Neuroscience News
July 6, 2015

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updated 2:04pm EDT

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July 6, 2015

Rapid Response to Kids' Stroke Symptoms May Speed Diagnosis

July 2, 2015 — A rapid response plan for children at a hospital quickly identified stroke and other neurological problems. One in four children with stroke-like symptoms were diagnosed with stroke and 14 percent ... read more

July 2, 2015 — Prions are fascinating, enigmatic, and might teach us not only about rare prion diseases like Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, mad cow disease, or scrapie, but also about other more common neurodgenerative ... read more

July 2, 2015 — Researchers have uncovered further evidence of a system in the brain that persistently maintains memories for long periods of ... read more

Water to Understand the Brain

July 2, 2015 — To observe the brain in action, scientists and physicians use imaging techniques, among which functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is the best known. These techniques are not based on direct ... read more

July 2, 2015 — Researchers report that the deletion of the PTEN gene would enhance compensatory sprouting of uninjured CST axons. Furthermore, the deletion up-regulated the activity of another gene, the mammalian ... read more

Intrusiveness of Old Emotional Memories Can Be Reduced by Computer Game Play Procedure

July 2, 2015 — Unwanted, intrusive visual memories are a core feature of stress- and trauma-related clinical disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but they can also crop up in everyday life. New ... read more

New Epigenetic Mechanism Revealed in Brain Cells

July 1, 2015 — For decades, researchers in the genetics field have theorized that the protein spools around which DNA is wound, histones, remain constant in the brain, never changing after development in the womb. ... read more

July 1, 2015 — A new pair of brain-imaging studies suggest that researchers may be able to predict how likely young adults are to develop problem drinking or risky sexual behavior in response to stress. The ... read more

July 1, 2015 — A study reveals how the hippocampus contributes to social behavior. The brain region that helps people tell whether an object is near or far may also guide how emotionally close they feel to others ... read more

Sleep Deprivation Could Reduce Intrusive Memories of Traumatic Scenes

July 1, 2015 — A good night's sleep has long been recommended to those who have experienced a traumatic event. But a new study provides preliminary experimental work suggesting it could actually be the wrong ... read more

How the Stress Hormone Cortisol Reinforces Traumatic Memories

July 1, 2015 — The stress hormone cortisol strengthens memories of scary experiences. However, it is effective not only while the memory is being formed for the first time, but also later when people look back at ... read more

People With Epilepsy Can Benefit from Smartphone Apps to Manage Their Condition

July 1, 2015 — While many people with epilepsy can control their seizures with medication, those unpredictable and involuntary changes in behavior and consciousness can be limiting for others. Neurologists ... read more

July 1, 2015 — Researchers develop a computer model to explain how nerve cell connections form in the visual cortex. When newborn babies open their eyes for the first time, they already possess nerve cells ... read more

July 1, 2015 — A new study provides evidence in mice that males may play a positive role in the development of offspring's brains starting before ... read more

Innovative Imaging Study Shows That the Spinal Cord Learns on Its Own

June 30, 2015 — The spinal cord engages in its own learning of motor tasks independent of the brain, according to an innovative imaging study. The results of the study may offer new opportunities for rehabilitation ... read more

June 30, 2015 — The first study of its kind measuring the brain's role in mediating caloric intake following alcohol consumption among women shows that alcohol exposure sensitizes the brain's response to ... read more

Omega-3 Supplements, Antioxidants May Help With Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease

June 30, 2015 — Here's more evidence that fish oil supplementation and antioxidants might be beneficial for at least some people facing Alzheimer's disease: A new report describes the findings of a very ... read more

Sialic Acid: Key to Unlocking Brain Disorders

June 30, 2015 — A common molecule found in higher animals, including humans, affects brain structure, researchers report. They found that mice that had altered sialic acid attachment had significant neurological ... read more

June 30, 2015 — The brains of people with recurrent depression have a significantly smaller hippocampus -- the part of the brain most associated with forming new memories -- than healthy individuals, a new global ... read more

Small RNAs Found to Play Important Roles in Memory Formation

June 30, 2015 — A type of genetic material called “microRNA” plays surprisingly different roles in the formation of memory in animal models, researchers have found. In some cases, these RNAs increase memory, ... read more

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