Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Head-cooling Device Prevents Brain Damage In Oxygen-deprived Infants, Says New Study

Date:
May 19, 2004
Source:
Cornell University
Summary:
A head-cooling device called CoolCap prevents brain damage in some oxygen-deprived newborn babies, providing the first evidence in humans that many birth-related neurological problems can be reversed, according to an international multi-center clinical trial.

New York, NY (May 7, 2004) -- A head-cooling device called CoolCap prevents brain damage in some oxygen-deprived newborn babies, providing the first evidence in humans that many birth-related neurological problems can be reversed, according to an international multi-center clinical trial that included physician-scientists at Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian, the only New York City medical center to participate in the study. The results were presented this week at the annual meeting of the Society for Pediatric Research in San Francisco.

Using brain wave analysis at birth, researchers identified those babies who might benefit from treatment. In the group of infants with moderate to severe injury, the percentage of babies that experienced an unfavorable outcome (death or neuro-developmental disability) was significantly reduced from 66 percent to 48 percent by the cooling. In addition, there was a trend to a reduction in mortality in the cooled infants.

"While more research is needed, the findings offer hope that this condition -- which affects thousands of babies worldwide -- might be treatable," says Dr. Richard Polin, director of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian and professor of Pediatrics at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons. Dr. Polin was a member of the study's Scientific Advisory Committee.

The CoolCap regulates the temperature of the infant's head by circulating cold water inside a thin plastic cap that is held in place by a fabric hat. Using water temperatures between 50 and 59 degrees Fahrenheit, the infant's normal body temperature is cooled to 94 degrees. Dr. Polin explains that while it is not yet understood how the treatment works, factors may include reducing brain metabolism, reducing brain inflammation, preventing brain-cell death, and reducing potentially harmful toxins released after brain injury.

As part of the study, randomized infants were fitted with the CoolCap for 72 hours. A daily neurological examination was performed for the first 72 hours, then repeated at one week, and again at the time of discharge. At 18 months, infants had a neurological assessment by a pediatrician and developmental assessment by a psychologist, as well as visual and auditory testing.

Between one and two of every 1,000 newborn babies are at risk of brain damage during the birth process. Those who survive can be left with conditions such as cerebral palsy or cognitive impairment.

The CoolCap is manufactured by Olympic Medical Corp of Seattle. The company sponsored the trial.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Cornell University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Cornell University. "Head-cooling Device Prevents Brain Damage In Oxygen-deprived Infants, Says New Study." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 May 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040518080649.htm>.
Cornell University. (2004, May 19). Head-cooling Device Prevents Brain Damage In Oxygen-deprived Infants, Says New Study. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040518080649.htm
Cornell University. "Head-cooling Device Prevents Brain Damage In Oxygen-deprived Infants, Says New Study." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040518080649.htm (accessed September 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, September 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) The study found elderly people are much more likely to become susceptible to infection than younger adults going though a similar situation. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

Jury Delivers Verdict in Salmonella Trial

AP (Sep. 19, 2014) A federal jury has convicted three people in connection with an outbreak of salmonella poisoning five years ago that sickened hundreds of people and was linked to a number of deaths. (Sept. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
How The 'Angelina Jolie Effect' Increased Cancer Screenings

How The 'Angelina Jolie Effect' Increased Cancer Screenings

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) Angelina's Jolie's decision to undergo a preventative mastectomy in 2013 inspired many women to seek early screenings for the disease. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Cost of Ebola

The Cost of Ebola

Reuters - Business Video Online (Sep. 18, 2014) As Sierra Leone prepares for a three-day "lockdown" in its latest bid to stem the spread of Ebola, Ciara Lee looks at the financial implications of fighting the largest ever outbreak of the disease. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins