Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Call for World Bank to redefine poverty indicator to include the life of the unborn child

Date:
October 25, 2013
Source:
SAGE Publications
Summary:
The World Bank must define life expectancy, its key poverty indicator, as starting at the time of conception and not at the time of birth if millions of lives are to be saved from injury or death, experts urge in a new article.

The World Bank must define life expectancy, its key poverty indicator, as starting at the time of conception and not at the time of birth if millions of lives are to be saved from injury or death, experts urge in a new article.

International public health experts, writing in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, said that definitional oversight, in which the life of the child is inadvertently cut into two, 'inside' and 'outside' the womb, covers up risks to the fetus and is particularly unfair to children born in areas increasingly at risk to disasters and already disadvantaged by poverty, hunger and social deprivation. This segmented definition, said the authors, should be replaced by a new inclusive way of thinking about 'the unborn child'.

The World Health Organisation has estimated that there are 200 million plus conceptions globally each year, mostly among disadvantaged groups in disadvantaged areas. The first nine months of life are vulnerable to risks, not just medical but employment, agricultural, security, energy and climate risks. Lead author, Dr Bruce Currey, of the Institute of Social and Preventative Medicine, University of Geneva, said: "Social and environmental risks and hazards affecting mother and baby during pregnancy may reduce the resilience of the child in the next stages of life's journey." He continued: "Until now, the nine months between conception and birth are being ignored in the UN disaster and climate change discourse."

Risks to the unborn infant have a potentially massive global impact. The consequent mortality and disability-adjusted life year burden resulting from mishaps to the estimated 200 million plus pregnancies each year is so large that it cannot be comprehended. In contrast the circa 30,000 people who die globally from natural disasters represent only a very small proportion of the unnecessary deaths of unborn children in the world.

Dr Currey said: "To prevent this global toll and to begin to reduce the reality of risks to the unborn infant, the medical, health and midwifery professions must together advocate concerted action to fill the nine month gap - ignored by so many organisations and policy makers." He added: "This challenges us to accept a very broad concept of integrated health, drawing from expertise far outside the traditional medical specialties. On the one hand, medicine's wider role must reach out to embrace economists, engineers and climatologists. On the other hand economists, engineers and climatologists have to be persuaded by gynaecologists and obstetricians to see risk reduction for the unborn child and thus improved pregnancy outcomes as measurable performance indicators of their endeavours."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by SAGE Publications. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. B. Currey, B. Stoll, P. Chastonay. Reducing risks to the unborn child. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 2013; 106 (11): 428 DOI: 10.1177/0141076813507709

Cite This Page:

SAGE Publications. "Call for World Bank to redefine poverty indicator to include the life of the unborn child." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131025135347.htm>.
SAGE Publications. (2013, October 25). Call for World Bank to redefine poverty indicator to include the life of the unborn child. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131025135347.htm
SAGE Publications. "Call for World Bank to redefine poverty indicator to include the life of the unborn child." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131025135347.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

Share This



More Science & Society News

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Drought Concerns May Hurt Lake Tourism

Drought Concerns May Hurt Lake Tourism

AP (Apr. 18, 2014) Operators of recreational businesses on western reservoirs worry that ongoing drought concerns will keep boaters and other visitors from flocking to the popular summer attractions. (April 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Small Reactors Could Be Future of Nuclear Energy

Small Reactors Could Be Future of Nuclear Energy

AP (Apr. 17, 2014) After the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the industry fell under intense scrutiny. Now, small underground nuclear power plants are being considered as the possible future of the nuclear energy. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Heartbleed Hack Leads To Arrest

Heartbleed Hack Leads To Arrest

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) A 19-year-old computer science student has been arrested in relation to a data breach of 900 social insurance numbers from Canada's revenue agency. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins