Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Washington State University Selected To Establish Shock Physics Institute

Date:
June 23, 1997
Source:
Washington State University
Summary:
DOE plans to provide $10 million over five years to Washington State University to create an Institute for Shock Physics as part of its strategic investment in disciplines important to science-based stockpile stewardship.

June 23, 1997


NEWS MEDIA CONTACTS:
DOE: Chris Kielich, 202/586-5806
WSU: Al Ruddy, 509/335-4528


WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY SELECTED TO ESTABLISH SHOCK PHYSICS INSTITUTE

• TO UNDERSTAND AGING NUCLEAR STOCKPILE


The U.S. Department of Energy plans to provide $10 million over the next five years to Washington State University (WSU) researchers to create an Institute for Shock Physics as part of DOE's strategic investment in selected scientific disciplines important to science based stockpile stewardship. President Clinton has directed the DOE laboratories to maintain scientific capabilities to sustain a safe and reliable nuclear weapons stockpile without conducting nuclear tests. Shock wave research explores very rapid compression of materials, shock-induced chemical changes, detonation science and the dynamic response of materials at large compressions and deformations. Research in shock physics, nuclear physics and radiation physics furthers understanding of the nation's enduring and aging nuclear weapons. "In the absence of testing, it is essential that innovative experiments, novel theoretical approaches, and computational advances be integrated to predict changes in aging nuclear weapons," said Secretary of Energy Federico Peña. "Washington State University has been the home of some of the nation's leading shock physics research, and we look forward to the important contributions they will make, working with the department's laboratories for the nation's stockpile stewardship program."

Funding for the WSU institute was announced today by Dr. Victor Reis, the Energy Department's Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs, who said that the WSU facility will conduct no experiments using nuclear materials and will focus purely on fundamental research. DOE selected WSU because of its nearly four decades of scientific leadership in this field, state-of-the-art research undertakings, and the noteworthy achievements by WSU alumni at the DOE laboratories. The University’s Shock Dynamics Center is directed by physics professor Yogendra Gupta, who came to WSU in 1981 and expanded the shock wave research pioneered by George Duvall and others in the 1960s. Besides defense-related research, a stronger and more diversified program in shock wave physics has the potential to address several other technical areas important to the Washington State region, such as aircraft safety questions concerning explosion and impact, environmental issues related to soil remediation, and the synthesis and development of novel materials.

WSU President Samuel Smith called it "an historic day" for the university. "Although a few laboratories conduct research on these fundamental questions, WSU is unique and the oldest among these university laboratories, and has been an important source of scientists for the Department of Energy. Having the WSU Shock Physics Center become an Institute for Shock Physics in support of the Science Based Stockpile Stewardship program builds upon WSU’s continuing partnership with the Hanford National Engineering Laboratory, a partnership that has existed for nearly as long as the splitting of the atom. The leadership of Dr. Gupta ensures an institute of the highest caliber, advancing science in important ways," Smith said.

Gupta directs the research lab’s program, conducted in collaboration with other WSU faculty, visiting scientists, and a cadre of graduate students and postdoctoral research associates. Gupta’s laboratory is filled with computers and sophisticated optical, x-ray and electronic equipment. Its original "gun," built in 1968, fires 4-inch diameter projectiles down a 40-foot long barrel at speeds in excess of 3,000 miles an hour. When it collides with the target, various sensors and recording equipment analyze the changes occurring at the molecular and atomic levels. Two other "guns," one that can accelerate projectiles to speeds in excess of 5,000 miles an hour, are now part of the lab’s impact facilities. Measurements are made ranging from a millionth of a second to a trillionth of a second.

The federal funding will support experimental and theoretical work of WSU faculty, students and research associates in a broad range of areas covering physics, chemistry, and materials science. Gupta stressed that an important component of this grant will be WSU's ability to attract the brightest undergraduate and graduate students to the program.



- Joint Release: DOE/AR179


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Washington State University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Washington State University. "Washington State University Selected To Establish Shock Physics Institute." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 June 1997. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1997/06/970623133417.htm>.
Washington State University. (1997, June 23). Washington State University Selected To Establish Shock Physics Institute. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1997/06/970623133417.htm
Washington State University. "Washington State University Selected To Establish Shock Physics Institute." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1997/06/970623133417.htm (accessed July 25, 2014).

Share This




More Matter & Energy News

Friday, July 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Europe's Highest Train Turns 80 in French Pyrenees

Europe's Highest Train Turns 80 in French Pyrenees

AFP (July 25, 2014) — Europe's highest train, the little train of Artouste in the French Pyrenees, celebrates its 80th birthday. Duration: 01:05 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
TSA Administrator on Politics and Flight Bans

TSA Administrator on Politics and Flight Bans

AP (July 24, 2014) — TSA administrator, John Pistole's took part in the Aspen Security Forum 2014, where he answered questions on lifting of the ban on flights into Israel's Tel Aviv airport and whether politics played a role in lifting the ban. (July 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Creative Makeovers for Ugly Cellphone Towers

Creative Makeovers for Ugly Cellphone Towers

AP (July 24, 2014) — Mobile phone companies and communities across the country are going to new lengths to disguise those unsightly cellphone towers. From a church bell tower to a flagpole, even a pencil, some towers are trying to make a point. (July 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Algonquin Power Goes Activist on Its Target Gas Natural

Algonquin Power Goes Activist on Its Target Gas Natural

TheStreet (July 23, 2014) — When The Deal's Amanda Levin exclusively reported that Gas Natural had been talking to potential suitors, the Ohio company responded with a flat denial, claiming its board had not talked to anyone about a possible sale. Lo and behold, Canadian utility Algonquin Power and Utilities not only had approached the company, but it did it three times. Its last offer was for $13 per share as Gas Natural's was trading at a 60-day moving average of about $12.50 per share. Now Algonquin, which has a 4.9% stake in Gas Natural, has taken its case to shareholders, calling on them to back its proposals or, possibly, a change in the target's board. Video provided by TheStreet
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins