Diseases and Conditions News
August 4, 2015

Latest Headlines
updated 3:51pm EDT

More Diseases and Conditions News
August 4, 2015

New Medicaid Health Care Program for Disabled Adults Improves Aspects of Patients' Care, Report Says

Aug. 4, 2015 — Care linked to heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, among disabled adults covered by Medicaid has improved with the expansion of a new health care program in Texas over ... read more

From Pluripotency to Totipotency

Aug. 4, 2015 — While it is already possible to obtain in vitro pluripotent cells (i.e., cells capable of generating all tissues of an embryo) from any cell type, researchers have pushed the limits of science even ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Malnutrition affects millions of people worldwide and is responsible for one-fifth of deaths in children under the age of five. Children can also experience impaired cognitive development and stunted ... read more

Intervention to Screen Women for Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health Outcomes

Aug. 4, 2015 — Screening women for partner violence and providing a resource list did not influence the number of hospitalizations, emergency department, or outpatient care visits compared with women only receiving ... read more

Emergency Department Intervention Does Not Reduce Heavy Drinking or Partner Violence

Aug. 4, 2015 — A brief motivational intervention delivered during an emergency department visit did not improve outcomes for women with heavy drinking involved in abusive relationships, according to a ... read more

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy Decreases PTSD Symptom Severity Among Veterans

Aug. 4, 2015 — In a randomized trial that included veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), those who received mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy showed greater improvement in self-reported PTSD ... read more

Researcher Calls for Improved Firearm Safety Counseling by Physicians

Aug. 4, 2015 — Physicians should improve the way they discuss firearm safety with patients by showing more respect for the viewpoints of gun owners, according to a new ... read more

Cures for PTSD Often Remain Elusive for War Veterans

Aug. 4, 2015 — Our nation's veterans continue to suffer emotional and psychological effects of war -- some for decades. And while there has been greater attention directed recently toward post-traumatic stress ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Two types of bariatric surgeries, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty, result in similar microbiome remodeling changes that are maintained a decade later in a group of women, a ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Researchers have discovered, for the first time in humans, that the widely reviled energy storing white fat can be turned into an energy burning brown fat that uses up excess ... read more

Trachoma Risk Tied to Sleeping Near Cooking Fires, Lack of Ventilation

Aug. 4, 2015 — Children who sleep in unventilated rooms with cooking fires are at greater risk for severe trachoma, a leading cause of preventable blindness in developing countries, according to the findings of a ... read more

Social Factors Linked to Heart Disease for All

Aug. 4, 2015 — The social determinants of health are multi-dimensional and multi-level, yet we have few studies that examine the social determinants in large, diverse populations. More extensive research and new ... read more

Modelling the Effect of Vaccines on Cholera Transmission

Aug. 4, 2015 — Cholera is a diarrheal disease that is caused by an intestinal bacterium, Vibrio cholerae. Recently an outbreak of cholera in Haiti brought public attention to this deadly disease. In this work, the ... read more

Gut Microbes Affect Circadian Rhythms and Metabolism in Mice

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new study found evidence that gut microbes affect circadian rhythms and metabolism in ... read more

Marriage Can Lead to Dramatic Reduction in Heavy Drinking in Young Adults

Aug. 3, 2015 — Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Now, researchers have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Potential New Therapy Approaches to Reverse Kidney Damage Identified

Aug. 3, 2015 — Cell plasticity program resulting from kidney damage can be targeted to reverse kidney disease and fibrosis, new research suggests. The study demonstrated the importance of an embryonic cellular ... read more

Yo-Yo Dieting Not Associated With Increased Cancer Risk

Aug. 3, 2015 — The first comprehensive study of its kind finds weight cycling, repeated cycles of intentional weight loss followed by regain, was not associated with overall risk of cancer in men or ... read more

Combination Therapy May Be More Effective Against the Most Common Ovarian Cancer

Aug. 3, 2015 — High-grade serous ovarian cancer often responds well to the chemotherapy drug carboplatin, but why it so frequently comes back after treatment has been a medical mystery. Now a team of researchers ... read more

Tuesday, August 4, 2015
Monday, August 3, 2015
Sunday, August 2, 2015
Friday, July 31, 2015
Thursday, July 30, 2015
Wednesday, July 29, 2015