Reference Terms
from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Government

A government is the system by which a state or community is governed.

In British English (and that of the Commonwealth of Nations), a government more narrowly refers to the particular executive in control of a state at a given time -- known in American English as an administration.

In American English, government refers to the larger system by which any state is organized. 

Furthermore, government is occasionally used in English as a synonym for governance.

In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislators, administrators, and arbitrators.

Government is the means by which state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state.

A form of government, or form of state governance, refers to the set of political systems and institutions that make up the organisation of a specific government.

Government of any kind currently affects every human activity in many important ways.

For this reason, political scientists generally argue that government should not be studied by itself; but should be studied along with anthropology, economics, history, philosophy, science, and sociology.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Government", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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May 25, 2015

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