Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Fundamental causes of colorectal cancer outcomes

Date:
April 18, 2010
Source:
American Association for Cancer Research
Summary:
Socioeconomic status plays a role in colorectal cancer mortality rates by hindering health care interventions and/or restricting patient access to care, according to results of a retrospective cohort study.

Socioeconomic status plays a role in colorectal cancer mortality rates by hindering health care interventions and/or restricting patient access to care, according to results of a retrospective cohort study.

"Those living in low socioeconomic status counties have yet to benefit from advances made in preventing colorectal cancer deaths more than 30 years ago, whereas those living in high socioeconomic status counties have seen a 33 percent to 50 percent reduction in mortality," said Andrew C. Wang, M.P.H., research assistant and student at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, New York.

Colorectal cancer is a major cause of mortality; last year alone 16.2 people out of 10,000 died from this form of cancer, according to the researchers.

Experts believe that a few theories may help to explain why inequalities in colon cancer mortality rates exist. The first theory, fundamental cause theory, suggests inequalities exist because of the unequal access to resources. This theory works in part with access to health care. Diffusion of knowledge is the theory that the speed of new medical innovations may affect inequalities.

Wang and colleagues used administrative and U.S. census data from 2005 to pinpoint colon cancer mortality rates among whites and blacks from more than 3,000 counties.

Decreased mortality from colorectal cancer was associated with access to health care, living in states with histories of quicker uptake of new information and adoption of technology, and being in a higher socioeconomic county. Most importantly, Wang said, socioeconomic status acted as a form of a catalyst -- access to health care and diffusion of knowledge made only a limited difference in low socioeconomic counties, but clearly lowered colorectal cancer mortality rates for high socioeconomic status counties.

Health care professionals are now faced with the challenge to ramp-up efforts to reduce colorectal cancer mortality rates among individuals in low socioeconomic status areas, according to Wang.

"The medical and non-medical communities are not doing enough to prevent colorectal cancer," he said. "Much more can be done for those who are disadvantaged."

This research was recently presented at the American Association for Cancer Research 101st Annual Meeting 2010.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Association for Cancer Research. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Association for Cancer Research. "Fundamental causes of colorectal cancer outcomes." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 April 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100418155438.htm>.
American Association for Cancer Research. (2010, April 18). Fundamental causes of colorectal cancer outcomes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 29, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100418155438.htm
American Association for Cancer Research. "Fundamental causes of colorectal cancer outcomes." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100418155438.htm (accessed July 29, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

AP (July 28, 2014) West African nations and international health organizations are working to contain the largest Ebola outbreak in history. It's one of the deadliest diseases known to man, but the CDC says it's unlikely to spread in the U.S. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

AP (July 28, 2014) A bipartisan deal to improve veterans health care would authorize at least $15 billion in emergency spending to fix a veterans program scandalized by long patient wait times and falsified records. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Reuters - US Online Video (July 28, 2014) Two American aid workers in Liberia test positive for Ebola while working to combat the deadliest outbreak of the virus ever. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

AP (July 28, 2014) Classes are being offered nationwide to encourage African Americans to learn about cooking fresh foods based on traditional African cuisine. The program is trying to combat obesity, heart disease and other ailments often linked to diet. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins