Diseases and Conditions News
December 2, 2015

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updated 1:51am EST

More Diseases and Conditions News
December 2, 2015

Antibody for Severe Hemophilia a May Reduce Injections Needed to Prevent Bleeding

Dec. 1, 2015 — An antibody engineered to prevent excessive bleeding in patients with severe hemophilia A may be safe and effective, and require fewer injections than existing options, according to a first-in-human ... read more

HIV/AIDS Drugs Interfere With Brain's 'Insulation'

Dec. 1, 2015 — Commonly used antiretroviral medications disrupted the function of oligodendrocytes, research shows, crucial brain cells that manufacture myelin, the fatty material that serves to insulate neurons, ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — A new scientific model that incorporates the myriad drivers of depression could lead to more precise treatment for an illness that affects 350 million worldwide, report ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — Scientists capitalize on technological advances to lay the groundwork for drug development against 'disordered' proteins that play key roles in human health and disease. A small, drug-like ... read more

Enhanced Treatment for Hepatitis C Could Cut Prevalence by 80 Percent

Dec. 1, 2015 — Novel antiviral therapies for hepatitis C could reduce the prevalence of the blood-borne infection by more than 80 percent, according to a new analysis. The finding raises the possibility of greatly ... read more

Adults With Cerebral Palsy More Likely to Have Chronic Conditions, Researchers Find

Dec. 1, 2015 — Adults with cerebral palsy are more likely to have secondary chronic health conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, than adults without cerebral palsy, suggests a new ... read more

Metformin Does Not Improve Glycemic Control for Overweight Teens With Type 1 Diabetes

Dec. 1, 2015 — In a randomized trial that included overweight and obese adolescents with type 1 diabetes, the addition of metformin to insulin did not improve glycemic control after six months, report ... read more

Researchers Hope to Harness Human Dna to Fight HIV

Dec. 1, 2015 — Researchers are learning more about how an ancient “error correction” system in the human genome helps protect the body against HIV, in hopes that their latest discovery may help in the fight ... read more

Risk Management Plan for Functional Imaging in Cancer Clinical Trials

Dec. 1, 2015 — In cancer clinical trials, scientists are always trying to strike the right balance between maximizing data quality and minimizing cost. Here, risk management can be an extremely helpful tool, ... read more

Plant Hormone May Play a Vital Role in Blood Sugar Control, Diabetes Management

Dec. 1, 2015 — A treatment for managing blood sugar levels might be as close as the local health food store, suggests a new research report. Specifically scientists have found that when the plant and mammal ... read more

Magnesium Ions Show Promise in Slowing Progression of Alzheimer's Disease in Mice

Dec. 1, 2015 — In mouse models Alzheimer's disease, oral administration of magnesium-L-threonate (MgT) alleviated cognitive decline, scientists report in a new ... read more

Important Step Toward Preventing, Treating Some MRSA Post-Implant Infections

Dec. 1, 2015 — New research helps explain why Staphylococcus aureus infections take hold after prosthetic surgery that are resistant to both the body's natural defenses as well as antibiotic ... read more

This Is Why We Do Not Constantly Get Ill Despite Viruses, Bacteria

Dec. 1, 2015 — New research breaks with existing knowledge about how our immune system works. The new experiments have shown how the body mobilizes a hitherto unknown defense against viruses and bacteria. This also ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — A group of biophysicists have developed a mathematical model of arterial thrombus formation, which is the main cause of heart attacks and strokes. The scientists described the process of platelet ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — In a first, researchers show the potential a PD-1 antibody, nivolumab, has in fighting the disease. Nivolumab, an inhibitory antibody for PD-1, has shown efficacy in several types of malignancies ... read more

Scientists Draw Evidence-Based Blueprint for HIV Treatment, Prevention

Dec. 1, 2015 — For many years, clinicians debated the best time to start antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection, with some worrying that the risks of treatment in terms of drug toxicities could outweigh the ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — With the aim of producing high-quality X-rays with minimal radiation exposure, particularly in children, researchers have developed a new approach to imaging patients based on the Xbox gaming system. ... read more

Scientists Overcome Key CRISPR-Cas9 Genome Editing Hurdle

Dec. 1, 2015 — Researchers have engineered changes to the revolutionary CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system that significantly cut down on 'off-target' editing errors. The refined technique addresses one of ... read more

Taking Truvada 'as Needed' Can Prevent HIV-Transmission Amongst People at High-Risk

Dec. 1, 2015 — In a study into the prevention of HIV transmission, people who took the antiretroviral drug Truvada were 86 percent less likely to contract the disease than those who took a placebo, report the ... read more

Childbirth an Athletic Event? Sports Medicine Used to Diagnose Injuries Caused by Deliveries

Dec. 1, 2015 — Childbirth is arguably the most traumatic event the human body can undergo, and new imaging techniques show that up to 15 percent of women sustain pelvic injuries that don't ... read more

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