Ethics News
July 31, 2015

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updated 5:25am EDT

More Ethics News
July 31, 2015

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Walk into a science museum, and you may read the words “paleontology” or “astronomy.” But you’re not likely to find the word “agriculture” in any science museum, even though many ... read more

Connection Found Between Audience Reaction, Candidate Debate Success

July 27, 2015 — Audience laughter and applause have unique effects on presidential primary debates, say a researcher in political non-verbal communication. Among other things, he found that laughter benefited ... read more

American Poverty Prospects Higher Than Expected

July 23, 2015 — For Americans, the likelihood of experiencing relative poverty at least once in their lifetime is surprisingly high, finds a new analysis from a noted poverty ... read more

Physicians Testified for Tobacco Companies Against Plaintiffs With Head, Neck Cancers, Study Finds

July 17, 2015 — Despite scientific evidence to the contrary, a small group of otolaryngologists have repeatedly testified, on behalf of the tobacco industry, that heavy smoking did not cause the cancer in cases of ... read more

July 15, 2015 — High school students who take part in pre-college programs that focus on science are much more likely to pursue higher education and, eventually, careers in science, technology, engineering and ... read more

July 15, 2015 — A new study finds that whites aware of their racial biases are better equipped to address contemporary race challenges, where prejudice is often expressed in subtle, unintentional and unconscious ... read more

First-Responders' Role in End-of-Life Calls

July 13, 2015 — Paramedics and emergency medical technicians are trained to save lives. But they sometimes enter situations where a dying patient's end-of-life wishes contradict their professional ... read more

Invest ~3.5 Percent GDP in Science, Technology, Innovation for Sustainable Development, Experts Say

July 9, 2015 — Investing up to 3.5 percent of a nation's GDP in science, technology and innovation -- including basic science and education -- is a key benchmark for advancing sustainable development ... read more

Patent Filings by Women Have Risen Fastest in Academia, Finds Study

July 8, 2015 — The number of women across the globe filing patents with the US Patent and Trade Office over the past 40 years has risen fastest within academia compared to all other sectors of the innovation ... read more

Messages of Individual Blame for Black Americans Perpetuate Racial Inequality

July 8, 2015 — Why is it that messages about black absentee fathers, such as Obama's 2008 Father's Day address, are so pervasive in society? A new article suggests that such messages align with broader ... read more

IT-Based Concepts for Effective Coordination of Public Authorities, General Population

July 8, 2015 — To get a handle on crisis situations you need volunteers from the general population. A new project investigates how volunteers’ help can be incorporated into the crisis management efforts of ... read more

Taking the Moral High Ground Drives Motivation to Intervene in Public Situations, Finds New Study

July 7, 2015 — Academics have found that people are more likely to intervene in public conflicts, when they consider they are taking the moral high ground. The team also discovered that a person's intervention ... read more

Poverty Plays Complex Role in Entrepreneurship for Indian Women

July 7, 2015 — Over a billion entrepreneurs in the world operate in subsistence economies, often living hand to mouth. Is there a relationship between such poverty and entrepreneurial activity? A new study says yes ... read more

July 7, 2015 — A researcher is disputing recent findings that the human nose is capable of distinguishing at least 1 trillion odors. He says the data used in a 2014 study published in Science does not support this ... read more

Experts Call for More Understanding of Hospital Weekend Death Risk

July 7, 2015 — Two academics say more research is needed to understand why patients are more likely to die in hospital on the weekend. The research found that the heightened risk of death after admission to ... read more

Religious Groups Could Expedite Response to Biggest Global Health Challenges of 21st Century

July 7, 2015 — Faith-based organizations are crucial in achieving the promise of universal health coverage -- an adequate standard of health care for all people -- especially for poor and marginalized groups, ... read more

Mass Killings, School Shootings Are Contagious

July 2, 2015 — A team of researchers examined databases on past high-profile mass killings and school shootings in the US and fit a contagion model to the data to determine that these tragedies create a period of ... read more

The Clock Is Ticking: New Method Reveals Exact Time of Death After 10 Days

July 2, 2015 — A new method for calculating the exact time of death, even after as much as 10 days, has been developed by a group of researchers. Currently, there are no reliable ways to determine the time since ... read more

Mortality Rates in Europe Vary Depending on the Socioeconomic Level of the Residence Area

July 2, 2015 — For a number of years now, scientific literature has questioned whether mortality rates depend on socioeconomic differences among the population. Recently, a new study carried out in 15 European ... read more

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