Behavior News
August 5, 2015

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updated 12:03am EDT

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August 5, 2015

New Survey Enhances Precision of Distinguishing Between Expectable Vs. Worrisome Early Childhood Misbehavior

Aug. 3, 2015 — Researchers are using a novel dimensional method for distinguishing misbehavior that is expectable in early childhood versus that which is cause for clinical concern. Using a survey developed by the ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A social skills program for high-functioning young adults with autism spectrum disorder significantly improved the participants' ability to engage with their peers, a new study has ... read more

Teaching Med Students About Health Disparities Builds Their Confidence

July 29, 2015 — An innovative three-month elective course has helped make some first-year medical students more confident about dealing with health disparities they'll likely encounter as physicians, according ... read more

Experimental Drug Treatment for Rett Syndrome Suggests Disorder Is Reversible, Mouse Study Shows

July 27, 2015 — A strikingly new approach for treating Rett syndrome has been developed by scientists, a devastating autism spectrum disorder. In their report, the researchers demonstrate that treatment with ... read more

Selective Imitation Shows Children Are Flexible Social Learners, Study Finds

July 27, 2015 — Children flexibly choose when to imitate and when to innovate the behavior of others, psychologists have found, demonstrating that children are precocious social ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio recording. But it's been unclear what aspects of social interactions make them so important ... read more

Attention-Control Video Game Curbs Combat Vets' PTSD Symptoms

July 24, 2015 — A computerized attention-control training program significantly reduced combat veterans' preoccupation with - or avoidance of -- threat and attendant PTSD symptoms. By contrast, another type of ... read more

July 23, 2015 — When hormone glucagon like peptide-1 was reduced in the central nervous system of laboratory mice, they overate and consumed more high fat food, scientists have found. Although this is not the only ... read more

Body Fat Can Send Signals to Brain, Affecting Stress Response

July 23, 2015 — The brain's effect on other parts of the body has been well established. Now, a group of researchers has found that it's a two-way street: Body fat can send a signal that affects the way ... read more

July 22, 2015 — A brain-chemistry deficit in children with autism may help to explain their social difficulties, according to new findings. The research team found a correlation between low levels of vasopressin, a ... read more

Molecular Mechanisms Contributing to Addiction Resistance Uncovered

July 22, 2015 — A genetic variant leading to a single change in the amino acid sequence of a cell surface protein, the mu-opioid receptor, is associated with lower susceptibility to a variety of addictive behaviors ... read more

Manipulating Molecule in the Brain Improves Stress Response, New Target for Depression Treatment

July 21, 2015 — Increasing the levels of a signaling molecule found in the brain can positively alter response to stress, revealing a potential new therapeutic target for treatment of depression, researchers ... read more

Questionnaire Beats Blood Test in Identifying at-Risk Drinking Among ER Patients

July 21, 2015 — Emergency room physicians treating patients with alcohol-related trauma can better identify those at risk of future drinking-related trauma with a 10-point questionnaire rather than the standard ... read more

July 20, 2015 — Music training, begun as late as high school, may help improve the teenage brain's responses to sound and sharpen hearing and language skills, suggests a new study. The authors say that these ... read more

July 20, 2015 — Gut worms can protect babies' brains from inflammation and long-term learning and memory problems caused by newborn infections, a new study on rats has shown. Expectant mother rats with ... read more

Keep Fears at Bay by Learning Something New

July 20, 2015 — Exposure therapy is a commonly used and effective treatment for anxiety disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and phobias. The goal of such therapy is to ... read more

July 16, 2015 — A new study finds that accidental civilian shooting casualties arise from problems with attention -- an "itchy brain," the authors say -- rather than an "itchy trigger finger." ... read more

July 16, 2015 — By comparing and analyzing the signals of individual neurons in animals undergoing behavioral tests, neuroscientists have deciphered the code that the brain uses to make the most of its inherently ... read more

Is This Restaurant Making Me Fat?

July 16, 2015 — Is your favorite restaurant making you fat? New research findings identify an effective tool for measuring how well a restaurant is at helping diners make healthy choices. The Restaurant Scorecard ... read more

July 16, 2015 — Results of a new study suggest that adjusting behavior based on previous events involves an unexpected mix of neurons working together in the brain's prefrontal cortex. The authors say this new ... read more

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