Neuroscience News
August 28, 2015

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August 28, 2015

Aug. 27, 2015 — Products labeled with a Fair Trade logo cause prospective buyers to dig deeper into their pockets. Participants were willing to pay on average 30 percent more for ethically produced goods, compared ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new study shows that childhood cancer survivors suffering one stroke have double the risk of suffering a second stroke, when compared with non-cancer stroke ... read more

Awareness of Memory Loss May Decline Two-Three Years Before Dementia Onset

Aug. 26, 2015 — People who will develop dementia may begin to lose awareness of their memory problems two to three years before the actual onset of the disease, according to a new study. The study also found that ... read more

Self-Control Saps Memory, Study Says

Aug. 26, 2015 — You're about to switch lanes on a busy road when you realize there's a car in your blind spot. You have to put a stop to your lane change -- and quickly. A new study suggests that this type ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — Researchers say they have discovered some of the first steps in how a very common gene mutation causes the brain damage associated with both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal ... read more

Cannabis Use May Influence Cortical Maturation in Adolescent Males

Aug. 26, 2015 — Male teens who experiment with cannabis before age 16, and have a high genetic risk for schizophrenia, show a different brain development trajectory than low risk peers who use ... read more

Cannabis and the Brain

Aug. 26, 2015 — Two new studies examine associations between cannabis use and the ... read more

Neurobiology: Tuning of Timing in Auditory Axons

Aug. 26, 2015 — A team has shown that the axons of auditory neurons in the brainstem which respond to low and high-frequency sounds differ in their morphology, and that these variations correlate with differences in ... read more

Depression: Evidence of Serotonin Signal Transduction Disturbances

Aug. 26, 2015 — Depression and anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders. Over the last few years, molecular brain imaging using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) has helped us to identify ... read more

Study Validates Monkey Model of Visual Perception

Aug. 25, 2015 — A new study shows that humans and rhesus monkeys have very similar abilities in recognizing objects "at a glance," validating the use of this animal model in the study of human visual ... read more

Genetic Study Finds Association Between Reduced Vitamin D and Multiple Sclerosis Risk

Aug. 25, 2015 — Genetic findings support observational evidence that lower vitamin D levels are associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis, according to a new research ... read more

Effect of Physical Activity on Cognition

Aug. 25, 2015 — Researchers evaluated whether a 24-month physical activity program would result in better cognitive function, lower risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia, or both, compared with a ... read more

Aug. 25, 2015 — As the brain develops its preference for the dominant eye's input, it alters its connections to the weaker eye, according to a new ... read more

Making a Mistake Can Be Rewarding, Study Finds

Aug. 25, 2015 — The human brain learns two ways - either through avoidance learning, which trains the brain to avoid committing a mistake, or through reward-based learning, a reinforcing process that occurs when ... read more

Antidepressants Fine-Tune Brain Reward Pathway to Lessen Neuropathic Pain

Aug. 24, 2015 — Commonly used antidepressant drugs change levels of a key signaling protein in the brain region that processes both pain and mood, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 24, 2015 — New research shows that a family of cancer drugs currently tested in patient trials can induce neurological changes in mice. The findings underscore the need for more research to determine whether ... read more

Bilingualism and the Brain: How Language Shapes Our Ability to Process Information

Aug. 24, 2015 — In an increasingly globalised world, there are many practical benefits to speaking two languages rather than one. Even in the US, which is largely monolingual, more than 20 percent of the population ... read more

How Exposure to Brief Trauma and Sudden Sounds Form Lasting Memories

Aug. 24, 2015 — Researchers have found how even brief exposure to sudden sounds or mild trauma can form permanent, long-term brain connections, or memories, in a specific region of the ... read more

Physical Activity Linked to Greater Mental Flexibility in Older Adults

Aug. 24, 2015 — One day soon, doctors may determine how physically active you are simply by imaging your brain. Physically fit people tend to have larger brain volumes and more intact white matter than their ... read more

Activated Neurons Produce Protective Protein Against Neurodegenerative Conditions

Aug. 24, 2015 — Activated neurons produce a protein that protects against nerve cell death. Researchers have found out how this effect comes about and defined a crucial ... read more

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