Diseases and Conditions News
August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Intervention to Screen Women for Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health Outcomes

Aug. 4, 2015 — Screening women for partner violence and providing a resource list did not influence the number of hospitalizations, emergency department, or outpatient care visits compared with women only receiving ... read more

Emergency Department Intervention Does Not Reduce Heavy Drinking or Partner Violence

Aug. 4, 2015 — A brief motivational intervention delivered during an emergency department visit did not improve outcomes for women with heavy drinking involved in abusive relationships, according to a ... read more

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Researcher Calls for Improved Firearm Safety Counseling by Physicians

Aug. 4, 2015 — Physicians should improve the way they discuss firearm safety with patients by showing more respect for the viewpoints of gun owners, according to a new ... read more

Trachoma Risk Tied to Sleeping Near Cooking Fires, Lack of Ventilation

Aug. 4, 2015 — Children who sleep in unventilated rooms with cooking fires are at greater risk for severe trachoma, a leading cause of preventable blindness in developing countries, according to the findings of a ... read more

Social Factors Linked to Heart Disease for All

Aug. 4, 2015 — The social determinants of health are multi-dimensional and multi-level, yet we have few studies that examine the social determinants in large, diverse populations. More extensive research and new ... read more

Understanding Molecular Mechanism Leading to Addiction in Humans

Aug. 4, 2015 — A new study opens the field to new understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying addiction in humans. The team found that humans with mutation of a key gene for this co-transmission were 10 ... read more

Teen Marijuana Use Not Linked to Later Depression, Lung Cancer, Other Health Problems, Study Finds

Aug. 4, 2015 — Chronic marijuana use by teenage boys does not appear to be linked to later physical or mental health issues such as depression, psychotic symptoms or asthma, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — A new gene that plays a crucial role during early development in humans and whose under-expression may induce certain autistic traits has been uncovered by scientists. Understanding the mechanisms ... read more

Trauma Experiences Change the Brain Even in Those Without PTSD

Aug. 4, 2015 — Trauma may cause distinct and long-lasting effects even in people who do not develop PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), according to research. It is already known that stress affects brain ... read more

Benefits, Risks of Antidepressants During Pregnancy

Aug. 4, 2015 — Treating maternal psychiatric disorder with commonly used antidepressants is associated with a lower risk of certain pregnancy complications including preterm birth and delivery by Caesarean section, ... read more

Modelling the Effect of Vaccines on Cholera Transmission

Aug. 4, 2015 — Cholera is a diarrheal disease that is caused by an intestinal bacterium, Vibrio cholerae. Recently an outbreak of cholera in Haiti brought public attention to this deadly disease. In this work, the ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — A new microchip has been developed that can retrieve microfluidically attached cancer cells for serial analysis by integrating a 3-D hydrogel scaffold into a fluidic ... read more

Gut Microbes Affect Circadian Rhythms and Metabolism in Mice

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new study found evidence that gut microbes affect circadian rhythms and metabolism in ... read more

Marriage Can Lead to Dramatic Reduction in Heavy Drinking in Young Adults

Aug. 3, 2015 — Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Now, researchers have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — While major advancements have been made in vision recovery technologies, the vision provided by those devices might be very different from what scientists and patients have ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Potential New Therapy Approaches to Reverse Kidney Damage Identified

Aug. 3, 2015 — Cell plasticity program resulting from kidney damage can be targeted to reverse kidney disease and fibrosis, new research suggests. The study demonstrated the importance of an embryonic cellular ... read more

Yo-Yo Dieting Not Associated With Increased Cancer Risk

Aug. 3, 2015 — The first comprehensive study of its kind finds weight cycling, repeated cycles of intentional weight loss followed by regain, was not associated with overall risk of cancer in men or ... read more

Combination Therapy May Be More Effective Against the Most Common Ovarian Cancer

Aug. 3, 2015 — High-grade serous ovarian cancer often responds well to the chemotherapy drug carboplatin, but why it so frequently comes back after treatment has been a medical mystery. Now a team of researchers ... read more

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