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September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

Does Having a Bias Actually Sell Newspapers?

Sep. 4, 2015 — In recent years, there’s been plenty of discussion about bias in the media. Yet some of the most seemingly biased media and news organizations also have the largest viewership and readership. Can ... read more

European Citizens Measure Air Pollution With Their Smartphones

Sep. 4, 2015 — The successful Dutch iSPEX-project that enlisted the general public to contribute to the understanding of air pollution is being scaled up and running its first Europe-wide citizen campaign: ... read more

Sep. 4, 2015 — High salt in soil dramatically stresses plant biology and reduces the growth and yield of crops. Now researchers have found specific proteins that allow plants to grow better under salt stress, and ... read more

Researchers Show Effectiveness of Non-Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Sep. 4, 2015 — Patients with spinal stenosis experienced good short term benefit, lasting from weeks to months, after receiving epidural steroid injections. These findings contradict a previously published study ... read more

Supervised Tooth Brushing and Floride Varnish Schemes Benefit Kids and the Health Economy

Sep. 4, 2015 — Action to prevent tooth decay in children, such as supervised tooth brushing and fluoride varnish schemes, are not just beneficial to children's oral health but could also result in cost savings ... read more

Scientists Unlock Secrets of a Heat-Loving Microbe

Sep. 4, 2015 — Scientists studying how a heat-loving microbe transfers its DNA from one generation to the next say it could further our understanding of an extraordinary superbug. Sulfolobus is part of the Archaea ... read more

Fourth Wheat Gene Is Key to Flowering, Climate Adaptation

Sep. 4, 2015 — A fourth wheat gene governing vernalization -- the biological process requiring cold temperatures to trigger flower formation -- has been identified, giving plant breeders one more tool for ... read more

Community Ecology Can Advance the Fight Against Infectious Diseases

Sep. 4, 2015 — The ecological complexity of many emerging disease threats -- interactions among multiple hosts, multiple vectors and even multiple parasites -- often complicates efforts aimed at controlling ... read more

Sep. 4, 2015 — Computer graphics today can produce amazingly photorealistic images. Many motives, however, require very long computation times. Researchers have now developed a process, by means of which granular ... read more

Sep. 4, 2015 — Two properties are particularly sought after in materials for technology (for a variety of devices from sensors to computer memory, etc.): magnetism and ferroelectricity. Obtaining materials with ... read more

Inexpensive Drug Saves Blood and Money, Study Shows

Sep. 4, 2015 — Using an inexpensive drug for every hip or knee replacement has helped one hospital reduce its number of red blood cell transfusions performed during these surgeries by more than 40 percent without ... read more

New Findings Move Flexible Lighting Technology Toward Commercial Feasibility

Sep. 4, 2015 — Organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology holds promise for developing residential and commercial lighting options with greatly enhanced levels of flexibility as well as environmental, health, ... read more

Rapid Testing for TB Aims to Reduce Drug Resistance, Lower Mortality Rate

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers have documented the accuracies of three new tests for more rapidly diagnosing drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis (TB), which are much harder and more expensive to treat and which, ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers have for the first time seen a spin current -- an inherent magnetic property common to all electrons -- as it travels across materials. The result, which revealed a surprising loss of ... read more

Earth Observations Show How Nitrogen May Be Detected on Exoplanets, Aiding Search for Life

Sep. 3, 2015 — Observations of nitrogen in Earth's atmosphere by a NASA spacecraft 17 million miles away are giving astronomers fresh clues to how that gas might reveal itself on faraway planets, thus aiding ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — A new method of measuring the distances between stars enables astronomers to climb the 'cosmic ladder' and understand the processes at work in the outer reaches of the ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Research has found a viral product that promotes a strong immune response against respiratory syncytial virus, a threat to infants and the ... read more

Surgery Achieves Better Long-Term Control of Type 2 Diabetes Than Standard Therapy

Sep. 3, 2015 — Metabolic or bariatric surgery may be more effective than standard medical treatments for the long-term control of type 2 diabetes in obese patients, according to a new study. The study is the first ... read more

Girls, Boys With Autism Differ in Behavior, Brain Structure

Sep. 3, 2015 — A study of about 800 children with autism found gender differences in a core feature of the disorder, as well as in the youngsters' brain structures. Girls with autism display less repetitive ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — Hopping, tumbling and flipping over are not typical maneuvers you would expect from a spacecraft exploring other worlds. Traditional Mars rovers, for example, roll around on wheels, and they ... read more

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