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August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Aug. 4, 2015 — Engineers have now hit upon a way to impart more dexterity to simple robotic grippers: using the environment as a helping hand. The team has developed a model that predicts the force with which a ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Astronomers have observed the nearby large spiral galaxy M81, together with its two brightest neighbors. The team obtained deep and super wide-field images of the galaxies and discovered that the ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Toxic is bad. Or is it? New studies of seagrasses reveal that they are surprisingly good at detoxifying themselves when growing in toxic seabed. But if seagrasses are stressed by their environment, ... read more

New Medicaid Health Care Program for Disabled Adults Improves Aspects of Patients' Care, Report Says

Aug. 4, 2015 — Care linked to heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, among disabled adults covered by Medicaid has improved with the expansion of a new health care program in Texas over ... read more

From Pluripotency to Totipotency

Aug. 4, 2015 — While it is already possible to obtain in vitro pluripotent cells (i.e., cells capable of generating all tissues of an embryo) from any cell type, researchers have pushed the limits of science even ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted ... read more

Parents' Preconception Exposure to Environmental Stressors Can Disrupt Early Development

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even before a child is conceived, the parents' exposure to environmental stressors can alter the way genes are expressed and ultimately harm the child's health when those genes are passed ... read more

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy Decreases PTSD Symptom Severity Among Veterans

Aug. 4, 2015 — In a randomized trial that included veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), those who received mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy showed greater improvement in self-reported PTSD ... read more

Cures for PTSD Often Remain Elusive for War Veterans

Aug. 4, 2015 — Our nation's veterans continue to suffer emotional and psychological effects of war -- some for decades. And while there has been greater attention directed recently toward post-traumatic stress ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Two types of bariatric surgeries, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty, result in similar microbiome remodeling changes that are maintained a decade later in a group of women, a ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Diagnosis of deadly brain conditions could be helped by new research that shows how infectious proteins that cause the disease spread. Research reveals how the proteins -- called prions -- spread ... read more

Novel Fatigue Syndrome in Feedlot Cattle Discovered

Aug. 4, 2015 — A novel fatigue syndrome affecting feedlot cattle has been discovered by researchers. The syndrome is similar to one affecting the swine industry. The study concludes it would be imperative for the ... read more

How New Moms Assess Their Partners' Ability to Parent

Aug. 4, 2015 — New mothers take a close look at their personal relationship with their husband or partner when deciding how much they want him involved in parenting, new research ... read more

Mandatory Life Jackets Could Cut Odds of Recreational Boating Deaths 80 Percent, Experts Say

Aug. 4, 2015 — Increasing life jacket wear by only 20 percent would have saved 1,721 out of 3,047 boaters involved in accidents between 2008 and 2011, scientists say, a finding that could be used to argue for ... read more

Understanding Molecular Mechanism Leading to Addiction in Humans

Aug. 4, 2015 — A new study opens the field to new understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying addiction in humans. The team found that humans with mutation of a key gene for this co-transmission were 10 ... read more

New Biosensors for Managing Microbial 'Workers'

Aug. 4, 2015 — New biosensors have been developed that could improve control and complexity of metabolically engineered microbes, bringing us one step closer to a future in which genetically engineered bacteria can ... read more

Researchers Use Wastewater Treatment to Capture Carbon Dioxide, Produce Energy

Aug. 4, 2015 — Cleaning up municipal and industrial wastewater can be dirty business, but engineers have developed an innovative wastewater treatment process that not only mitigates carbon dioxide emissions, but ... read more

Teen Marijuana Use Not Linked to Later Depression, Lung Cancer, Other Health Problems, Study Finds

Aug. 4, 2015 — Chronic marijuana use by teenage boys does not appear to be linked to later physical or mental health issues such as depression, psychotic symptoms or asthma, according to a new ... read more

How Does Being 'on-Call' Impact Employee Fatigue?

Aug. 4, 2015 — With the growing demands of consumerism and the need to assist customers on the clock, today’s employees are working anything but nine to five. One in five EU employees are working on-call, but how ... read more

Protecting the Environment by Re-Thinking Death

Aug. 4, 2015 — Scientists first had to re-think death before they could develop a way of testing the potential harm to the environment caused by thousands of chemicals humankind uses each ... read more

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