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February 9, 2016

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February 9, 2016

Feb. 8, 2016 — A small but novel study of hunter-gatherers concludes that teaching is part of the human genome, that it is a part of our human nature, researchers say. The Aka are among the last of the world's ... read more

National Underutilization of Preemptive, Early Kidney Transplants

Feb. 8, 2016 — A kidney transplant is a life-changing and life-saving procedure. Yet, a new study shows that only one-third of patients who ultimately receive a living donor kidney transplant receive it ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Vitrified metals, or metallic glasses, are at the frontier of materials science research. But much about them remains poorly understood. A team is trying to figure out the rules that govern metallic ... read more

Device Hits Pancreatic Tumors Hard With Toxic 4-Drug Cocktail, Sparing the Body

Feb. 8, 2016 — An implantable device can deliver a particularly toxic cocktail of drugs directly to pancreatic tumors to stunt their growth or in some cases, shrink them -- all while showing signs that the rest of ... read more

Researchers Identify Most Dangerous Strains of Often-Deadly Bacteria

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have determined the genetic makeup of various strains of E. coli, which every year kills hundreds of thousands of people around the world. The study analyzed the DNA ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new biosensing platform has been fabricated for the determination of haptoglobin in human ... read more

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery Does Not Cure Sensations of Knee Catching or Locking

Feb. 8, 2016 — A commonly used surgical treatment does not help patients who suffer from 'mechanical symptoms' associated with a degenerative knee, a new Finnish study ... read more

Diabetes Drug Shown to Help Body Rebuild After Heart Attack

Feb. 8, 2016 — New light has been shed on how a common diabetes drug can be used to aid recovery from a heart attack. Metformin is a cost-efficient drug usually used as a first-line treatment in Type 2 diabetes as ... read more

Stress Could Help Activate Brown Fat

Feb. 8, 2016 — Mild stress stimulates the activity and heat production by brown fat associated with raised cortisol, according to a study. Brown adipose tissue (BAT), also known as brown fat, is one of two types of ... read more

Why Not Recycled Concrete?

Feb. 8, 2016 — From paper towels to cups to plastic bottles, products made from recycled materials permeate our lives. One notable exception is building materials. Why can’t we recycle concrete from our ... read more

Antiretroviral Therapy Reduces HIV in the Female Reproductive Tract

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, investigators have determined how antiretroviral therapy (ART) affects the way HIV disseminates and establishes infection in the female reproductive tract. These observations have ... read more

Expanding Use of Vaccines Could Save Up to $44 for Every Dollar Spent, Study Suggests

Feb. 8, 2016 — Vaccinations, long recognized as an excellent investment that saves lives and prevents illness, could have significant economic value that far exceeds their original cost, a new study has ... read more

The Future of Gaming: Create Your Own Character in Just Four Minutes

Feb. 8, 2016 — Want to see the future of gaming? Look in the ... read more

Newer Pain Management Strategies Can Lead to Quicker, Shorter Recovery After Total Knee Replacement

Feb. 8, 2016 — According to a new literature review , a team-based care approach (consisting of the patient, family members, the orthopaedic surgeon and other medical practitioners) on total knee replacement (TKR) ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — A team led by engineers has 3-D-printed a tissue that closely mimics the human liver's sophisticated structure and function. The new model could be used for patient-specific drug screening and ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Using a model blood vessel system built on a polymer microchip, researchers have shown that the relative softness of white blood cells determines whether they remain in a dormant state along vessel ... read more

Gut Environment Could Reduce Severity of Malaria

Feb. 8, 2016 — Microorganisms in the gut could play a role in reducing the severity of malaria, according to a new study. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease, and those with the illness often experience fever, ... read more

What's Nature Worth? Study Helps Put a Price on Groundwater and Other Natural Capital

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists have adapted traditional asset valuation approaches to measure the value of such natural capital assets, linking economic measurements of ecosystem services with models of natural dynamics ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Children with asthma tend to have the worst symptoms at the same times each year -- when school starts in the fall and after extended breaks such as Spring Break. Researchers previously speculated ... read more

Circadian Misalignment Helps Explain Higher Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Feb. 8, 2016 — New research may help explain why shift work increases the risk for cardiovascular disease. The study finds that short-term circadian misalignment, resulting from a rapid 12-hour inversion of the ... read more

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