Environmental Science News
February 10, 2016

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February 10, 2016

Higher Cellulolytic Activity of a Vital Microorganism Explained

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers say that a better understanding of a bacterium could lead to cheaper production of cellulosic ethanol and other advanced biofuels. Their discovery was made during an investigation into ... read more

Traffic-Related Air Pollution Linked to Facial Dark Spots

Feb. 8, 2016 — A large scale study that included women from Germany and China has demonstrated a link between levels of traffic-related air pollution and air pollution-associated gases with the formation of dark ... read more

Clean Energy from Water

Feb. 8, 2016 — Fuel cells generate electrical energy through a chemical reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. To obtain clean energy, the splitting of water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen is critical. ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Ocean acidification (the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere), is affecting the formation of the skeleton of coralline algae ... read more

Record Missouri Flooding Was Humanmade Calamity, Scientist Says

Feb. 5, 2016 — Why was the New Year's flood in Missouri so bad? Most news reports blamed it on the heavy rain, but a professor of earth and planetary sciences says analysis of the flood data shows much of the ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — A new study provides insight into the impacts of home shopping on vehicle operations and greenhouse gas ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Forty years of mountaintop coal mining have made parts of Central Appalachia 60 percent flatter than they were before excavation, researchers say. This study, which compares pre- and post-mining ... read more

Secondhand Smoke: Nations Producing Less Greenhouse Gas Most Vulnerable to Climate Change

Feb. 5, 2016 — A new study shows a dramatic global mismatch between nations producing the most greenhouse gases and the ones most vulnerable to the effects of climate ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — The technology that charges batteries for electronic devices could provide fresh water from salty seas, says a new study. Electricity running through a salt water-filled battery draws the salt ions ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — The weather patterns that typically bring moisture to the Southwest are becoming more rare, an indication that the region is sliding into the drier climate state predicted by global models, according ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — The smooth surfaces of much of the plastic waste rapidly increasing in the ocean appear to provide poor habitat for animals -- that is, until barnacles step ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — The material at the heart of the lithium ion batteries that power electric vehicles, laptop computers and smartphones has been shown to impair a key soil bacterium. The study is an early signal that ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — Each year, as bears prepare to hibernate, they gorge themselves on food to pack on fat. And yet, despite the rapid weight gain, the animals somehow avoid the health consequences so often associated ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — A wide swatch of Asia, from the tropics to the mid-latitudes, which has wet and dry seasons, is significantly affected by 'Asian monsoons.' The amount of rainfall in particular has a close ... read more

Feb. 3, 2016 — Half of the world's tropical forests are secondary forests, forests that are growing back after being cut or logged. Authors compared the growth of secondary forests across Latin America, ... read more

Warming Ocean May Bring Major Changes for US Northeast Fishery Species

Feb. 3, 2016 — Scientists have released the first multispecies assessment of just how vulnerable U.S. marine fish and invertebrate species are to the effects of climate change. The study examined 82 species that ... read more

Feb. 3, 2016 — How did life begin? This is one of the most fundamental questions scientists puzzle over. To address it, they have to look not just back to the primordial Earth, but out into space. Now, scientists ... read more

Feb. 3, 2016 — Because Volkswagen has committed large-scale fraud with the software in diesel engines, nine million fraudulent cars, sold in Europe and the US from 2009 to 2015, have emitted a cumulative amount of ... read more

Rapid Dispersal of Aircraft Pollution

Feb. 3, 2016 — A series of aerofoil-shaped panels downwind of an airport runway could break up the plumes of exhaust gases from departing aircraft, preventing those gases from staying near the ground and so ... read more

Researchers Turn Paper Waste Into Ultralight Super Material That Improves Oil Spill Cleaning, Heat Insulation

Feb. 3, 2016 — World's first cellulose aerogel made of paper waste is biodegradable, non-toxic, flexible and ultra-strong, report researchers. This novel material is ideal for applications such as oil spill ... read more

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