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September 3, 2015

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September 3, 2015

Sep. 3, 2015 — Trees in cities throughout the UK could be significantly improving the quality of the air we breathe by decreasing pollution levels for pedestrians, researchers have ... read more

Do Antipsychotic Medications Affect Cortical Thinning?

Sep. 3, 2015 — People diagnosed with schizophrenia critically rely upon treatment with antipsychotic medications to manage their symptoms and help them function at home and in the workplace. But despite their ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — To meet the requirements of Asian cities, researchers are adapting an idea they have already applied in Germany for comprehensive water management: developing a concept for reducing water use, ... read more

Drug for Fungal Infections in Lung Transplant Recipients Increases Risk for Cancer, Death

Sep. 3, 2015 — Voriconazole, a prescription drug commonly used to treat fungal infections in lung transplant recipients, significantly increases the risk for skin cancer and even death, according to a new ... read more

Study Uncovers How Seeds Are Kept in Dormancy Until the Appearance of Favorable Conditions for Germination

Sep. 3, 2015 — Seed germination is a crucial step in the life cycle of a plant. This is why the small embryo is maintained in a state of dormancy until the appearance of optimal environmental conditions. The ... read more

Needle Exchange Program Prevented 120 New Cases of HIV in Two Years, Study Suggests

Sep. 3, 2015 — The District of Columbia's needle exchange program prevented 120 new cases of HIV infection and saved an estimated $44 million over just a two-year period, according to a first-of-a-kind ... read more

Long-Term Study Links Common Psychiatric Disorders With Increased Risk of Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Sep. 2, 2015 — Ex-prisoners with common psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) and alcohol and drug abuse are substantially more likely to commit a violent crime after release ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — New research may help explain why drug treatments for addiction and depression don't work for some patients. The conditions are linked to reward and aversion responses in the brain. And the ... read more

Telomerase Targeting Drug Demonstrates Benefit in Myelofibrosis Treatment

Sep. 2, 2015 — Imetelstat, a novel drug that targets telomerase, has demonstrated potential value in treating patients with myelofibrosis, according to the results of a new ... read more

Diabetes and Brain Tangles May Be Linked Independently of Alzheimer's Disease

Sep. 2, 2015 — Diabetes may be linked to the buildup of tangles or tau in the brain, separate from Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study. A new study looked at the relationship between type 2 diabetes, ... read more

Who Gets a Transplant Organ?

Sep. 2, 2015 — A new study examines how decisions are made when it comes to allocating scare resources. Imagine 12 patients who need new kidneys, and six kidneys available. How would you allocate them? This ... read more

Many North American Birds May Lose Part of Range Under Climate Change Scenarios

Sep. 2, 2015 — Over 50 percent of nearly 600 surveyed bird species may lose more than half of their current geographic range across three climate change scenarios through the end of the century in North ... read more

Animal Without Synapses Feeds by External Digestion Using Global, Local Cellular Control

Sep. 2, 2015 — A multicellular marine animal without organs, Trichoplax's feeding behavior may include cellular coordination, resulting in external food ... read more

Seal Pups Listen for Long Distance Calls to Locate Their Mothers

Sep. 2, 2015 — Antarctic fur seal pups identify the mother's vocal pitch at longer distance and use other components of the vocal signature at closer range to identify their mother in densely populated ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Only the microbes located above the water's surface contribute to the development of hydrogen-sulfide-rich caves, suggests an international team of researchers. Since 2004, researchers have been ... read more

For 2-D Boron, It's All About That Base

Sep. 2, 2015 — If two-dimensional boron can be made at all, the material's substrate will have a significant impact on its final form, according to ... read more

Making Fuel from Light

Sep. 2, 2015 — Photosynthesis has given life to the planet. While scientists have been studying and mimicking the natural phenomenon in the laboratory for years, understanding how to replicate the chemical process ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — A group of scientists using computer generated simulation have predicted the existence of a new two-dimensional carbon material, a ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — A researcher has helped identify the last major vernalization gene in wheat. Vernalization genes define when the plant begins to flower and is critical for adaptation to different environments. The ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Advances in 3-D printing have led to new ways to make bone and some other relatively simple body parts that can be implanted in patients. But finding an ideal bio-ink has stalled progress toward ... read more

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