Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Could targeting a virus treat a common pediatric brain tumor?

Date:
September 26, 2011
Source:
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Summary:
Medulloblastomas are the most common cancerous (malignant) brain tumors in children. Although survival rates have improved over the years, medulloblastoma remains associated with substantial mortality, and long-term survivors often suffer debilitating effects from the intensive treatments. Researchers have now identified a potential target for a more cancer-specific approach to treating medulloblastoma that they hope could improve outcome in individuals with medulloblastoma.

Medulloblastomas are the most common cancerous (malignant) brain tumors in children. Although survival rates have improved over the years, medulloblastoma remains associated with substantial mortality, and long-term survivors often suffer debilitating effects from the intensive treatments. A team of researchers, led by Cecilia Söderberg-Nauclér and John Inge Johnsen, at the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, has now identified a potential target for a more cancer-specific approach to treating medulloblastoma that they hope could improve patient outcome.

Related Articles


Söderberg-Nauclér, Johnsen, and colleagues found that a large proportion of primary medulloblastomas and medulloblastoma cell lines are infected with a virus known as human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Furthermore, the majority of primary medulloblastomas expressed HCMV proteins. Importantly, the antiviral drug valganciclovir reduced human medulloblastoma tumor cell growth both in vitro and upon xenotransplantation in mice. Targeting a protein (COX-2) in the cancer cells, expression of which was found to be induced by the HCMV, had similar in vitro and in vivo effects. The authors therefore suggest that targeting HCMV and/or COX-2 could provide a new therapeutic approach to treating individuals with medulloblastoma.

In an accompanying commentary, Cynthia Hawkins and Sidney Croul, discuss in detail the concept that it could be possible to exploit the presence of HCMV to target medulloblastomas therapeutically. They also note that this approach might be applicable to other brain tumors, as several viruses have been linked to a range of brain tumors, including medulloblastomas, gliomas, and choroid plexus papillomas.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal of Clinical Investigation. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Ninib Baryawno, Afsar Rahbar, Nina Wolmer-Solberg, Chato Taher, Jenny Odeberg, Anna Darabi, Zahidul Khan, Baldur Sveinbjörnsson, O.-M. Fuskevåg, Lova Segerström, Magnus Nordenskjöld, Peter Siesjö, Per Kogner, John Inge Johnsen, Cecilia Söderberg-Nauclér. Detection of human cytomegalovirus in medulloblastomas reveals a potential therapeutic target. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2011; DOI: 10.1172/JCI57147

Cite This Page:

Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Could targeting a virus treat a common pediatric brain tumor?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 September 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110926131751.htm>.
Journal of Clinical Investigation. (2011, September 26). Could targeting a virus treat a common pediatric brain tumor?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110926131751.htm
Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Could targeting a virus treat a common pediatric brain tumor?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110926131751.htm (accessed October 25, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

AFP (Oct. 25, 2014) — An American nurse who contracted Ebola while caring for a Liberian patient in Texas has been declared free of the virus and will leave the hospital. Duration: 01:01 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

Buzz60 (Oct. 24, 2014) — IKEA is out with a new convertible desk that can convert from a sitting desk to a standing one with just the push of a button. Jen Markham explains. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

AFP (Oct. 24, 2014) — A factory in China is busy making Ebola protective suits for healthcare workers and others fighting the spread of the virus. Duration: 00:38 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
WHO: Millions of Ebola Vaccine Doses by 2015

WHO: Millions of Ebola Vaccine Doses by 2015

AP (Oct. 24, 2014) — The World Health Organization said on Friday that millions of doses of two experimental Ebola vaccines could be ready for use in 2015 and five more experimental vaccines would start being tested in March. (Oct. 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins