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September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

European Citizens Measure Air Pollution With Their Smartphones

Sep. 4, 2015 — The successful Dutch iSPEX-project that enlisted the general public to contribute to the understanding of air pollution is being scaled up and running its first Europe-wide citizen campaign: ... read more

Researchers Show Effectiveness of Non-Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Sep. 4, 2015 — Patients with spinal stenosis experienced good short term benefit, lasting from weeks to months, after receiving epidural steroid injections. These findings contradict a previously published study ... read more

Sep. 4, 2015 — Researchers have shown how signals from the spinal cord adjust the sensitivity of hair cells in the inner ear to accommodate shifts in head position associated with active locomotion -- thus ensuring ... read more

Scientists Unlock Secrets of a Heat-Loving Microbe

Sep. 4, 2015 — Scientists studying how a heat-loving microbe transfers its DNA from one generation to the next say it could further our understanding of an extraordinary superbug. Sulfolobus is part of the Archaea ... read more

Fourth Wheat Gene Is Key to Flowering, Climate Adaptation

Sep. 4, 2015 — A fourth wheat gene governing vernalization -- the biological process requiring cold temperatures to trigger flower formation -- has been identified, giving plant breeders one more tool for ... read more

Sep. 4, 2015 — Computer graphics today can produce amazingly photorealistic images. Many motives, however, require very long computation times. Researchers have now developed a process, by means of which granular ... read more

Inexpensive Drug Saves Blood and Money, Study Shows

Sep. 4, 2015 — Using an inexpensive drug for every hip or knee replacement has helped one hospital reduce its number of red blood cell transfusions performed during these surgeries by more than 40 percent without ... read more

New Findings Move Flexible Lighting Technology Toward Commercial Feasibility

Sep. 4, 2015 — Organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology holds promise for developing residential and commercial lighting options with greatly enhanced levels of flexibility as well as environmental, health, ... read more

Rapid Testing for TB Aims to Reduce Drug Resistance, Lower Mortality Rate

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers have documented the accuracies of three new tests for more rapidly diagnosing drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis (TB), which are much harder and more expensive to treat and which, ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers have for the first time seen a spin current -- an inherent magnetic property common to all electrons -- as it travels across materials. The result, which revealed a surprising loss of ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — A new method of measuring the distances between stars enables astronomers to climb the 'cosmic ladder' and understand the processes at work in the outer reaches of the ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Research has found a viral product that promotes a strong immune response against respiratory syncytial virus, a threat to infants and the ... read more

Surgery Achieves Better Long-Term Control of Type 2 Diabetes Than Standard Therapy

Sep. 3, 2015 — Metabolic or bariatric surgery may be more effective than standard medical treatments for the long-term control of type 2 diabetes in obese patients, according to a new study. The study is the first ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Hopping, tumbling and flipping over are not typical maneuvers you would expect from a spacecraft exploring other worlds. Traditional Mars rovers, for example, roll around on wheels, and they ... read more

Huddling Rats Behave as a 'Super-Organism'

Sep. 3, 2015 — Rodents huddle together when it is cold, they separate when it is warm, and at moderate temperatures they cycle between the warm center and the cold edges of the ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers are using light to move mirrors, a novel concept to automate the way a light source changes its wavelength as it sweeps the surrounding landscape. The advance could have implications for ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — A protein known to play a role in transporting the molecular contents of normal cells into and out of various intracellular compartments can also turn such cells cancerous by stimulating a key ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Using computational and experimental methods, researchers have developed a technique for creating so-called protein-DNA nanowires -- a hybrid biomaterial that could have important ... read more

New Hope for Lou: Unexplored Therapeutic Targets for ALS

Sep. 3, 2015 — No cures exist for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and the only approved therapy slows the progression by only a few months. A new study identifies a promising unexplored avenue of treatment for ... read more

Back to School and Back to Sleep

Sep. 3, 2015 — Poor sleep might explain how stress impacts health in kids, a new study suggests. Researchers found that getting a good night's sleep might buffer the impact of stress on kids' cortisol ... read more

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