Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Advocacy intervention does not produce meaningful results in depression among abused Chinese women, study finds

Date:
August 3, 2010
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Among Chinese women who are survivors of intimate partner violence, an advocacy intervention that included empowerment sessions and telephone support from social workers did not result in a clinically meaningful improvement in depressive symptoms, according to a new study.

Among Chinese women who are survivors of intimate partner violence, an advocacy intervention that included empowerment sessions and telephone support from social workers did not result in a clinically meaningful improvement in depressive symptoms, according to a study in the August 4 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women can have negative mental health consequences for survivors, including depression. Advocacy interventions aim to enhance abused women's self-care by helping them to make sense of the situation, identify potential solutions, and achieve the goals they have set.

Agnes Tiwari, Ph.D., of the University of Hong Kong, China, and colleagues conducted an assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial of 200 Chinese women 18 years or older with a history of IPV. The trial was conducted from February 2007 to June 2009 in a community center in Hong Kong to determine whether an advocacy intervention would improve the IPV survivors' depressive symptoms.

The intervention consisted of a 30-minute empowerment session delivered by a registered social worker, focusing on enhanced choice making and problem solving combined with safety assessment and planning. It was followed by weekly telephone support from the same social worker. Women in the control group received the usual community services -- including child care, health care and promotion and recreational programs.

Women in both groups reported average rates of severe depression at baseline, moderate depression at three months, and mild depression at nine months.

"After adjusting the baseline values, the intervention effects on the changes at three and nine months did not significantly differ," the authors report.

Women in both groups reported an initial increase in average rates of partner psychological aggression, and then low rates at the completion of the study.

In the follow-up telephone support calls, the women's expressed needs focused on parenting problems and rarely on problems with their intimate partners.

"In this randomized clinical trial of an advocacy intervention for community-dwelling abused Chinese women, the intervention did not result in a clinically meaningful improvement in depressive symptoms," the authors conclude.

Editorial: Intimate Partner Violence Against Women -- What Outcomes Are Meaningful?

In an accompanying editorial, Angela J. Taft, Ph.D., of La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia, and Kelsey L. Hegarty, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., of the University of Melbourne, write that designing, implementing, and evaluating interventions for abused women remains a challenge.

"The findings of this study suggest that authors of future trials of interventions for abused women should set realistic clinical goals; collect, interpret, and analyze their data as rigorously and dispassionately as was done in this study; and measure study outcomes that may be clinically or socially meaningful for the study participants, such as parenting issues and children's needs," they write.

"The results of the study by Tiwari et al do not support the use of brief interventions delivered by social workers for women experiencing depressive symptoms associated with IPV as defined by the World Health Organization, but the rigorous methods of this trial will help to inform future studies of this pervasive, global threat to women's health and well-being," they conclude.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal References:

  1. Agnes Tiwari; Daniel Yee Tak Fong; Kwan Hok Yuen; Helina Yuk; Polly Pang; Janice Humphreys; Linda Bullock. Effect of an Advocacy Intervention on Mental Health in Chinese Women Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA, 2010; 304 (5): 536-543 [link]
  2. Angela J. Taft; Kelsey L. Hegarty. Intimate Partner Violence Against Women: What Outcomes Are Meaningful? JAMA, 2010; 304 (5): 577-579 [link]

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Advocacy intervention does not produce meaningful results in depression among abused Chinese women, study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 August 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100803174906.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2010, August 3). Advocacy intervention does not produce meaningful results in depression among abused Chinese women, study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100803174906.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Advocacy intervention does not produce meaningful results in depression among abused Chinese women, study finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100803174906.htm (accessed August 20, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Freetown a City on Edge

AFP (Aug. 19, 2014) Residents of Sierra Leone's capital voice their fears as the Ebola virus sweeps through west Africa. Duration: 00:56 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

101-Year-Old Working Man Has All The Advice You Need

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Herman Goldman has worked at the same lighting store for almost 75 years. Find out his secrets to a happy, productive life. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

Researcher Testing on-Field Concussion Scanners

AP (Aug. 19, 2014) Four Texas high school football programs are trying out an experimental system designed to diagnose concussions on the field. The technology is in response to growing concern over head trauma in America's most watched sport. (Aug. 19) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
American Ebola Patient Apparently Improving, Outbreak Is Not

American Ebola Patient Apparently Improving, Outbreak Is Not

Newsy (Aug. 19, 2014) Nancy Writebol, an American missionary who contracted Ebola, is apparently getting better, according to her husband. The outbreak, however, is not. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins