Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Family allowances increase earnings inequality between households

Date:
January 8, 2014
Source:
University of Twente
Summary:
A researcher looked into sixteen European countries, as well as the USA, Canada and Australia focusing on government policy such as the duration of maternity and childcare leave, the size of family allowances and tax advantages for families. He also examined individual characteristics of women in more than 700,000 households: motherhood, age, level of education and whether or not they had a partner.

Rense Nieuwenhuis carried out research into sixteen European countries, including Germany and Sweden, as well as the USA, Canada and Australia. He focussed on government policy in these countries, such as the duration of maternity and childcare leave, the size of family allowances and tax advantages for families. He also examined individual characteristics of women in more than 700,000 households: motherhood, age, level of education and whether or not they had a partner.

Motherhood-employment gap

The doctoral thesis reveals that financial support policies for families with children, like family allowance, lead to a lower participation of mothers in employment. This increases the difference between mothers and women without children. In this respect, Nieuwenhuis speaks of a larger motherhood-employment gap. It appeared that tax advantages for families with children have no effect on the participation of women in employment.

At the same time Nieuwenhuis saw how reconciliation policies (maternity and childcare leave, continued payment of salaries during leave) leads to mothers who are more active on the employment market. In other words: a smaller motherhood-employment gap. Nieuwenhuis does, however, place one marginal comment. Nieuwenhuis: "In countries with very long periods of childcare leave, the risk increases that mothers end up not being employment"

Income inequalities

A government that encourages the participation of women in employment affects not only the income of those particular women. Nieuwenhuis: "In countries with high rates of women's employment, the earnings inequality between coupled households is smaller compared to countries with low female labour force participation rates." This also implies that low rates participation of women on the labour market are associated with higher levels of earnings inequality between coupled households.

Well-educated mothers

Nieuwenhuis also studied the effect of level of education on the participation of women in employment. Although women who have enjoyed a higher education are more likely to work, the motherhood-employment gap among them is larger than among women who are less well-educated. However, government policy that focuses on combining work with having a family was found to be more effective with well-educated mothers. They are relatively more likely to work than mothers who are less well-educated.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Twente. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Rense Nieuwenhuis et al. Institutional and Demographic Explanations of Women's Employment in 18 OECD Countries, 1975–1999. Journal of Marriage and Family, June 2012

Cite This Page:

University of Twente. "Family allowances increase earnings inequality between households." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 January 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140108081041.htm>.
University of Twente. (2014, January 8). Family allowances increase earnings inequality between households. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140108081041.htm
University of Twente. "Family allowances increase earnings inequality between households." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140108081041.htm (accessed August 20, 2014).

Share This




More Science & Society News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Do More Wedding Guests Make A Happier Marriage?

Do More Wedding Guests Make A Happier Marriage?

Newsy (Aug. 20, 2014) — A new study found couples who had at least 150 guests at their weddings were more likely to report being happy in their marriages. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Charter Schools Alter Post-Katrina Landscape

Charter Schools Alter Post-Katrina Landscape

AP (Aug. 20, 2014) — Nine years after Hurricane Katrina, charter schools are the new reality of public education in New Orleans. The state of Louisiana took over most of the city's public schools after the killer storm in 2005. (Aug. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Kids' Drawings At Age 4 Linked To Intelligence At Age 14

Kids' Drawings At Age 4 Linked To Intelligence At Age 14

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) — A study by King's College London says there's a link between how well kids draw at age 4 and how intelligent they are later in life. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Breakingviews: Ebola's Economic Impact Could Eclipse SARS

Breakingviews: Ebola's Economic Impact Could Eclipse SARS

Reuters - Business Video Online (Aug. 18, 2014) — The virus ravaging Africa has yet to spread elsewhere. Yet Asia’s SARS crisis in 2003 showed how changes to behaviour can hurt the economy more than the actual disease, says Breakingviews' Una Galani. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins