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Taller football (soccer) players more likely to be accused of fouls, research indicates

Date:
January 27, 2010
Source:
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Summary:
In this World Cup year, when football (soccer) passions are running high, supporters might be forgiven for objecting to every decision to award a foul against their team, made by referees. But they might also have a point. Researchers have researched all recorded fouls in three major football competitions over seven years. They discovered an ambiguous foul is more likely to be attributed to the taller of two players.
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In this World Cup year, when football (soccer) passions are running high, supporters might be forgiven for objecting to every decision to award a foul against their team, made by referees. But they might also have a point. Researchers at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University have researched all recorded fouls in three major football competitions over seven years. They discovered an ambiguous foul is more likely to be attributed to the taller of two players.

Dr. Niels van Quaquebeke and Dr. Steffen Giessner, scientists at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University began their research by transferring their insights from decision making in business into the arena of sports. Specifically, they wanted to investigate whether people consider the available information in such ambiguous foul situations in an unbiased, i.e. subconsciously unprejudiced, way. Based on evolutionary and linguistic research which has revealed that people associate the size of others with concepts such as aggression and dominance, Van Quaquebeke and Giessner speculated that ambiguous fouls are more likely to be attributed to the taller of two involved players. Results indicate that respectively taller people are more likely to be perceived by referees (and fans!) as foul perpetrators and their respectively smaller opponents as foul victims.

To put their assumption to a test, the scientists analysed all fouls recorded by Impire AG in seven seasons of UEFA Champions League (32,142 fouls) and German Bundesliga (85,262 fouls), the last three FIFA World Cups (6,440 fouls) as well as data from two additional perceptual experiments with football fans. For all seasons, leagues, and data collection methods, their analyses revealed the same picture confirming their initial assumption: taller people are indeed more often held accountable for fouls than shorter ones -- even when no actual foul was committed.

A scientific article based on their research will be published in the Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology in February 2010. This article can also be found on hdl.handle.net/1765/17827.

Van Quaquebeke said: "We chose football as the context of our studies because the sport often yields ambiguous foul situations in which it is difficult to determine the perpetrator. In such situations, people must rely on their 'instincts' to make a call, which should increase the use and thus the detectability of a player's height as an additional decision cue. Furthermore, the use of referee assistance technology and adequate referee training is frequently debated in association football. Thus, by providing scientific insights on potential biases in refereeing, our work might help officials weigh the options."

Both researchers say, however, that it is not their call how to derive conclusions for football practice.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Erasmus University Rotterdam. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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Erasmus University Rotterdam. "Taller football (soccer) players more likely to be accused of fouls, research indicates." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 January 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100126142300.htm>.
Erasmus University Rotterdam. (2010, January 27). Taller football (soccer) players more likely to be accused of fouls, research indicates. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 30, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100126142300.htm
Erasmus University Rotterdam. "Taller football (soccer) players more likely to be accused of fouls, research indicates." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100126142300.htm (accessed June 30, 2015).

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