Genes News
October 5, 2015

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updated 7:29pm EDT

More Genes News
October 5, 2015

First-Aid for Defective Mucus

Oct. 2, 2015 — Proper lubrication is crucial to keep not only machines but also humans functioning smoothly. The mucus membranes in our mouths, eyes, stomachs and genital area help keep friction to a minimum and ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — 'Why, Grandma, what big eyes you have!' Though similar in appearance, the hidden cause of those big eyes Little Red Riding Hood notices in Grimms' fairy tale has nothing to do with the ... read more

Fruit Fly Research Reveals Genetic Mechanisms of Dietary Sugar Sensing

Oct. 2, 2015 — A sugar sensing regulatory network, which is composed of several genes, has been identified by researchers. Deregulation of this sugar sensing network leads to severely disturbed energy metabolism. ... read more

Studying Cardiac Arrhythmias in Nematodes

Oct. 2, 2015 — A simple model using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been developed that can be used to test substances for treating genetically-mediated cardiac arrhythmias. They used the nematode feeding ... read more

Study Finds Gaps in Clinical Genetic Counseling Services for Women Undergoing BRCA Testing

Oct. 1, 2015 — Medical researchers have published results from a national study identifying factors and outcomes associated with the use of genetic counseling and testing services for hereditary breast and ovarian ... read more

A Snapshot of Stem Cell Expression

Oct. 1, 2015 — A new study reveals new genes involved in pluripotency, new subpopulations of cells and new methods to find meaning in the data. The findings have implications for the study of early ... read more

New 'Driver' to Assess Cancer Patient Survival, Drug Sensitivity

Oct. 1, 2015 — Cancer specialists have long looked at genetic mutations and DNA copy changes to help predict patient survival and drug sensitivity. A new study has opened up yet another avenue for understanding the ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Researchers have succeeded in an effort to fundamentally improve carbohydrate analysis. With the new method, complex glycans, building blocks of life such as DNA and proteins, can now be sequenced. ... read more

Five New Genetic Variants Linked to Brain Cancer

Oct. 1, 2015 — The biggest ever study of DNA from people with glioma -- the most common form of brain cancer -- has discovered five new genetic variants associated with the disease. Researchers said their findings ... read more

New DNA Stain Lights Up Living Cells

Oct. 1, 2015 — A new DNA stain that can be used to image living cells has been created by scientists. The new stain works by binding to a part of the DNA helix known as the "minor groove." Once bound, it ... read more

Real-Time Analysis of Metabolic Products

Oct. 1, 2015 — A method that, for the first time, makes it possible to measure concentration changes of several hundred metabolic products simultaneously and almost in real time has been developed by researchers. ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that reactivation of ancient viral genes embedded in the human genome may cause the destruction of neurons in some forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The results ... read more

Genes That Protect African Children from Developing Malaria Identified

Oct. 1, 2015 — Variations in DNA at a specific location (or 'locus') on the genome that protect African children from developing severe malaria, in some cases nearly halving a child's chance of ... read more

Scientists Identify Key Receptor as Potential Target for Treatment of Autism

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have uncovered a significant -- and potentially treatable -- relationship between a chemical that helps transmit signals in the brain and genetic mutations present in a subset of ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — A team of researchers has refined a mathematical model that simulates the impact of genetic mutations on cell division -- a step that could provide insight into errors that produce and sustain ... read more

Proof-of-Concept for Low-Cost Drug Made in Lettuce

Oct. 1, 2015 — Scientists have used a plant-based system to make shelf-stable drugs. The researchers confirmed the viability of their method for FDA approval and human use, producing an effective drug that promotes ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — A novel mechanism of protein resurrection has been discovered, which not only restores the active function of the protein, but also increases its original activity by almost two times. The scientists ... read more

Human Tumor 'Avatars' Reveal New Genetic Sources of Drug Response in Late-Stage Colorectal Cancer Therapy

Sep. 30, 2015 — Using pieces of human tumors grafted into mice, a team of researchers has identified new mutations in six genes related to drug resistance and sensitivity in late-stage colorectal ... read more

DNA-Based Vaccine Clears Nearly Half of Precancerous Cervical Lesions in Clinical Trial

Sep. 30, 2015 — Using a novel synthetic platform for creating vaccines a team of researchers has successfully eradicated precancerous cervical lesions in nearly half of the women who received an investigational ... read more

Researchers Show That Genetic Background Regulates Tumor Differences

Sep. 30, 2015 — Researchers have identified both similarities and differences between a single tumor type in multiple dogs breeds; a finding they believe parallels the situation in the cancer of human ... read more

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