Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

California's leadership in tobacco control resulted in lower lung cancer rate, study finds

Date:
September 29, 2010
Source:
University of California -- San Diego
Summary:
A new study shows that California's 40 year-long tobacco control program has resulted in lung cancer rates that are nearly 25 percent lower than other states.

A study led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego shows that California's 40 year-long tobacco control program has resulted in lung cancer rates that are nearly 25 percent lower than other states.

"The consistency in the trends from cigarette sales and population surveys was reassuring," said John P. Pierce, PhD, Sam M. Walton Professor of Cancer Research in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at UCSD School of Medicine and director of the Population Sciences Division at Moores UCSD Cancer Center. "What is really important is that the widening gap in smoking behavior between California and the rest of the nation is replicated in the lung cancer data 16 years later. There is no other behavior that affects a disease like this."

California established the nation's first comprehensive Tobacco Control Program in 1989. Subsequently, the rate at which Californians reduced smoking doubled. Californians now smoke half as many cigarettes as people in the rest of the country (9.3 percent/17.8 percent), and fewer than 10 percent of its population smokes, according to a study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. The study credits the state's aggressive tax on cigarettes and its decades-long, comprehensive tobacco control program.

However, the research also suggests that because -- for the first time in more than 20 years -- California has not kept up with the rest of the nation in increasing the price of cigarettes and is being outspent on tobacco control, its lead in lowering cigarette consumption and lung cancer may shrink in the future.

"We expect that the success of the tobacco control program over the last 16 years will translate into a further widening in lung cancer mortality for the short term future," explained Pierce. "But in the longer term, unless California increases its current tobacco control efforts, it will lose this advantage."

The team analyzed major national surveys conducted since 1965 as well as data from taxed cigarette sales to calculate trends in smoking behavior each year since 1960, and then compared these trends with lung cancer mortality data reported by the Centers for Disease Control.

"Because we had data back to 1960, we were able to show that smoking behavior in California was not different than the rest of the nation before the advent of public health action against smoking," said co-author Karen Messer PhD, professor of family and preventive medicine and director of biostatistics at Moores UCSD Cancer Center. "It was California's statewide leadership in tobacco control that was associated with the lower smoking rates in California as compared to the rest of the nation."

"This definitive study demonstrates that lung cancer can be reduced markedly by increasing excise taxes and running a state-of-the-art tobacco control program," said George Lemp, DrPH, acting director of the Tobacco Related Disease Research Program at the University of California who funded the study.

In addition to Pierce, the research team includes Karen S. Messer, PhD, Martha M. White, and Sheila Kealey, MPH, from Moores UCSD Cancer Center, along with David W. Cowling, PhD, from the California Department of Public Health California Tobacco Control Program.

This study was funded through grants from the University of California Tobacco Related Disease Research Program.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of California -- San Diego. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. John P. Pierce, Karen S. Messer, Martha M. White, Sheila Kealey, David W. Cowling. Forty Years of Faster Decline in Cigarette Smoking in California Explains Current Lower Lung Cancer Rates. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 2010; DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-10-0563

Cite This Page:

University of California -- San Diego. "California's leadership in tobacco control resulted in lower lung cancer rate, study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 September 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100929142131.htm>.
University of California -- San Diego. (2010, September 29). California's leadership in tobacco control resulted in lower lung cancer rate, study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100929142131.htm
University of California -- San Diego. "California's leadership in tobacco control resulted in lower lung cancer rate, study finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/09/100929142131.htm (accessed April 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Nine-Month-Old Baby Can't Open His Mouth

Newsy (Apr. 19, 2014) Nine-month-old Wyatt Scott was born with a rare disorder called congenital trismus, which prevents him from opening his mouth. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins