Neuroscience News
July 27, 2015

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July 27, 2015

Scientists Identify Schizophrenia's 'Rosetta Stone' Gene

July 23, 2015 — A breakthrough reveals gene's influence in a vulnerable period of the brain's development. Researchers hope it could offer a therapeutic target for reversing the disease. There is ... read more

July 23, 2015 — When hormone glucagon like peptide-1 was reduced in the central nervous system of laboratory mice, they overate and consumed more high fat food, scientists have found. Although this is not the only ... read more

Body Fat Can Send Signals to Brain, Affecting Stress Response

July 23, 2015 — The brain's effect on other parts of the body has been well established. Now, a group of researchers has found that it's a two-way street: Body fat can send a signal that affects the way ... read more

New Insights Into the Circuitry of PTSD, Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

July 23, 2015 — Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have devastating consequences. Both are associated with high rates of disability and suicide, and although they are separate ... read more

July 22, 2015 — A brain-chemistry deficit in children with autism may help to explain their social difficulties, according to new findings. The research team found a correlation between low levels of vasopressin, a ... read more

Teeth Reveal Lifetime Exposures to Metals, Toxins

July 22, 2015 — Is it possible that too much iron in infant formula may potentially increase risk for neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's in adulthood -- and are teeth the window into the past that can ... read more

Molecular Mechanisms Contributing to Addiction Resistance Uncovered

July 22, 2015 — A genetic variant leading to a single change in the amino acid sequence of a cell surface protein, the mu-opioid receptor, is associated with lower susceptibility to a variety of addictive behaviors ... read more

Source of Debilitating Memory Loss in People With Psychosis Discovered

July 22, 2015 — As disabling as its delusions and hallucinations, psychosis' devastating toll on memory arises from dysfunction of frontal and temporal lobe regions in the brain that rob sufferers of the ... read more

July 22, 2015 — In biology, stability is important. A new study characterizes a novel way in which neurons remain electrically stable when confronted with chronic increases in neuronal ... read more

Keeping Up That Positive Feeling: The Science of Savoring Emotions

July 21, 2015 — Savoring a beautiful sunset and the positive emotions associated with it can contribute to improved well-being, according to research. But why and how are some people better than others in keeping ... read more

July 21, 2015 — Brain scans of war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder have led researchers to an area of the prefrontal cortex that appears to be a good predictor of response to treatment with SSRIs -- the ... read more

Manipulating Molecule in the Brain Improves Stress Response, New Target for Depression Treatment

July 21, 2015 — Increasing the levels of a signaling molecule found in the brain can positively alter response to stress, revealing a potential new therapeutic target for treatment of depression, researchers ... read more

Words Jump-Start Vision, Psychologist's Study Shows

July 21, 2015 — A new study shows that words have a profound effect even on the first electrical twitches of ... read more

New Treatment for Severe Depression With Far Fewer Side Effects

July 21, 2015 — Electroconvulsive therapy remains one of the most effective treatments for severe depression, but new research shows ultra-brief pulse stimulation is almost as effective as standard ECT, with far ... read more

Medical Odyssey of an Undiagnosed Child

July 21, 2015 — For parents of children with ADNP-related autism syndrome, the mystery surrounding their infants' suffering can be even more agonizing than the syndrome itself, which has no known cure. Recent ... read more

Child Development: First and Last Syllables Encoded Better from Birth on

July 21, 2015 — The cognitive system encodes the first and last syllables of words better than middle syllables. Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that this cognitive mechanism is present from ... read more

July 21, 2015 — Researchers have built the first computer program that can recognize hand-drawn sketches better than ... read more

July 21, 2015 — The brain is so complex that its structure cannot be completely determined by genetics. Neuroscientists attempt to figure out which mechanisms nerve cells use to organize themselves. They have ... read more

Iron-Containing Inflammatory Cells Seen in Alzheimer's Brains

July 20, 2015 — Examining post-mortem tissue from the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease, investigators identified what appear to be iron-containing microglia in a particular part of the hippocampus, a ... read more

Infants Use Expectations to Shape Their Brains

July 20, 2015 — Infants can use their expectations about the world to rapidly shape their developing brains, researchers have found. A series of experiments with infants ages 5 to 7 months has shown that portions of ... read more

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