Materials Science News
October 5, 2015

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October 5, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — When pathologists perform autopsies on smokers who died with severe emphysema, they find that lungs are black in appearance. Until recently, researchers and physicians could only guess at the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A model microscopic system to demonstrate the transmission of torque in the presence of thermal fluctuations -- necessary for the creation of a tiny 'clutch' operating at the nanoscale -- ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A series of experiments has created the tiniest drops of quark-gluon plasma ever made, scientists ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — A team of researchers has developed an elegant process for coating fragile perovskite layers with graphene for the first time. Subsequent measurements show that the graphene layer is an ideal front ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Researchers have arrived at how what is known as time-reversal symmetry can break in one class of superconducting ... read more

Organics Energize Solar Cell Research

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists are using a new supercomputer to advance next-generation solar energy technologies by probing the functional interfaces found in organic and hybrid solar ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Researchers have precisely conducted current-fluctuation ("shot noise") measurement in the graphene p-n junction in the quantum Hall ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Over time, the electrodes inside a rechargeable battery cell can grow tiny, branch-like filaments called dendrites, causing short circuits that kill the battery or even ignite it in flames. But ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Quantum dots have made it possible to substantially increase color quality in LCD displays. However, these cadmium-based nanocrystals have proven to be harmful to the environment. Researchers are now ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — A spin-off has developed a new low-cost infrared camera that makes it possible to quickly and efficiently detect gas leaks that can occur in different industrial ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Toyohashi Tech researchers in cooperation with researchers at the National Institute of Technology, Kurume College have demonstrated the formation of composite nanoparticles of luminescent ZnO ... read more

Crystal Clear: Thousand-Fold Fluorescence Enhancement in an All-Polymer Thin Film

Sep. 30, 2015 — Scientists have made a remarkable breakthrough in the field of fluorescence enhancement via a discovery they believe could drive the next advances in sensor technology, energy saving and harvesting, ... read more

Solar Energy: Hydrogen for All Seasons

Sep. 30, 2015 — Chemists have developed novel porous materials called 'covalent organic frameworks,' which provide a basis for the design of polymeric photocatalysts with tunable physical, chemical and ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — In an effort to help develop a domestic supply of rare earth elements, researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute have developed a novel method of chemically separating these materials -- ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — Micro-supercapacitors are a promising alternative to micro-batteries because of their high power and long lifetime. They have been in development for about a decade but until now they have stored ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — Chemical molecules strongly interacting with light generally disintegrate very rapidly. In new research, the main mechanism conducive to this destruction has been determined. This knowledge makes it ... read more

A Step Toward Clothing That Guards Against Chemical Warfare Agents

Sep. 30, 2015 — Recent reports of chemical weapons attacks in the Middle East underscore the urgent need for new ways to guard against their toxic effects. Toward that end, scientists report a new hydrogel coating ... read more

Sep. 30, 2015 — Scientists have been exploring new ways to 'smell' signs of cancer by analyzing what's in patients' breath. In a new study, one team now reports new progress toward this goal. The ... read more

Sep. 29, 2015 — Condensed matter theorists used nearly 10 million Titan core hours to calculate the electronic and magnetic structure of plutonium using a combination of density functional theory calculations and ... read more

Sep. 29, 2015 — Using carbon atoms deposited on graphene, researchers have demonstrated a technique for creating dynamic patterns on graphene surfaces. The patterns could be used to make reconfigurable electronic ... read more

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