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October 4, 2015

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October 4, 2015

Trade in Invasive Plants Is Blossoming

Oct. 3, 2015 — Every day, hundreds of different plant species -- many of them listed as invasive -- are traded online worldwide on auction platforms. This exacerbates the problem of uncontrollable biological ... read more

Does Knowing High-Status People Help or Hurt?

Oct. 2, 2015 — How happy you are may have something to do with who you know -- and where you come from. A sociology professor, set out to discover whether knowing high-status people helped or harmed mental health, ... read more

Online E-Cigarette Vendors Engage Customers Using Popular Internet Tools

Oct. 2, 2015 — First introduced in the United States in 2007, electronic cigarettes have risen dramatically in part because they are popularly considered safer and more socially acceptable than combustible ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Theoretically, nanocellulose could be the next hot supermaterial. A new computational approach allows researchers to design cellulose nanocomposites with optimal properties, resulting in materials ... read more

Researcher Calls for Changes to Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines

Oct. 2, 2015 — Colorectal cancer will claim the lives of close to 50,000 Americans this year, according to the American Cancer Society. Screening is the most effective way to reduce the risk of dying from the ... read more

FDA Approves Game-Changing Immunotherapy Drug to Fight Lung Cancer

Oct. 2, 2015 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the breakthrough drug Keytruda to treat advanced non-small cell lung cancer, signaling a paradigm shift in the way the deadliest of all cancers is ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Scientists have compared the diets of two caterpillar species, expecting the one that exclusively consumed plants containing toxic chemicals would more easily incorporate toxins into its body than ... read more

Pathogen-Carrying Neotropical Ticks Ride Migratory Birds Into US

Oct. 2, 2015 — Tick species not normally present in the United States are arriving here on migratory birds. Some of these ticks carry disease-causing Ricksettia species, and some of those species are exotic to the ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Scientists have gained new insight into the formation of the spindle, which is the molecular machine that divides up genetic material prior to cell division. Their work focuses on the motor protein, ... read more

High Opioid Use in Older People With COPD Raises Safety Concerns

Oct. 2, 2015 — Researchers are raising safety concerns about high rates of new opioid use among older adults with COPD, according to a study. Opioids, such as codeine, oxycodone and morphine might be prescribed ... read more

Reducing Aeromedical Transport for Traumas Saved Money and Lives

Oct. 2, 2015 — Changes to the trauma triage protocol in Maryland resulted in decreased use of helicopter transport for trauma patients and improved patient outcomes, saving lives and money. The results of a 11-year ... read more

Can Exercise Be Replaced With a Pill?

Oct. 2, 2015 — Everyone knows that exercise improves health and with this knowledge in hand, scientists may be better equipped to develop 'exercise pills' that could mimic at least some of the beneficial ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Employees with sit-stand desks stood 60 minutes more a day at work compared with their co-workers with sitting desks, and they continued to do so long after their newfangled desks lost their novelty, ... read more

First-Aid for Defective Mucus

Oct. 2, 2015 — Proper lubrication is crucial to keep not only machines but also humans functioning smoothly. The mucus membranes in our mouths, eyes, stomachs and genital area help keep friction to a minimum and ... read more

Researchers Design 'Biological Flashlight' Using Light-Producing Ability of Shrimp

Oct. 2, 2015 — Researchers describe the design and engineering of the new bioluminescent imaging tool called the “LumiFluor” in a new report. Using the natural light-producing ability of deep-sea shrimp, the ... read more

High-Fructose Diet Slows Recovery from Brain Injury

Oct. 2, 2015 — A diet high in processed fructose sabotages rat brains’ ability to heal after head trauma, neuroscientists report. Revealing a link between nutrition and brain health, the finding offers ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Imitation behaviors play a key role in many collective phenomena seen in animals. An analysis of the collective movements of grazing sheep has revealed that sheep alternate slow dispersion phases ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Researchers recently described three new species of Acanthiophilus, a genus of fruit flies that infest plants of the tribe Cardueae (thistles) within the family Asteraceae. Members of this genus live ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Fusion reactors could become an economically viable means of generating electricity within a few decades, and policy makers should start planning to build them as a replacement for conventional ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — 'Why, Grandma, what big eyes you have!' Though similar in appearance, the hidden cause of those big eyes Little Red Riding Hood notices in Grimms' fairy tale has nothing to do with the ... read more

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