Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Drones present may legal, ethical concerns, experts say

Date:
May 21, 2014
Source:
Inderscience
Summary:
The use of so-called drones - unmanned aircraft - for domestic security purposes, surveillance of citizens and putative criminals and organizations raises many legal and ethical concerns particularly with regard to the Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution, Council of Europe instruments, and the EU Data Protection Framework, according to a research paper.

The use of so-called drones -- unmanned aircraft -- for domestic security purposes, surveillance of citizens and putative criminals and organizations raises many legal and ethical concerns particularly with regard to the Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution, Council of Europe instruments, and the EU Data Protection Framework, according to a research paper published in the International Journal of Liability and Scientific Enquiry.

Related Articles


Gregory Voss of the Toulouse Business School (TBS), at Toulouse University, in France, suggests that the rise of drones for surveillance and other applications highlights particular challenges to civil liberties and tensions between these and national security and justice concerns.

The dictionary defines a "drone" as: "an unmanned aircraft or ship guided by remote control." Drones may use global positioning system (GPS) satellite technology, advanced , high-resolution camera technology and embedded computer systems and so have many advantages over all previously existing surveillance methods. "The fact that they may be operated without personnel onboard allows them to be used when conventional aerial surveillance is too costly, or for long periods of time where personnel fatigue is an issue," explains Voss. These unmanned flying machines can also be much smaller than conventional aircraft and so less expensive and less obtrusive. Voss points out that the drones currently deployed in active military zones may soon need to be put to new use on their return to the USA and elsewhere once active military service is complete. He also adds that the domestic use of drones is very likely to be spurred on by industry.

"The use of images and other data from drones for security purposes has not yet been the subject of specific legal provisions. However, existing legal principles must be complied with in order to allow this use," says Voss. European Union law has provision only for the data once it has been obtained not regarding how it is obtained. US law focuses on government intrusion but there are also constitutional guarantees regarding how data is obtained, leaving this up to member state law, and whether it is admissible as evidence in a criminal court. However, in the aftermath of the National Security Agency (NSA) "PRISM" revelations and subsequent scandal, the emergence of drones and their privacy implications may give new impetus to the adoption of privacy legislation at the Federal level in the USA.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Inderscience. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. W. Gregory Voss. Privacy law implications of the use of drones for security and justice purposes. International Journal of Liability and Scientific Enquiry, 2013; 6 (4): 171 DOI: 10.1504/IJLSE.2013.060848

Cite This Page:

Inderscience. "Drones present may legal, ethical concerns, experts say." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 May 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140521133304.htm>.
Inderscience. (2014, May 21). Drones present may legal, ethical concerns, experts say. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 2, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140521133304.htm
Inderscience. "Drones present may legal, ethical concerns, experts say." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140521133304.htm (accessed April 2, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Science & Society News

Thursday, April 2, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Be Careful, April Fools' Day Is Alive And Well

Be Careful, April Fools' Day Is Alive And Well

Newsy (Apr. 1, 2015) You’re going to want to double-check anything you see on the Internet today. If it sounds too good or too weird to be true, it probably is. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Liberia Sees Resurgence of Drug Trafficking as Ebola Wanes

Liberia Sees Resurgence of Drug Trafficking as Ebola Wanes

AFP (Apr. 1, 2015) The governments of Liberia and Sierra Leone have been busy fighting the menace created by the deadly Ebola virus, but illicit drug lords have taken advantage of the situation to advance the drug trade. Duration: 01:12 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
California Unveils Historic Water Restrictions Over Drought

California Unveils Historic Water Restrictions Over Drought

AFP (Apr. 1, 2015) California announced sweeping state-wide water restrictions for the first time in history Wednesday in order to combat the region&apos;s devastating drought, the worst since records began. Duration: 00:36 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Calif. Gov. Issues Sweeping Water Restrictions

Calif. Gov. Issues Sweeping Water Restrictions

AP (Apr. 1, 2015) California Gov. Jerry Brown announced a sweeping executive order Wednesday that imposes mandatory water restrictions across the state as California copes with a historic drought and water shortage. (April 1) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Science & Society

Business & Industry

Education & Learning

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins