-block radius in Baltimore City," said DeLuca, who conducted the research with Jennifer Darrah, a lecturer at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. "Once they had a chance to live in high performing school districts with low crime rates,, there were some pretty profound changes in how these parents thought about neighborhoods and schools and what was best for their kids."

DeLuca followed 110 participants in the Baltimore Mobility Program, a voucher program designed to move more than 2,000 low-income African American families from high-poverty, highly segregated city neighborhoods to more diverse, higher-income suburbs including those in Howard, Anne Arundel and Baltimore counties. The program was created as part of a remedy in a lawsuit filed in 1995 by the American Civil Liberties Union; the court found that the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development had failed to provide housing residents equal access to integrated, non-poor neighborhoods across the metropolitan region, effectively segregated public housing in Baltimore.

Although it is similar to the Housing Choice Voucher Program in that it provides a housing subsidy, the Baltimore program is designed differently than a traditional housing voucher, because is offers the families broad support before, during and after their moves. In the beginning, there are tours of the suburbs and walkthroughs of available apartments. There are credit counseling sessions and introductions to former city residents already living in the suburbs. Behind the scenes, administrators work extensively with landlords to assemble a roster of pre-approved available rentals to otherwise ease what could be a daunting bureaucratic process. The program also facilitates moves to higher opportunity neighborhoods by including higher rent payment standards and removing the bureaucratic barriers to residential moves across counties.

By requiring participants to stay in their new homes for at least two years, DeLuca found, the program gave families a true sense of what was possible in a safe, diverse community, and time to reframe their housing choices in a way they could not with an ordinary voucher.

More than two-thirds of the families who moved from the city to the suburbs through Baltimore Mobility remained there one-to-eight years later. Many mothers who initially told DeLuca they had no interest in leaving the city later told her they'd changed their minds.

"If you want to have a housing voucher program that works," DeLuca said, "this is what it takes."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Johns Hopkins University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jennifer Darrah, Stefanie DeLuca. “Living Here has Changed My Whole Perspective”: How Escaping Inner-City Poverty Shapes Neighborhood and Housing Choice. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2014; 33 (2): 350 DOI: 10.1002/pam.21758

Cite This Page:

Johns Hopkins University. "Escaping poor neighborhoods can change a parent's expectations." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 March 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140318135902.htm>.
Johns Hopkins University. (2014, March 18). Escaping poor neighborhoods can change a parent's expectations. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140318135902.htm
Johns Hopkins University. "Escaping poor neighborhoods can change a parent's expectations." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140318135902.htm (accessed October 25, 2014).

Share This



More Science & Society News

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

AFP (Oct. 24, 2014) — A factory in China is busy making Ebola protective suits for healthcare workers and others fighting the spread of the virus. Duration: 00:38 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
WHO: Millions of Ebola Vaccine Doses by 2015

WHO: Millions of Ebola Vaccine Doses by 2015

AP (Oct. 24, 2014) — The World Health Organization said on Friday that millions of doses of two experimental Ebola vaccines could be ready for use in 2015 and five more experimental vaccines would start being tested in March. (Oct. 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Microsoft Riding High On Strong Surface, Cloud Performance

Microsoft Riding High On Strong Surface, Cloud Performance

Newsy (Oct. 24, 2014) — Microsoft's Q3 earnings showed its tablets and cloud services are really hitting their stride. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
EU Gets Climate Deal, UK PM Gets Knock

EU Gets Climate Deal, UK PM Gets Knock

Reuters - Business Video Online (Oct. 24, 2014) — EU leaders achieve a show of unity by striking a compromise deal on carbon emissions. But David Cameron's bid to push back EU budget contributions gets a slap in the face as the European Commission demands an extra 2bn euros. David Pollard reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Science & Society

Business & Industry

Education & Learning

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins