Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Poverty Across Europe: A Comparison Between Countries

Date:
October 31, 2008
Source:
European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research
Summary:
The rate of poverty varies between 10% and 23% in the countries of the European Union. Low levels of poverty characterize the Scandinavian countries, the so-called Corporatist countries (Austria, Germany), and the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia among the ex-Socialist countries. In contrast, the risk of poverty tends to be relatively high in the Mediterranean and the Baltic states. Altogether around 75 million people in the EU are „at risk of poverty“. Countries with the highest poor population include France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain and the UK.

The rate of poverty varies between 10% and 23% in the countries of the European Union. Low levels of poverty characterize the Scandinavian countries, the so-called Corporatist countries (Austria, Germany), and the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia among the ex-Socialist countries.

In contrast, the risk of poverty tends to be relatively high in the Mediterranean and the Baltic states. Altogether around 75 million people in the EU are „at risk of poverty“. Countries with the highest poor population include France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain and the UK.

Is there an age bias in social support? Is there a trade-off between the poverty rates of the young and the old? Poverty at old age is an issue in the majority of the countries examined here. The elderly face much higher poverty rates than children in Norway, Finland, Denmark and Cyprus. Cyprus as a clear outlier, with over half of the population aged 65 or over at risk of poverty. On the other hand, in 10 of the 26 countries studied here, children are exposed to a higher risk of poverty than the elderly. In Poland and Hungary in particular, children are around three times more likely to be poor than the elderly. There is no sign of an age bias in another group of countries, including the Baltic states, the Mediterranean countries, and the UK, where poverty rates among the young and the old appear to be above the average.

Regional disparity in terms of poverty is rather wide across those 11 countries for which such data is available. In Greece, Italy and Spain the difference between lowest and highest regional poverty rates is 3.5-4 fold. These are also countries where the national poverty rates are high in a European comparison.

The divergence of absolute poverty is much greater across countries than that of relative poverty. We calculated two different thresholds with values of 5 Euros/day and 10 Euros/day, adjusted with the purchasing power parities. We find that the Baltic States suffer from the highest rates of absolute poverty within the European Union, together with Poland, Hungary and Slovakia.

There are two main risks related to the household structure: (greater) number of children, and perhaps less intuitively, living in a one-adult household, including both those with dependent child(ren) and those without. Poverty among one person households reaches over 40% in Cyprus, Estonia, Ireland, Latvia and Slovenia. The poverty rate of single parents reaches or surpasses 30% in the majority of the 26 countries examined here.

The Lisbon Agenda of the European Union equally promotes “more and better jobs” and greater social cohesion. We present evidence that those countries which are “top performers” and have the highest levels of employment in the EU, tend to have low poverty levels as well, including Denmark, Netherlands, and Sweden. The malaise of high poverty is coupled with low employment in some Mediterranean countries: Greece, Italy, and Spain.

Report: Poverty Across Europe: The Latest Evidence Using the EU-SILC Dataset


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research. "Poverty Across Europe: A Comparison Between Countries." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 October 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081031102640.htm>.
European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research. (2008, October 31). Poverty Across Europe: A Comparison Between Countries. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081031102640.htm
European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research. "Poverty Across Europe: A Comparison Between Countries." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081031102640.htm (accessed October 23, 2014).

Share This



More Science & Society News

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Fears Keep Guinea Hospitals Empty

Ebola Fears Keep Guinea Hospitals Empty

AP (Oct. 23, 2014) Fears of Ebola are keeping doctors and patients alike away from hospitals in the West African nation of Guinea. (Oct. 23) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Academic Scandal Shocks UNC

Academic Scandal Shocks UNC

AP (Oct. 23, 2014) A scandal involving bogus classes and inflated grades at the University of North Carolina was bigger than previously reported, a new investigation found. (Oct. 23) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Chameleon Camouflage to Give Tanks Cloaking Capabilities

Chameleon Camouflage to Give Tanks Cloaking Capabilities

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Oct. 22, 2014) Inspired by the way a chameleon changes its colour to disguise itself; scientists in Poland want to replace traditional camouflage paint with thousands of electrochromic plates that will continuously change colour to blend with its surroundings. The first PL-01 concept tank prototype will be tested within a few years, with scientists predicting that a similar technology could even be woven into the fabric of a soldiers' clothing making them virtually invisible to the naked eye. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Jet Sales Lift Boeing Profit 18 Pct.

Jet Sales Lift Boeing Profit 18 Pct.

Reuters - Business Video Online (Oct. 22, 2014) Strong jet demand has pushed Boeing to raise its profit forecast for the third time, but analysts were disappointed by its small cash flow. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Science & Society

Business & Industry

Education & Learning

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins