Environmental Science News
May 5, 2015

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May 5, 2015

Simulating Seasons: Researchers Use Supercomputing to Assess Impact of Climate Change on Malawi's Growing Season

May 5, 2015 — Malawi, a small landlocked country in southeast Africa, is home to 13 million people and is one of the least-developed countries in the world. Its security is highly dependent on rain-fed ... read more

Lab Test Commonly Used to Assess Water Toxicity May Not Predict Effects on Field Populations

May 4, 2015 — Hyalella azteca are invertebrates that are widely used for sediment and water toxicity studies. Investigators have found that H. azteca collected from sites influenced by agricultural/urban runoff ... read more

Exposure to Air Pollution in the First Year of Life Increases Risk for Allergies

May 4, 2015 — Exposure to outdoor air pollution during the first year of life increases the risk of developing allergies to food, mould, pets and pests, new research concludes. The study showed that the ... read more

Space Technology 'Could Reduce Cost of Renewable Energy'

May 4, 2015 — Space-based radar technology could be harnessed by the renewable energy sector to drive down costs, according to ... read more

May 3, 2015 — The resilience of U.S. coastal communities to storms, flooding, erosion and other threats can be strengthened when they are protected by natural infrastructure such as marshes, reefs, and beaches, or ... read more

May 1, 2015 — Runoff from pavement with coal-tar-based sealant is toxic to aquatic life, damages DNA, and impairs DNA repair, according to new research. Rainwater runoff collected as long as three months after ... read more

GIS Study Reveals Preferred Habitat of the Asian Elephant

May 1, 2015 — New results show that Asian elephants preferred secondary forests, presumably because of the abundance of ground grass to eat. The study also found that they spend 75% of their time within 1.5 km of ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — New research provides some crucial ground truth for a method of measuring plant photosynthesis on a global scale from orbit. The work shows that chlorophyll fluorescence, a faint glow produced by ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Scientists are using a variety of buoys and autonomous underwater vehicles to record and archive sounds from marine mammals and fish species in the western North Atlantic through a new listening ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — A new study demonstrates that perovskite materials - superefficient crystal structures that have recently taken the scientific community by storm - contain flaws that can be engineered to improve ... read more

Recycling Aluminium, One Can at a Time

Apr. 30, 2015 — Producing pure aluminium from ore accounts for as much as 1 per cent of all greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. Recycling is the best way to reduce that carbon footprint – but manufacturers and ... read more

Toxic Combination of Air Pollution and Poverty Lowers Child IQ

Apr. 29, 2015 — Children born to mothers experiencing economic hardship, who were also exposed during pregnancy to high levels of PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), scored significantly lower on IQ tests at age ... read more

Forest Canopies Buffer Against Climate Change

Apr. 29, 2015 — Current models of how forests will respond to climate change don't account for differences between adult and juvenile trees. Recent research of forest landscape ecology, finds that climatic ... read more

Silica Dust in Small-Scale Gold Mining Linked to Silicosis, TB Epidemic

Apr. 29, 2015 — Silica dust hazards in large gold mines have been well documented, but the situation is far worse in small-scale gold mining according to a new study. This is the first ever study to measure silica ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — It is estimated that one in nine people globally lack access to safe water. Researchers are looking to fill that critical need and provide safe drinking water to the most remote locations in the ... read more

Energy Consumption Rises With Automated Bill Payment

Apr. 29, 2015 — The adage 'out of sight, out of mind' applies to utility consumption, according to new research. A study of 16 years of billing records from one South Carolina electric utility found that ... read more

Ancient Clam Beaches Not So Natural, Study Shows

Apr. 29, 2015 — Ancient coastal Indigenous people were more than hunter-gatherers, new research shows. Researchers suggest that the Pacific Northwest is one of the few places in the world where it can be ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Marine ecosystems can be changed by night-time artificial lighting according to new research. The results indicate that light pollution from coastal communities, shipping and offshore infrastructure ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — The composition and radiative effect of desert aerosols have been analyzed by researchers. Results show that the intrusion of dust from the Sahara Desert caused radiative cooling of the Earth's ... read more

No Quick Fixes for Developing World's Solid Waste Management Crisis

Apr. 29, 2015 — As the world population, economy and consumption grows, a complex and multi-dimensional approach is needed to manage a rising tide of solid waste, researchers say. The developing world’s ... read more

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