Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Rules limiting aggression should reduce hockey injuries, study suggests

Date:
December 3, 2012
Source:
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Summary:
Instituting and enforcing rules that limit aggressive acts like bodychecking in ice hockey should help reduce injuries for young players, including serious brain and spine injuries, according to a new study.

Instituting and enforcing rules that limit aggressive acts like bodychecking in ice hockey should help reduce injuries for young players, including serious brain and spine injuries, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

"We found that interventions based on rule changes showed the greatest likelihood of making ice hockey safer for youth," writes Dr. Michael Cusimano, Division of Neurosurgery and the Injury Prevention Research Office, St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, with coauthors.

Brain and spinal cord injuries among hockey players have been increasing over the past 15 years and are often the result of aggressive bodychecking. In players aged 9-16 years, brain injuries account for 15% of all injuries.

"Hostile aggressive acts…were the primary cause of injury in one-third of games in which an injury resulted. Among high school students in Minnesota who played varsity ice hockey, those who played to relieve aggression were 4 times more likely than other players to experience a concussion," write the authors. "These findings highlight the association between aggressive behaviour and injury in ice hockey."

For the CMAJ study, researchers looked at 18 articles that studied interventions aimed at reducing aggressive behaviour in ice hockey. The majority of studies (13) included minor hockey players under age 18. Thirteen studies were conducted in Canada, 4 in the United States and 1 in both countries. Nine studies examined the effectiveness of bodychecking rules and saw fewer penalties, injuries or both, with a decrease of 1.2-5.9 penalties per game and a 3-12 fold reduction in injuries. Several studies looking at fair-play programs, educational programs and behavioural modification to reduce injuries indicated fewer penalties. However, the research is inconclusive on whether these types of interventions reduce injury rates.

"Rule changes essentially alter the culture of a sport and clearly define acceptable behaviour for all stakeholders (players, coaches, parents and officials) simultaneously," state the authors.

"A change toward different rules and their strict enforcement combined with universal education, structural changes in hockey governance, financial and other incentives for safe play and disincentives for unsafe play holds promise for curbing aggression-related injury."

"Strategies that combine such approaches hold promise and should be the topic of future research."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Canadian Medical Association Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Michael D. Cusimano, Sofia Nastis, Laura Zuccaro. Effectiveness of interventions to reduce aggression and injuries among ice hockey players: a systematic review. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2012; DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.112017

Cite This Page:

Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Rules limiting aggression should reduce hockey injuries, study suggests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 December 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121203121636.htm>.
Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2012, December 3). Rules limiting aggression should reduce hockey injuries, study suggests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 27, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121203121636.htm
Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Rules limiting aggression should reduce hockey injuries, study suggests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121203121636.htm (accessed July 27, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Sunday, July 27, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Newsy (July 27, 2014) A new study shows sleep deprivation can make it harder for people to remember specific details of an event. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
University Quiz Implies Atheists Are Smarter Than Christians

University Quiz Implies Atheists Are Smarter Than Christians

Newsy (July 25, 2014) An online quiz from a required course at Ohio State is making waves for suggesting atheists are inherently smarter than Christians. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

AFP (July 24, 2014) A so-called drugs rehab 'clinic' is closed down in Pakistan after police find scores of ‘patients’ chained up alleging serial abuse. Duration 03:05 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins