Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Cotton Fabrics Damaged By High Dryer Temperatures

Date:
August 31, 1999
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Using high temperature settings on clothes dryers can damage cotton fabrics, according to a study presented at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society. When repeatedly machine dried at high temperatures, cotton fabrics eventually tear more easily than those tumble-dried at room temperature, drip-dried indoors or dried outdoors by sunlight, the study concludes.

Study Finds Hot Drying Wears Out Clothes Faster and Causes More Lint

Related Articles


NEW ORLEANS, La., Aug. 25 -- Using high temperature settings on clothes dryers can damage cotton fabrics, according to a study presented here today at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society. When repeatedly machine dried at high temperatures, cotton fabrics eventually tear more easily than those tumble-dried at room temperature, drip-dried indoors or dried outdoors by sunlight, the study concludes.

"While cotton can be dried at the relatively high temperatures in clothes dryers without immediate catastrophic damage, serious abrasions and cracking damage occur with repeated dryings," says the study's lead author, Young-Sook Lee Buisson, Ph.D., of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Southern Regional Research Center in New Orleans.

The cracks that appear in cotton fibers after high-temperature drying can reduce fabric strength by 25 percent or more, claims Buisson. Not only does hot drying cause your clothes to wear out faster, it produces more lint, she notes.

In many cases, drying time could be reduced by 10 to 20 percent, thus avoiding much of the damage, according to Buisson's study. People would have to take the clothes out before the end of the machine's drying cycle, however, since "current moisture sensors are not sensitive enough to stop the drying that soon," she adds.

Abrasion from the tumbling action of dryers also contributes to fabric damage. Tumbling of cotton fabrics when they are wet causes more damage than tumbling them partially dry, the study finds. Most dryers use a warm-up phase that heats and tumbles clothes while they are still wet. If clothes were tumbled only after they had partially dried, damage would be minimized, says Buisson.

Although the 18-month study focused specifically on 100 percent cotton fabrics, Buisson hypothesizes that blended cotton fabrics, such as those containing polyester, would suffer less dryer damage. She hopes to test that in a future study, as well as evaluate the effects of laundry softener additives on fabrics.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Cotton Fabrics Damaged By High Dryer Temperatures." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 August 1999. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/08/990831080157.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (1999, August 31). Cotton Fabrics Damaged By High Dryer Temperatures. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/08/990831080157.htm
American Chemical Society. "Cotton Fabrics Damaged By High Dryer Temperatures." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/08/990831080157.htm (accessed February 28, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Matter & Energy News

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Elon Musk's Hyperloop Moves Forward

Elon Musk's Hyperloop Moves Forward

Buzz60 (Feb. 27, 2015) Zipping around at 800-miles an hour is coming closer to reality in California. An entire town is being built around Elon Musk&apos;s Hyperloop concept and it wants you to stop in for a ride when it&apos;s ready. Brett Larson is on board. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Vibrating Bicycle Senses Traffic

Vibrating Bicycle Senses Traffic

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Feb. 26, 2015) Dutch scientists have developed a smart bicycle that uses sensors, wireless technology and video to warn riders of traffic dangers. Ben Gruber reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
In Japan, Robot Dogs Are for Life -- And Death

In Japan, Robot Dogs Are for Life -- And Death

AFP (Feb. 25, 2015) Robot dogs are the perfect pet for some in Japan who go to repairmen-turned-vets when their pooch breaks down - while a full Buddhist funeral ceremony awaits those who don&apos;t make it. Duration: 02:40 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
London Show Dissects History of Forensic Science

London Show Dissects History of Forensic Science

AFP (Feb. 25, 2015) Forensic science, which has fascinated generations with its unravelling of gruesome crime mysteries, is being put under the microscope in an exhibition of real criminal investigations in London. Duration: 00:53 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins