Diseases and Conditions News
December 1, 2015

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updated 1:51pm EST

More Diseases and Conditions News
December 1, 2015

HIV/AIDS Drugs Interfere With Brain's 'Insulation'

Dec. 1, 2015 — Commonly used antiretroviral medications disrupted the function of oligodendrocytes, research shows, crucial brain cells that manufacture myelin, the fatty material that serves to insulate neurons, ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — A new scientific model that incorporates the myriad drivers of depression could lead to more precise treatment for an illness that affects 350 million worldwide, report ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — Scientists capitalize on technological advances to lay the groundwork for drug development against 'disordered' proteins that play key roles in human health and disease. A small, drug-like ... read more

Enhanced Treatment for Hepatitis C Could Cut Prevalence by 80 Percent

Dec. 1, 2015 — Novel antiviral therapies for hepatitis C could reduce the prevalence of the blood-borne infection by more than 80 percent, according to a new analysis. The finding raises the possibility of greatly ... read more

Adults With Cerebral Palsy More Likely to Have Chronic Conditions, Researchers Find

Dec. 1, 2015 — Adults with cerebral palsy are more likely to have secondary chronic health conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, than adults without cerebral palsy, suggests a new ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — A group of biophysicists have developed a mathematical model of arterial thrombus formation, which is the main cause of heart attacks and strokes. The scientists described the process of platelet ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — In a first, researchers show the potential a PD-1 antibody, nivolumab, has in fighting the disease. Nivolumab, an inhibitory antibody for PD-1, has shown efficacy in several types of malignancies ... read more

Scientists Draw Evidence-Based Blueprint for HIV Treatment, Prevention

Dec. 1, 2015 — For many years, clinicians debated the best time to start antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection, with some worrying that the risks of treatment in terms of drug toxicities could outweigh the ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — With the aim of producing high-quality X-rays with minimal radiation exposure, particularly in children, researchers have developed a new approach to imaging patients based on the Xbox gaming system. ... read more

Childbirth an Athletic Event? Sports Medicine Used to Diagnose Injuries Caused by Deliveries

Dec. 1, 2015 — Childbirth is arguably the most traumatic event the human body can undergo, and new imaging techniques show that up to 15 percent of women sustain pelvic injuries that don't ... read more

State Workers' Compensation Policies Affect Costs, Disability Time

Dec. 1, 2015 — Certain workers' compensation (WC) policies explain much of the state-level variation in costs and outcomes of claims for low back pain (LBP), reports an American ... read more

Why Some People Would Pay for a Drug They Probably Won't Ever Need

Dec. 1, 2015 — A sick person is obviously willing to pay for a good medical treatment, but economists have found that healthy people are potentially a much broader, if largely overlooked, market for medical ... read more

Sleep Gene Found to Be Linked to Heart Failure

Nov. 30, 2015 — A gene that, when working properly, appears to reduce the risk of heart failure and improve treatment outcomes has been identified by researchers, highlighting a possible target for the development ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — When preliminary tests show that a new drug has remarkable effectiveness against a lethal illness, everyone wants to know how it works. A team reports a surprising mechanism through which an ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A method to efficiently turn human stem cells into retinal ganglion cells, the type of nerve cells located within the retina that transmit visual signals from the eye to the brain, has been ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new genetic model has been developed that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. Damage to astrocytes -- star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord -- is ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Many human gene variants have evolved specifically to protect older adults against neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, thus preserving their contributions to society, report ... read more

First Outcomes Report from Novel Heart Surgery Registry Shows Excellent Results for TAVR

Nov. 30, 2015 — Four years after its approval in the United States, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) continues to evolve and demonstrate positive outcomes for patients with aortic stenosis, a common ... read more

Level of Computer Use in Clinical Encounters Associated With Patient Satisfaction

Nov. 30, 2015 — Patients at safety-net hospital clinics where there was high computer use by clinicians were less likely to rate their care as excellent, according to an ... read more

Promising New Antimicrobials Could Fight Drug-Resistant MRSA Infection

Nov. 30, 2015 — A novel class of antimicrobials that inhibits the function of a key disease-causing component of bacteria could be effective in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the ... read more

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