Justice News
February 8, 2016

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updated 2:03pm EST

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February 8, 2016

Addressing Trauma in Juvenile Offenders Should Be Larger Focus of Rehabilitation, Study Finds

Feb. 3, 2016 — Treating trauma in juvenile offenders can aid social relationships that help them stay out of trouble, according to a new study. Between 65 and 75 percent of juveniles in the criminal justice system ... read more

Georgian Jailbirds and Celebrity Highwaymen Shaped Modern Britain

Jan. 29, 2016 — Eighteenth-century thieves, paupers, prostitutes and highwaymen helped shape the evolution of modern justice and welfare systems, according to new evidence uncovered by ... read more

Preventing Violent Extremism Requires New Police Programs, Report Finds

Jan. 14, 2016 — The U.S. strategy to prevent homegrown violent extremism through community policing holds promise, but faces significant challenges and needs reforms, according to a new report. Community policing ... read more

New Analyses Method Makes Increasing Rate of Violent Crime Visible

Jan. 13, 2016 — A new method of analyzing crime statistics finds that violent crime in England and Wales is increasing, not decreasing. They found the rate of domestic violence has been increasing since 2009. The ... read more

Bite-Mark Analysis Can Lead to False Convictions, Landmark Research Shows

Jan. 8, 2016 — Forensic science is a vital crime-fighting tool in today’s criminal justice system. But it can also lead to false convictions, according to an expert, whose study proves that bite-mark analysis is ... read more

Forensic Seismology Tested on 2006 Munitions Depot 'Cook-Off' in Baghdad

Dec. 22, 2015 — Curious seismologists who looked at the recordings made by a seismic station four miles away from the "cook-off" of an ammunition holding area in Iraq in 2006 found they could distinguish, ... read more

Confidence Counts: Accuracy of Eyewitness IDs Increases With Degree of Certainty

Dec. 21, 2015 — Field study of police lineups suggests courts must pay attention to initial witness confidence ratings and police departments should continue using traditional, simultaneous ... read more

Men More Likely to Go Missing on Night out in the UK in December Than Any Other Time of Year

Dec. 21, 2015 — Men are more likely to go missing -- with a fatal outcome -- during a night out in the UK in December than at any other time of year, a new study has ... read more

Police Shootings of Black Males: A Public Health Problem

Dec. 18, 2015 — A public health researcher is proposing immediate, concrete steps to stem police shootings of black ... read more

Dec. 9, 2015 — Forensic medicine has long employed molecular biology to link, for instance, tiny amounts of organic material to a suspect. Yet such methods are less useful when it comes to finding out which shot or ... read more

Eyewitness Identification Reforms Not Always Supported by Data

Dec. 9, 2015 — Motivated by hundreds of false convictions, many states and law enforcement agencies have reformed eyewitness identification procedures. Reforms that California adopted were based on solid science ... read more

Call for Police Killings, Police Deaths to Be Reported as Public Health Data

Dec. 8, 2015 — Although no reliable official data currently exist on the number of law enforcement-related deaths each year in the U.S., counting these deaths can and should be done because the data constitute ... read more

Threats Against Children During the Separation Process for Women in Abusive Relationships

Nov. 30, 2015 — Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a new study has ... read more

Contact With Nature May Mean More Social Cohesion, Less Crime

Nov. 25, 2015 — In a first-of-its-kind study, an international team tested social correlates of both objective and subjective contact with nature in a systematic way, revealing complex linkages between nature, ... read more

New 'Party Pill' Test Could Help Authorities Keep Up With Trends in Drug (Ab)use

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new test for club drugs like ketamine can detect low levels of drugs in urine and plasma, making it faster, easier and cheaper to identify them. The authors of the study say it could give ... read more

Gunshot Survivors in High-Crime Community Face Elevated Risk of Early Death, Study Shows

Nov. 18, 2015 — One in 20 survivors of gunshot violence in an urban area with high crime died within five years, mainly by homicide, according to the results of a study that tracked patients after they had been ... read more

Arrested Development: How Arrests in Homeless Population Impact Long Term Attitudes Toward Police

Nov. 17, 2015 — New research is giving important insight into how officer interactions with the homeless can shape their long-term attitudes toward police. The study examines police interactions with the homeless in ... read more

Movies as a Tool to Assess Acceptability of Intimate Partner Violence

Nov. 9, 2015 — A new study uses passages from movies to analyze the acceptability of violence against women in couple relationships. Intimate partner violence against women by their male partners is a widespread ... read more

First Evaluation of New Fingerprinting Methods for Ivory

Nov. 2, 2015 — Scientists have collaborated with imaging and fingerprint experts to validate the use of new techniques for retrieving fingerprints from ivory for the first ... read more

Negative Publicity Reduces Police Motivation but Does Not Result in Depolicing

Oct. 27, 2015 — Recent negative publicity surrounding police after several shootings of unarmed civilians appears to have diminished some officers' motivation to be in law enforcement but does not decrease ... read more

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