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September 2, 2015

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September 2, 2015

Sep. 2, 2015 — The Earth's first mass extinction event 540 million years ago was caused not by a meteorite impact or volcanic super-eruption but by the rise of early animals that dramatically changed the ... read more

For 2-D Boron, It's All About That Base

Sep. 2, 2015 — If two-dimensional boron can be made at all, the material's substrate will have a significant impact on its final form, according to ... read more

Making Fuel from Light

Sep. 2, 2015 — Photosynthesis has given life to the planet. While scientists have been studying and mimicking the natural phenomenon in the laboratory for years, understanding how to replicate the chemical process ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — A researcher has helped identify the last major vernalization gene in wheat. Vernalization genes define when the plant begins to flower and is critical for adaptation to different environments. The ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Obstructive sleep apnea may be underdiagnosed in postmenopausal women. A new study strongly associates the condition's traditional risk factors with nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting), suggesting ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Crystal structures on the sea sapphire's back appear differently depending on the angle of reflection, scientists report, solving an unanswered question about this ... read more

Language Acquisition: From Sounds to the Meaning

Sep. 2, 2015 — Without understanding the 'referential function' of language (words as 'verbal labels', symbolizing other things) it is impossible to learn a language. Is this implicit knowledge ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — The reproduction rates of the bacteria in one's gut may be a good indicator of health or disease, scientists say. In their examination of human microbiome data, the research group found that ... read more

Soil Area the Size of Berlin Lost Each Year Due to Water Erosion in the EU

Sep. 2, 2015 — A recent assessment has found that water erodes 970 million tonnes of soil every year in the EU. This would mean a one metre-depth loss of soil from an area corresponding to the size of the city of ... read more

Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Children Born Prematurely May Be Predicted Using MRI After Birth

Sep. 2, 2015 — School age children who are born prematurely are more likely to have low mathematical achievement, thought to be associated with reduced working memory and number skills, according to a new ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Researchers have shown that coccolith disks made of calcium carbonate in <em>Emiliania huxleyi</em>, one of the promising biomass resources, potentially perform roles in reducing and ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — A well-known period of abrupt climate change 12,000 years ago occurred rapidly in northern latitudes but much more gradually in equatorial regions, a discovery that could prove important for ... read more

Cellular Recycling Complexes May Hold Key to Chemotherapy Resistance

Sep. 2, 2015 — Upsetting the balance between protein synthesis, misfolding, and degradation drives cancer and neurodegeneration. Recent cancer treatments take advantage of this knowledge with a class of drugs that ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Dominating this image is part of the nebula Gum 56, illuminated by the hot bright young stars that were born within it. For millions of years stars have been created out of the gas in this nebula, ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Bacteria's ability to become resistant to antibiotics is a growing issue in health care: Resistant strains result in prolonged illnesses and higher mortality rates. One way to combat this is to ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Their pregnancies are carried by the males but, when it comes to breeding, seahorses have more in common with humans than previously thought, new research ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — An experiment conducted over six days at a large public garden in Singapore demonstrated self-driving golf carts that ferried 500 tourists around winding paths trafficked by pedestrians, bicyclists, ... read more

The More the Merrier for Animals That Synchronize Their Behavior

Sep. 1, 2015 — Social interaction could be the mechanism that allows animals living in groups to synchronize their activities, whether it's huddling for warmth or offering protection from ... read more

New International Standards Needed to Manage Ocean Noise

Sep. 1, 2015 — As governments and industries expand their use of high-decibel seismic surveys to explore the ocean bottom for resources, experts from eight universities or organizations say new global standards and ... read more

Antipsychotics Inappropriately Prescribed to People With Intellectual Disabilities

Sep. 1, 2015 — Large numbers of people with intellectual disabilities in the UK are being inappropriately prescribed antipsychotic drugs, finds a new study. Intellectual disability is a lifelong condition that ... read more

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