Neuroscience News
September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

Sep. 4, 2015 — Researchers have shown how signals from the spinal cord adjust the sensitivity of hair cells in the inner ear to accommodate shifts in head position associated with active locomotion -- thus ensuring ... read more

Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Children Born Prematurely May Be Predicted Using MRI After Birth

Sep. 2, 2015 — School age children who are born prematurely are more likely to have low mathematical achievement, thought to be associated with reduced working memory and number skills, according to a new ... read more

Researchers Develop a Likely New Combo Treatment for the Deadliest Form of Brain Cancer

Sep. 1, 2015 — Scientists have developed a potentially promising new combination therapy for glioblastoma, the deadliest form of brain cancer. Glioblastoma, also known as grade IV glioma, is the most aggressive ... read more

Accuracy of Dementia Brain Imaging Must Improve

Sep. 1, 2015 — MRI scans and other tools to detect and diagnose dementia are helpful but not definitive. A new report evaluates how well different types of brain imaging tests work to detect Alzheimer's and ... read more

Timing of Sleep Just as Important as Quantity

Sep. 1, 2015 — The timing of an animal's sleep can be just as important as how much sleeps it gets, researchers have ... read more

Reading Emotions in a Second Language

Sep. 1, 2015 — If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in ... read more

Parents' Views on Justice Affect Babies' Moral Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — Babies' neural responses to morally charged scenarios are influenced by their parents' attitudes toward justice, new research shows. The developmental neuroscientists found that strong ... read more

Possible New Weapon Against PTSD

Sep. 1, 2015 — Animals who underwent chronic stress prior to a traumatic experience engaged a distinctive brain pathway that encodes traumatic memories more strongly than in unstressed animals, new research ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Multiple System Atrophy, a neurodegenerative disorder with similarities to Parkinson's disease, is caused by a newly discovered type of prion, according to two new research ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Working with mice, researchers have added to evidence that a commonly prescribed antidepressant called fluoxetine helps stroke victims improve movement and coordination, and possibly ... read more

Older People Getting Smarter, but Not Fitter

Aug. 31, 2015 — Older populations are scoring better on cognitive tests than people of the same age did in the past -- a trend that could be linked to higher education rates and increased use of technology in our ... read more

Magnetic Stimulation Effective in Helping Parkinson's Patients Walk

Aug. 31, 2015 — About 50 percent of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience freezing of gait (FOG), an inability to move forward while walking. This can affect not only mobility but also balance. In a ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — The human eye includes an unavoidable blind spot. That's because the optic nerve that sends visual signals to the brain must pass through the retina, which creates a hole in that light-sensitive ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — In animals, numerous behaviors are governed by the olfactory perception of their surrounding world. Whether originating in the nose of a mammal or the antennas of an insect, perception results from ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease: Overlooked for 30 Years, There Is a New Kid on the Block

Aug. 31, 2015 — Alzheimer's disease is associated with the appearance of characteristic neurotoxic protein aggregates in various regions in the brain. Chemical analysis of these insoluble deposits reveals that ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — For more than a hundred years, people have known that dendritic arbors -- the projections that neurons use to receive information from other neurons -- differ in size and shape depending on neuron ... read more

Testosterone Changes Brain Structures in Female-to-Male Transsexuals

Aug. 31, 2015 — Brain imaging shows that testosterone therapy given as part of sex reassignment changes the brain structures and the pathway associated with speech and verbal fluency. This result supports research ... read more

Food May Be Addictive: Food Craving May Be 'Hard-Wired' in the Brain

Aug. 31, 2015 — An international group of researchers have found that food craving activates different brain networks between obese and normal weight patients. This indicates that the tendency to want food may be ... read more

Psychotic Patients Distinguished from Controls While Watching Movie Alice in Wonderland

Aug. 31, 2015 — Researchers using fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) have found that even first-episode psychotic patients process information differently from a control group. To ensure both groups ... read more

A Single Cocaine Dose Lowers Perceptions of Sadness and Anger

Aug. 30, 2015 — A single dose of cocaine can interfere with the ability to recognize negative emotions such as anger and sadness, according to new ... read more

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