Neuroscience News
May 6, 2015

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May 6, 2015

Non-Euclidean Geometries for Grid Cells

May 6, 2015 — Grid cells, space-mapping neurons of the entorhinal cortex of rodents, could also work for hyperbolic surfaces. A new study tests a model (a computer simulation) based on mathematical principles, ... read more

'Fuzzy Thinking' in Depression, Bipolar Disorder: New Research Finds Effect Is Real

May 4, 2015 — People with depression or bipolar disorder often feel their thinking ability has gotten “fuzzy”, or less sharp than before their symptoms began. Now, researchers have shown in a large study that ... read more

May 4, 2015 — A unique connection between diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease has been uncovered by researchers, providing further evidence that a disease that robs people of their memories may be affected by ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Premature birth can alter the connectivity between key areas of the brain, according to a new study. The findings should help researchers to better understand why premature birth is linked to a ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Exosomes could help with longstanding medical issues from cancer diagnosis to sophisticated research tool. Now, they could potentially help with delivering potent antioxidants into the brain of ... read more

May 4, 2015 — Computer scientists have combined sophisticated computer vision algorithms and a brain-computer interface to find mines in sonar images of the ocean floor. The study shows that the new method speeds ... read more

Study Points to Possible Treatment for Lethal Pediatric Brain Cancer

May 4, 2015 — Using brain tumor samples collected from children in the United States and Europe, an international team of scientists found that the drug panobinostat and similar gene regulating drugs may be ... read more

May 4, 2015 — A new study in mice links three previously unrelated hypotheses about the causes of schizophrenia, a debilitating mental disorder that affects how people think, act and perceive reality. The new ... read more

Reducing Prejudice Through Brain Stimulation

May 4, 2015 — People show less prejudice after receiving low intensity electrical stimulation administered to the frontal part of the brain. These researchers were the first to investigate whether the application ... read more

How Chickenpox Virus Can Cause a Stroke in an HIV Patient

May 4, 2015 — Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox in children and shingles in older adults. The virus typically remains dormant in patients with healthy immune systems, but can reactivate if the immune system ... read more

Comprehensive Look at Brain Cancer Treatments

May 1, 2015 — A comprehensive genetic review of treatment strategies for glioblastoma brain tumors covers how these highly invasive and almost-always-deadly brain cancers may be treated, reviews the continuing ... read more

May 1, 2015 — What happens to an astronaut's brain during a mission to Mars? Nothing good. It's besieged by destructive particles that can forever impair cognition, according to a radiation oncology ... read more

Internet as New Frontier in Collecting Data on the Mind

Apr. 30, 2015 — With Apple's launch of new health tracking tools for the iPhone and medical researchers' forays into Facebook to recruit clinical trial volunteers, Web and mobile apps are increasingly seen ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Neuroscientists have created an out-of-body illusion in participants placed inside a brain scanner. They then used the illusion to perceptually 'teleport' the participants to different ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Neuroscientists have attached the light-sensing protein rhodopsin to opioid receptor parts to activate the receptor pathways using light from a laser fiber-optic device. They also influenced the ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — A previously unappreciated phenomenon has been reported in which the location of injury to a neuron's communication wire in the spinal cord -- the axon -- determines whether the neuron simply ... read more

Novel Approach Blocks Amyloid Production in Alzheimer's Mouse Model

Apr. 29, 2015 — Offering a potential early intervention for Alzheimer's disease (AD), researchers have identified compounds that block the production of beta amyloid peptides in mice. The build-up of beta ... read more

Toxic Combination of Air Pollution and Poverty Lowers Child IQ

Apr. 29, 2015 — Children born to mothers experiencing economic hardship, who were also exposed during pregnancy to high levels of PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), scored significantly lower on IQ tests at age ... read more

Left Ventricular Assist Devices May Lead to Declines in Health, Cognitive Thinking in Some Heart Failure Patients

Apr. 29, 2015 — Left ventricular assist devices are life-prolonging devices for patients with advanced heart failure but they also may leave some patients in poor health with declines in brain function. Risk factors ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Professionals whose jobs require more speaking, developing strategies, conflict resolution and managerial tasks may experience better protection against memory and thinking decline in old age than ... read more

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