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May 28, 2015

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May 28, 2015

May 28, 2015 — One night of poor sleep significantly decreases performance on intelligence tests in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and also in neurotypical children (without ASD). The researchers ... read more

May 27, 2015 — A female Yangtze giant softshell turtle (Rafetus swinhoei) -- potentially the last female of her species -- has been artificially inseminated. The procedure, which brought together top scientists ... read more

Metformin Use Associated With Reduced Risk of Developing Open-Angle Glaucoma

May 28, 2015 — Taking the medication metformin hydrochloride was associated with reduced risk of developing the sight-threatening disease open-angle glaucoma in people with diabetes, according to a ... read more

May 28, 2015 — Astrophysicists have developed a new method for calculating the effect of Rayleigh scattering on photons, potentially allowing researchers to better understand the formation of the ... read more

Protecting Women from Multiple Sclerosis

May 28, 2015 — An innocent mistake made by a graduate student in a lab who accidentally used male mice instead of female mice during an experiment, has led scientists to a novel discovery that offers new insight ... read more

May 28, 2015 — Even though the walnut twig beetle is likely native to Arizona, California, and New Mexico, it has become an invasive pest to economically and ecologically important walnut trees throughout much of ... read more

May 28, 2015 — Some decisions arouse far more anxiety than others. Among the most anxiety-provoking are those that involve options with both positive and negative elements, such choosing to take a higher-paying job ... read more

Scientists See a Natural Place for 'Rewilded' Plants in Organic Farming

May 28, 2015 — One key element of organic agriculture is that it rejects unpredictable technologies, such as genetic engineering. But what if adding a gene from undomesticated plants to bring back a natural trait ... read more

May 28, 2015 — The numbers of American eels in freshwater areas have been decreasing rapidly but scientists have been puzzled as to why the fish can't recolonize. Now, a new look at eel genetics finds that ... read more

Scientists Discover Key to What Causes Immune Cell Migration to Wounds

May 28, 2015 — Immune cells play an important role in the upkeep and repair of our bodies, helping us to defend against infection and disease. Until now, how these cells detect a wounded or damaged site has largely ... read more

Public Raises Alarm About Ineffectiveness of Some Montagu's Harrier Conservation Measures

May 28, 2015 — A citizen science program reveals the protection measures for the Montagu's harrier in the cereal crop season in France to be ineffective if nests are not protected to decrease predation after ... read more

Acquiring 'Perfect' Pitch May Be Possible for Some Adults

May 28, 2015 — If you're a musician, this sounds too good to be true: psychologists have been able to train some adults to develop the prized musical ability of absolute pitch, and the training's effects ... read more

May 27, 2015 — When cells are normal and unstressed, the molecule keeps transcription moving so that genes are "expressed" and RNA is jotted down more quickly. When cells are stressed and transcription ... read more

Weak Electric Current to the Brain May Improve Thinking in People With Schizophrenia

May 27, 2015 — Lightly stimulating the brain with electricity may improve short-term memory in people with schizophrenia, according to a new study. The procedure, known as transcranial direct current stimulation, ... read more

Starting Antiretroviral Treatment Early Improves Outcomes for HIV-Infected Individuals

May 27, 2015 — HIV-infected individuals have a considerably lower risk of developing AIDS or other serious illnesses if they start taking antiretroviral drugs sooner, when their CD4+ T-cell count--a key measure of ... read more

Machine-Learning Breakthrough Paves Way for Medical Screening, Prevention and Treatment

May 27, 2015 — A breakthrough in machine learning has also brought about a 'game changer' for the science of metabolomics -- and will hasten the development of diagnostic and predictive tests for ... read more

Pre-Surgery Beta Blockers, Risk of Death Examined in Noncardiac Surgery

May 27, 2015 — The controversial practice of administering pre-surgery beta-blockers to patients having noncardiac surgery was associated with an increased risk of death in patients with no cardiac risk factors but ... read more

Researchers Use Mobile Phone Data to Predict Employment Shocks

May 27, 2015 — Mobile phone data can be used to predict future unemployment rates up to four months before the release of official reports and more accurately than traditional forecasts, computational social ... read more

Are We Wired to Be Natural Naysayers?

May 27, 2015 — We may cave in to peer pressure, marketing and persuasion, but faced with decisions, the default response programmed into our brains is to say "no," a recent study ... read more

High Rates of MRSA Transmission Found Between Nursing Home Residents, Healthcare Workers

May 28, 2015 — Healthcare workers frequently contaminate their gloves and gowns during every day care of nursing homes residents with drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA, according to a new ... read more

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