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February 8, 2016

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February 8, 2016

Feb. 8, 2016 — Exposure to air pollution more than 30 years ago may still affect an individual's mortality risk today, according to new research. Highest risks were seen for respiratory disease, such as ... read more

Why Not Recycled Concrete?

Feb. 8, 2016 — From paper towels to cups to plastic bottles, products made from recycled materials permeate our lives. One notable exception is building materials. Why can’t we recycle concrete from our ... read more

Antiretroviral Therapy Reduces HIV in the Female Reproductive Tract

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, investigators have determined how antiretroviral therapy (ART) affects the way HIV disseminates and establishes infection in the female reproductive tract. These observations have ... read more

Expanding Use of Vaccines Could Save Up to $44 for Every Dollar Spent, Study Suggests

Feb. 8, 2016 — Vaccinations, long recognized as an excellent investment that saves lives and prevents illness, could have significant economic value that far exceeds their original cost, a new study has ... read more

Newer Pain Management Strategies Can Lead to Quicker, Shorter Recovery After Total Knee Replacement

Feb. 8, 2016 — According to a new literature review , a team-based care approach (consisting of the patient, family members, the orthopaedic surgeon and other medical practitioners) on total knee replacement (TKR) ... read more

What's Nature Worth? Study Helps Put a Price on Groundwater and Other Natural Capital

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists have adapted traditional asset valuation approaches to measure the value of such natural capital assets, linking economic measurements of ecosystem services with models of natural dynamics ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Ever wonder how roaches are able to get into anything, no matter how tight the seams? Biologists have now shown that the American cockroach can flatten its body to one-fifth normal running height to ... read more

Asian Monsoon Season Weakens as the Indian Ocean Warms

Feb. 8, 2016 — The variable nature of the summer monsoon season makes Southern Asia one of the most vulnerable regions to natural disasters associated with climate change, such as droughts and floods. A recent ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Vitamin B6 is essential for all living organisms. Researchers have discovered an unexpected role for this micronutrient, in relation to nitrogen metabolism. The results indicate that one of the ... read more

Scientists Elucidate Genetic Underpinnings of Congenital Heart Disease

Feb. 8, 2016 — Mutations in the gene TBX5 have been shown to cause both rare and more prevalent forms of congenital heart disease, yet the underlying mechanisms have remained unclear. A team of researchers has now ... read more

Cotton Candy Machines May Hold Key for Making Artificial Organs

Feb. 8, 2016 — Engineers have modified the cotton candy machine to create complex microfluidic networks that mimic the capillary system in living tissue and have demonstrated that these networks can keep cells ... read more

Using Medical Marijuana to Stop Seizures in Kids

Feb. 8, 2016 — Desperate for relief, parents are taking unusual steps to help children plagued with seizures. The relief, however, comes in a most unlikely form: ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have engineered a new synthetic biopathway that can more efficiently and cost-effectively turn agricultural waste, like corn stover and orange peels, into a variety of useful products ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — An experimental nanoparticle therapy that combines low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and fish oil preferentially kills primary liver cancer cells without harming healthy cells, researchers ... read more

Researchers Identify New Borrelia Species That Causes Lyme Disease

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new bacterial species that causes Lyme disease in people has been identified by researchers. The new species has been provisionally named Borrelia mayonii. Prior to this finding, the only species ... read more

Secondary Tropical Forests Absorb Carbon at Higher Rate Than Old-Growth Forests

Feb. 8, 2016 — Forests are an important carbon sink. While most attention has focused on old-growth tropical forests, it turns out that secondary forests that re-grow after forest clearance or agricultural ... read more

Scientists Create Laser-Activated Superconductor

Feb. 8, 2016 — Shining lasers at superconductors can make them work at higher temperatures, suggests new findings from an international team of ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists have created a crystal structure that boosts the interaction between tiny bursts of light and individual electrons, an advance that could be a significant step toward establishing quantum ... read more

New Research Identifies Drug Target for Dengue Virus

Feb. 8, 2016 — No vaccine or drug has yet become available against the Dengue virus. A flavivirus like the newly prominent Zika virus, Dengue has become a leading cause of serious illness and death in some Asian ... read more

Persistent ADHD Associated With Overly Critical Parents

Feb. 8, 2016 — For many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, symptoms appear to decrease as they age, but for some they do not and one reason may be persistent parental criticism, according to ... read more

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