Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Racial and ethnic variations in substance-related disorders among adolescents

Date:
November 10, 2011
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Substance use is widespread among adolescents in the United States, particularly among those of Native American, white, Hispanic and multiple race/ethnicity, and these groups are also disproportionally affected by substance-related disorders, according to a new report.

Substance use is widespread among adolescents in the United States, particularly among those of Native American, white, Hispanic and multiple race/ethnicity, and these groups are also disproportionally affected by substance-related disorders, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Related Articles


"Adolescence marks the period of life with the highest risk for initiating substance use; thus, adolescents constitute a high-risk group requiring research to guide prevention efforts and health policy making," the authors write as background information in the article. "While eliminating racial/ethnic disparities in health problems and their treatment is a mission of the National Institutes of Health, few data about substance-related disorders exist for young groups of nonwhite race/ethnicity."

Because children and adolescents of nonwhite race/ethnicity are the fastest growing population in the United States, Li-Tzy Wu, Sc.D., of Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C., and colleagues, examined racial and ethnic variations among adolescents with past-year substance use or substance-related disorders. Using data collected during the 2005 to 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the authors examined questionnaires submitted from 72,561 adolescents ages 12 to 17 years. The authors used the DSM-IV to measure substance-related disorders.

Of the 72,561 adolescents surveyed, 27,705 (37 percent) reported past-year alcohol or dug use; 32 percent reported any alcohol, 19 percent any illicit or nonmedical drugs, and 15 percent reported using alcohol and drugs. Of this same group of adolescents, 7.9 percent met criteria for a substance-related disorder, with Native Americans having the highest prevalence of use (47.5 percent) and disorder (15 percent).

Marijuana use (13 percent of all adolescents) was the most prevalent of all drug classes, and analgesic opioids (7 percent) was more prevalent than other drug use (range 0.1 percent to 4 percent). Native Americans (20.5 percent), multiple race/ethnicity (18.1 percent) and white race/ethnicity (16.2 percent) had a higher prevalence of using both alcohol and drugs than other groups.

Among the 27,705 past-year alcohol or drug users, Native Americans (31.5 percent), multiple race/ethnicity (25.2 percent), white race/ethnicity (22.9 percent) and Hispanics (21 percent) had the highest rates of substance-related disorders. Additionally, adolescents of multiple race/ethnicity (19.4 percent), Hispanics (16.2 percent) and white race/ethnicity (14.3 percent) had higher conditional rates of comorbid alcohol and drug use disorders than African Americans (8.3 percent).

After controlling for other factors, adjusted analyses of adolescent substance users indicated elevated odds of substance-related disorders among Native Americans, adolescents of multiple race/ethnicity, adolescents of white race/ethnicity, and Hispanics compared with African Americans. The authors also found that African Americans did not differ from Asians or Pacific Islanders.

"Substance use is widespread among adolescents of Native American, white, Hispanic, and multiple race/ethnicity," the authors conclude. "Taken together, these findings call for efforts to identify and expand prevention measures that are culturally effective and address the quality and acceptability of treatment for adolescents with substance use problems."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. L.-T. Wu, G. E. Woody, C. Yang, J.-J. Pan, D. G. Blazer. Racial/Ethnic Variations in Substance-Related Disorders Among Adolescents in the United States. Archives of General Psychiatry, 2011; 68 (11): 1176 DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.120

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Racial and ethnic variations in substance-related disorders among adolescents." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 November 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111107162730.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2011, November 10). Racial and ethnic variations in substance-related disorders among adolescents. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 26, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111107162730.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Racial and ethnic variations in substance-related disorders among adolescents." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111107162730.htm (accessed January 26, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Mind & Brain News

Monday, January 26, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How Technology Is Ruining Snow Days For Students

How Technology Is Ruining Snow Days For Students

Newsy (Jan. 25, 2015) — More schools are using online classes to keep from losing time to snow days, but it only works if students have Internet access at home. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Weird Things Couples Do When They Lose Their Phone

Weird Things Couples Do When They Lose Their Phone

BuzzFeed (Jan. 24, 2015) — Did you back it up? Do you even know how to do that? Video provided by BuzzFeed
Powered by NewsLook.com
Smart Wristband to Shock Away Bad Habits

Smart Wristband to Shock Away Bad Habits

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Jan. 23, 2015) — A Boston start-up is developing a wristband they say will help users break bad habits by jolting them with an electric shock. Ben Gruber reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Amazing Technology Allows Blind Mother to See Her Newborn Son

Amazing Technology Allows Blind Mother to See Her Newborn Son

RightThisMinute (Jan. 23, 2015) — Not only is Kathy seeing her newborn son for the first time, but this is actually the first time she has ever seen a baby. Kathy and her sister, Yvonne, have been legally blind since childhood, but thanks to an amazing new technology, eSight glasses, which gives those who are legally blind the ability to see, she got the chance to see the birth of her son. It&apos;s an incredible moment and an even better story. Video provided by RightThisMinute
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins