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October 6, 2015

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October 6, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — Astronomers have created a way to compare and rank exoplanets to help prioritize which of the thousands discovered warrant close inspection in the search for life beyond ... read more

New Metabolomic Platform Reveals Fundamental Flaw in Common Lab Technology

Oct. 5, 2015 — A technology used in thousands of laboratories, called gas chromatography mass spectrometry, fundamentally alters the samples it analyzes, new research ... read more

If Relationships Are Good, Any Humor by Leaders Improves Job Satisfaction

Oct. 5, 2015 — Past research about the use of humor by leaders suggests that positive humor should result in happier subordinates who are satisfied with their jobs. Conventional wisdom also suggests that leaders ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Rats exposed to frequent physical, social, and predatory stress during adolescence solved problems and foraged more efficiently under high-threat conditions in adulthood compared with rats that ... read more

Newfound Gene Linked to Amyloid Beta Plaque Buildup in Alzheimer's Disease

Oct. 5, 2015 — A multi-institutional team of scientists has discovered an immune system gene associated with higher rates of amyloid plaque buildup in the brains of Alzheimer's patients and older adults at ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The efficiency of solar cells depends on precise engineering of polymers that assemble into films 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. Today, formation of that polymer assembly requires solvents ... read more

Severe Liver Damage in Mid/late-Adulthood Among People Who Inject Drugs With Chronic Hepatitis C

Oct. 5, 2015 — The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a chronic blood-borne viral infection that affects an estimated 160 million people worldwide. Alarmingly, chronic HCV infection accounts for one-quarter of ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A two-dimensional crystal, combined with graphene, has the capability to detect optical pulses with a response faster than 10 picoseconds, while maintaining a high efficiency, a new study ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicists have wondered in recent years if they could control how atoms interact using light. Now they know that they can, by demonstrating games of quantum billiards with unusual new ... read more

Packaged Food Purchases at Non-Grocery Stores Are Up but Nutritional Quality Is Down

Oct. 5, 2015 — Consumers are increasingly buying food from mass merchandisers, warehouse clubs, and convenience stores, but are selecting foods with poor nutritional profiles, according to new ... read more

Cryptic Invasions by Ecological Engineers Conceal Profound Changes in Nature

Oct. 5, 2015 — A new study reveals that the salt marsh plant Spartina alterniflora, which grows on more than 9,000 km of the Atlantic coastline of South America, is not native to the area and was in fact introduced ... read more

Simpler Way to Estimate Feedback Between Permafrost Carbon, Climate

Oct. 5, 2015 — A simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations has been developed by a team of scientists. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Perovskite solar cells are cheaper to make than traditional silicon cells and their electricity conversion efficiency is improving rapidly. To be commercially viable, perovskite cells need to scale ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — How do we know that the melanosomes found in the fossils are actually melanosomes and not something else, like leftover impressions from the microbes (some of which also make melanin) that coated the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have created tiny pores in single sheets of graphene that have an array of preferences and characteristics similar to those of ion channels in living ... read more

Happy Head, Happy Heart: Positive Emotions May Promote Heart-Healthy Behaviors

Oct. 5, 2015 — People with heart disease may benefit from maintaining positive emotions, according to health researchers. The researchers assessed psychological well-being of participants at baseline and again at a ... read more

Spay, Neuter, or Shot? How an Injection Could Be the Future of Animal Control

Oct. 5, 2015 — A single shot into the muscle is enough to stop egg and sperm production in mice, report scientists. The injection delivers packaged DNA into muscle cells, causing them to produce neutralizing ... read more

Battling Obesity in the Classroom With Exercise

Oct. 5, 2015 — There's another burst of seat-bouncing, giggling and shouting in a simulated classroom. Through a new study, researchers hope to find ways to redesign classrooms and develop a curriculum to add ... read more

Flame Retardant Breakthrough Is Naturally Derived, Nontoxic

Oct. 5, 2015 — A new flame retardant has been created to replace commercial additives that are often toxic and can accumulate over time in the environment and living animals, including ... read more

Horse Sickness Shares Signs of Human Brain Disorders, Study Finds

Oct. 5, 2015 — Horses with a rare nerve condition have similar signs of disease as people with conditions such as Alzheimer's, a new study has found. The findings shed new light on the causes of the rare but ... read more

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