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'Pleasant Touch' Decoded: Signals From Stroking Skin Have Direct Route To Brain

Date:
April 15, 2009
Source:
University of Gothenburg
Summary:
Nerve signals that tell the brain that we are being slowly stroked on the skin have their own specialized nerve fibers in the skin. The discovery may explain why touching the skin can relieve pain.

A new study may explain why touching the skin can relieve pain.
Credit: iStockphoto/Valentin Casarsa

Nerve signals that tell the brain that we are being slowly stroked on the skin have their own specialised nerve fibres in the skin. This is shown by a new study from the Sahlgrenska Academy in Sweden. The discovery may explain why touching the skin can relieve pain.

The specialised nerve fibres in the skin are called CT nerves (C-tactile) and they travel directly to the areas in the brain that are important in the emergence of feelings.

”Basically the signals that tell the brain that we are being stroked on the skin have their own direct route to the brain, and are not blocked even if the brain is receiving pain impulses from the same area. In fact it’s more the opposite, that the stroking impulses are able to deaden the pain impulses,” says Line Lφken, postgraduate student in neurophysiology at the Sahlgrenska Academy.

The results are being published in the distinguished scientific journal, Nature Neuroscience. The research group examined a group of healthy subjects using a technique called microneurography.

“By inserting a thin electrode into a nerve in the forearm we can listen in on the nerve and pick up signals from one of the thousands of nerve fibres that make up a nerve,” explains Associate Professor Hεkan Olausson, who is leading the research group behind the discovery, together with Johan Wessberg.

Each individual nerve fibre is responsible for touch signals from roughly a square centimetre of skin. The research team used a specially-designed robot, which brushed over the exact area of skin for which a particular nerve fibre is responsible. The subjects were also asked to rate how pleasant or unpleasant they found the brushing.

”As the nerve signals that were sent in the CT nerves became more frequent, the subjects reported the experience as being increasingly pleasant. Of the skin nerves that we studied, it was only the CT nerves that had this strong link between the frequency of the signals and how pleasant it felt,” says researcher Johan Wessberg.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Gothenburg. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Lφken et al. Coding of pleasant touch by unmyelinated afferents in humans. Nature Neuroscience, 2009; DOI: 10.1038/nn.2312

Cite This Page:

University of Gothenburg. "'Pleasant Touch' Decoded: Signals From Stroking Skin Have Direct Route To Brain." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 April 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090414084453.htm>.
University of Gothenburg. (2009, April 15). 'Pleasant Touch' Decoded: Signals From Stroking Skin Have Direct Route To Brain. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090414084453.htm
University of Gothenburg. "'Pleasant Touch' Decoded: Signals From Stroking Skin Have Direct Route To Brain." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090414084453.htm (accessed October 2, 2014).

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