Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Extreme Personality Poses Risk Of ADHD, Conduct Disorder

Date:
March 26, 2006
Source:
Florida State University
Summary:
Children with personalities marked by aggressiveness, mood swings, a sense of alienation and a need for excitement may be at greater risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or conduct disorder, according to a new Florida State University study.

Children with personalities marked by aggressiveness, mood swings, a sense of alienation and a need for excitement may be at greater risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or conduct disorder, according to a new Florida State University study.

FSU psychology professors Jeanette Taylor and Chris Schatschneider, FSU doctoral student Kelly Cukrowicz and University of Minnesota Professor William Iacono found that children with ADHD or conduct disorder had more negative emotions - aggressiveness, tension and feelings of being exploited, unlucky or poorly treated - and lower constraints - a tendency to break rules and engage in thrill-seeking behavior - than children with neither of the disorders. Not surprisingly, those children who have both ADHD and conduct disorder had the most extreme personality profiles.

"This helps us to understand that personality is part of the bigger picture of these disorders," Taylor said. "That could help with initial assessments or lead to unexpected discoveries or potential interventions. We're saying to researchers and clinicians, 'Think about personality when you look at these issues.' "

The study, published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, is the first to investigate personality trait patterns among children who have ADHD, conduct disorder or a combination of both. It is important to learn more about the co-occurrence of ADHD and conduct disorder because the consequences are so severe, Taylor said.

"It's more than the sum of its parts," she said, explaining that children and adolescents with a combination of the two disorders are at much higher risk of school failure, criminal activity, substance abuse and depression. Previous studies have indicated that between 15 to 35 percent of children with ADHD also have conduct disorder.

Between 3 percent and 5 percent of U.S. school age children are estimated to have ADHD, a disorder that encompasses symptoms of hyperactivity, inattention or impulsivity. Conduct disorder affects about 13 percent of children and adolescents and is characterized by severe misbehavior including chronic lying, setting fires, destroying property or hurting animals.

The researchers analyzed personality data from 1,438 sets of same-sex, reared-together 11-year-old and 17-year-old male and female twins who participated in the Minnesota Twin Family Study. The rate of ADHD, conduct disorder and the co-occurrence of both was about the same as is found in the general population, Taylor said. Those who did not have symptoms of the disorders served as the control group.

The connection between personality and the disorders is clear, but more research will have to be done to determine whether the personality traits are shaped by the psychological disorders or vice versa.

"Developmentally, it makes sense that the personality comes first," she said. "But to say that one causes the other is too simplistic. I think they become intertwined."



Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Florida State University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Florida State University. "Extreme Personality Poses Risk Of ADHD, Conduct Disorder." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 March 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/03/060322174636.htm>.
Florida State University. (2006, March 26). Extreme Personality Poses Risk Of ADHD, Conduct Disorder. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/03/060322174636.htm
Florida State University. "Extreme Personality Poses Risk Of ADHD, Conduct Disorder." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/03/060322174636.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Idaho Boy Helps Brother With Disabilities Complete Triathlon

Idaho Boy Helps Brother With Disabilities Complete Triathlon

Newsy (July 23, 2014) An 8-year-old boy helped his younger brother, who has a rare genetic condition that's confined him to a wheelchair, finish a triathlon. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Thousands Who Can't Afford Medical Care Flock to Free US Clinic

Thousands Who Can't Afford Medical Care Flock to Free US Clinic

AFP (July 23, 2014) America may be the world’s richest country, but in terms of healthcare, the World Health Organisation ranks it 37th. Thousands turned out for a free clinic run by "Remote Area Medical" with a visit from the Governor of Virginia. Duration: 2:40 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Stone Fruit Listeria Scare Causes Sweeping Recall

Stone Fruit Listeria Scare Causes Sweeping Recall

Newsy (July 22, 2014) The Wawona Packing Company has issued a voluntary recall on the stone fruit it distributes due to a possible Listeria outbreak. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Huge Schizophrenia Study Finds Dozens Of New Genetic Causes

Huge Schizophrenia Study Finds Dozens Of New Genetic Causes

Newsy (July 22, 2014) The 83 new genetic markers could open dozens of new avenues for schizophrenia treatment research. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins