Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

NSF-Funded Terascale Computing System Ranks As World's Second Fastest; Pittsburgh-Based Computer Hits Peak Of Six Trillion Operations Per Second

Date:
November 12, 2001
Source:
National Science Foundation
Summary:
According to a new ranking of the world's fastest computers, the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Terascale Computing System (TCS) is the second most powerful. No other system for university-based research can match its peak of 6 trillion calculations per second, known as "teraflops." The TCS reached more than four teraflops when running Linpack, a standard software test for comparing supercomputers.

According to a new ranking of the world's fastest computers, the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Terascale Computing System (TCS) is the second most powerful. No other system for university-based research can match its peak of 6 trillion calculations per second, known as "teraflops." The TCS reached more than four teraflops when running Linpack, a standard software test for comparing supercomputers.

Related Articles


The Top 500 Supercomputer Sites (http://www.top500.org/) twice per year evaluates systems from across the world using Linpack benchmark software. The TCS performed computations on a complex set of linear equations faster than any other computer that is dedicated to academic research.

The TCS is based at the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC), which teamed with Compaq Corporation to develop and implement the system with a $45-million award from NSF. Through a process of competitive proposals, U.S. scientists and engineers use the TCS to study a broad range of topics that includes earthquakes, storms, climate, astrophysics and molecular biology.

"We congratulate the PSC leadership on this remarkable performance of the TCS so soon after installation," said Rich Hirsh, director of the NSF Division for Advanced Computational Infrastructure and Research. "Long-term, fundamental research across all science and engineering disciplines benefit from the TCS, which is a key part of NSF’s strategy for a nationwide 'Cyber-Infrastructure' to accommodate the massive amounts of data being generated by simulations and land- or space-based instrumentation."

"Our analysis shows the TCS is the world's most powerful computer for academics," said Jack Dongarra, professor of computer science at the University of Tennessee and co-founder of the Top 500 site. "The supercomputer rankings have recently been dominated by systems used for classified research, so the Pittsburgh system represents an important new capability for university scientists and engineers."

The TCS deploys 3,000 Compaq Alpha EV68 processors, each of which operates at one gigahertz (1,000 megahertz). The processors are configured in 750 groups of four, with each such node having four gigabytes of memory -- for a total of three terabytes of RAM. The TCS uses a version of the UNIX operating system called Tru64. Researchers have access to a large library of software tools, many of which were developed over the past decade with NSF funding.

"The TCS will have a huge impact in fields such as biomedicine," said PSC scientific directors Michael Levine and Ralph Roskies in a joint statement. "Such advanced computers will enable real-time manipulation of raw data from MRI scans, for example. And in geology, high-end computer simulations are helping us understand seismology and geomagnetism. We're also on the verge of reliable stormscale weather forecasts, which would not be possible without terascale computing."

In August 2001, NSF awarded a second terascale system to a consortium led by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the University of California at San Diego, the California Institute of Technology and Argonne National Laboratory. The first components of that "TeraGrid" facility will come on-line in 2002, with completion expected in 2003.

NSF is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering, with an annual budget of about $4.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states, through grants to about 1,800 universities and institutions nationwide. Each year, NSF receives about 30,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes about 10,000 new funding awards.

The PSC was established in 1986 and is supported by several federal agencies, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and private industry.

For more about TCS, see http://www.psc.edu/publicinfo/terascale/bigiron.html


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by National Science Foundation. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

National Science Foundation. "NSF-Funded Terascale Computing System Ranks As World's Second Fastest; Pittsburgh-Based Computer Hits Peak Of Six Trillion Operations Per Second." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 November 2001. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/11/011112075100.htm>.
National Science Foundation. (2001, November 12). NSF-Funded Terascale Computing System Ranks As World's Second Fastest; Pittsburgh-Based Computer Hits Peak Of Six Trillion Operations Per Second. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/11/011112075100.htm
National Science Foundation. "NSF-Funded Terascale Computing System Ranks As World's Second Fastest; Pittsburgh-Based Computer Hits Peak Of Six Trillion Operations Per Second." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/11/011112075100.htm (accessed October 24, 2014).

Share This



More Computers & Math News

Friday, October 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Real-Life Transformer Robot Walks, Then Folds Into a Car

Real-Life Transformer Robot Walks, Then Folds Into a Car

Buzz60 (Oct. 24, 2014) — Brave Robotics and Asratec teamed with original Transformers toy company Tomy to create a functional 5-foot-tall humanoid robot that can march and fold itself into a 3-foot-long sports car. Jen Markham has the story. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Microsoft Riding High On Strong Surface, Cloud Performance

Microsoft Riding High On Strong Surface, Cloud Performance

Newsy (Oct. 24, 2014) — Microsoft's Q3 earnings showed its tablets and cloud services are really hitting their stride. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Apps to Organize Your Life

The Best Apps to Organize Your Life

Buzz60 (Oct. 23, 2014) — Need help organizing your bills, schedules and other things? Ko Im (@konakafe) has the best apps to help you stay on top of it all! Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Nike And Apple Team Up To Create Wearable ... Something

Nike And Apple Team Up To Create Wearable ... Something

Newsy (Oct. 23, 2014) — For those looking for wearable tech that's significantly less nerdy than Google Glass, Nike CEO Mark Parker says don't worry, It's on the way. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins