Neuroscience News
May 5, 2015

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May 5, 2015

Study Points to Possible Treatment for Lethal Pediatric Brain Cancer

May 4, 2015 — Using brain tumor samples collected from children in the United States and Europe, an international team of scientists found that the drug panobinostat and similar gene regulating drugs may be ... read more

May 4, 2015 — A new study in mice links three previously unrelated hypotheses about the causes of schizophrenia, a debilitating mental disorder that affects how people think, act and perceive reality. The new ... read more

How Chickenpox Virus Can Cause a Stroke in an HIV Patient

May 4, 2015 — Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox in children and shingles in older adults. The virus typically remains dormant in patients with healthy immune systems, but can reactivate if the immune system ... read more

Comprehensive Look at Brain Cancer Treatments

May 1, 2015 — A comprehensive genetic review of treatment strategies for glioblastoma brain tumors covers how these highly invasive and almost-always-deadly brain cancers may be treated, reviews the continuing ... read more

May 1, 2015 — What happens to an astronaut's brain during a mission to Mars? Nothing good. It's besieged by destructive particles that can forever impair cognition, according to a radiation oncology ... read more

Internet as New Frontier in Collecting Data on the Mind

Apr. 30, 2015 — With Apple's launch of new health tracking tools for the iPhone and medical researchers' forays into Facebook to recruit clinical trial volunteers, Web and mobile apps are increasingly seen ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Neuroscientists have created an out-of-body illusion in participants placed inside a brain scanner. They then used the illusion to perceptually 'teleport' the participants to different ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Neuroscientists have attached the light-sensing protein rhodopsin to opioid receptor parts to activate the receptor pathways using light from a laser fiber-optic device. They also influenced the ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — A previously unappreciated phenomenon has been reported in which the location of injury to a neuron's communication wire in the spinal cord -- the axon -- determines whether the neuron simply ... read more

Novel Approach Blocks Amyloid Production in Alzheimer's Mouse Model

Apr. 29, 2015 — Offering a potential early intervention for Alzheimer's disease (AD), researchers have identified compounds that block the production of beta amyloid peptides in mice. The build-up of beta ... read more

Toxic Combination of Air Pollution and Poverty Lowers Child IQ

Apr. 29, 2015 — Children born to mothers experiencing economic hardship, who were also exposed during pregnancy to high levels of PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), scored significantly lower on IQ tests at age ... read more

Left Ventricular Assist Devices May Lead to Declines in Health, Cognitive Thinking in Some Heart Failure Patients

Apr. 29, 2015 — Left ventricular assist devices are life-prolonging devices for patients with advanced heart failure but they also may leave some patients in poor health with declines in brain function. Risk factors ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Professionals whose jobs require more speaking, developing strategies, conflict resolution and managerial tasks may experience better protection against memory and thinking decline in old age than ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Studying fruit fly larvae, scientists have mapped the entire neural circuit involved in combining vibration and pain sensations used in triggering an escape behavior. Combining information across ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Neuroscientists have discovered brain circuitry for encoding positive and negative learned associations in mice. After finding that two circuits showed opposite activity following fear and reward ... read more

Your Brain on Drugs: Functional Differences in Brain Communication in Cocaine Users

Apr. 29, 2015 — The brain function of people addicted to cocaine is different from that of people who are not addicted, and is often linked to highly impulsive behavior, according to a new scientific ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Patients with traumatic brain injuries are not benefiting from recent advances in cognitive neuroscience research -- and they should be, scientists report. Now, cognitive neuroscientists have ... read more

Can Cheap Wine Taste Great? Brain Imaging and Marketing Placebo Effects

Apr. 29, 2015 — When consumers taste cheap wine and rate it highly because they believe it is expensive, is it because prejudice has blinded them to the actual taste, or has prejudice actually changed their brain ... read more

Cytokine May Play Major Role in Multiple Sclerosis

Apr. 29, 2015 — Multiple sclerosis (MS) is caused by immune cells that activate a cascade of chemicals in the brain, attacking and degrading the insulation that keeps neuronal signals moving. These chemicals, called ... read more

Brain Tumor Patients Should Be Screened for Depression

Apr. 29, 2015 — Because depression in brain cancer patients is a common but often overlooked condition, oncologists should regularly screen tumor patients for depression, according to a new article. The authors also ... read more

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