Ethics News
October 10, 2015

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October 10, 2015

Male Suicide on Rise as Result of Austerity, Report Suggests

Oct. 6, 2015 — Young males between the ages of 10 and 24 have committed suicide in growing numbers as a direct result of austerity measures brought in across Europe following the 2009 recession, a new report ... read more

Using, Sharing, New Technologies Is Key for Conservation

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists estimate that we are losing species at 1,000 times the natural background rate. New technologies are improving conservation efforts by making it easier, faster, and cheaper to monitor ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The targets for lower emissions of carbon dioxide from Europe's basic industries are out of reach, without urgent introduction of innovative carbon dioxide mitigation technologies, say ... read more

Why 'Respect' for Sporting Greats Provides Fast-Track Up Coaching Ladder

Sep. 30, 2015 — A study of senior decision-makers in some of England and Wales' top professional football and rugby union clubs suggests that former top-class players are being fast-tracked up the coaching ... read more

Use of Explosive Weapons in Syria Has Disproportionately Lethal Effects on Women and Children

Sep. 29, 2015 — Using explosive weapons in populated areas in Syria has disproportionately lethal effects on women and children and should be urgently prohibited, say a team of international ... read more

'Housing First' Approach for Homeless People Doesn't Help Obesity

Sep. 29, 2015 — The 'Housing First' approach of giving homeless people with mental illness a place to live without any preconditions such as sobriety or enrollment in a psychiatric treatment program has ... read more

Home-Based Counselling Strategies Alone May Not Improve Neonatal Survival in Rural Africa

Sep. 29, 2015 — Implementing a home-based volunteer counselling strategy during pregnancy and the first few days of an infant's life in rural Africa may not be enough to improve neonatal survival, despite ... read more

Experts Call for the Responsible Use of New Genome Editing Techniques

Sep. 29, 2015 — More efficient bacteria and yeasts for use in fuel and drug production, new strategies to combat antibiotic-resistant germs, and innovative plant breeding methods -- new molecular biology techniques ... read more

Identifying Problems With National Identifiers

Sep. 29, 2015 — A team of researchers in two experiments was able to decrypt more than 23,000 RRNs using both computation and logical reasoning. The findings suggest that, while such identifiers are encrypted to ... read more

Air Pollution, Traffic Linked to Deaths, Organ Rejection in Lung Transplant Patients

Sep. 29, 2015 — For the first time, research shows that lung transplant patients in Europe who live on or near busy roads with high levels of air pollution are more likely to die or to experience chronic organ ... read more

Legal Drinking Age of 18 Tied to High School Dropout Rate

Sep. 28, 2015 — Although there have been calls to lower the legal drinking age from 21, a new study raises the possibility that it could have the unintended effect of boosting the high school dropout ... read more

In-Flight Medical Emergencies: What Doctors and Travelers Must Know

Sep. 24, 2015 — A new article offers guidance for both healthcare providers and other travelers about how to handle mid-air medical emergencies. This important advice could save your ... read more

How Celebrity Suicides Change Support-Seeking Practices on Social Media

Sep. 24, 2015 — Activity on a Reddit help forum changes dramatically in the aftermath of celebrity suicides, new research shows. Instead of reaching out to others for support against suicidal thoughts, Redditors ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — A survey of nearly 700 scientists from non-climate disciplines shows that more than 90 percent believe that average global temperatures are higher than pre-1800s levels and that human activity has ... read more

Negative Spiritual Beliefs Associated With More Pain and Worse Physical, Mental Health

Sep. 23, 2015 — Individuals who blame karma for their poor health have more pain and worse physical and mental health, according to a new study. Targeted interventions to counteract negative spiritual beliefs could ... read more

Almost One-Third of Families of Children With Cancer Have Unmet Basic Needs During Treatment

Sep. 23, 2015 — Almost one-third of families whose children were being treated for cancer faced food, housing or energy insecurity and one-quarter lost more than 40 percent of household income, according to a new ... read more

Restricting Access at Known 'Suicide Hotspots' Reduces the Number of Suicides by More Than 90 Percent, Study Shows

Sep. 22, 2015 — Blocking the means of suicide (e.g., installing barriers and safety nets) at suicide hotspots like high bridges and cliffs can reduce the number of deaths at these sites by more than 90 percent, new ... read more

Study Examines Gun Control Policies, Effect on Youth Gun Carrying

Sep. 21, 2015 — A more restrictive gun law environment was associated with a reduced likelihood of youth carrying guns, according to an article. An average of 15,000 teenagers 12 to 19 years old died annually in the ... read more

Catching the 'Black Sheep' Among Bankers

Sep. 21, 2015 — Unethical conduct by employees of financial institutions can usually be traced back to improper incentives in the internal corporate structure, according to research. In addition to selecting ... read more

Teenagers Who Become Pregnant at Higher Risk of Further Teen Pregnancies

Sep. 21, 2015 — Nearly a quarter of teenagers in England and Wales who have had an abortion have been pregnant before, according to new ... read more

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