Neuroscience News
August 31, 2015

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August 31, 2015

A Single Cocaine Dose Lowers Perceptions of Sadness and Anger

Aug. 30, 2015 — A single dose of cocaine can interfere with the ability to recognize negative emotions such as anger and sadness, according to new ... read more

Borderline Personality Traits Linked to Lowered Empathy

Aug. 29, 2015 — Those with borderline personality disorder, or BPD, a mental illness marked by unstable moods, often experience trouble maintaining interpersonal relationships. New research indicates that this may ... read more

Neurobiology: Light-Activated Learning

Aug. 28, 2015 — Scientists have developed a light-sensitive switch that regulates a protein implicated in the neurobiology of synaptic plasticity. The agent promises to shed new light on the phenomenology of ... read more

Aug. 28, 2015 — A new device which transforms paralysis victims’ breath into words – believed to be the first invention of its kind – has been ... read more

Brain Scans Predict Response to Antipsychotic Medications

Aug. 28, 2015 — Investigators have discovered that brain scans can be used to predict patients' response to antipsychotic drug ... read more

Air Pollution Linked to Children's Low Academic Achievement

Aug. 27, 2015 — A new study on children's health has found that fourth and fifth graders who are exposed to toxic air pollutants at home are more likely to have lower ... read more

Degenerating Neurons Respond to Gene Therapy Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 27, 2015 — Degenerating neurons in patients with Alzheimer's disease measurably responded to an experimental gene therapy in which nerve growth factor was injected into their brains, report ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that in addition to proteins, lipids are also necessary for guiding axons. The study shows how a phospholipid released by glial cells -- the cells in the nervous system ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Research may lead to reevaluation of the current understanding of information flow and neural circuit maturation in the visual ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Neuroscientists have discovered a set of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain that broadcast messages throughout the cerebral cortex, rapidly informing multiple distributed subregions of any ... read more

Creative and Neurotic: Is Neuroticism Fueled by Overthinking?

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have presented a new theory for why neurotic unhappiness and creativity go hand-in-hand. The authors argue that the part of the brain responsible for self-generated thought is highly ... read more

Parkinson’s Disease Brain Cells at Risk of Burnout, Like an Overheating Motor

Aug. 27, 2015 — The death of brain cells in Parkinson’s disease may be caused by a form of cellular energy crisis in neurons that require unusually high quantities of energy to carry out their job of regulating ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease Thought to Be Accelerated by an Abnormal Build-Up of Fat in the Brain

Aug. 27, 2015 — People with Alzheimer’s disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have tested a new device for delivering hormone treatments for mental illness through the nose. This method was found to deliver medicine to the brain with few side ... read more

How the Mind Sharpens the Senses

Aug. 27, 2015 — A study conducted with experienced scholars of Zen-Meditation shows that mental focusing can induce learning mechanisms, similar to physical training. Researchers discovered this phenomenon during a ... read more

Suicide: Difficulty Making Good Choices Is One of the Factors That Make Certain People Vulnerable to Suicide

Aug. 27, 2015 — Few people who face challenges or live with severe depression commit suicide. Some people are clearly more vulnerable than others. A series of studies has shown that the way in which a person makes ... read more

Differences in Brain Structure and Memory Suggest Adolescents May Not ‘grow out Of’ ADHD

Aug. 27, 2015 — Young adults diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence show differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers, according to ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Products labeled with a Fair Trade logo cause prospective buyers to dig deeper into their pockets. Participants were willing to pay on average 30 percent more for ethically produced goods, compared ... read more

At the Origin of Language Structure

Aug. 27, 2015 — There are languages that place the verb between the subject and the object (SVO order--Subject/ Verb/ Object) while others place it at the end of the trio (SOV order). The order of these elements, ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new study shows that childhood cancer survivors suffering one stroke have double the risk of suffering a second stroke, when compared with non-cancer stroke ... read more

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