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Inclusion of falls history shown to enhance accuracy of fracture risk assessment models

Date:
March 24, 2011
Source:
International Osteoporosis Foundation
Summary:
A new study shows how the inclusion of falls history, in addition to clinical risk factors (CRFs) and bone mineral density (BMD) values, would greatly improve the accuracy of fracture prediction models.

Researchers from the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit in Southampton, UK, have presented a new study that shows how the inclusion of falls history, in addition to clinical risk factors (CRFs) and bone mineral density (BMD) values, would greatly improve the accuracy of fracture prediction models.

The research findings were presented at the European Congress on Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis in Valencia, Spain.

Using results from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, the investigators examined the relative contributions of CRFs, BMD and falls history to fracture prediction. They concluded that fall history is an independent risk factor for fracture. Its inclusion in a fracture prediction model in men (in addition to CRFs and BMD) improved accuracy by 6%. The authors show that such models would have positive predictive values of 21.5% and 29.8% in men and women, respectively.

"These findings are also directly applicable to clinical practice," commented Prof Cyrus Cooper, Professor of Rheumatology and Director of the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at the Universities of Southampton and Oxford. "Physicians should ask their patients, and particularly male patients, about their history of falls after the age of 45. This will not only be valuable information in making an assessment of whether to treat an individual for osteoporosis, but would also give the physician the opportunity to discuss falls prevention strategies."

"Osteoporotic fractures can have debilitating effects on individuals and targeting preventative treatments to those at the highest risk is of great importance." Said Dr Mark Edwards, Academic Clinical Fellow at the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by International Osteoporosis Foundation. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

International Osteoporosis Foundation. "Inclusion of falls history shown to enhance accuracy of fracture risk assessment models." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 March 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110324153653.htm>.
International Osteoporosis Foundation. (2011, March 24). Inclusion of falls history shown to enhance accuracy of fracture risk assessment models. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110324153653.htm
International Osteoporosis Foundation. "Inclusion of falls history shown to enhance accuracy of fracture risk assessment models." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110324153653.htm (accessed October 1, 2014).

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