Diseases and Conditions News
July 31, 2015

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updated 11:21am EDT

More Diseases and Conditions News
July 31, 2015

Gene Drive Research: Safeguarding the Greater Good

July 30, 2015 — Research teams have proactively assembled an international group of 26 experts, including prominent genetic engineers and fruit fly geneticists, to unanimously recommend a series of preemptive ... read more

Cell Aging Slowed by Putting Brakes on Noisy Transcription

July 30, 2015 — Working with yeast and worms, researchers found that incorrect gene expression is a hallmark of aged cells and that reducing such “noise” extends lifespan in these ... read more

Study Questions Presence in Blood of Heart-Healthy Molecules from Fish Oil Supplements

July 30, 2015 — The importance of a diet rich in fish oils -- now a billion dollar food-supplement industry -- has been debated for over half a century. A new study questions the relevance of fish oil-derived ... read more

Depressed Females Have Over-Active Glutamate Receptor Gene

July 30, 2015 — Numerous genes that regulate the activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain have been found to be abundant in brain tissue of depressed females. This could be an underlying cause of the higher ... read more

Cost of Physician Board Recertification Fuels Questions About How Best to Achieve Better Outcomes for Patients

July 30, 2015 — Many American physicians are pushing back against or debating new requirements for maintaining medical board certifications, which affect more than 250,000 physicians ... read more

Texting While Driving Bans Save 19 Lives Per Year

July 30, 2015 — On average, there was a 7 percent reduction in crash-related hospitalizations in states that have enacted bans on texting and driving, researchers say. Hospitalizations were reduced the most -- 9 ... read more

When Surgeons Listen to Their Preferred Music, Their Stitches Are Better and Faster

July 30, 2015 — From classical to rock, music can be heard in operating rooms across the world. When plastic surgeons listen to music they prefer, their surgical technique and efficiency when closing incisions is ... read more

Novel Model Developed to Predict Amount of Nicotine Emitted from E-Cigarettes

July 30, 2015 — Researchers have developed the first ever, evidence-based model that can predict with up to 90 percent accuracy the amount of nicotine emitted by an electronic ... read more

HVTN 505 Vaccine Induced Antibodies Nonspecific for HIV

July 30, 2015 — A new study helps explain why the candidate vaccine used in the HVTN 505 clinical trial was not protective against HIV infection despite robustly inducing anti-HIV antibodies: the vaccine stimulated ... read more

Computer Model Forecasts Flu Outbreaks in a Subtropical Climate

July 30, 2015 — It is possible to predict the timing and intensity of influenza outbreaks in subtropical climates like Hong Kong where flu seasons can occur at different times and more than once during a year, ... read more

Positive Reinforcement Plays Key Role in Cognitive Task Performance in ADHD Kids

July 30, 2015 — A little recognition for a job well done means a lot to children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder -- more so than it would for typically developing ... read more

Researchers Resurrect Ancient Viruses in Hopes of Improving Gene Therapy

July 30, 2015 — Researchers have reconstructed an ancient virus that is highly effective at delivering gene therapies to the liver, muscle, and retina. This discovery could potentially be used to design gene ... read more

How a Single Molecule Turns One Immune Cell Into Another

July 30, 2015 — All it takes is one molecule to reprogram an antibody-producing B cell into a scavenging macrophage. This transformation is possible, new evidence shows, because the molecule (C/EBPa, a transcription ... read more

Trying to Quit Smoking? First Strengthen Self-Control

July 30, 2015 — The desire to quit smoking -- often considered a requirement for enrolling in treatment programs -- is not always necessary to reduce cigarette cravings, argues a review of addiction research. Early ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Research reveals how the tumor suppressor protein p53 works in the cytoplasm to trigger death via apoptosis and identifies a potential cancer treatment ... read more

HPV16 Detection in Oral Rinses for Oropharyngeal Cancer

July 30, 2015 — The presence of persistent human papillomavirus type 16 DNA in oral rinses after treatment for HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer was rare but it appears to be associated with poor prognosis and ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Health experts have warned for years that the overuse of antibiotics is creating 'superbugs' able to resist drugs treating infection. Now scientists have found evidence that an invisible ... read more

Pharmacists Help Patients With Hypertension

July 30, 2015 — Patients with hypertension benefit from interacting with a medical team that includes a pharmacist. Two studies showed pharmacist-included care teams delivered more hands-on and tailored medication ... read more

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

Delay in Treatment, Missed Diagnostic Testing Found Among Lung Cancer Patients

July 30, 2015 — Patients undergoing surgery for lung cancer may wait too long to receive treatment, and too many patients skip vital diagnostic steps that are needed to help determine the best possible treatment, ... read more

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