Neuroscience News
August 1, 2015

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August 1, 2015

Targeted Therapy Shows Effectiveness Against a Subtype of the Brain Tumor Medulloblastoma

July 29, 2015 — A subset of medulloblastoma tumors briefly stopped growing or disappeared entirely during treatment with vismodegib, researchers report after a trial with both adults and ... read more

Climbing a Tree Can Improve Cognitive Skills, Researchers Say

July 29, 2015 — Climbing a tree and balancing on a beam can dramatically improve cognitive skills, according to a study. The findings suggest working memory improvements can be made in just a couple of hours of ... read more

July 29, 2015 — The formation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which allows understanding the unexpected behavior of some antagonists that block physiological responses, has been the focus of recent ... read more

Key Factor for Stability of Capillaries in Brain Identified

July 29, 2015 — The brain needs a lot of oxygen – so every last corner of the brain’s tissue is served by a dense network of fine blood vessels. When these capillaries are damaged by high blood pressure or age, ... read more

Study Finds Brain Chemicals That Keep Wakefulness in Check

July 29, 2015 — Mice that have a particular brain chemical switched off become hyperactive and sleep for just 65 per cent of their normal time, a new study shows. This discovery could help researchers to develop new ... read more

Social Groups and Emotions

July 29, 2015 — The semantic representation of social groups involves areas of the brain associated with processing ... read more

Compliance With Guidelines for Treating Brain Injuries Doesn't Guarantee Better Outcomes

July 29, 2015 — Two decades ago, the Brain Trauma Foundation published its first set of guidelines for treating traumatic brain injury. Now, a study has found no evidence that compliance with the guidelines led to ... read more

Naturally Occurring Protein Fragment Found in the Brain Inhibits Key Enzyme Implicated in Alzheimer's Disease

July 29, 2015 — A natural protein fragment produced in the brain can act as an inhibitor of a key enzyme implicated in the onset of Alzheimer's disease, researchers have discovered for the first time. This is a ... read more

Probiotics Improve Behavioral Symptoms of Chronic Inflammatory Diseases in Mice

July 28, 2015 — Probiotics may improve the behavioral symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases by altering communication between the immune system and the brain, according to an animal ... read more

Coffee Consumption Habits Impact the Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment

July 28, 2015 — A new study estimates the association between change or constant habits in coffee consumption and the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), evaluating 1,445 individuals recruited from 5,632 ... read more

Sleepy Fruitflies Get Mellow

July 28, 2015 — Whether you're a human, a mouse, or even a fruitfly, losing sleep is a bad thing, leading to physiological effects and behavioral changes. Researchers used fruitflies to probe deeper into the ... read more

Neurology Researchers Evaluate Evidence Base for Tests for Clinical Cognitive Assessment

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have been conducting evidence-based reviews of testing used for five domains -- attention, language, memory, spatial cognition, and executive function. New recommendations for improving ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Researchers are looking for biomarkers that might serve as an early warning system for Alzheimer's disease. The process is not without complications, but these scientists possess a collective ... read more

National Study of Deep Brain Stimulation for Depression Fails to Demonstrate Efficacy

July 28, 2015 — Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and treatment-resistant symptoms of depression have a terrible personal and societal cost. They can devastate lives, careers, and families. Some ... read more

July 28, 2015 — People with a common form of hearing loss not helped by hearing aids achieved significant and sometimes profound improvements in their hearing and understanding of speech with hybrid cochlear implant ... read more

Hormones Influence Unethical Behavior, Experts Say

July 28, 2015 — Hormones play a two-part role in encouraging and reinforcing cheating and other unethical behavior, according to new research. With cheating scandals a persistent threat on college campuses and ... read more

Stress Hormone Reduces Heroin Cravings

July 28, 2015 — Every addiction is characterized by a strong desire for a certain addictive substance, be it nicotine, alcohol or other drug. Researchers recently conducted a study on heroin addiction and ... read more

Fatty Acid Increases Performance of Cellular Powerhouse

July 28, 2015 — An entirely new control mechanism that regulates the function of mitochondria, the powerhouses of the cell, has been discovered by researchers. Surprisingly, a fatty acid is playing a key role in ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Facial motion capture -- the same technology used to develop realistic computer graphics in video games and movies -- has been used to identify differences between children with childhood apraxia of ... read more

Where Memory Is Encoded and Retrieved: New Findings in a Long-Standing Debate

July 28, 2015 — Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept ... read more

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