Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Study Suggests Tailoring ADHD Treatment

Date:
February 4, 2000
Source:
Purdue University
Summary:
A new study on treatment methods for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) indicates that "one size fits all" is the wrong approach when it comes to helping youngsters manage their problems.

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – A new study on treatment methods for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) indicates that "one size fits all" is the wrong approach when it comes to helping youngsters manage their problems.

Purdue University psychology professor Betsy Hoza was part of the team of researchers that conducted the study for the National Institute of Mental Health. She says the results point to individually tailored doses of medicine together with behavior therapy as the most effective treatment for school-age children and their families.

"We found that when given alone, carefully monitored medication treatment performed as well as medication combined with behavior therapy for reducing ADHD symptoms" says Hoza, who was co-investigator at one of six sites where the study was conducted. "Even though medication reduced symptoms when taken alone, it was necessary to add behavior therapy to maximize improvements when problems with parent-child relations, disruptive behavior, poor academic performance, anxiety and social skills were part of the picture."

The most commonly diagnosed disorder in children, ADHD is estimated to affect between 3 percent and 5 percent of all school-age youngsters. Mental health experts estimate that on average, at least one child in every U.S. classroom needs help for ADHD. The most common symptoms are inability to sustain attention and concentration, developmentally inappropriate levels of activity, distractibility and inability to control impulsive behavior.

The nearly 600 7- to 9-year-old patients involved in the study were randomly assigned one of four treatment programs: medication management; behavioral treatment; a combination of both; or routine care by their own community practitioners.

Hoza assisted principal investigator William E. Pelham Jr. at the Western Psychiatric Institute in Pittsburgh, Pa. Other sites were Columbia University in New York; Duke University Medical Center in Durham, N.C.; Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y.; University of California, Berkeley; University of California, Irvine; and Montreal Children's Hospital, Canada.

Participants who received medication treatments were individually assessed to find the optimal dose needed, and the prescribing clinicians met with the families monthly for half-hour visits. The physicians also sought input from teachers on a monthly basis and used all of this information to make necessary adjustments to treatment. Researchers also noted that this system of treatment delivery was significantly different from that provided by community physicians, who generally saw their patients one or two times a year and for shorter periods of time.

"I think the message for doctors is that medication treatment can be made dramatically more effective for children when the stimulants are prescribed at an optimal dose, and patients are monitored closely and regularly," Hoza says. "Monthly office visits with the family and monthly contacts with the child's teachers seem to be indicated. And referral for behavior therapy is necessary when problems extend beyond ADHD symptoms themselves."

Two papers detailing the results of the study were published in the December issue of the American Medical Associations' Archives of General Psychiatry.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Purdue University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Purdue University. "Study Suggests Tailoring ADHD Treatment." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 February 2000. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/02/000204073858.htm>.
Purdue University. (2000, February 4). Study Suggests Tailoring ADHD Treatment. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/02/000204073858.htm
Purdue University. "Study Suggests Tailoring ADHD Treatment." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/02/000204073858.htm (accessed July 22, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Do Obese Women Have 'Food Learning Impairment'?

Do Obese Women Have 'Food Learning Impairment'?

Newsy (July 18, 2014) Yale researchers tested 135 men and women, and it was only obese women who were deemed to have "impaired associative learning." Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Does Mixing Alcohol and Energy Drinks Boost Urge To Drink?

Does Mixing Alcohol and Energy Drinks Boost Urge To Drink?

Newsy (July 18, 2014) A new study suggests that mixing alcohol with energy drinks makes you want to keep the party going. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Pot Cooking Class Teaches Responsible Eating

Pot Cooking Class Teaches Responsible Eating

AP (July 18, 2014) Following the nationwide trend of eased restrictions on marijuana use, pot edibles are growing in popularity. One Boston-area cooking class is teaching people how to eat pot responsibly. (July 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Understanding D.C.'s New Pot Laws

Understanding D.C.'s New Pot Laws

Newsy (July 17, 2014) Washington D.C.'s new laws decriminalizing small amount of marijuana went into effect Thursday. Here's how they work. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins