Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Scientists Seeking Third Village Where Europeans Met Illini Indians

Date:
August 14, 1998
Source:
University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign
Summary:
The 325th anniversary of the first European contact with the Illini, a once large and powerful confederacy of Native American tribes that lived in the Upper Mississippi River Valley, is being celebrated this summer, not with cake and ice cream, but with shovels and buckets.

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- The 325th anniversary of the first European contact with the Illini, a once large and powerful confederacy of Native American tribes that lived in the Upper Mississippi River Valley, is being celebrated this summer, not with cake and ice cream, but with shovels and buckets.

Working in severe summer heat, a group of 19 Midwestern high school and college students enrolled in a University of Illinois/Western Illinois University archaeology field school are excavating the Illinois Village site in extreme northeastern Missouri. It was there, in the summer of 1673, that a French Jesuit priest by the name of Father Jacques Marquette and a Canadian fur trader named Louis Jolliet hiked up a shoreline footpath near the mouth of the Des Moines River and found three Indian villages and friendship with the Ilinois, as Marquette spelled the tribe's name.

Under the supervision of U. of I. archaeology student Eric Hollinger, who is field director of the summer course, the students have been excavating two of the villages that were settled on a hill not far from the bank of the Des Moines, and now are searching for the third village that Marquette reported.

"We hope to find it," said Hollinger, noting that a geophysical survey of the entire 110-acre site is being done to locate the houses and to map the village layout. Students are being trained to do test excavating and to use ground-penetrating radar at the site, also known as 23CK116 and as the

Haas-Hagerman site. So far, several pits have been found, along with trade beads, brass, copper and iron. Many Great Lakes Indian experts have visited the site this summer and worked with the students.

Eventually the animal remains found at the site, which is not far from Keokuk, Iowa, will be sent to labs at the Illinois State Museum in Springfield, where scientists will catalog and study the animal bones, shells and other remains, said Robert Warren, associate curator of anthropology at the museum.

According to Lawrence Conrad, professor of anthropology at WIU and faculty instructor for the field school, the site of first contact with the Illini has been in question for a long time.

"For a century, scholars have debated whether the site of the first contact with the Illini was near the mouth of the Iowa or of the Des Moines River," Conrad said. "Generally, the Iowa River was considered the best candidate, and there are formal markers at the mouth of the Iowa indicating that that was the place. However, excavations at the Haas-Hagerman site over the past few years indicated that it was the site of first contact."

In 1994, Conrad said, WIU and the Missouri Department of Natural Resources sponsored a field conference at Keokuk, inviting archaeologists interested in the early historic period.

"There were some doubting Thomases," Conrad said, "but after they saw the site and material from the site, they became believers."

Missouri's Department of Natural Resources owns the portion of the Indian village where the field work is being done.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign. "Scientists Seeking Third Village Where Europeans Met Illini Indians." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 August 1998. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/08/980814065408.htm>.
University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign. (1998, August 14). Scientists Seeking Third Village Where Europeans Met Illini Indians. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/08/980814065408.htm
University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign. "Scientists Seeking Third Village Where Europeans Met Illini Indians." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/08/980814065408.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Dieting At A Young Age Might Lead To Harmful Health Habits

Newsy (July 30, 2014) Researchers say women who diet at a young age are at greater risk of developing harmful health habits, including eating disorders and alcohol abuse. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

It's Not Just Facebook: OKCupid Experiments With Users Too

Newsy (July 29, 2014) If you've been looking for love online, there's a chance somebody has been looking at how you're looking. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

How Your Face Can Leave A Good Or Bad First Impression

Newsy (July 29, 2014) Researchers have found certain facial features can make us seem more attractive or trustworthy. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Newsy (July 27, 2014) A new study shows sleep deprivation can make it harder for people to remember specific details of an event. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

    Technology News



      Save/Print:
      Share:

      Free Subscriptions


      Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

      Get Social & Mobile


      Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

      Have Feedback?


      Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
      Mobile: iPhone Android Web
      Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
      Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
      Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins