Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

University Of Texas And Ford Engineers Patent New Technology To Reduce Pollution

Date:
January 10, 2001
Source:
University Of Texas, Austin
Summary:
Engineers from The University of Texas at Austin College of Engineering and Ford Motor Company have patented a new technology aimed at reducing vehicle emissions by 50 percent or more. The new technology, which acts like a miniature oil refinery located under the hood of the car, not only reduces hydrocarbon pollutants but promises to reduce all toxins emitted from cars by 80 percent.

AUSTIN, Texas -- Engineers from The University of Texas at Austin College of Engineering and Ford Motor Company have patented a new technology aimed at reducing vehicle emissions by 50 percent or more. The new technology, which acts like a miniature oil refinery located under the hood of the car, not only reduces hydrocarbon pollutants but promises to reduce all toxins emitted from cars by 80 percent.

Related Articles


The research for the technology, called the on-board distillation system, was supported in part by the Texas Advanced Technology Program, with Ford underwriting the patent application process.

Dr. Ronald Matthews, a UT Austin professor of mechanical engineering, and Dr. Rudy Stanglmaier, a former UT Austin doctoral student, patented the system with two Ford engineers. The Ford engineers are Dr. Wen Dai, a UT Austin College of Engineering graduate, and Dr. George Davis. Matthews is the Carl J. Eckhardt Fellow of Mechanical Engineering. Stanglmaier is currently employed at the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio.

In temperate and cold weather, gasoline-powered vehicles use more fuel when the key turns in the ignition -- and as the engine is warming up -- than when the vehicle has been running for a few minutes.

Only vaporized gasoline burns. When a driver starts a car in temperate weather -- an outdoor temperature of about 80 degrees -- only about 20 percent of the gasoline injected onto an engine's intake valves vaporizes and powers the engine. Matthews said the rest forms a puddle in the intake manifold and evaporates when the engine gets warm, causing the engine to emit a higher level of hydrocarbons.

Engineers have long recognized that the ideal automobile engine would run on two kinds of fuels: an extra-volatile fuel for starting the engine and for warm-up -- with a separate type of fuel for ongoing operation. Matthews, however, said it is "difficult enough to get consumers to keep their radiators full of water and their tires full of air, much less ask them to fill with two fuels at the gas station." He said the new technology solves that problem.

Matthews said the on-board distillation system, which adds less than five pounds of weight to the engine, acts something like a miniature oil refinery. He explained that "on-board distillation allows you to fill up with one fuel. Then, we make two fuels from it."

Matthews said refineries take crude oil and split it into gasoline fuel, jet fuel and diesel fuel.

"What we're doing is separating the molecules (of gasoline) that are easy to evaporate -- the highly volatile ones -- from all the other molecules. Then we store those highly volatile molecules separately and use them to start the car," he said.

The system consists of four pieces and attachments installed in the factory in different areas around the engine. "Most people looking under the hood wouldn't recognize anything different," Matthews said.

The system initially will be implemented on a Ford 2001 Lincoln Navigator in UT Austin's mechanical engineering laboratories, where it will be refined for both performance and cost-effectiveness over the next year and a half until ready for mass production.

The goal of the engineers is to reduce costs from the current price of about $400 to around $60 per unit in production. If the new system finds widespread market acceptance, UT Austin and Ford will share royalties for its use in other companies' vehicles.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University Of Texas, Austin. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University Of Texas, Austin. "University Of Texas And Ford Engineers Patent New Technology To Reduce Pollution." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 January 2001. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/01/010110075045.htm>.
University Of Texas, Austin. (2001, January 10). University Of Texas And Ford Engineers Patent New Technology To Reduce Pollution. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 27, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/01/010110075045.htm
University Of Texas, Austin. "University Of Texas And Ford Engineers Patent New Technology To Reduce Pollution." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/01/010110075045.htm (accessed November 27, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Matter & Energy News

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

NASA's First 3-D Printer In Space Creates Its First Object

NASA's First 3-D Printer In Space Creates Its First Object

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) The International Space Station is now using a proof-of-concept 3D printer to test additive printing in a weightless, isolated environment. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Bolivian Recycling Initiative Turns Plastic Waste Into School Furniture

Bolivian Recycling Initiative Turns Plastic Waste Into School Furniture

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Nov. 26, 2014) Innovative recycling project in La Paz separates city waste and converts plastic garbage into school furniture made from 'plastiwood'. Tara Cleary reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Blu-Ray Discs Getting Second Run As Solar Panels

Blu-Ray Discs Getting Second Run As Solar Panels

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) Researchers at Northwestern University are repurposing Blu-ray movies for better solar panel technology thanks to the discs' internal structures. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) Advances in prosthetics are making replacement body parts stronger and more lifelike than they’ve ever been. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Space & Time

Matter & Energy

Computers & Math

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins