Ethics News
August 5, 2015

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August 5, 2015

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Researcher Calls for Improved Firearm Safety Counseling by Physicians

Aug. 4, 2015 — Physicians should improve the way they discuss firearm safety with patients by showing more respect for the viewpoints of gun owners, according to a new ... read more

Profit, People and Planet: Balancing Revenue Vs. Responsibility in Fashion

Aug. 4, 2015 — Businesses within the fashion industry face many ethical decisions over the importance of profit vs. social responsibility. Exploitation is rife in developing countries where cheap, unregulated labor ... read more

The Uneasy, Unbreakable Link of Money and Medicine

Aug. 3, 2015 — After centuries of concerns about the potentially compromising role of money in medicine, the debate remains irreconcilable and the link remains indivisible, a new article suggets. Even the reforms ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

Shop-Floor Monitoring Goes High Tech

July 29, 2015 — An advanced system based on discrete events paves the way for automated industrial monitoring. This system will enable managers to make better, more timely decisions, the developers ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Walk into a science museum, and you may read the words “paleontology” or “astronomy.” But you’re not likely to find the word “agriculture” in any science museum, even though many ... read more

Connection Found Between Audience Reaction, Candidate Debate Success

July 27, 2015 — Audience laughter and applause have unique effects on presidential primary debates, say a researcher in political non-verbal communication. Among other things, he found that laughter benefited ... read more

American Poverty Prospects Higher Than Expected

July 23, 2015 — For Americans, the likelihood of experiencing relative poverty at least once in their lifetime is surprisingly high, finds a new analysis from a noted poverty ... read more

Physicians Testified for Tobacco Companies Against Plaintiffs With Head, Neck Cancers, Study Finds

July 17, 2015 — Despite scientific evidence to the contrary, a small group of otolaryngologists have repeatedly testified, on behalf of the tobacco industry, that heavy smoking did not cause the cancer in cases of ... read more

July 15, 2015 — High school students who take part in pre-college programs that focus on science are much more likely to pursue higher education and, eventually, careers in science, technology, engineering and ... read more

July 15, 2015 — A new study finds that whites aware of their racial biases are better equipped to address contemporary race challenges, where prejudice is often expressed in subtle, unintentional and unconscious ... read more

July 15, 2015 — Urban wildlife such as deer, foxes and badgers should be cherished for the ecological benefits they bring to towns and cities, rather than feared as potentially harmful pests, scientists argue in a ... read more

First-Responders' Role in End-of-Life Calls

July 13, 2015 — Paramedics and emergency medical technicians are trained to save lives. But they sometimes enter situations where a dying patient's end-of-life wishes contradict their professional ... read more

Progress in Reporting, Management of Institutional Review Board Conflicts of Interest

July 13, 2015 — While the percentage of institutional review board (IRB) members with an industry relationship has not changed significantly since 2005, the percentage of members who felt other members had not ... read more

Invest ~3.5 Percent GDP in Science, Technology, Innovation for Sustainable Development, Experts Say

July 9, 2015 — Investing up to 3.5 percent of a nation's GDP in science, technology and innovation -- including basic science and education -- is a key benchmark for advancing sustainable development ... read more

Patent Filings by Women Have Risen Fastest in Academia, Finds Study

July 8, 2015 — The number of women across the globe filing patents with the US Patent and Trade Office over the past 40 years has risen fastest within academia compared to all other sectors of the innovation ... read more

Messages of Individual Blame for Black Americans Perpetuate Racial Inequality

July 8, 2015 — Why is it that messages about black absentee fathers, such as Obama's 2008 Father's Day address, are so pervasive in society? A new article suggests that such messages align with broader ... read more

IT-Based Concepts for Effective Coordination of Public Authorities, General Population

July 8, 2015 — To get a handle on crisis situations you need volunteers from the general population. A new project investigates how volunteers’ help can be incorporated into the crisis management efforts of ... read more

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