Ethics News
February 5, 2016

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updated 5:34pm EST

More Ethics News
February 5, 2016

Feb. 2, 2016 — Teacher turnover is often rightly perceived as a problem for schools. A growing body of evidence finds that teacher turnover reduces student achievement, either directly because replacement teachers ... read more

US Forest Service Releases Findings on the Effects of Drought for Forests, Rangelands

Feb. 1, 2016 — The US Forest Service has released a new report that provides a national assessment of peer-reviewed scientific research on the impacts of drought on US forests and rangelands. This report will help ... read more

New Tool for Gauging Public Opinion Reveals Skepticism of Climate Engineering

Feb. 1, 2016 — Members of the public find the risks of climate engineering technology more likely than any of the benefits, according to an article. Such research is crucial because even if the goal of reducing ... read more

Media Narratives Counter Prejudice Attitudes

Jan. 30, 2016 — Research from several personality and social psychologists show that entertainment media with positive content or conciliatory messages can contribute to positive relationships between members of ... read more

New Programs Help Prepare Low-Income Children for School Success

Jan. 28, 2016 — New pediatric programs report an increase school readiness in children of low-income ... read more

Jan. 25, 2016 — Commercial fishing vessels target shark hotspots, areas where sharks tend to congregate, in the North Atlantic. The researchers suggest that sharks are at risk of being overfished in these oceanic ... read more

Global, National Burden of Diseases, Injuries Among Children and Adolescents

Jan. 25, 2016 — A new report examines global and national trends in the fatal and nonfatal burden of diseases and injuries among children and adolescents in 188 countries based on results from the Global Burden of ... read more

Descendants of Black Death Confirmed as Source of Repeated European Plague Outbreaks That Would Fade and Roar Back Over Centuries

Jan. 25, 2016 — An international team of researchers has uncovered new information about the Black Death in Europe and its descendants, suggesting it persisted on the continent over four centuries, re-emerging to ... read more

Secondhand Smoke Hazardous to Hookah Bar Workers

Jan. 25, 2016 — Workers at New York City hookah bars are inhaling hazardous levels of carbon monoxide and nicotine while at work, signaling yet another breach by their employers of New York City's anti-smoking ... read more

Jan. 22, 2016 — A new study measures the psychological predictors of tolerance for tigers in the Bangladesh Sundarbans, where the large carnivores have a rocky and sometimes violent relationship with local ... read more

Survey: Most Americans Support Smart Guns

Jan. 21, 2016 — Nearly 60 percent of Americans, if they buy a new handgun, are willing to purchase a smart or childproof gun – a weapon that is only operable in the hands of an authorized user – new research ... read more

Low Reflective Ability Is Risk for Professionalism Lapses During Medical School and Beyond

Jan. 21, 2016 — A new study is one of the first to provide quantitative evidence to support anecdotal claims linking reflective ability of medical students and professional behaviors of future ... read more

Guidelines for Human Genome Editing

Jan. 21, 2016 — As countries around the world seek to craft policy frameworks governing the powerful new genetic editing tool, policy makers need to determine 'thresholds of acceptability' for using the ... read more

Social Media Technology, Rather Than Anonymity, Is the Problem

Jan. 20, 2016 — Problems of anti-social behaviour, privacy, and free speech on social media are not caused by anonymity but instead result from the way technology changes our presence. That's the startling ... read more

Mandate on Clinical Data Sharing Proposed

Jan. 20, 2016 — The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors proposes new rules that will require authors to share clinical trial data as a prerequisite for their manuscripts to be considered for ... read more

Group Learning Makes Children Better Decision-Makers, Study Finds

Jan. 19, 2016 — Children who participate in group learning develop better decision-making skills than children who study the same curriculum via teacher-led discussions, suggests a new study. More than 760 ... read more

Public Contributions to Science Increasingly Common

Jan. 15, 2016 — So-called citizen science has become a significant force in several scholarly disciplines. The phenomenon can be found in both the natural and the social sciences, according to the largest systematic ... read more

Psychology Study Explains When and Why Bystanders Intervene in Cyberbullying

Jan. 15, 2016 — People on social media are often unsupportive of cyberbullying victims who have shared highly personal feelings, psychologists report. In a new study, the researchers created a fictitious Facebook ... read more

Study of Altruism During the Ebola Outbreak Suggests Good Intentions Are in the Details

Jan. 14, 2016 — A study of risk communication as it relates to altruistic behavior has found that portraying an event as a distant risk, despite highlighting its importance and potential progression, fails to prompt ... read more

Employers Use Facebook (Photos) to Screen Job Candidates

Jan. 14, 2016 — Employers have limited information when they make their first selection of the candidates for their vacancies. A CV and short motivation letter are often not sufficient to gain insight in the ... read more

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