Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

"It's A Small World" Becomes A Scientific Method For Finding People, From Jazz Musicians To Drug Addicts

Date:
November 8, 2000
Source:
Cornell University
Summary:
A Cornell University sociologist has transformed the small world concept of "six degrees of separation" into a scientific sampling method for finding and studying "hidden populations," from drug users to jazz musicians. The method can be used to obtain a scientifically valid, representative sample of populations that can't be identified using traditional sampling methods; these would include, for example, drug addicts, HIV-infected individuals, the homeless, runaway youths, gays and lesbians, poets and so on.

ITHACA, N.Y. -- A Cornell University sociologist has transformed the small world concept of "six degrees of separation" into a scientific sampling method for finding and studying "hidden populations," from drug users to jazz musicians.

Related Articles


The method can be used to obtain a scientifically valid, representative sample of populations that can't be identified using traditional sampling methods; these would include, for example, drug addicts, HIV-infected individuals, the homeless, runaway youths, gays and lesbians, poets and so on.

"There are no lists available or associations of runaway youths, for example. But this sampling method takes advantage of the fact that individuals in a group know each other. As we gather information during the sampling process of referrals, we look at the degree to which people tend to recruit those similar to them. Then, we can mathematically correct for the non-randomness and project what the sample would have been had there been no biases," says Douglas Heckathorn, professor of sociology at Cornell.

His paper on how this sampling method is being applied to finding jazz musicians, co-authored by Joan Jeffri, director of the Research Center for Arts and Culture at Columbia University Teachers College and director of the study, is published in a special issue of Poetics (November 2000). A shorter version of the paper, "Tracking the Invisible: Identifying Artist Populations," will be published in a forthcoming issue of the Proceedings of the International Association of Jazz Educators . Heckathorn and Jeffri will present the paper at a conference of this group of more than 4,000 individuals in January 2001.

Heckathorn developed and tested this so called "respondent-driven" sampling method -- a new form of chain-referral sampling -- to study a peer intervention program with drug users in Connecticut, Chicago and Russia. He now is applying his sampling method for a study of jazz musicians for the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA). The study seeks to determine the socio-economic profiles of these musicians, such as whether they have health and life insurance, data on copyright protection, use and abuse of new technologies, their level of income from jazz and jazz-related activities, number of jobs the musicians need to survive, their experiences with mentors, teaching, distribution, marketing and management and retirement.

"Jazz artists exist in a kind of no-man's land, where earning a living from jazz is almost impossible and where even individual support like the Jazz Masters awards from the NEA are not enough to offset the hand-to-mouth existence of most jazz musicians," says Heckathorn. Once the researchers obtain a statistically valid sample, they will seek to determine the musicians' current situation and most pressing needs.

Related World Wide Web sites:

o For information on Douglas Heckathorn:

http://www.soc.cornell.edu/faculty/heckathorn.shtml

o For a list of publications by Douglas Heckathorn on respondent-driven sampling and

drug injectors: http://www.people.cornell.edu/pages/ddh22/pubs.html


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Cornell University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Cornell University. ""It's A Small World" Becomes A Scientific Method For Finding People, From Jazz Musicians To Drug Addicts." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 November 2000. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/11/001108075317.htm>.
Cornell University. (2000, November 8). "It's A Small World" Becomes A Scientific Method For Finding People, From Jazz Musicians To Drug Addicts. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 6, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/11/001108075317.htm
Cornell University. ""It's A Small World" Becomes A Scientific Method For Finding People, From Jazz Musicians To Drug Addicts." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/11/001108075317.htm (accessed March 6, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Computers & Math News

Friday, March 6, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Star Wars-Inspired Prototype Creates Holographic Display

Star Wars-Inspired Prototype Creates Holographic Display

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Mar. 5, 2015) A prototype holographic display named Leia - after the Star Wars princess who appeared in holographic form asking Obi-Wan Kenobu for help - is demonstrated at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
IKEA and Samsung Launch Embedded Wireless Charging Range

IKEA and Samsung Launch Embedded Wireless Charging Range

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Mar. 5, 2015) Samsung and IKEA hope their new embedded wireless charging products, launched at Barcelona&apos;s Mobile World Congress, will tempt consumers eager for plugless power. Jim Drury reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Samsung Unveils $30,000 'Dream Doghouse'

Samsung Unveils $30,000 'Dream Doghouse'

Buzz60 (Mar. 5, 2015) On display at the Crufts dog show in England, the &apos;dog kennel of the future&apos; comes with features like a doggie treadmill and Samsung tablet. Mike Janela (@mikejanela) has more. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor in Your Pocket Is Getting Smarter

Doctor in Your Pocket Is Getting Smarter

Reuters - Business Video Online (Mar. 5, 2015) Mobile apps are turning smartphones into a personal doctors, with users able to measure heart rate, blood pressure and even blood sugar. But will it change our behaviour? Ivor Bennett reports from the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins