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July 29, 2015

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July 29, 2015

Vaccination Rates in Older Adults Fall Short of Targets

July 29, 2015 — A new white paper discusses factors for underutilization of vaccines in older adults and offers recommendations to improve immunization ... read more

Shoring Up Tor: Researchers Mount Successful Attacks Against Popular Anonymity Network -- And Show How to Prevent Them

July 29, 2015 — With 2.5 million daily users, the Tor network is the world's most popular system for protecting Internet users' anonymity. Researchers have now demonstrated a vulnerability in Tor's ... read more

July 29, 2015 — An endoscopic probe that delivers adjustable-focus capabilities in a slimmer package has been developed by researchers. The findings could ultimately facilitate more effective and less painful ... read more

Ongoing Recovery Efforts Take Toll on Hurricane Survivors

July 29, 2015 — According to a major report on NJ residents living in Superstorm Sandy’s path, over 100,000 experienced significant structural damage to their primary homes. Research finds that tens of thousands ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Scientists evaluated plant growth responses of 10 vegetables to simulated seawater flooding. The plants were flooded with SSW or tap water for 24 hours and grown subsequently for 2 weeks in a ... read more

Socially Integrated Women Have Lower Suicide Risk

July 29, 2015 — Women who were socially well integrated had a lower risk for suicide in a new analysis of data from the Nurses' Health Study, according to an article. Suicide is among the top 10 leading causes ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed a smartphone test for chlamydia that can detect the disease with high accuracy, which could reduce the prevalence of this sexually transmitted disease (STD) by making ... read more

First Lab-on-Cartridge Device That Can Perform All Common Medical Tests

July 29, 2015 — Clinical laboratory tests play a crucial role in making sure patients get appropriate care, yet many small labs and clinics in low resource settings cannot afford the instruments needed to provide ... read more

Atomic View of Bacterial Enzymes That Help Human Digestion

July 29, 2015 — A group of researchers has reached deep into the human gut, plucked out a couple enzymes produced by bacteria residing there and determined their biological activities and molecular structures -- ... read more

Hospital Penalties Based on Total Number of Blood Clots May Be Unfairly Imposed, Study Shows

July 29, 2015 — Researchers say their review of 128 medical case histories suggests that financial penalties imposed on Maryland hospitals based solely on the total number of patients who suffer blood clots in the ... read more

July 29, 2015 — For centuries, people have transformed and splintered landscapes and ecosystems in North America. This radical altering of nature makes it tough for scientists to analyze the continent’s ... read more

Study of Birds' Sense of Smell Reveals Important Clues for Behavior, Adaptation

July 29, 2015 — From slight sparrows to preening peacocks to soaring falcons, birds have long been known to possess distinct abilities in their sense of smell, but little has been known about the evolution of ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed a yarn from ordinary gelatine that has good qualities similar to those of merino wool fibers. Now they are working on making the yarn even more water ... read more

Climbing a Tree Can Improve Cognitive Skills, Researchers Say

July 29, 2015 — Climbing a tree and balancing on a beam can dramatically improve cognitive skills, according to a study. The findings suggest working memory improvements can be made in just a couple of hours of ... read more

When Cars and Wildlife Collide: Virtual Reality Could Prevent Real-Life Road Accidents

July 29, 2015 — Using a novel simulation approach, researchers took a closer look at how an interactive system, meant to reduce road accidents involving wild animals, can actually affect driver ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have made a discovery with the potential to impact the treatment of middle ear infections and other illnesses. They found that the bacterial pathogen Haemophilus influenzae, which causes ... read more

July 29, 2015 — The boxfish's unique armor draws its strength from hexagon-shaped scales and the connections between them, engineers have found. Engineers also describe how the structure of the boxfish could ... read more

Intensive Biofuel Planting Poses Risk to Human Health

July 29, 2015 — The race to meet carbon-neutral biofuel targets could put human health and food crop production at risk unless it is carefully planned, according to new research. The researchers found that it would ... read more

Key Factor for Stability of Capillaries in Brain Identified

July 29, 2015 — The brain needs a lot of oxygen – so every last corner of the brain’s tissue is served by a dense network of fine blood vessels. When these capillaries are damaged by high blood pressure or age, ... read more

Study Finds Brain Chemicals That Keep Wakefulness in Check

July 29, 2015 — Mice that have a particular brain chemical switched off become hyperactive and sleep for just 65 per cent of their normal time, a new study shows. This discovery could help researchers to develop new ... read more

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