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November 26, 2015

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November 26, 2015

Nov. 25, 2015 — The global average surface temperature in 2015 is likely to be the warmest on record and to reach the symbolic and significant milestone of 1° Celsius above the pre-industrial era. This is due to a ... read more

Shedding Light on Oil Behaviors Before the Next Spill

Nov. 25, 2015 — There are still critical research gaps hampering efforts to both assess the environmental impacts of crude oil spills and to effectively remediate them, a Canadian, comprehensive scientific report ... read more

New Gene Map Reveals Cancer's Achilles Heel

Nov. 25, 2015 — Scientists have mapped out the genes that keep our cells alive, creating a long-awaited foothold for understanding how our genome works and which genes are crucial in disease like ... read more

Closing the Loop on an HIV Escape Mechanism

Nov. 25, 2015 — The motion of a specific protein in a human cell regulates whether HIV will infect other cells, a collaborative six-university research team has found. The finding may lead to promising new ways to ... read more

Researchers Assess Use of Drug-Susceptible Parasites to Fight Drug Resistance

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new model for evaluating a potential new strategy in the fight against drug-resistant diseases has been developed by experts. The strategy would take advantage of parasite refugia--host populations ... read more

Progesterone Supplements Do Not Improve Outcomes for Recurrent Miscarriages, Study Shows

Nov. 25, 2015 — Progesterone supplements in the first trimester of pregnancy do not improve outcomes in women with a history of unexplained recurrent miscarriages, new research shows. The findings mark the end of a ... read more

Antibody-Drug Compounds and Immunotherapy to Treat Breast Cancer

Nov. 25, 2015 — To more efficiently treat breast cancer, scientists have been researching molecules that selectively bind to cancer cells and deliver a substance that can kill the tumor cells, for several years. ... read more

New Technology Promises Fast, Accurate Stroke Diagnosis

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new approach to identifying biomarkers in blood has proven successful in helping diagnose stroke, and the technology could be expanded to diagnose such conditions as concussion, some forms of ... read more

Overweight, Obesity Early in Life Increase Risk of Cardiac Death

Nov. 25, 2015 — Overweight and obesity throughout adulthood, and especially elevated weight in early adulthood, were associated with increased risk of sudden cardiac death in a 32-year study of more than 72,000 ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Urban environments struggle with contaminated water running off, causing pollution and algal blooms. In response, cities often use natural landscapes of soil, grasses, and trees. These biofiltration ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Fruit fly windpipes are much more like human blood vessels than the entryway to human lungs. To create that intricate network, fly embryonic cells must sprout "fingers" and crawl into ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Atom by atom, researchers reveal the structure of CAP-Gly, a protein that binds to the latticework of microtubules in our cells. When mutations occur in CAP-Gly, neurological diseases and disorders ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — North American bison adjust their diet seasonally in order to take full advantage of the growing season when grasses become less nutritious, a new study has ... read more

Halteres, Essential for Flight in All Flies, Are Needed by Some to Climb Walls

Nov. 25, 2015 — Sensory organs called halteres may play multiple roles in how flies behave, providing clues to how brains absorb and use multiple streams of information, new research ... read more

Liver Cell Therapies Closer as Study Reveals Key to Mass Production

Nov. 25, 2015 — Stem cell scientists have made a key find that aids the quest to produce therapies for patients with liver damage. They have developed a new technique for growing liver cells from stem cells that is ... read more

Contact With Nature May Mean More Social Cohesion, Less Crime

Nov. 25, 2015 — In a first-of-its-kind study, an international team tested social correlates of both objective and subjective contact with nature in a systematic way, revealing complex linkages between nature, ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Even with 20/20 vision in broad daylight on a clear day, our peripheral vision can be surprisingly poor, particularly when the scene in front of us is cluttered. Now, scientists believe they are a ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Before the fluid of the middle ear drains and sound waves penetrate for the first time, the inner ear cells of newborn rodents practice for their big debut. Researchers report they have figured out ... read more

Dietary Restriction Gives Fruit Flies a Rhythm for a Long Life

Nov. 25, 2015 — Dietary restriction enhances the expression of the circadian clock genes in the peripheral tissue of fruit flies. Researchers show that dietary restriction, induced by reducing protein in the diet, ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — The burst of energy and hyperactivity that comes with a cocaine high is a rather accurate reflection of what's going on in the brain of its users, finds a study. Through experiments conducted in ... read more

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