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August 27, 2015

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August 27, 2015

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists can now watch dynamic biological processes with unprecedented clarity in living cells using new imaging techniques. The new methods dramatically improve on the spatial resolution provided ... read more

Cervical Pessary Does Not Reduce the Rate of Preterm Births or Neonatal Complications in Twin Gestations

Aug. 27, 2015 — Having twins accounts for only 1.5% of all births but 25% of preterm births, the leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. Successful strategies for reducing singleton preterm births include ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Research may lead to reevaluation of the current understanding of information flow and neural circuit maturation in the visual ... read more

HIV Particles Do Not Cause AIDS, Our Own Immune Cells Do

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. In a new ... read more

Growth Hormone Reduces Risk of Osteoporosis Fractures in Older Women

Aug. 27, 2015 — For years after it was administered, growth hormone continued to reduce the risk of fractures and helped maintain bone density in postmenopausal women who had ... read more

Interrupting Sitting With Walking Breaks Improves Children's Blood Sugar

Aug. 27, 2015 — Taking 3-minute breaks to walk in the middle of a TV marathon or other sedentary activity can improve children's blood sugar compared to continuously sitting, according to a new ... read more

Antibiotic Use Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis

Aug. 27, 2015 — People who developed type 2 diabetes tended to take more antibiotics in the years leading up to the diagnosis than people who did not have the condition, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — RNA can be translated into protein or transformed into gene-regulating molecules. A newly discovered 'reader' protein recognizes a chemical instruction tag affixed to RNA, an important step ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Neuroscientists have discovered a set of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain that broadcast messages throughout the cerebral cortex, rapidly informing multiple distributed subregions of any ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Diets rich in fish oil versus diets rich in lard (e.g., bacon) produce very different bacteria in the guts of mice, reports a new study. The researchers transferred these microbes into other mice to ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have uncovered key cellular functions that help regulate inflammation -- a discovery that could have important implications for the treatment of allergies, heart disease, and certain ... read more

Creative and Neurotic: Is Neuroticism Fueled by Overthinking?

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have presented a new theory for why neurotic unhappiness and creativity go hand-in-hand. The authors argue that the part of the brain responsible for self-generated thought is highly ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have evidence in support of a clearly defined depth limit for deep-sea fishing in Europe. The findings come just as the European Union considers controversial new legislation to manage ... read more

Viral Infection in Colon Cancer Stem Cells Mimicked; Druggable Target Identified

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers targeting colorectal cancer stem cells – the root cause of disease, resistance to treatment and relapse – have discovered a mechanism to mimic a virus and potentially trigger an ... read more

Mammary Gland Is Shaped by Adaptive Immune System During Development

Aug. 27, 2015 — In experiments with mouse tissue, researchers have discovered that the adaptive immune system, generally associated with fighting infections, plays an active role in guiding the normal development of ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers show how DNA repair proteins sound the alarm to threats, pointing to a novel cancer ... read more

Parkinson’s Disease Brain Cells at Risk of Burnout, Like an Overheating Motor

Aug. 27, 2015 — The death of brain cells in Parkinson’s disease may be caused by a form of cellular energy crisis in neurons that require unusually high quantities of energy to carry out their job of regulating ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease Thought to Be Accelerated by an Abnormal Build-Up of Fat in the Brain

Aug. 27, 2015 — People with Alzheimer’s disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A chemistry professor has uncovered a major development in the study of anions, negatively-charged molecules such as chloride, bromide and nitrate, which have strategic roles within the human body. ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A new study found that three times as many female high school students were interested in enrolling in a computer science class if the classroom was designed to be less 'geeky' and more ... read more

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