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October 5, 2015

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October 5, 2015

Simpler Way to Estimate Feedback Between Permafrost Carbon, Climate

Oct. 5, 2015 — A simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations has been developed by a team of scientists. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have used a transmission electron microscope to record almost 3500 images in 3.5 seconds for the reconstruction of a 3D electron tomogram. Previously, 10 to 60 minutes and a ten-fold ... read more

Patients With Flu-Associated Pneumonia Less Likely to Have Received Flu Vaccine

Oct. 5, 2015 — Among children and adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia, those with influenza-associated pneumonia, compared with those with pneumonia not associated with influenza, had lower odds ... read more

The Warmer the Higher: Sea-Level Rise from Filchner-Ronne Ice in Antarctica

Oct. 5, 2015 — The more ice is melted of the Antarctic Filchner-Ronne shelf, the more ice flows into the ocean, and the more the region contributes to global sea-level rise. Unlike some some other parts of ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A team of engineers has built a quantum logic gate in silicon for the first time, making calculations between two qubits of information possible -- and thereby clearing the final hurdle to making ... read more

Antihypertensive Beta-Blockers May Increase Cardiovascular Risks in Surgical Patients

Oct. 5, 2015 — A two-drug antihypertensive treatment that included a beta-blocker was associated with increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events and death in a study of patients who underwent noncardiac ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The most common lab animals, rats and mice, can't tell scientists much about speech disorders. However, a new study shows how songbirds, specifically zebra finches, may be able to aid research ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have determined the structure of a key part of the enzyme telomerase, which is active in most cancers and enables cancer cells to proliferate indefinitely. The new findings reveal how the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The whimsically named sonic hedgehog gene, best known for controlling embryonic development, also maintains the normal physiological state and repair process of an adult healthy lung, if damaged, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — When pathologists perform autopsies on smokers who died with severe emphysema, they find that lungs are black in appearance. Until recently, researchers and physicians could only guess at the ... read more

Study Examines Antibullying Policies, Bullying in 25 States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Students who lived in states with an antibullying law that includes at least one US Department of Education-recommended legislative component had lower odds of reporting bullying and cyberbullying ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A model microscopic system to demonstrate the transmission of torque in the presence of thermal fluctuations -- necessary for the creation of a tiny 'clutch' operating at the nanoscale -- ... read more

Compulsive Texting Associated With Poorer School Performance Among Adolescent Girls, Study Finds

Oct. 5, 2015 — Teenage girls who compulsively text are more likely than their male counterparts to do worse academically, according to ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Three new species of trombiculid mites, also known as 'chiggers,' have been discovered in Taiwan, according to a new paper. Chiggers are tiny mites that feed on skin in the larval stage. ... read more

Gastric Bypass Surgery Improves Blood Sugar Handling and Insulin Sensitivity, Study Finds

Oct. 5, 2015 — Gastric bypass surgery can lead to remission of type 2 diabetes along with weight loss. A new study examines why, finding that insulin sensitivity of the body's main glucose (sugar) storage ... read more

Molecular Nanoribbons as Electronic Highways

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicists have developed a method to synthesize a unique and novel type of material which resembles a graphene nanoribbon but in molecular form. This material could be important for the further ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Many of you will remember them from your physics lessons at school: often represented as colourful clouds or balloons, electron orbitals provide information on the whereabouts of the electrons in ... read more

New Way to Weigh a Star

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have developed a new method for measuring the mass of pulsars - highly magnetized rotating neutron stars formed from the remains of massive stars after they explode into supernovae. Until ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A novel prosthetic heart valve has been developed, known as VeloX, which can be implanted through a small incision for the treatment of a serious heart valve disorder called mitral regurgitation. ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have made simulations of the processes that happen when a layer of carbon atoms is irradiated with strong laser ... read more

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