Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Routine antenatal screening for hepatitis B in an urban New York City population

Date:
May 10, 2011
Source:
Digestive Disease Week
Summary:
According to new research, high rates of chronic hepatitis B infection (HBV) are found in pregnant minority and immigrant women in the New York City area, and most of them do not receive education, appropriate follow-up testing or referral, which is considered the standard of care for all persons newly identified as HBV carriers.

According to new research at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, high rates of chronic hepatitis B infection (HBV) are found in pregnant minority and immigrant women in the New York City area, and most of them do not receive education, appropriate follow-up testing or referral, which is considered the standard of care for all persons newly identified as HBV carriers.

Related Articles


Results showed that while all but one infant was protected from infection in this study, nearly 90 percent of the women -- the majority of whom were immigrant or non-English speaking -- did not receive education about hepatitis, further laboratory testing or subsequent care. The study also showed a surprisingly high rate of chronic HBV across this population of women of child-bearing age. These results are especially notable, said lead investigator Blaire E. Burman, MD, an internal medicine resident at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, because nearly 75 percent of those who screened positive were Hispanic, many from the Dominican Republic, a population overrepresented in this population, but a group not traditionally considered high risk for viral hepatitis.

The study also found that subpopulations of largely immigrant and underserved patients are living with chronic HBV and are at serious risk for morbidity and mortality. The study identified a population of young and vulnerable patients living with a chronic disease that they know little about, and are unlikely to receive the standard of care in terms of surveillance and treatment. Given the lack of follow-up testing and imaging, it is unclear what percentage of these infected women would qualify for and benefit from therapy.

Additionally, immigrant populations that are not listed as "high risk" under current screening guidelines may in fact have high rates of chronic HBV infection. It is imperative to identify carriers who do not have regular access to medical care, not just young women, but the rest of their families.

"Prenatal screening is a golden opportunity to identify chronic hepatitis B infection in young mothers at risk for life-threatening complications, including liver failure and liver cancer," Dr. Burman said. "We need to use prenatal testing to engage patients with intervention and prevention of future morbidity and mortality."

Dr. Burman added that there is very little research in this area, and no previous studies specifically looked at the follow-up of women who screened positive for HBV during pregnancy, the subsequent care received and their outcomes. She cautioned that this research applies only to the largely underserved and immigrant population

who receive prenatal care at the two urban hospitals studied, and that it cannot be applied to women with private insurance and established medical follow-up.

Dr. Burman is presenting these data May 10 at Digestive Disease Week® 2011 in Chicago.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Digestive Disease Week. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Digestive Disease Week. "Routine antenatal screening for hepatitis B in an urban New York City population." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 May 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110510101457.htm>.
Digestive Disease Week. (2011, May 10). Routine antenatal screening for hepatitis B in an urban New York City population. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110510101457.htm
Digestive Disease Week. "Routine antenatal screening for hepatitis B in an urban New York City population." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110510101457.htm (accessed December 21, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) — It's hard to resist those delicious but fattening carbs we all crave during the winter months, but there are some ways to stay satisfied without consuming the extra calories. Vanessa Freeman (@VanessaFreeTV) has the details. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) — More than 100 motorcyclists hit the road to spread awareness messages about Ebola. Nearly 7,000 people have now died from the virus, almost all of them in west Africa, according to the World Health Organization. Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) — In Yarumal, a village in N. Colombia, Alzheimer's has ravaged a disproportionately large number of families. A genetic "curse" that may pave the way for research on how to treat the disease that claims a new victim every four seconds. Duration: 02:42 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Protein-Filled Foods to Energize You for the New Year

The Best Protein-Filled Foods to Energize You for the New Year

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) — The new year is coming and nothing will energize you more for 2015 than protein-filled foods. Fitness and nutrition expert John Basedow (@JohnBasedow) gives his favorite high protein foods that will help you build muscle, lose fat and have endless energy. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins