Neuroscience News
July 1, 2015

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July 1, 2015

People With Epilepsy Can Benefit from Smartphone Apps to Manage Their Condition

July 1, 2015 — While many people with epilepsy can control their seizures with medication, those unpredictable and involuntary changes in behavior and consciousness can be limiting for others. Neurologists ... read more

Small RNAs Found to Play Important Roles in Memory Formation

June 30, 2015 — A type of genetic material called “microRNA” plays surprisingly different roles in the formation of memory in animal models, researchers have found. In some cases, these RNAs increase memory, ... read more

Clot-Removal Devices Now Recommended for Some Stroke Patients

June 29, 2015 — Updated stroke treatment recommendations include using a stent retrieval device to remove blood clots from large arteries in select patients. Clot-busting medication -- tPA -- continues to be the ... read more

Children from High Conflict Homes Process Emotion Differently, Could Face Social Challenges

June 29, 2015 — Children of parents who are frequently in conflict process emotional interactions differently and may face social challenges later in life compared with children from low conflict homes. The findings ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a key mechanism underlying how animals keep track of the seasons. The study shows how circadian clock machinery in the brain encodes seasonal changes in daylight duration ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Laboratories that test chemicals for neurological toxicity could reduce their use of laboratory mice and rats by replacing these animal models with tiny aquatic flatworms known as freshwater ... read more

Upsetting a Fragile Alliance Triggers a Deadly Childhood Disease

June 29, 2015 — SMA is a devastating neuromuscular disorder that robs children of their ability to walk, eat, or breathe. Mostly caused by an inherited flaw in the Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) gene, SMA is presently ... read more

On the Brink of Chaos: Physicists Find Phase Transition in Visual Cortex

June 29, 2015 — Intense visual input forces the brain into a brief moment of chaos, but the visual cortex spontaneously returns the brain to its optimal function, physicists have found. The finding advances ... read more

Microtubule 'Roadway' in the Retina Helps Provide Energy for Vision

June 29, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a thick band of microtubules in certain neurons in the retina that they believe acts as a transport road for mitochondria that help provide energy required for visual ... read more

Genes Add Risk to Depression

June 29, 2015 — People born with a particular gene variant have a greater risk of developing depressions, a recent study shows. Depression has been relatively under-researched, and clinicians are not, generally, ... read more

June 29, 2015 — The human retina contains some 100 million photoreceptor cells. When these are stimulated with light, they communicate that information to the brain and we perceive light. Researchers have now ... read more

June 27, 2015 — A specific calcium channel plays a crucial role in deep, slow-wave sleep, scientists have discovered. This is a key step toward understanding both normal and abnormal waking brain ... read more

June 26, 2015 — Studies on mice reveal that a special protein in the brain's tiniest blood vessels may affect the risk of stroke. Scientists are learning how the blood-brain barrier develops and what makes the ... read more

Long-Acting Antipsychotic Medication May Improve Treatment for Schizophrenia

June 26, 2015 — An injectable drug given every two weeks works better than a daily pill for those who have been recently diagnosed with schizophrenia, a study ... read more

June 25, 2015 — The amyloid cascade hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) posits that sticky aggregations or plaques of amyloid-beta peptides accumulate over time in the brain, triggering a series of events ... read more

Alzheimer's Disease Works Differently in Patients With and Without Down Syndrome, Study Shows

June 25, 2015 — A study revealed differences in the way brain inflammation -- considered a key component of AD-- is expressed in different subsets of patients, in particular people with Down syndrome (DS) and ... read more

Brain Scan Can Predict Who Responds Best to Certain Treatment for OCD

June 25, 2015 — A certain detail from patients' brain scans could help clinicians identify which people are more likely to relapse after cognitive-behavioral therapy -- and why. Tens of millions of Americans -- ... read more

Study Highlights 'Important Safety Issue' With Widely Used MRI Contrast Agents

June 25, 2015 — New results in animals highlight a major safety concern regarding a class of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents used in millions of patients each year. The study adds to concerns that ... read more

What Controls Blood Flow in the Brain?

June 25, 2015 — Scientists present the strongest evidence yet that smooth muscle cells surrounding blood vessels in the brain are the only cells capable of contracting to control blood vessel diameter and thus ... read more

Potential Drug Lessens Neurodegeneration in Parkinson's Disease Model

June 25, 2015 — The first test in a mammalian model of a potential new class of drugs to treat Parkinson’s disease shows abatement of neurodegeneration in the brains of test rats and no significant ... read more

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