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February 8, 2016

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February 8, 2016

Feb. 8, 2016 — New research on the brain and memory could help in developing therapies for people with schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. This work sheds new light on the internal workings of the brain, ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Electrical engineers have developed a pedestrian detection system that performs in near real-time (two-four frames per second) and with higher accuracy (close to half the error) compared to existing ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists have studied the reduced-soreness phenomenon for decades, but they still can't figure out exactly why people feel less sore the second time around. What they do know is the immune ... read more

Muscles on-a-Chip Provide Insight Into Cardiac Stem Cell Therapies

Feb. 8, 2016 — Stem cell-derived heart muscle cells may fail to effectively replace damaged cardiac tissue because they don't contract strongly enough, according to a new study. This may help explain why stem ... read more

Early Bedtime, Better School Performance

Feb. 8, 2016 — There is a strong relationship between sleep problems and poor academic performances among adolescents, a new study demonstrates. Results show that high school students going to bed between 10 and 11 ... read more

Sustained Aerobic Exercise Increases Adult Neurogenesis in Brain

Feb. 8, 2016 — It may be possible to increase the neuron reserve of the hippocampus – and thus improve preconditions for learning – by promoting neurogenesis via sustained aerobic exercise such as running, say ... read more

Cocaine Users Present Alterations in Function, Structures of Brain

Feb. 8, 2016 — The presence of alterations in brain functioning and structure in cocaine users has been seen in a new study where researchers used three different magnetic resonance imaging techniques to study the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a direct link between the Wbp2 gene and progressive hearing loss. The scientists report that the loss of Wbp2 expression leads to progressive ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Stress in the body’s cells is both the cause and consequence of inflammatory diseases or cancer. The cells react to stress to protect themselves. Researchers have now developed a new technique that ... read more

Clean Energy from Water

Feb. 8, 2016 — Fuel cells generate electrical energy through a chemical reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. To obtain clean energy, the splitting of water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen is critical. ... read more

Removal of Complex Renal Tumors Performed Safely by Robotic Surgery in Selected Patients

Feb. 8, 2016 — Renal cell carcinoma can sometimes spread to the inferior vena cava (IVC), the body's largest vein, posing a threat to the heart and brain. Robotic nephrectomy for inferior vena cava tumor ... read more

Faces of Black Children as Young as 5 Evoke Negative Biases

Feb. 8, 2016 — People are more likely to misidentify a toy as a weapon after seeing a black face than a white face, even when the face in question is that of a five-year-old child, new research ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Ocean acidification (the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere), is affecting the formation of the skeleton of coralline algae ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — In the one-dimensional (1-D), various exotic phenomena are predicted that are totally different from those in the 3-D world in which we live. One of the reasons of this is that particles cannot pass ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have developed a technique to implement silicon large-scale integration chips in a very thin film of thickness. This fabrication method has the potential to realize a low-invasive ... read more

Public Back Ban on Children's Junk Food Advertising

Feb. 7, 2016 — Three quarters of the UK public back a ban on junk food advertising before the 9pm TV watershed, according to a new survey. And one in two support a tax on sugary drinks, which could help tackle the ... read more

Where Infants Sleep May Affect How Long They Are Breastfed

Feb. 6, 2016 — A new study indicates that mothers who frequently sleep, or bed-share, with their infants consistently breastfeed for longer than mothers who do not bed-share. Also, pregnant women who expressed a ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — A shock-absorbing football helmet system being developed could blunt some dangerous physics that today's head protection ... read more

Record Missouri Flooding Was Humanmade Calamity, Scientist Says

Feb. 5, 2016 — Why was the New Year's flood in Missouri so bad? Most news reports blamed it on the heavy rain, but a professor of earth and planetary sciences says analysis of the flood data shows much of the ... read more

Gene Family Turns Cancer Cells Into Aggressive Stem Cells That Keep Growing

Feb. 5, 2016 — An examination of 130 gene expression studies in 10 solid cancers has found that when any of four related genes is overexpressed, patients have much worse outcomes, including reduced ... read more

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