Ethics News
October 5, 2015

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updated 12:56pm EDT

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October 5, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — The targets for lower emissions of carbon dioxide from Europe's basic industries are out of reach, without urgent introduction of innovative carbon dioxide mitigation technologies, say ... read more

Why 'Respect' for Sporting Greats Provides Fast-Track Up Coaching Ladder

Sep. 30, 2015 — A study of senior decision-makers in some of England and Wales' top professional football and rugby union clubs suggests that former top-class players are being fast-tracked up the coaching ... read more

Use of Explosive Weapons in Syria Has Disproportionately Lethal Effects on Women and Children

Sep. 29, 2015 — Using explosive weapons in populated areas in Syria has disproportionately lethal effects on women and children and should be urgently prohibited, say a team of international ... read more

'Housing First' Approach for Homeless People Doesn't Help Obesity

Sep. 29, 2015 — The 'Housing First' approach of giving homeless people with mental illness a place to live without any preconditions such as sobriety or enrollment in a psychiatric treatment program has ... read more

Home-Based Counselling Strategies Alone May Not Improve Neonatal Survival in Rural Africa

Sep. 29, 2015 — Implementing a home-based volunteer counselling strategy during pregnancy and the first few days of an infant's life in rural Africa may not be enough to improve neonatal survival, despite ... read more

Experts Call for the Responsible Use of New Genome Editing Techniques

Sep. 29, 2015 — More efficient bacteria and yeasts for use in fuel and drug production, new strategies to combat antibiotic-resistant germs, and innovative plant breeding methods -- new molecular biology techniques ... read more

Identifying Problems With National Identifiers

Sep. 29, 2015 — A team of researchers in two experiments was able to decrypt more than 23,000 RRNs using both computation and logical reasoning. The findings suggest that, while such identifiers are encrypted to ... read more

How Celebrity Suicides Change Support-Seeking Practices on Social Media

Sep. 24, 2015 — Activity on a Reddit help forum changes dramatically in the aftermath of celebrity suicides, new research shows. Instead of reaching out to others for support against suicidal thoughts, Redditors ... read more

Restricting Access at Known 'Suicide Hotspots' Reduces the Number of Suicides by More Than 90 Percent, Study Shows

Sep. 22, 2015 — Blocking the means of suicide (e.g., installing barriers and safety nets) at suicide hotspots like high bridges and cliffs can reduce the number of deaths at these sites by more than 90 percent, new ... read more

Study Examines Gun Control Policies, Effect on Youth Gun Carrying

Sep. 21, 2015 — A more restrictive gun law environment was associated with a reduced likelihood of youth carrying guns, according to an article. An average of 15,000 teenagers 12 to 19 years old died annually in the ... read more

Catching the 'Black Sheep' Among Bankers

Sep. 21, 2015 — Unethical conduct by employees of financial institutions can usually be traced back to improper incentives in the internal corporate structure, according to research. In addition to selecting ... read more

Teenagers Who Become Pregnant at Higher Risk of Further Teen Pregnancies

Sep. 21, 2015 — Nearly a quarter of teenagers in England and Wales who have had an abortion have been pregnant before, according to new ... read more

Internet Campaigns Motivate Users to Respond to Humanitarian Crises

Sep. 19, 2015 — Online campaigns about humanitarian crises need to be more surprising if they are to successfully engage the public, according to an ... read more

Genomic Differences Between Breast Cancers of African American, White Women Identified

Sep. 17, 2015 — For the first time, a study has identified genomic differences between the breast tumors of African American and white women, differences that could contribute to the recognized differences in ... read more

Adolescent Painkiller Abuse a Big Problem for Small Towns, Rural Areas

Sep. 17, 2015 — Adolescents who live in rural areas and small towns and cities are more likely to abuse prescription painkillers than adolescents who live in large urban areas, according to ... read more

A 'Trans-Moment': The Case of Jenner and Dolezal

Sep. 16, 2015 — Until quite recently, society has accepted the definition of a ‘trans’ person to be most closely associated with gender identity. This has been most notably encapsulated in the media by the ... read more

US Defense Agencies Increase Investment in Federal Synthetic Biology Research

Sep. 16, 2015 — In the United States, the Defense Department and its Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency funds much of the US government's research in synthetic biology, with less than 1 percent of total ... read more

Sep. 16, 2015 — A new study based on longitudinal data confirms a college degree provides an advantage in lifetimes earnings, but a related decision once students make it to college could prove to be even more ... read more

A Better Look at Religion's Influence on Political Attitudes

Sep. 15, 2015 — Political scientists have developed a new strategy for measuring how Biblical interpretation influences people's political behavior. A better strategy for measuring religious beliefs will mean ... read more

New School-Evaluation Method Fails to Affect Housing Prices

Sep. 15, 2015 — The controversial new method of evaluating teachers and schools -- called 'value-added' -- does not appear to affect property values, finds research by ... read more

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